|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Middle Franconia|
|Height :||442 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||23.65 km 2|
|Residents:||1638 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||69 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||91617|
|Primaries :||09845, 09829|
|License plate :||AN , DKB, FEU, ROT|
|Community key :||09 5 71 183|
|Community structure:||10 parish parts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Martin Assum ( CSU )|
|Location of the municipality of Oberdachstetten in the district of Ansbach|
Oberdachstetten is located on the northern edge of the district of Ansbach in the administrative district of Middle Franconia . Neighboring communities are (starting from the north clockwise): Illesheim , Obernzenn , Flachslanden , Lehrberg , Colmberg and Marktbergel .
With an altitude between 416 and 534 m above sea level, Oberdachstetten lies in the middle of the Frankenhöhe nature park (416–534 m above sea level) on the upper reaches of the Franconian Rezat.
In Oberdachstetten, the average annual rainfall is 643 mm.
The place is first mentioned by name in 1103 as "de Dagsteten". The basic word is mhd. "Stete" (= place, place) and determinant of the personal name "Dago, Taggo". In 1317 the place name appears with the prefix “Ober-”, obviously to distinguish between neighboring settlements of the same name.
In the Middle Ages, Oberdachstetten was a free imperial village with its own jurisdiction, as indicated by the imperial eagle and the hand of the oath in the coat of arms.
In the 16-point report of the Colmberg Oberamt from 1608, 7 teams are given for Oberdachstetten that had the Colmberg caste office as landlord . Other landlords were the Vogtamt Birkenfels , the Vogtamt Flachslanden and the Lords of Seckendorff-Aberdar zu Obernzenn . The high court exercised the Brandenburg-Ansbach Hofkastenamt Ansbach .
After the Thirty Years' War , exiles from Upper Austria who had to leave their homeland for religious reasons settled here.
Towards the end of the 18th century there were 63 properties in Oberdachstetten with the Lerchenbergshof and -mühle. The high court continued to exercise the court box office in Ansbach. The village and community rulership was held by the Birkenfels Vogtamt. Were landlords
- the Principality of Ansbach (54 properties)
- Vogt Official Birkenfels (43 Property: 5 yards, 1 Halbhof with Tafernwirtschaft , 19 Kobler goods , 3 Kobler goods with baking right 1 Köblergut with oil mill 2 Kobler goods Schmied right 2 Sölden goods , 1 Söldengut with Badrecht, 3 Söldengütlein, 5 empty houses , 1 Tafernwirtschaft)
- Vogtamt Flachslanden (2 Köbler estates),
- Kastenamt Colmberg (9 properties: 3 half courtyards, 5 Köbler estates, 1 empty building),
- German Order ( Obervogteiamt Virnsberg : 1 yard, 1 mill, 1 Köblergut),
- Manor Obernzenn (Seckendorff-Aberdar: 3 Köblergüter; Seckendorff-Gutend: 1 Hof, 1 Köblergut, 1 Söldengut).
In addition to these properties, there were stately buildings (forester's house), church buildings (church, rectory) and communal buildings (schoolhouse, shepherd's house, shepherd's house, crushing house ). There were 66 subject families, 58 of which were Ansbachian.
From 1797 to 1808 the place was under the judiciary and chamber office of Ansbach .
In 1806 Oberdachstetten came to the Kingdom of Bavaria . As part of the municipal edict , the Oberdachstetten tax district was formed in 1808 , to which Anfelden , Ermetzhof , Lerchenbergshof , Lerchenbergsmühle and Oberdachstetten belonged. The rural community Mitteldachstetten was founded in 1810 and was congruent with the tax district. It was subject to the Leutershausen Regional Court in administration and jurisdiction and to the Colmberg Rent Office for financial administration . With the second community edict (1818) the division into
- Rural community of Anfelden;
- Rural community of Ermetzhof;
- Rural community Oberdachstetten with Lerchenbergshof and Lerchenbergsmühle.
In the voluntary jurisdiction in Oberdachstetten from 1820 to 1848 three properties were subordinate to the Patrimonial Court Obernzenn (Seckendorff-Aberdar) and three properties to the PG Obernzenn (Seckendorff-Gutend). From 1862 on, Oberdachstetten was administered by the Ansbach district office (renamed the Ansbach district in 1938 ). The jurisdiction remained with the district court of Leutershausen until 1879, since 1880 the district court of Ansbach , the financial administration was transferred to the Rentamt Ansbach in 1880 (renamed the Finanzamt Ansbach in 1920 ). The community originally had an area of 8.786 km².
