Christian Albrechts University in Kiel
|Christian Albrechts University in Kiel|
Pax optima rerum
([lat.]: Peace (is) the best of things)
|founding||October 5, 1665|
|Students||27.033 (WS 2018/19)|
|Employee||3,305 (2015) (without clinic)|
|including professors||410 (2017)|
|Networks||Association of North German Universities , European University of the Seas (SEA-EU)|
The Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel ( CAU ) is the only full university in Schleswig-Holstein . It was founded in 1665 and is named after its founder, Duke Christian Albrecht of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf . The university is the oldest, largest and best known university in Schleswig-Holstein. Since 2006, it has participated in the federal government's excellence initiative with a graduate school and two clusters of excellence ( the future ocean and “inflammation at interfaces”) . Since 2018 it has again had two clusters ("ROOTS - Connectivity of Society, Environment and Culture in Past Worlds" and "Precision Medicine in Chronic Inflammation") and is therefore one of the most successful universities in the nationwide competition. University alumni and researchers have been awarded 12 Nobel Prizes.
The Christian Albrechts University has been growing for years. There were 26,462 students enrolled at the university in the 2017/2018 winter semester . In the 2018/2019 winter semester there were more than 27,000 for the first time. The university is organized into eight faculties with over 400 professors teaching. The university offers a wide range of subjects with 190 courses.
The proportion of women among the students in the 2017/18 winter semester was around 52.94% (14,017 of 26,477 students); the proportion of foreigners in 2010/11 was 7.4%. With 22.1% of all foreign students, students from the countries bordering the Baltic Sea play a particularly important role. 27.5% of the foreign students came from Asia / Australia ( China is particularly well represented with 8.2% of all foreign students).
In 2018, a total of 3,487 people were employed directly at the CAU, of which 1,592 were women. In addition (as of 2010) there were around 5,600 employees at the University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein (Campus Kiel). Around half of the employees (1,744) are students at the CAU (as of December 2019).
The acquisition of third-party funding in 2010 was EUR 113.3 million; 26.2 million euros were allocated to the University Hospital (Campus Kiel).
The institutes of the CAU are mainly spread over three locations: Most of them are located in the area of the university campus on Olshausenstrasse to Leibnizstrasse in the north-west of the city. The second location is the University Hospital with its Kiel campus in the inner city area in the square between Brunswiker Strasse, Feldstrasse, Schwanenweg and Düsternbrooker Weg. Finally, on the east bank of the Kiel Fjord is the technical faculty with the Kiel nano laboratory.
DER ALBRECHT is published monthly as an independent university newspaper of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität . There is also the “unizeit”, which is published by the Presidium, appears in print every three months and also provides current reports and news from the CAU online.
History of the university
Plans to found their own university in the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein had already emerged in the 16th century, but the plans submitted by Paul von Eitzen in 1563 were not implemented. In 1620 the Danish king had pursued the project of a university in Flensburg , which, however, also failed due to Denmark's participation in the Thirty Years' War. In the meantime, Schleswig as a location was also considered.
1652 had Duke Friedrich III. after a long process, finally obtained the imperial privilege of founding a university on his territory, but there were again delays; Only a few years after the Thirty Years' War was the project realized under Friedrich's son and successor. At that time Schleswig or Kiel were available as university locations; but Flensburg was also considered. However, as a Danish fief, the Duchy of Schleswig did not belong to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Therefore, the choice finally fell on Kiel in the Gottorf part of the Duchy of Holstein south of the Eider .
The council of the city of Kiel was able to make the duke the cheaper offer, so that Christian Albrecht and his chancellor, the imperial commissioner Johann Adolf Kielmann, decided to settle the new university in Kiel, on undisputed German soil. The citizens of the city had initially expressed considerable concerns, as they feared that the students might "be very angry with eating, drinking and all sorts of frivolous behavior." But in the end those who expected economic advantages from the new university prevailed. Because of his services to founding the university, Kielmann was raised to hereditary nobility by the emperor as " Johann Adolph Kielmann von Kielmannsegg ".
Founded in 1665
As Christiana Albertina or Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis ( Holstein University of Kiel ), Duke Christian Albrecht of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf founded the university on October 5, 1665 . The seal of the university with the Latin slogan Pax optima rerum (“Peace is the best of goods”, Silius Italicus ) was designed by Samuel Rachel , Kiel's first professor of natural and international law.
