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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local parish of Insul
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Insul highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 26 '  N , 6 ° 55'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Ahrweiler
Association municipality : Adenau
Height : 218 m above sea level NHN
Area : 5.01 km 2
Residents: 459 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 92 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 53520
Area code : 02695
License plate : AW
Community key : 07 1 31 034
Association administration address: Kirchstrasse 15
53518 Adenau
Website :
Local Mayor : Ewald Neiss
Location of the local community of Insul in the Ahrweiler district
Remagen Grafschaft (Rheinland) Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler Sinzig Bad Breisig Brohl-Lützing Gönnersdorf (bei Bad Breisig) Waldorf (Rheinland-Pfalz) Burgbrohl Wassenach Glees Niederzissen Wehr (Eifel) Galenberg Oberzissen Brenk Königsfeld (Eifel) Schalkenbach Dedenbach Niederdürenbach Oberdürenbach Weibern (Eifel) Kempenich Hohenleimbach Spessart (Brohltal) Heckenbach Kesseling Kalenborn (bei Altenahr) Berg (bei Ahrweiler) Kirchsahr Lind (bei Altenahr) Rech Dernau Mayschoß Altenahr Ahrbrück Hönningen Kaltenborn Adenau Herschbroich Meuspath Leimbach (bei Adenau) Dümpelfeld Nürburg (Gemeinde) Müllenbach (bei Adenau) Quiddelbach Hümmel Ohlenhard Wershofen Aremberg Wiesemscheid Kottenborn Wimbach Honerath Bauler (Landkreis Ahrweiler) Senscheid Pomster Dankerath Trierscheid Barweiler Reifferscheid Sierscheid Harscheid (bei Adenau) Dorsel Hoffeld (Eifel) Wirft Rodder Müsch Eichenbach Antweiler Fuchshofen Winnerath Insul Schuld (Ahr) Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Neuwied Landkreis Vulkaneifel Landkreis Mayen-Koblenzmap
About this picture
Brueckenstrasse town center

Insul is a municipality in the Ahrweiler district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Adenau community .


Insul is seven kilometers north of the city of Adenau on both sides of the Ahr . The residential development of the village extends over a relatively flat area and rises in the south-west on the edge of the castle hill 271  m above sea level. NHN minimal. The municipality is the natural area mostly for Dümpelfelder Ahrtal counted, while the southern portion is already the Reifferscheider Bergland can attribute. There it reaches the southwestern border at the summit of 521  m above sea level. NHN high Scheidnück its highest point on the ground .

Neighboring communities are to blame , Sierscheid , Dümpelfeld .


The place name Insul, which is also handed down in documents with Esell (1669), Eßel (1728), Insel (1758) and Oesel (1849), is traced back to Insel . From the location it can still be seen today that the Ahr also had a southern branch of the river in earlier times. Oral language the place is also called "Äsel". Insul was first mentioned in a document in 1269 as "Oensel supra Aram". The area where Insul is located belonged to the County of Are in the 12th century , and in the middle of the 13th century the county came with all of its possessions to Kurköln . Insul (also "Essel") was now a honnship that belonged to the Electorate of Cologne, Nürburg , which existed until the end of the 18th century.

Under the French administration, Insul belonged to the Mairie Adenau in the canton of Adenau . After 1815, Insul became a Prussian municipality that became the mayor of Adenau in the then newly formed district of Adenau , which was dissolved in 1932. The mayor's office of Adenau, now called “Amt”, came to the Ahrweiler district , to which Insul has belonged ever since.

Ecclesiastically Insul belonged to the parish of Schuld , which already existed in the 10th century. Around 1570 Insul is mentioned in the documents as a branch of Schuld and in 1631 a chapel in Insul. The chapel was closed in 1882 and replaced by a new chapel in 1884; it is consecrated to St. Rochus . In 1910 the chapel received an organ with six registers, which was set up by the Bonn organ builder Klais .

Insul got its own school in 1863, before that, in 1724, a teacher for Insul was mentioned in a document. In the course of the Rhineland-Palatinate school reform in the 1970s, the school in Insul was closed in 1972, and the children have been going to primary and secondary schools in Adenau ever since.