In 1860, the construction of the railroad brought structural change and new jobs. The catchment area of Oberdachstetten grew far into the surrounding area. For the first time it was possible to find a job away from home. A quarry near Oberdachstetten flourished until 1930. From 1945 onwards, over 300 refugees and displaced persons had to be taken in. Wedged between the railway line and the main road, Oberdachstetten had little development opportunities for years. After considerable investments in the infrastructure, extensive development of building sites has been possible over the past 15 years. In the last few years 150 new houses have been built and the population has increased by almost half.
On January 1, 1972, Mitteldachstetten was incorporated into Oberdachstetten. Anfelden followed on July 1, 1972.
From 1978 until 2001. formed Oberdachstetten with the neighboring community Flachslanden the administrative community Flachslanden , which was dissolved on 1 January 2002. Since then, both communities have had their own administrations.
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population increased from 1220 to 1618 by 398 inhabitants or 32.6%.
District of Oberdachstetten
77% of the population are Evangelical Lutheran, 12% Catholic.
The Lutherans belong to the parishes of Oberdachstetten (St. Bartholomäus), Berglein-Dörflein (St. Kilian and Kunigunde) and Mitteldachstetten in the parish of Oberdachstetten, Deanery Leutershausen , the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria .
The Catholics are assigned to the parish of St. Dionysius in Virnsberg , with the exception of the village of Anfelden, which is assigned to the parish of St. Johannis in Rothenburg ob der Tauber . Both parishes belong to the Ansbach deanery of the Archdiocese of Bamberg .
The municipal council has twelve members, plus the part-time mayor.
|SPD||CSU||WG Eintracht Mitteldachstetten||total|
The mayors of the municipality of Oberdachstetten from 1900, as far as they are known:
badges and flags
Oberdachstetten has had its own coat of arms since 1989.
Blazon : “ Split ; and shows on the left in gold a red-armored half black eagle ; on the right it is divided into two fields, the upper one in red with a silver glove and the lower one in silver with a black paw cross . "
Red and white municipal flag
|Foundation of the coat of arms: Oberdachstetten belonged to the so-called imperial villages with the middle and the abandoned Unterdachstetten . This demonstrable connection to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation is indicated with the half imperial eagle. The glove is a symbol of local jurisdiction, as there is evidence of a court in 1417 and 1539 both in Oberdachstetten and in Mitteldachstetten. The Tatzenkreuz indicates the Teutonic Order , which had the right of patronage in Oberdachstetten since 1438 , extensive land and tithe holdings in Mitteldachstetten, and village and community rule in Berglein and Dörflein .|
Oberdachstetten is part of the communal northern alliance NorA , which was founded in 2004 and which also includes the political communities Flachslanden, Lehrberg, Rügland and Weihenzell.
Culture and sights
The sights of the municipality of Oberdachstetten include the St. Bartholomew Church and the churches in Mitteldachstetten and Berglein.
The St. Bartholomew Church was built between 1837 and 1844 in the style of Munich classicism . The ringing consists of four bells, the oldest being cast in Nuremberg in 1616, the large bell in Ansbach in 1791 and the small bell in Rothenburg in 1926. The fourth bell was donated in 1961.
The churches in Berglein and Mitteldachstetten are fortified churches .
The church in Berglein is dedicated to the church saints Kilian and Kunigunde. The choir tower (with adjoining sacristy) contains remains of medieval walls.
The church in Mitteldachstetten is dedicated to the church saint Jakob. It was first mentioned in a document in 1122. The choir tower was built at the end of the 14th century and has loopholes. The hall construction dates from the middle of the 18th century.
The parish fair in Oberdachstetten takes place every year on the 3rd Sunday in October with the traditional parish parade as the highlight, the beginnings of which date back to around 1900. The parade is led by the Kerwa-Buam, who, supported by musicians, sing their Kerwa-Liedli. The Paris express wheel marks the end of the train . Daring Kerwa boys sit on a wagon wheel that is pulled through the town by a tractor. In the middle of the train, the Kerwa-Buam playfully show the funny, but also serious topics from and around Oberdachstetten on elaborately designed wagons. In the meantime, the Dochstetter-Kerwa parade is known and loved far beyond the local borders.
