from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Lehrberg market
Map of Germany, position of the market Lehrberg highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 21 '  N , 10 ° 31'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Middle Franconia
County : Ansbach
Height : 407 m above sea level NHN
Area : 50.86 km 2
Residents: 3131 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 62 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 91611
Primaries : 09820, 09803, 09828
License plate : AN , DKB, FEU, ROT
Community key : 09 5 71 171
Market structure: 26 parts of the community

Market administration address :
Sonnenstrasse 14
91611 Lehrberg
Website : www.lehrberg.de
Mayoress : Renate Hans ( Citizens' Block )
Location of the Lehrberg market in the Ansbach district
Landkreis Donau-Ries Ansbach Fürth Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Roth Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Unterer Wald Lehrberg Adelshofen (Mittelfranken) Bechhofen (Mittelfranken) Bruckberg (Mittelfranken) Buch am Wald Burk Colmberg Dentlein am Forst Diebach Dietenhofen Dinkelsbühl Dombühl Ehingen (Mittelfranken) Feuchtwangen Flachslanden Gebsattel Gerolfingen Geslau Heilsbronn Insingen Langfurth Leutershausen Lichtenau (Mittelfranken) Merkendorf (Mittelfranken) Mönchsroth Neuendettelsau Neusitz Oberdachstetten Ohrenbach Petersaurach Röckingen Rothenburg ob der Tauber Rügland Sachsen bei Ansbach Schillingsfürst Schnelldorf Schopfloch (Mittelfranken) Steinsfeld Unterschwaningen Wassertrüdingen Weidenbach (Mittelfranken) Weihenzell Weiltingen Wettringen (Mittelfranken) Wieseth Windelsbach Windsbach Wittelshofen Wörnitz (Gemeinde) Wolframs-Eschenbach Wilburgstetten Ornbau Mitteleschenbach Herrieden Dürrwangen Burgoberbach Aurach (Landkreis Ansbach) Arberg Baden-Württembergmap
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / market
Dorfstrasse in Lehrberg, with the Evangelical Lutheran St. Margaretha (Lehrberg)

Lehrberg (dialect "Lärberch") is a market in the Central Franconian district of Ansbach .


Geographical location

Lehrberg is located in the Frankenhöhe Nature Park on the Franconian Rezat . The Franconian Marienweg runs through the village .

Parish parts

The municipality has 26 officially named parts of the municipality (the type of settlement is indicated in brackets ):

The Buhlsmühle , Neumühle and Schmalenbacher Mühle are not officially named parts of the municipality.

Neighboring communities

Oberdachstetten Flax landing Rügland
Colmberg Neighboring communities Weihenzell
Leutershausen Ansbach
Lehrberg (west side)


Postcard view of Lehrberg with a view of the upper Hindenburgstrasse (1914)

The first people settled around the 6th to 7th centuries AD in the wide Rezat and Zailach valleys and on the eastern hills, which offered them an ideal location.

The place was first mentioned as "Lerenburen" in a document that must have been created between 1057 and 1075. The basic word OHG. Bur (house), the qualifying expression Lare, leāre (empty bar). The explanation is therefore in the case of the poorly equipped apartments . In the years 1265, 1268, 1311, 1387 the place was mentioned as "Lerpur", in 1282, 1291, 1317, 1351, 1407 and approx. 1434 in the form "Lerbawr, Lerpaur", not until 1465 as "Lerperg".

In 1059 the St. Margaret Church was built as a church and fortress for the residents. The centuries that followed were characterized by prosperity, created by the development of the church into a place of pilgrimage with numerous relics . The Thirty Years' War and the plague hit Lehrberg hard.

In the 16-point report of the Oberamt Ansbach from 1684, 82 teams were recorded for Lehrberg: 45 properties were subordinate to the Hofkastenamt Ansbach , 36 properties to the Hochstift Eichstätt and 1 property to the manor Trautskirchen . The high court and the village and community authority exercised the Brandenburg-Ansbachische Hofkastenamt Ansbach.