Statistics on population development

The development of the population of Oberlascheid, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 220
1835 256
1871 244
1905 296
1939 295
1950 331
year Residents
1961 371
1970 438
1987 435
1997 462
2005 471
2017 463


Municipal council

The local council in Insul consists of eight council members, who were elected by a majority vote in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.


Ewald Neiß is the local mayor of Insul. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office with a share of 71.18% of the votes.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of Insul
Blazon : “In the silver head of the shield a black cross, in it a silver pilgrim's staff. In the upper right part of the shield a red lion turned to the left, in the lower left part of the shield a red oak leaf. "
Foundation of the coat of arms: From the Franconian counts, the family of the Counts of Are developed, from which the Are-Nürburg line branched off in the 12th century. Coat of arms of the Nürburg; silver lion in red and silver clapboards. Therefore, the lion's head was included in the top right of the coat of arms. Belonging to the county of Nürburg until 1290, Insul came to Kurköln until 1794. From the seat of the Honnen in Schuld, a mayor's office for the four hundred places within the Electoral Cologne office of Nürburg developed. Insul also formed a Dinggemeinde (judicial community) with the other three hundred places under the chairmanship of the mayor. Coat of arms of Kurköln; black cross in silver The patron saint of the village chapel is St. Rochus. St. Roch's attribute is a pilgrim's staff. This pilgrim's staff was placed on the black cross. The red oak leaf in the lower left of the coat of arms indicates the importance of the forest for the community and our landscape.

Culture and sights

Hofanlage Bergstrasse 3
At the Ahr weir
St. Roch and Sebastian


  • Catholic branch church of St. Rochus and Sebastian , from 1882
  • Former tithe courtyard, half-timbered building and courtyard from 1616 (Brückenstraße 4)
  • Several half-timbered houses from the 19th century, which are listed
  • Road cross from 1796

See also: List of cultural monuments in Insul

Green spaces and recreation

  • Numerous hiking trails in the wooded natural surroundings
  • Castle Hill
  • Weir of the Ahr in the middle of town
  • The Ahr cycle path leads through Insul
  • Insul is important for tourism as a stage (with accommodation) of the AhrSteig
  • The Prümer Tor natural monument . A cut through rock section 12 m high, also called Insulner Schweiz (rocks on the Ahr, parking lot at the cemetery)
  • Bee educational trail with information boards ⊙

See also: List of Natural Monuments in Insul

Regular events

  • Car-free Sunday. The "Tour de Ahrtal" (end of June) leads from the source in Blankenheim to Altenahr
  • Maypole festival on May 1st
  • Oktoberfest - a thanksgiving and costume parade of the bachelor club (in October)

Economy and Infrastructure


The kindergarten is attended in Schuld (2.5 km), the elementary school, schools such as RealschulePlus and Gymnasium in Adenau. The children are picked up in the village by buses.


Since 2007, Insul has been classified as a priority community by the Ministry of the Interior and Sports of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate as part of the village renewal program.


The community is accessed through the state road 73 and the K 25 . Insul was on the now disused railway line Dümpelfeld – Lissendorf . There was a connection to the Ahr Valley Railway at the Abzw .


  • Franz Schmitten (1929–2011), animal breeding scientist and university professor

Web links

Commons : Insul  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 6 (PDF; 3 MB).
  3. Heinrich Thiebes: Insul, history and customs in the 1958 homeland yearbook in the Ahrweiler district
  4. ^ Johann Friedrich Schannat: Eiflia illustrata or geographical and historical description of the Eifel , Ed. 3 - 1852, page 371
  5. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  6. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
  7. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Adenau, Verbandsgemeinde, 15th line of results. Retrieved August 7, 2020 .
  8. Description of coat of arms / justification. Insul Church, accessed August 11, 2017 .
  9. Castle Hill Insul. Retrieved July 25, 2017 .
  10. Insul hiking route. Retrieved August 11, 2017 .
  11. Insul circuit. Retrieved August 11, 2017 .
  12. Prüm Gate. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 26, 2015 ; Retrieved July 25, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  13. Bachelors Association JGV Insul. Retrieved August 11, 2017 .
  14. 23 new focus communities for village renewal. March 2, 2007, archived from the original on April 29, 2014 ; accessed on January 9, 2016 (priority recognition by the Ministry of the Interior and for Sport of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate).