|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Olomoucký kraj|
|Area :||1199 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||2,979 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||789 83|
|License plate :||M.|
|Street:||Mohelnice - Litovel|
|Mayor :||Ctirad Lolek (as of 2008)|
|Address:||Náměstí Míru 66/1
789 83 Loštice
Loštice is located at the confluence of the Podhrádek brook in the Třebůvka . The R 35 / E 442 expressway runs northwest . In the west rises the hill Horka (374 m), south of the Bradlec (311 m) and the Hájek (319 m).
Neighboring towns are Dolní Válce and Horní Krčmy in the north, Moravičany in the northeast, Doubravice and Mitrovice in the east, Palonín in the southeast, Obectov and Markrabka in the south, Radnice and Vlčice in the southwest, Bradlec, Žádlovice and Líšnice in the west and Újezd in the northwest.
The place was first mentioned in 1208. In that year the church was probably also built. In 1267 Peter von Loschitz sold three preliminary works to Bishop Bruno von Schauenburg . Since then, Loschitz has been documented as a market town. In 1371 Puta von Wildenburg became the owner of Loschitz. During the rule of the Wildenburgers, whose seat was Loschitz, the place was called a minority in 1378 . In 1382 Jobst of Moravia acquired the property. In 1406 the town also acquired blood jurisdiction . After Boček II of Podebrady had acquired the goods in 1414 , he joined the Busau rule . In 1481 Kuno von Kunstadt sold the Busau rule to Hans Haugwitz von Biskupitz. In 1546 Prokop Potstatský von Prusinowitz acquired the Busau rule. Since the 15th century, the place was famous for its ceramics, which became famous in Europe as the Loschitzer mug .
In 1585 the town of New Town bought the place from the Potstatský. In 1635 the place burned down. In the flood of 1663 Loštice suffered severe damage again. On April 27, 1678 a big fire broke out in the city. The production of Quarels has been documented since 1712 . In the course of the Josephine reforms in 1781, blood jurisdiction was lost. In 1787 Loschitz was promoted to town.
The Wolfsdorf paper mill was established in 1819. In 1828 the Kaiserstraße running through Loschitz from Müglitz to Littau was completed. Loschitz had 1907 inhabitants in 1834 and consisted of 284 houses. In addition there was the Jewish community consisting of 22 houses with 414 inhabitants. In 1840 a new brewery was built.
A Jewish community in Loštice , whose last rabbi was Izrael Günzig , had existed in since the 16th century; around this time the first of the three Loštice synagogues was built. After the abolition of patrimonial Loštice / Loschitz with the districts Loštice židovská obec / Jewish community, Žadlovice osada / Schadlowitz settlement and Vlčice / Wolfsdorf formed a municipality in the Hohenstadt district . In 1859 the guilds disbanded. At the end of the 19th century, the Jewish town merged with the city and lost the status of a district. In 1900 Loschitz had 2595 inhabitants, most of whom were of Czech nationality. In 1930 there were 2671 people in the city. The Vlčice paper mill caused a mass death of fish in the Třebůvka in 1934. In 1954 a memorial plaque with a bust was attached to Adolf Kašpar's house .
Since 1961 the town belongs to the Okres Šumperk . At the same time Žádlovice was incorporated. In 1961 there were 2940 people in Loštice. When the Warsaw contracting states invaded Czechoslovakia on August 21, 1968, Polish military units drove through the city.
The town of Loštice consists of the districts Loštice ( Loschitz ) and Žádlovice ( Schadlowitz ) and the settlements Bradlec ( Brabletz ) and Vlčice ( Wolfsdorf ).
- Gothic church of St. Procopius
- Olomouc Quargel Museum
- Loštice Jewish cemetery , established in 1554 at the foot of the Hájek
- Loštice synagogue
- Holy Trinity Column, on the market square, built in 1860
- Adolf Kašpar memorial, the painter has been visiting the city in summer since 1920
- Žádlovice Castle
sons and daughters of the town
- Josef Kessler (* 1825, † 1887 in Vienna), late Romantic painter
- Egon Morgenstern and Armin Morgenstern are among the city's most famous sons. Egon and Armin came from a Jewish family. Both were able to flee from the National Socialists in time. Egon wrote a book about his memories (Stanislav Poskočil: Egon Morgenstern - Přežil jsem peklo gulagu ). Armin Morgenstern joined the resistance and received several awards and became an honorary citizen of Loštice (parents Julius Morgenstern and sister Renate did not survive the Holocaust).
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Loštice, Portal Holocaust.CZ, online at: holocaust.cz / ... ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.