Teaching at the northernmost university in the Holy Roman Empire began in the former Kiel monastery with seventeen professors (including important scholars such as Christian Kortholt , Daniel Georg Morhof and Johann Daniel Major ) and 162 students. The Duke retained the privilege of himself and his successors to act as Rector ( Rector magnificentissimus ), the management of the university was therefore in fact with the Prorector (the Prorector magnificus ). Right from the start, the university was divided into the classic four faculties : theology, law, medicine and the liberal arts . The first Rigorosa were given as early as 1666 . As with most early modern universities, the start-up should be able to meet the growing need for trained administrators. In addition, the existence of its own university increased the prestige of the respective sovereign considerably. The universities were usually given various legal privileges such as tax exemption, their own jurisdiction and representation as their own stand in the state parliament . The funding of Kiel University came from the income of the Bordesholm office , which is why the professors were buried in the Bordesholm monastery church for a long time. The stock of the former monastery library formed the basis of the university library, supplemented by some very valuable works from the Eutin monastery library. In 1669 the duke, who as a Protestant ruler was also the highest bishop ( summus episcopus ), issued an order that every theologian who wanted to be employed in Holstein or Schleswig in the future must have studied in Kiel for at least two years.
Development until the end of Danish rule
The Tsarina Katharina II. , Whose husband was born in Kiel, commissioned the architect Ernst Georg Sonnin with the construction of a new university building after his death in her capacity as Duchess of Holstein-Gottorf . This simple brick building with a rustic structure could be moved into in 1768 after a two-year construction period in Kattenstrasse. Lectures continued here until 1876. The building then served as the Museum of Patriotic Antiquities from 1877 until it was destroyed in World War II .
In the Treaty of Tsarskoe Selo of August 27, 1773, which reorganized the succession and territories in Schleswig-Holstein, Katharina renounced Holstein-Gottorf in the name of her son. Since then Holstein and Kiel have belonged to both the Danish State and the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. In the same year, the obligation to study for two years in Kiel was extended to all civil servants in Schleswig and Holstein. At the same time, Kiel University was the only exception when the Indigenous Law was passed in 1776 . This stipulated that only those who were born in the territories of the Danish crown were allowed to enter the civil service: The professors from Kiel continued to come from all German territories. Around 1800, the CAU was not only the northernmost German university, but also the southernmost university of the entire Danish state , since Holstein was ruled by the Danish king in personal union - the monarch ruled over Kiel in his capacity as Duke of Holstein - but not under constitutional law belonged to Denmark but to Germany. For this reason, she played an important role in the cultural exchange between Scandinavia and Central Europe.
Between 1815 and 1848 in particular, Kiel University was an important center of the German fraternity movement and liberalism . In 1817, boys from Kiel from the newly founded fraternity of Teutonia zu Kiel also took part in the Wartburg Festival, their motto being “Teutonia is Panier”. By 1830 the university had over 400 students. The group of teachers included the lawyers Georg Christian Burchardi, Niels Nikolaus Falck , Johann Friedrich Kierulff and Eduard Osenbrüggen , the historians Johann Gustav Droysen and Georg Waitz , the agricultural historian and economist Georg Hanssen and the philologist, archaeologist and music historian Otto Jahn . Theodor Mommsen , Ludwig Ross and Theodor Storm were among the students at that time . During the revolution of 1848 and the subsequent three-year war between German and Danish national liberals around the Duchy of Schleswig , the CAU also played an important role. Most of the professors and students were (but by no means exclusively) German-minded, which is why the following bon mot was circulating among patriotic Danes : “Lies are also a science, said the devil. He studied in Kiel. "
After the German defeat in the "Three Year War", many German-minded students had to leave the country. In 1857 the university had a total of 50 lecturers, including 22 full and nine extraordinary professors, but only about 200 students.
Kiel University in Prussian times until 1933
With the German-Danish War , the rule of the Kingdom of Denmark over the Duchy of Schleswig and the Duchy of Holstein ended . After the German War , the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein emerged in 1867 from the two former duchies . Kiel also came under Prussian administration. Christian Albrechts University lost its legal privileges and was now one of many in the Kingdom of Prussia. Parallel to the rapid growth of the city of Kiel in Prussian times, the growth of the university accelerated after 1867, but despite the increasing number of students, the university no longer has the same importance for the self-image and the external perception of the city as it does in places like Göttingen and Heidelberg or Münster is the case: Kiel owed its rapid rise to the city of the Imperial Navy and the shipyards , not its university.