Towards the end of the 18th century, there were 110 properties in Lehrberg with brickworks, Fritz, Kohl, powder and Seemühle. The high court exercised the court box office in Ansbach. The village and community rulers were held jointly by the Eichstättische and Ansbach Vogtamt Lehrberg . Were landlords

  • the principality of Ansbach
    • Hofkastenamt Ansbach (51 properties: 1 farm and business, 4 goods with baking rights, 22 goods, 5 half-goods, 2 mills, 2 taverns , 1 brewery, 1 house with innkeeping and brandy rights, 15 empty houses , 1 empty house with baking right, 1 empty house with Badrecht , 1 forge, 1 half-house as synagogue, 2 half-houses)
    • Vogtamt Birkenfels : 1 castle estate, 1 brick hut
  • the Hochstift Eichstätt ( Provost Office Herrieden , 37 properties: 12 half yards, 1 half yard and tavern, 1 tavern, 8 quarter yards, 3 farms, 2 mills, 1 smithy, 8 empty houses, 1 empty house with baking and brandy rights)
  • the manor Rügland of the Lords of Crailsheim (1 tavern, 1 mill)
  • the parish benefice Lehrberg (1 economy, 1 estate, 1 estate, 1 house)
  • the Lehrberg chaplain (1 pub with brewery, 1 chaplain house, 1 bakery, 2 houses)
  • the community of Lehrberg (8 community houses).

In addition to these properties, there were also ecclesiastical (church, rectory, Kappelplatz with tower), communal (schoolhouse, shepherd's house, upper and lower Brechhaus ) and stately buildings (1 Eichstättisches Amtshaus, 1 Eichstättisches Amtsknechthaus, 1 Ansbachisches Amtsknechthaus). There were 115 subject families at that time, 77 of which were Ansbachian. From 1797 to 1808 the place was under the judiciary and chamber office of Ansbach .

In 1806 Lehrberg came to the Kingdom of Bavaria . As part of the municipal edict , the Lehrberg tax district was formed in 1808 , to which Buhlsbach , Buhlsmühle , Dauersmühle , Fritzmühle , Kohlmühle , Lehrberg, Pulvermühle , Seemühle and Ziegelhütte belonged. The rural community of Lehrberg was founded in 1811 and was congruent with the tax district. It was subordinate to the Ansbach Regional Court in administration and jurisdiction and to the Ansbach Rent Office ( renamed Ansbach Tax Office in 1920 ). With the second community edict (1818), Hürbel am Rangen , Schmalenbach and Schmalenbacher Mühle were reunited from Neuses near Ansbach to Lehrberg. On September 13, 1827, Zailach was umgemeindet from Graefenbuch to Lehrberg. On August 16, 1840, the rural community of Zailach was formed with Hürbel am Rangen, Schmalenbach and Schmalnbachermühle, which separated itself from the community of Lehrberg. In voluntary jurisdiction, a property in Lehrberg was subject to the Rügland Patrimonial Court from 1820 to 1848 . From 1862 on, Lehrberg was administered by the Ansbach District Office (renamed the Ansbach District in 1938 ). The jurisdiction remained with the district court of Ansbach until 1870, 1870-1879 city ​​and district court Ansbach , since 1880 district court Ansbach . The community originally had an area of ​​11.926 km².

Lehrberg was occasionally referred to as a market in local registers of the 19th century, but the official market survey did not take place until June 1, 1931.

On September 22, 2006, five people were killed and 16 injured by a gas explosion in Lehrberg in the center of the village. Three historic buildings were totally destroyed.


local community Residents
Heat 363 January 1, 1978
Graefbuch 139 1st January 1974
Hessbach 133 January 1, 1972
Obersulzbach 294 May 1, 1978
Zailach 205 January 1, 1972

Population development

In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population increased from 2,647 to 3,089 by 442 residents or 16.7%.

Lehrberg community

year 1818 1840 1852 1861 1871 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1900 1905 1910 1919 1925 1933 1939 1946 1950 1961 1970 1979 1987 1995 2008 2015
Residents 1120 1079 1123 1166 1155 1142 1140 1162 1142 1148 1153 1148 1060 1078 1007 985 1066 1706 1831 1645 1574 2570 2605 2839 3138 3115
Houses 257 142 186 191 181 188 230 297 723 933

District of Lehrberg

year 001818 001840 001861 001871 001885 001900 001925 001950 001961 001970 001987 002008
Residents 921 988 1099 * 1047 1033 1047 930 1702 1561 1478 1524 2056
Houses 223 126 168 162 173 213 280 445
* including Fritzmühle, Kohlmühle, Pulvermühle, Seemühle and Ziegelhütte


Municipal council

After the last local election on March 16, 2014 , the local council has 17 members. The turnout was 69.3%. The choice brought the following result:

CSU     3 seats  (17.3%)
Civic bloc 7 seats (45.8%)
List for the market town of Lehrberg 6 seats (36.9%)

Another member and chairwoman of the municipal council is the mayor.

badges and flags

Lehrberg has had its own coat of arms since 1931.

