Neuses near Ansbach
Neuses near Ansbach
City of Ansbach
|Height :||405 m above sea level NHN|
|Residents :||895 (May 25 1987)|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1972|
|Postal code :||91522|
|Area code :||0981|
The Franconian Rezat flows through the village . In the north there is a Schwedenschanze ( ), to the east of this is the forest area Stammholz , even further north is the Eulengraben . The place forms a closed settlement with the southeastern Ansbach. It is located on the B 13 , which leads to Ansbach (1.7 km south-east) and Lehrberg (5 km north-west). A community road leads to Wasserzell (1.2 km northwest).
In 1132 a "Chunrat de Niusaze" was mentioned in a document. This is also the first written mention of the place. It was a mansion, the mentioned Chunrat was probably a bailiff of the Lords of Dornberg . As with all places called Neuses , the place name means new seat.
Gottfried Stieber described the place in his 1761 work "Historical and topographical news from the Principality of Brandenburg-Onolzbach" as follows:
“A Weyler, a strong quarter of an hour far towards evening from Onolzbach situated on a plain and with various beautiful buildings probably exceptional, whose inhabitants Onolzbach intended to have parish rights, then also to worldliness, partly in the abbey belong to the Hof-Casten-Office. The name of this place originally appears to have originated from the words Neu Sitz or Neue Ansitz, and thus from the time it was built, and in documents from the middle ages it is generally written Niussaze and Niveßeze. This place may well have come to the principality of Burggrafthums Nürnberg at the same time as the city of Onolzbach. That a noble family also bore the same name is revealed from the first Tomo of the Miscellaneor of the secret councilor of Jung woselbsten in 1132 one of the same names, Cunrat de Niussaze, is thought of. It should also be added that a certain field of 3 acres lying high up there in the evening is named in the castle stable, from which it cannot be indistinctly assumed that in older times a castrum, mainly belonging to a ministeriali of the advocates of Dornberg, was to be found there. "
In the 16-point report of the Ansbach District Office from 1684, 15 teams were recorded for Neuses. Five properties (three courtyards, one estate, one estate) were subordinate to the Ansbach court box office , four properties to the Ansbach monastery , two properties to the mayor and council of Ansbach , two properties belonging to the Flechtner family, one property belonging to the owner Michael Weiß and one property belonging to the Princely Children (?). There was also a communal shepherd's house. The high court and the village and community authority exercised the Brandenburg-Ansbachische Hofkastenamt Ansbach.
At the end of the 18th century there were 17 properties in Neuses. The court box office in Ansbach continued to exercise the high court and the village and community rule. The landlords were the Principality of Ansbach (Hofkastenamt Ansbach: 2 farms, 5 Sölden estates , 1 economy, 1 free protected property; Ansbach Abbey: 3 Sölden estates, 1 tavern , 1 baker's house; Ansbach council: 2 Sölden estates) and the Ansbach owner Albert (1 estate). In addition to the property, there were also communal buildings (shepherd's house, breaker's house ). From 1797 to 1808 the place was under the judiciary and chamber office of Ansbach . The gypsum mining played an important role at that time.
In 1806 Neuses came to the Kingdom of Bavaria . As part of the community edict, Neuses was assigned to the Schalkhausen tax district formed in 1809 . On June 23, 1810 the new tax district Neuses near Ansbach, to which Hürbel am Rangen , Schmalenbach , Schmalenbacher Mühle , Wasserzell and Wasserzeller Mühle belonged. The rural community of Neuses was founded in 1811 and was congruent with the tax district. It was subordinate to the Ansbach Regional Court in administration and jurisdiction and to the Ansbach Rent Office ( renamed Ansbach Tax Office in 1920 ). In the course of the Second Community Edict (1818), the town of Strüth was re- circulated from Hennenbach to Neuses and the towns of Hürbel, Schmalenbach and Schmalenbacher Mühle from Neuses to Lehrberg . From 1862 on, Neuses was administered by the Ansbach district office (renamed the Ansbach district in 1938 ). The jurisdiction remained with the district court of Ansbach until 1870, 1870-1879 city and district court Ansbach , since 1880 district court Ansbach . The municipality had an area of 8.330 km². In the course of the regional reform , Neuses and its districts were incorporated into Ansbach on July 1, 1972.
- House No. 1 (formerly Margravial Manor): since 1699 in the possession of the Barons v. Seefried, two-storey solid building from the 18th century with rusticated corner pilaster strips and hipped roof with dormers. Corresponding half-timbered barn at the same time with a crooked hip and dormers.