This blossomed anyway. The university's botanical garden was the first of its kind in Germany, and shortly before 1900 the university was adapted to the increasing number of students with numerous new buildings (designed by Martin Gropius ). A part of these buildings still exists and houses some areas of the university hospital. A chair for astronomy was established around 1850, and when the Altona observatory near Hamburg was closed in 1871 , most of its instruments (a Repsold meridian circle and 3 refractors) came to Kiel as basic equipment: in 1874 the university observatory was built in Kiel . With increasing air pollution, however, the observatory lost its importance. (Since around 1960, however, the university has been running a small observatory again.)
Not only did many Kiel students die in the First World War, but also professors like Max L. Strack . While the Kiel sailors' uprising brought about the end of the monarchy, the university remained largely conservative.
time of the nationalsocialism
The acceptance of National Socialism among Kiel students was extremely high from an early stage: As early as 1927, Joachim Haupt , a functionary of the NS student union, was elected chairman of the Kiel student body for the first time. The CAU was 1933 quickly brought into line ; Liberal, social democratic (e.g. Ferdinand Tönnies ) or Jewish (e.g. Felix Jacoby ) scholars who had previously been in the minority here lost their professorships. During the Nazi period in Kiel, at least 38 of 222 members of the teaching staff were evicted for racist or political reasons (17.1%). According to more recent reports, even half of the teaching staff is said to have been removed from office. The forced departure of many of the most important lecturers contributed to the fact that the university became less attractive: within a few years, the number of students fell to a quarter. Instead, Kiel was given a particularly strong National Socialist profile as a borderland university in the Nordic region .
During the “Third Reich”, parts of Kiel University developed into outspoken Nazi cadre forges. B. the law faculty, which was redesigned to the so-called "shock troop faculty" and under the name " Kiel School " brought about a strictly Nazi-oriented law. In the philosophical seminar, the liberal lecturers Julius Stenzel and Richard Kroner were quickly replaced by the active Nazis Kurt Hildebrandt and Ferdinand Weinhandl . In May 1933 Weinhandl was the main speaker at the rally on the book burning on Wilhelmplatz in Kiel. It was not least these experiences that led to the introduction of a specialty in Kiel in 1946: to this day, graduates of doctoral and master’s exams are required to take a vow to always “ seek and confess the truth ”.
Development since 1945
The old university buildings near the palace were so largely destroyed in World War II that the university was initially considering moving to Schleswig . As early as 1942, the university library was hit by fire bombs in a heavy air raid, and most of its holdings were destroyed. But in November 1945 teaching was resumed - partly on ships in the port of Kiel - with around 2,000 students. This number, which came about, among other things, because in the turmoil after the end of the war, many students who actually came from other universities came to Kiel, soon fell again. In the winter semester of 1953/54 there were 80 theology students at the CAU; 194 studied medicine, 78 dentistry, 252 law, 191 economics, 283 humanities, 387 mathematics, physics and chemistry and 90 agriculture. Swiss Mennonites set up a cafeteria ; Heinz Zahrnt acted as a student pastor .
The new structural core of the university was an old ELAC factory site in the northwest of the city. Although today's CAU is not a pure campus university, most of the facilities are now concentrated there; Practically nothing of the old structure of the university has survived (except in the area of the university clinic). The burned-out main building on the banks of the Förde was blown up. A reconstruction of part of the old building is suggested again and again, but is not planned. In the course of the 1960s, the architectural face of the CAU changed significantly with the establishment of the University Forum and the so-called Angerbauten on Westring. The number of students rose from around 6,000 in 1960 to over 10,000 in the mid-1970s. In addition to capacity and planning problems, the controversies surrounding a statute that came into force in 1968 and the State University Act passed in 1973 provided local reasons for the student protests of the late 1960s and early 1970s. These contributed, among other things, to the abolition of the gown at public events, to increased transparency of the university's internal decision-making processes and to the strengthening of student participation in the university committees, whereby these changes were only permitted to the extent that they were allowed by state politicians to organize the university more rationally did not contradict.