Lehrberg coat of arms
Blazon : "In gold on agreen three-mountain topped with a silver ring ,a silver chapel with a red roof, on which a red cross."

Since 1959 yellow-green municipal flag

Foundation of the coat of arms: The chapel represents the ruins of the St. Jobst chapel . The Dreiberg stands for the hill on which the chapel stands. The ring comes from the coat of arms of the Lords of Birkenfels, the former Lords of Lehrberg and builders of the chapel.


Lehrberg is part of the communal northern alliance NorA, which was founded in 2004 and which also includes the political communities Flachslanden, Oberdachstetten, Rügland and Weihenzell.

Architectural monuments

Lehrberger Kappl

Lehrberger "Kappl" (choir tower ruins of the St. Jobst chapel)

In the 13th century, the lords of Birkenfels had developed into a strong rule and created a numerically considerable team of subjects, whereby they determined the local events in Lehrberg in addition to the bishops of Eichstätt. Her castle on the eastern hill, which probably had its beginnings in the 10th century, clearly demonstrated her power. When the Lehrberger line of this family died out in 1536 with Sigmund von Birkenfels, the property came to the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach . The castle was apparently completely destroyed in the battle between the margraves and the Free Imperial City of Nuremberg ( Margrave War ). It has not been around for a long time. Only the remains of the St. Jobst mountain chapel, built by Friedrich or Eustachius von Lerpauer in 1430 not far from the castle on the western projection of the hill , of which the tower ruins, the so-called “Kappl”, still stand. After the last of the von Birkenfels dynasty died without descendants, the mountain chapel lost its importance and fell into disrepair. Until the 18th century, the residents of Lehrberg used it as a quarry for building houses, until this practice was made a criminal offense by the margrave. In the 19th century the tower ruins were placed under monument protection.

St. Margaretha Church

St. Margaretha Church

The Evangelical Lutheran parish church of St. Margaretha stands at the highest point of the long, sloping village street on both sides. It goes back to a pilgrimage church from the 14th century. The substructure of the tower with the choir still stands from her. The margrave's agricultural inspector and master builder Johann David Steingruber added a baroque hall to this from 1729–1731 . In later renovations it received the altar and pulpit in neo-Gothic style.

In 2006, repairs to the roof structure of the tower hood had become necessary because it had proven to be in danger of collapsing. While the work was still in progress, a gas explosion occurred in the neighborhood on September 22, 2006, which led to further damage, so that the repair work took longer.

The St. Margaretha Church is surrounded by the former cemetery, whose high medieval wall still exists. Among other things, a sandstone burial chapel from the mid-18th century with a pyramid roof has been preserved there.

Village castle (Lehrberger Schlösschen)

Lehrberger Castle

Presumably in connection with the destruction of the castle on the hill during the First Margrave War , the Lords of Birkenfels built a residence on the outskirts of the village. Its exact time of origin is unknown. It must have been a modest building.

After the male line of von Birkenfels had expired in 1536, their heir, Wolf von Wilhermsdorf , sold this residence to Margrave Georg the Pious (1484–1543) in 1540 , who set it up in 1542 as a fiefdom for his underage son Georg-Friedrich Governor and sub-governor (1544–1548), who gave Friedrich von Knobelsdorff to the imperial district judge of Nuremberg. After his death in 1553 in Zeil am Main (childless) the fiefdom was withdrawn and intended as a margravial widow's seat. The building was only used after the death of Margrave Georg Friedrich the Elder. Ä. (1603) from his widow Sophia von Braunschweig-Lüneburg. The residence was apparently torn down to its foundation walls in 1628/1629 and a new building in its current form was built. During the Thirty Years' War , Margravine Sophia had to flee from the imperial troops to the fortress of Wülzburg . The village of Lehrberg went up in flames in 1632 - the extent to which the residence was affected is unknown.

The building is quite modest and, with its corner humps, indicates a medieval building tradition. The stair tower placed in the center of the facade bears the later chiseled coat of arms of the Birkenfels above the entrance door: a silver ring on a red coat of arms. The castle in need of renovation is privately owned.

Economy and Infrastructure

Lehrberg is a member of the Romantic Franconian Tourist Association.


Lehrberg is on federal highway 13 , about seven kilometers north of Ansbach . The national road 2250 goes to Zailach over after Colmberg . The district road AN 10 leads to Buhlsbach . Communal roads lead to Unterheßbach and Ballstadt .