- House No. 55 (formerly the guest house of the Margraves, later the Gasthaus zum Roten Adler): two-storey solid building from the 18th century with plastered fields, rusticated corner pilasters, hipped roof and arched portal with straight roofing
- Houses No. 7 and 8: two-storey solid buildings from the 18th century with hipped roof; No. 7 with a simple sundial, marked 1731
- House No. 9: two-storey solid building with hipped roof and dormers as well as an honored door with the Brandenburg coat of arms, marked 1791
- Rezat bridge from the Baroque period with two brick arches and a parapet made of sandstone blocks
The place has been Protestant since the Reformation. The residents of the Evangelical Lutheran denomination are parish to St. Johannis (Ansbach) , the residents of the Roman Catholic denomination to Christ König (Ansbach) .
- Alexander Biernoth: 25 years of incorporation into the city of Ansbach. An outline of the local histories of Bernhardswinden, Brodswinden, Claffheim, Elpersdorf, Hennenbach, Neuses and Schalkhausen . Ansbach 1997.
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : New . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 3 : I-Ne . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1801, DNB 790364301 , OCLC 833753092 , Sp. 774-775 ( digitized version ).
- Elisabeth Fechter: The place names of the district of Ansbach . Inaugural dissertation. Erlangen 1955, DNB 480570132 , p. 141 .
- Günther P. Fehring : City and district of Ansbach (= Bavarian art monuments . Volume 2 ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1958, DNB 451224701 , p. 130 .
- Manfred Jehle: Ansbach: the margravial chief offices Ansbach, Colmberg-Leutershausen, Windsbach, the Nuremberg nursing office Lichtenau and the Deutschordensamt (Wolframs-) Eschenbach (= historical atlas of Bavaria, part Franconia . I, 35). tape 2 . Commission for Bavarian State History, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-7696-6856-8 , p. 892, 1003 .
- Karl Heinrich von Lang , Heinrich Christoph Büttner , Julius W. Schulz: Landgericht Ansbach (= historical and statistical description of the Rezatkreis . Issue 1). Johann Lorenz Schmidmer, Nuremberg 1809, p. 23 ( digitized version ).
- Konrad Rosenhauer et al. (Ed.): The district of Ansbach. Past and present . Publishing house for authorities and business Hoeppner, Aßling-Pörsdorf 1964, DNB 450093387 , p. 179 .
- Gottfried Stieber: New things . In: Historical and topographical news from the Principality of Brandenburg-Onolzbach . Johann Jacob Enderes, Schwabach 1761, p. 603-604 ( digitized version ).
- Neuses b.Ansbach in the location database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library
- Neuses near Ansbach in the Topographia Franconiae of the University of Würzburg , accessed on September 15, 2019.
- Neuses near Ansbach in the historical directory of the association for computer genealogy
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB 94240937X , p. 323 ( digitized version ).
- E. Fechter, p. 141.
- Neuses b.Ansbach in Bavaria Atlas
- G. Stieber, p. 603 f.
- Staatsarchiv Nürnberg , Ansbacher Salbuch 128, 2344. Quoted from M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 689.
- M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 898 f.
- Johann Bernhard Fischer : Neuses near Ansbach . In: Statistical and topographical description of the Burggraftum Nürnberg, below the mountain, or the Principality of Brandenburg-Anspach. Second part. Containing the economic, statistical and moral condition of these countries according to the fifteen upper offices . Benedict Friedrich Haueisen, Ansbach 1790, p. 22 ( digitized version ).
- JK Bundschuh, Volume 3, Col. 774f.
- Only listed as a district in the censuses of 1875 and 1885.
- State Archives Nuremberg , Government of Middle Franconia, Chamber of the Interior, 1952, 3850: Formation of the municipal and rural communities in the district court of Ansbach 1808-17. Quoted from M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 961.
- M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 1003.
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB 453660959 , Section II, Sp. 757 ( digitized version ).
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 600 .
- Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were designated as fireplaces , in 1840 as houses and from 1871 to 1987 as residential buildings.
- Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkreise according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 12 ( digitized version ). Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkreise according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 63 ( digitized version ). For the community of Neuses plus the residents and buildings of Strüth (p. 90) and Wasserzell (p. 100).
- Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 43 ( digitized version ). In the historical municipality register, the municipality has 346 inhabitants.
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality directory: The population of the municipalities of Bavaria from 1840 to 1952 (= contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 192). Munich 1954, DNB 451478568 , p. 165 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00066439-3 ( digitized version ).
- Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 985 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
- Kgl. Statistisches Bureau (Ed.): Directory of the municipalities of the Kingdom of Bavaria according to the status of the population in December 1867 . XXI. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Ackermann, Munich 1869, p. 152 ( digitized version ).
- Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1150 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digitized version ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Manufactured due to the new organization of government districts, district offices and judicial districts. Addendum to issue 36 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1879, p. 60 ( digitized version ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Results of the census of December 1, 1880. Issue 35 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1882, p. 173 ( digitized version ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1090-1091 ( digitized version ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1155 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1192 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB 453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1029 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Official local directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB 740801384 , p. 167 ( digitized version ).