In the 1970s, new sports facilities, the faculty blocks and a new physics center were built to respond to the significantly increasing number of students. Some of these buildings are now on the list of cultural monuments in Kiel-Ravensberg .
On November 15, 1993, the then rector Karin Peschel reassigned the title in a decree to all doctoral candidates at Kiel University who had been stripped of their doctorate during the Nazi regime. In 2007, the CAU successfully participated in the federal government's excellence initiative, thereby consolidating its reputation as one of the most renowned universities in North Germany (see below).
In 2008, Kiel University donated the “ Ferdinand Tönnies Medal ” to honor personalities who have made exemplary scientific, cultural and political achievements nationwide. It should be awarded no more than once a year. The first prize winner was Jan Philipp Reemtsma .
At the end of 2008, the buildings that were built after their destruction in World War II were listed as an ensemble worthy of protection.
Today, the CAU is one of the German universities of average size, although the number of students has recently increased significantly.
In 2013, a vote with a participation of only 18 percent of the students resulted in a majority of two thirds for the introduction of a civil clause . The university has received 2.7 million euros from the Federal Ministry of Defense and NATO in five years , which corresponds to one percent of its third-party funding income. The university management rejected a civil clause.
In the 2014/2015 winter semester, more than 25,000 students were enrolled at the CAU for the first time. In the 2016/2017 winter semester there were 26,000, including 5,000 newcomers.
Kiel University of Education 1946–1994
As early as 1926, a pedagogical academy for elementary school teacher training outside the university was founded in Kiel . This was renamed the College for Teacher Training in 1933 . From 1941 to 1945 it was converted into a teacher training college in Kiel . At the university under its director Ulrich Peters and the deputy director and biologist Paul Brohmer , a folk upbringing had been propagated before 1933 , so that the National Socialist “seizure of power” was welcomed. The National Socialist history didacticist Karl Alnor also taught here. The university was one of the signatories of the commitment of the German professors to Adolf Hitler .
In 1946 it was re-established as a college of education and existed until it was integrated into the CAU as a faculty of education in 1994. This faculty was later divided among the others. The founding rector was Friedrich Drenckhahn , the last rector Winfried Ulrich .
On May 11, 1966, the students of the PH Kiel protested against the cramped space conditions.
350 years of existence
In 2015, the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel celebrated its 350th anniversary for a whole year. Among other things, exhibitions on history were designed. A special postage stamp was issued in March 2015 to mark the university anniversary, and an official ceremony and reception took place on October 5, 2015. On the initiative of Meyer and Martin Rackwitz , the Kiel Old Men Seniors Convent held a ceremony on October 17, 2015 in the Kiel Yacht Club . Guests and speakers were the President of the University Lutz Kipp , Kiel's Lord Mayor Ulf Kämpfer and Edzard Schmidt-Jortzig .
In December 2015, a representation of the seal was used as a motif on the Kiel Christmas mug.
According to the University Act amended in 2007, there are three central organs of the university:
At the top is a central university council ( Universitätsrat ), which is responsible for all three Schleswig-Holstein universities (Kiel, Flensburg and Lübeck ) and coordinates the teaching and research of the three universities.
As a second body, the Senate is responsible for advising on matters relating to research, teaching and studies.
The management of the University responsibility of the Bureau . This consists of the President, up to three elected Vice-Presidents and the Chancellor. The President represents the university in and out of court and is also responsible for the university's ongoing business, maintaining order within the university and exercising housekeeping rights. The Chancellor manages the university under the responsibility of the President. Since June 1, 2020, an interim presidium consisting of Karin Schwarz , Claudia Ricarda Meyer , Ilka Parchmann and Anja Pistor-Hatam has headed the university. Human medicine Simone Fulda was elected President of the University on June 24, 2020 .
Organizationally, the university is divided into eight faculties, five central facilities, three cross-faculty facilities and eleven research and study centers.
To represent the interests of students acting student parliament , the student council and the student councils . Since the last election in June 2017, the AStA has been provided by the university group Campus Grüne, the Juso university group , as well as six other groups and independent speakers and representatives. Student representatives are also elected to the committees of the university self-administration.