Another attraction is the Teufelsgraben and the so-called Spinnerin . These locations are on the hiking trail from Oberdachstetten to Westheim. According to a legend, the virgin Apollonia Hufnagel is said to have gone from Anfelden to the spinning room in Westheim. There, among other things, there was talk of the notorious Teufelsgraben in the forest between Anfelden and Westheim, where it was uncomfortable. The girl had declared that she was not afraid of the devil either and wanted to spin at the devil's ditch at midnight. Apollonia really did that. The next day she was found dead with her neck upside down. A grave monument in the form of a Romanesque cross commemorates the spinner.
Due to its location in the Frankenhöhe nature park , the municipality of Oberdachstetten invites you to go on numerous hikes or bike rides.
For example, the Bibert Valley Cycle Path leads through Oberdachstetten, which can be combined with the Castle Road Cycle Path and the Zenntal Cycle Path across romantic Franconia. The Aischtalradweg coming from Bamberg also leads through the municipality. Detailed route information can be found on the NorA (municipal alliance) cycling map.
The community's own swimming pond has a lawn and a volleyball field. Sanitary facilities are available. The youth camp site with company building attached to the bathing pond is accepted by the youth organizations in the summer months.
Two soccer fields, three tennis courts and a shooting range are also available for sporting activities.
In Oberdachstetten and its parts of the community, there are enough restaurants with and without accommodation.
Economy and Infrastructure
Oberdachstetten station is on the Treuchtlingen – Würzburg railway line . More than 20 trains to and from Ansbach (12 minutes) and Würzburg (50 minutes) stop here every day . The bus lines to Ansbach and Rothenburg ob der Tauber also depart from the train station. Conveniently located directly on the federal highway 13 (Würzburg - Munich), the next larger cities are easy to reach from Oberdachstetten ( Nuremberg 55 km, Würzburg 59 km, Ansbach 18 km, Rothenburg ob der Tauber 23 km - next motorway access (Bad Windsheim , A7 ) 15 km). The state road 2245 leads southwest across Anfelden after Unterfelden to St 2250 or west to Großhabersdorf . A community road leads to Mitteldachstetten .
Only a few hundred meters away from the village is a swimming pond with a youth tent, beach volleyball field, sunbathing lawn and football field. In a log cabin there is also a lounge with a kitchen, showers and toilets.
In Oberdachstetten the area code 09845 applies, deviating from this in Berglein, Dörflein and Mitteldachstetten the 09829.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Michael Hufnagel (1854–1915), Mayor Mitteldachstetten, member of the Reichstag and Landtag
- Helga Schmitt-Bussinger (* 1957), SPD politician, member of the Bavarian State Parliament since 1998
- Heinz Hess (1941–2006), entrepreneur
In 1899, the local forester Habermeyer, who had actively contributed to the establishment of the volunteer fire brigade and the loan fund association, was granted honorary citizenship. No other honorary citizens are known.
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Oberdachstetten . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 4 : Ni-R . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1801, DNB 790364301 , OCLC 833753101 , Sp. 158 ( digitized version ).
- Elisabeth Fechter: The place names of the district of Ansbach . Inaugural dissertation. Erlangen 1955, DNB 480570132 , p. 145-147 .
- Günther P. Fehring : City and district of Ansbach (= Bavarian art monuments . Volume 2 ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1958, DNB 451224701 , p. 131 .
- Manfred Jehle: Ansbach: the margravial chief offices Ansbach, Colmberg-Leutershausen, Windsbach, the Nuremberg nursing office Lichtenau and the Deutschordensamt (Wolframs-) Eschenbach (= historical atlas of Bavaria, part Franconia . I, 35). tape 2 . Commission for Bavarian State History, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-7696-6856-8 , p. 894, 1004 .
- Robert Krusche: "Dochstetter and other Kerwaliedli" Kirchweihlieder 1978 (musically revised by Günter Hochreiner)
- Robert Krusche: At the origin of the Rezat. History from and around Oberdachstetten . 2nd revised and expanded edition. Oberdachstetten 1988 ( digitized [PDF]).
- Josef Maier: Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. Bartholomew in Oberdachstetten. Investigation based on historical sources ; In: Yearbook of the Historical Association for Middle Franconia 96 (1992); Pp. 111-142.