Until 1978 Lehrberg also had a train station on the Treuchtlingen – Würzburg railway line .

Telephone prefixes

In Lehrberg the area code 09820 applies. In contrast to this, the 09803 must be dialed for calls to Birkach, Obersulzbach and Untersulzbach and the 09828 to Gödersklingen and Wüstendorf.


  • Rüdiger Wolf (born November 19, 1951 in Lehrberg), State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Defense from 2008 to 2013
  • Ansgar Zerfaß (* 1965, grew up in Lehrberg from 1975), German communication scientist and professor at the University of Leipzig and the BI Norwegian Business School in Oslo
  • Juda Löw Pinchas (* 1727 in Lehrberg, † 1793 in Ansbach), court painter at the margravial court in Bayreuth and Ansbach.


Web links

Commons : Lehrberg  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. E. Fechter, p. 121.
  3. ^ Municipality of Lehrberg in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 16, 2019.
  4. a b After 1885, it is no longer listed in the local registers as a municipality part.
  5. Only mentioned in 1818. Could be identical to the fulling mill mentioned since 1820 .
  6. W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 129.
  7. E. Fechter, p. 121.
  8. State Archives Nuremberg , Ansbacher Salbuch 129. Quoted from M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 686 f.
  9. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 898 f.
  10. ^ Johann Bernhard Fischer : Lehrberg . In: Statistical and topographical description of the Burggraftum Nürnberg, below the mountain, or the Principality of Brandenburg-Anspach. Second part. Containing the economic, statistical and moral condition of these countries according to the fifteen upper offices . Benedict Friedrich Haueisen, Ansbach 1790, p. 21 ( digitized version ).
  11. JK Bundschuh, Volume 3, Col. 313.
  12. State Archives Nuremberg , Government of Middle Franconia, Chamber of the Interior, 1952, 3850: Formation of the municipal and rural communities in the district court of Ansbach 1808–1817. Quoted from M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 961.
  13. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 949.
  14. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 949; K. Rosenhauer, p. 12.
  15. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, pp. 972, 999.
  16. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, pp. 998f.
  17. a b c Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 756 ( digitized version ).
  18. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 943.
  19. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 703, 706 f .
  20. a b Wilhelm Volkert (Ed.): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 421 .
  21. a b Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were designated as fireplaces , in 1840 as houses and from 1871 to 2015 as residential buildings.
  22. a b Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkreise according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 53 ( digitized version ). For the municipality of Lehrberg plus the residents of Buhlsbach (p. 14), Buhlsmühle (p. 14), Dauersmühle (p. 17), Fritzmühle (p. 27), Hürbel am Rangen (p. 44), Pulvermühle (p. 73 ), Schmalenbach (p. 81), Schmalnbachermühle (p. 81) and Seemühle (p. 85). The number of fire pits is most likely wrong.
  23. ^ A b Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 42-43 ( digitized version ).
  24. ^ A b c d e f g h i Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality directory: The population of the municipalities of Bavaria from 1840 to 1952 (=  contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 192). Munich 1954, DNB  451478568 , p. 164 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00066439-3 ( digitized version ).
  25. a b Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 985 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
  26. a b Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1150 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digitized version ).
  27. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Manufactured due to the new organization of government districts, district offices and judicial districts. Addendum to issue 36 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1879, p. 60 ( digitized version ).
  28. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Results of the census of December 1, 1880. Issue 35 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1882, p. 173 ( digitized version ).
  29. a b K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1090 ( digitized version ).
  30. a b K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1154 ( digitized version ).
  31. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1191 ( digitized version ).
  32. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB  453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1028-1032 ( digitized version ).
  33. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Official local directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB  740801384 , p. 170 ( digitized version ).
  34. a b Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB  94240937X , p. 328 ( digitized version ).
  35. a b www.lehrberg.de (4 Dec. 2012 15:28:30 UTC) on archive.is The population of all districts corresponds approximately to the population of the entire municipality as of December 31, 2008. The difference of 8 residents is explained by the The independent districts of Dauers-, Fritz-, See- and Walkmühle are not listed.
  36. Lehrberg: Official statistics of the LfStat
  37. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Lehrberg  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  38. Lehrberg. In: Kommunalflaggen.eu. Retrieved February 12, 2020 .
  39. www.nora-gemeinden.de
  40. Archived copy ( memento of the original dated November 1, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / bahnrelektiven.net