The Christian Albrechts University currently consists of the following eight faculties:
- Faculty of Theology
- Law Faculty
- Medical school
- Philosophical Faculty
- Faculty of Agriculture and Nutrition
- Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences
- Technical Faculty
One of the key facilities include the (opened in 2001) University Library , one per computing and Sports Center and the Interdisciplinary Center Multimedia and in Büsum -based Research and Technology Center West Coast .
The University Library of Kiel is located on the university campus on the outskirts of the city. Reading rooms, reference holdings, lending and library information as well as administration and magazines are combined in a building complex with a modern look. The book inventory of the university library currently comprises over two million volumes. There are also around 45,000 books from the 16th and 17th centuries and some unique manuscripts from the 10th to 18th centuries. Further book collections are scattered in different institute libraries, so that a total of almost 4.4 million volumes results. The holdings are largely recorded and researchable using an IT catalog. The special collection area Scandinavia is one of the special tasks of the university library.
Research and Study Centers
Several central research and study centers have been set up at the CAU. This also included the Ecology Center Kiel (ÖZK) with its main area of work: integrative tasks of basic ecological research and applied environmental research in the marine and terrestrial areas. The central departments of the center were ecosystem research and 5 other specialist departments. The Department of Coastal Ecology worked closely with the West Coast Research and Technology Center. On January 1, 2010, the ÖZK was dissolved as a joint institution and divided into the Institute for Nature and Resource Conservation and the Institute for Ecosystem Research.
Further centers at the CAU are:
- German-Norwegian Study Center (DNSZ)
- Research Center for Integrative Neurosciences (FZIN)
- Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel
- Institute for Security Policy (ISPK)
- Institute for the World Economy (IfW)
- Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education (IPN)
- Lorenz von Stein Institute for Administrative Sciences
- Center for Asian and African Studies (ZAAS)
- Center for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ZBM)
- Center for Ethics
- Center for Key Qualifications (ZFS)
- Center for Clinical Anatomy at the Anatomical Institute
- Center for Teacher Education (ZFL)
- Center for Molecular Biosciences (ZMB)
- Center for North American Studies (ZNAS)
- Center for Eastern European Studies (ZOS)
Scientific continuing education sees itself as the interface between scientific knowledge from the university and the requirements from professional practice. Scientific continuing education has been the continuing education provider at Kiel University since 1996. It offers seminars for specialists and managers, seminars for (academic) university staff and seminars for students and graduates. In addition, it organizes the annual contact fair contacts , which takes place regularly in May in the Auditorium maximum and in a tent on the forecourt of the Audimax and promotes the exchange and mutual acquaintance of potential employers and employees.
Currently (as of December 2019) 1744 students work for the faculties of Kiel University.
|Faculty||Number of employed students|
|Faculty of Agriculture and Nutrition||139|
|Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences||465|
|Faculty of Theology||29|
|Faculty of Law||98|
|The Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences||142|
|Central institutions, clusters of excellence, special research areas||268|
No student employees are employed in the administration. On average, student assistants work 7.4 hours per week. The remuneration is regulated by an internal CAU agreement:
- Student assistants without a university degree: € 10 per hour
- Scientific assistants with a college or bachelor's degree: € 11 per hour
The University of Kiel is currently particularly renowned in the fields of marine sciences , nanosciences , inflammation research and research into the historical development of cultural spaces. These areas were also set as priorities for the next five years in the target agreements with the state of Schleswig-Holstein in 2009. The Institute for World Economy , which is affiliated to the university, also enjoys an international reputation. The same applied to the disaster research center , which was also part of the CAU until October 1, 2011 and has since been relocated to the Free University of Berlin . The ZFS offers students of all disciplines language courses with an international UNIcert qualification. For the 2007/08 winter semester, the CAU also switched to the new Bachelor and Master courses .
Since 1994 the university has been participating in the Association of North German Universities to improve teaching and research.
In October 2006 the Kiel Cluster of Excellence " The Future Ocean " was approved. In October 2007, another cluster of excellence (“Inflammation at interfaces”) and a graduate school (“Human development in landscapes”) were approved. After the nine so-called “elite universities”, Kiel University was the most successful German university in the First Excellence Initiative of the federal and state governments. The two clusters and the graduate school received further funding from the Second Excellence Initiative from 2012 onwards. The university has even had three clusters since 2018, making it one of the most successful universities in the competition.