- Konrad Rosenhauer et al. (Ed.): The district of Ansbach. Past and present . Publishing house for authorities and business Hoeppner, Aßling-Pörsdorf 1964, DNB 450093387 , p. 180-181 .
- Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 166 .
- Gottfried Stieber: Dachstetten (upper) . In: Historical and topographical news from the Principality of Brandenburg-Onolzbach . Johann Jacob Enderes, Schwabach 1761, p. 307-308 ( digitized version ).
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Oberdachstetten . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 742 ( digitized version ).
- Map of the municipality of Oberdachstetten on the BayernAtlas
- Oberdachstetten: Official statistics of the LfStat
- Oberdachstetten in the Topographia Franconiae of the University of Würzburg , accessed on September 16, 2019.
- Oberdachstetten in the historical directory of the association for computer genealogy
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- E. Fechter, p. 145.
- Municipality of Oberdachstetten in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 16, 2019.
- So W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 166. E. Fechter, p. 146 f. assumes that the place name is derived from Tageding , which means that it was a place where court hearings were held.
- Erhard Nietzschmann: The free in the country. Former German imperial villages and their coats of arms. Melchior, Wolfenbüttel 2013, ISBN 978-3-944289-16-8 , p. 22.
- Staatsarchiv Nürnberg , Rentamt Colmberg 47, 302. Quoted from M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 711.
- Eberhard Krauss : Exulanten im Evang.-Luth. Deanery Leutershausen. A family history investigation (sources and research on Franconian family history, 15) . Society for Family Research in Franconia, Nuremberg 2006, ISBN 3-929865-10-6 , p. 57 u. passim .
- M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 894.
- Johann Bernhard Fischer : Oberdachstetten . In: Statistical and topographical description of the Burggraftum Nürnberg, below the mountain, or the Principality of Brandenburg-Anspach. Second part. Containing the economic, statistical and moral condition of these countries according to the fifteen upper offices . Benedict Friedrich Haueisen, Ansbach 1790, p. 23 ( digitized version ).
- JK Bundschuh, Vol. 4, Col. 158.
- State Archives Nuremberg , Government of Middle Franconia, Chamber of the Interior, Levy 1952, 3863: Formation of the municipal and rural communities in the district court Leutershausen 1810. Quoted from M. Jehle, vol. 2, p. 964.
- M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 1004. Hanns Hubert Hofmann : Neustadt-Windsheim (= Historical Atlas of Bavaria, part of Franconia . I, 2). Commission for Bavarian State History, Munich 1953, DNB 452071216 , p. 230 ( digitized version ).
- M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 1004.
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB 453660959 , Section II, Sp. 758 ( digitized version ).
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 421 .
- Sixth law amending the structure of municipalities and administrative communities of November 23, 2001 ( GVBl p. 738)
- Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were designated as fireplaces , in 1840 as houses , and from 1871 to 1987 as residential buildings.
- Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkreise according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 65 ( digitized version ). For the municipality of Oberdachstetten plus the residents and buildings of Lerchenbergshof (p. 54), Lerchenbergsmühle (p. 54).
- Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 190-191 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register: The population of the municipalities of Bavaria in the period from 1840 to 1952 (= contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 192). Munich 1954, DNB 451478568 , p. 165 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00066439-3 ( digitized version ).
- Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 988 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
- Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1154 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digitized ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Manufactured due to the new organization of government districts, district offices and judicial districts. Addendum to issue 36 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1879, p. 60 ( digitized version ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Results of the census of December 1, 1880. Issue 35 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1882, p. 173 ( digitized version ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1091 ( digitized version ).
- K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1155 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1192 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB 453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1029 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Official local directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB 740801384 , p. 171 ( digitized version ).
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB 94240937X , p. 330 ( digitized version ).
- Oberdachstetten: Official statistics of the LfStat
- census database
- Election supervisor of the municipality of Oberdachstetten: Announcement of the result of the election of the municipality council on March 2, 2008
- Election supervisor of the municipality of Oberdachstetten: Announcement of the result of the election of the municipality council on March 16, 2014
- Entry on the coat of arms of Oberdachstetten in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Oberdachstetten. In: Kommunalflaggen.eu. Retrieved February 13, 2020 .
- http://www.nora-gemeinden.de/ www.nora-gemeinden.de