The University of Kiel claims a “corporate identity” for itself. This becomes clear on the one hand in the teaching based on the large number of foreign students from the countries bordering the Baltic Sea and on the other hand based on the orientation of the research activities in the Cluster of Excellence Ocean of the Future . A tradition was established in this area, which is closely linked with other disciplines.
Well-known university professor in Kiel
Anselm von Feuerbach , 1802–1804
Johann Gustav Droysen , 1840–1851
Wilhelm Griesinger , director of the Kiel University Clinic from 1849
Theodor Nöldeke , 1864–1872
Wilhelm Dilthey , 1868–1871
Ferdinand Tönnies , 1881–1933
Heinrich Hertz , 1883–1885
Robert Alexy , since 1986
Academic music directors or university music directors
The office of academic music director of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel was first awarded free of charge in 1818 to the Kiel cantor and St. Nicholas organist Johann Georg Christian Apel . The duties associated with this office extended both to the musical arrangement of academic celebrations and to teaching liturgical singing and organ playing for students of the homiletic seminary. Apel's successor, the composer and later Brahms friend Karl Graedener , who was known during his lifetime, was awarded an annual salary of 500 Reichsthalers after tough negotiations. Graedener only held the office for a year and then went to Hamburg as a music teacher . The re-filling of the post was postponed several times because no suitable candidate could be found. The applications of the Kiel singing and piano teacher Carl Friedrich Fedor Bellmann , the Nikolaiorganist Christian Friedrich August Hundertmark and the music researcher and librarian Hermann Oesterley were rejected by the University's Board of Trustees and Consistory. It was not until 1878 that a suitable musician was found in the organist and composer Hermann Stange . Rod was u. a. entrusted with the task of building up a student choir and was - in addition to the musical equipment of academic celebrations and teaching at the homiletic seminar - obliged to give lectures on music history and music theory. After the death of Hermann Stange in 1914, the composer and conductor of the Kiel VDM concerts and the Kiel choral society Ernst Kunsemüller became his successor. Kunsemüller was only able to fill the post of academic music director sporadically, however, as he was drafted into military service as early as 1915 and succumbed to his war injuries in 1918. In the musicologist and conductor Fritz Stein , he was succeeded by an influential musician who was also heavily involved in urban musical life. When Stein was appointed full professor of the musicological institute at Kiel University, which he himself had founded, the actual position of academic music director had already been suspended. The predominantly practically oriented activities as well as courses in music theory and ear training were now taken over by lecturers, among them (in chronological order) Hans Hoffmann, Hans-Joachim Therstappen , Kurt Gudewill and Wilhelm Pfannkuch. Bernhard Emmer currently holds the office of Kiel University Music Director.
|Music director||Term of office|
|Johann Georg Christian Apel||(1775-1841)||(1818-1841)|
Nobel Prize Winner
Twelve scientists who studied or researched and taught at the CAU for different lengths of time were honored with the Nobel Prize in their discipline.
|Laureate||born||deceased||CAU period||CAU function||Nobel Prize|
|Theodor Mommsen||1817 Garding||1903 Charlottenburg||1838-1844||Law student, Dr. jur.||Literature - 1902|
|Philipp Lenard||1862 Bratislava||1947 Messelhausen||1898-1907||Full Professor, Physics||Physics –– 1905|
|Eduard Buchner||1860 Munich||1917 Focsani||1893-1896||Privatdozent, biochemistry||Chemistry - 1907|
|Max Planck||1858 Kiel||1947 Göttingen||1885-1889||associate professor, theoretical physics||Physics –– 1918|
|Otto Meyerhof||1884 Hanover||1951 Philadelphia||1912-1924||Postdoc, associate professor, Physiology||Medicine ½ 1922|
|Gerhard Domagk||1895 Lagow||1964 Castle Hill||1914-1921||Studied medicine with a degree in Kiel||Medicine 1939|
|Walter Rudolf Hess||1881 Frauenfeld, CH||1973 Muralto, CH||Medical student||Medicine 1949|
|Otto Diels||1876 Hamburg||1954 Kiel||1916-1945||Full Professor, Organic Chemistry||Chemistry ½ 1950|
|Kurt Alder||1902 Königshütte||1958 Cologne||1924-1936||associate professor, organic chemistry||Chemistry ½ 1950|
|Wassily Leontief||1905 Munich||1999 New York, USA||1927-1928||Scientific assistant, economics||Economics 1973|
|Wolfgang Paul||1913 Lorenzkirch||1993 Bonn||1937-1942||Scientific assistant, physics||Physics ⅓ 1989|
|Günter Blobel||1936 Waltersdorf||2018 New York, USA||Medical student||Medicine 1999|
The historian Theodor Mommsen, who received his doctorate in Kiel in 1843, received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1902. The 1918 Nobel Prize in Physics was presented to Max Planck in 1919. Otto Meyerhof shared the 1922 Medicine Prize with Archibald Vivian Hill . The 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry went to Otto Diels and Kurt Alder.
Lenard, Diels and Meyerhof were honored during their active time at CAU. The other laureates had left Kiel at the time of the honor or had already retired.
- Oliver Auge (Ed.): Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel. 350 years of activity in city, country and world , Neumünster 2015, ISBN 978-3-529-05905-6 .
- Christian-Albrechts-Universität (Ed.): Christiana Albertina. Research and reports from the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel . .
- Stefan Bichow: The University of Kiel in the 1960s. Regulations of an academic institution in crisis , Frankfurt am Main 2013, Peter Lang Verlag. ISBN 978-3-631-64186-6 .
- Christoph Cornelißen / Carsten Mish (ed.): Science at the limit. The University of Kiel under National Socialism. (= Communications from the Society for Kiel City History , edited by Jürgen Jensen, Volume 86). Klartext Verlag , Essen 2009, ISBN 978-3-8375-0240-4 .
- Christoph Cornelißen (ed.) / Arvid von Bassi (collaborator) / Birte Meinschien (collaborator): Wissenschaft im Aufbruch. Contributions to the re-establishment of Kiel University after 1945 (= communications from the Society for Kiel City History , edited by Jürgen Jensen, Volume 88). Klartext Verlag , Essen 2014, ISBN 978-3-8375-1390-5 .
- Rainer S. Elkar: Studying in Kiel. A historical journey through time from the beginning to the present . (= Special publications of the Society for Kiel City History , edited by Jürgen Jensen, Volume 77). Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft , Husum 2015, ISBN 978-3-89876-795-8 .
- Astrid Hansen and Nils Meyer: University as a monument. The campus of the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel. History - inventory - target planning , Ludwig, Kiel 2010, ISBN 978-3-86935-040-0 .
- Manfred Jessen-Klingenberg : The Christian-Albrechts-University in the time of the National Socialist dictatorship. In: Learn from history? University and state before and after 1945. A lecture series of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel and the Schleswig-Holstein Landtag in the winter semester 1994/95. Kiel 1995, pp. 7-19. Reprinted in: Viewpoints on the recent history of Schleswig-Holstein. Malente 1998, ISBN 3-933862-25-4 , pp. 133-144.
- Karl Jordan (Hrsg.): History of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel - 1665-1965 . In several volumes. Neumunster, 1965.
- Werner Paravicini (ed.): Encounters with Kiel. Gift of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität for the 750th anniversary of the city . Wachholz Verlag, Neumünster 1992.
- Hans-Werner Prahl (Ed.): Uni-Formierung des Geistes. University of Kiel under National Socialism . Volume 1, Kiel 1995 ISBN 3-89029-967-9 , Volume 2, Kiel 2007 ISBN 978-3-88312-413-1 .
- Henning Ratjen : History of the University of Kiel. : Verlag der Schwers'schen Buchhandlung, Kiel [u. a.], 1870 ( digitized version from Kiel University Library ).
- Carl Rodenberg / Volquart Pauls: The beginnings of the Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Neumünster 1955.
- Markus Tauschek: Power, Political Culture, Resistance. Student protest at the University of Kiel , Waxmann Verlag, Münster 2016, ISBN 978-3-8309-3388-5 .
- Ralph Uhlig (Ed.), Expelled Scientists from the Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (CAU) after 1933. On the history of the CAU under National Socialism. A documentation. Edited by Uta Cornelia Schmatzler and Matthias Wieber. Lang, Frankfurt am Main et al. 1991, ISBN 3-631-44232-7 .
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