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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Oberdachstetten
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Oberdachstetten highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 25 '  N , 10 ° 25'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Middle Franconia
County : Ansbach
Height : 442 m above sea level NHN
Area : 23.65 km 2
Residents: 1638 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 69 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 91617
Primaries : 09845, 09829
License plate : AN , DKB, FEU, ROT
Community key : 09 5 71 183
Community structure: 10 parish parts
Address of the
municipal administration:
Rathausstrasse 7
91617 Oberdachstetten
Website : www.oberdachstetten.de
Mayor : Martin Assum ( CSU )
Location of the municipality of Oberdachstetten in the district of Ansbach
Landkreis Donau-Ries Ansbach Fürth Landkreis Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Roth Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Unterer Wald Lehrberg Adelshofen (Mittelfranken) Bechhofen (Mittelfranken) Bruckberg (Mittelfranken) Buch am Wald Burk Colmberg Dentlein am Forst Diebach Dietenhofen Dinkelsbühl Dombühl Ehingen (Mittelfranken) Feuchtwangen Flachslanden Gebsattel Gerolfingen Geslau Heilsbronn Insingen Langfurth Leutershausen Lichtenau (Mittelfranken) Merkendorf (Mittelfranken) Mönchsroth Neuendettelsau Neusitz Oberdachstetten Ohrenbach Petersaurach Röckingen Rothenburg ob der Tauber Rügland Sachsen bei Ansbach Schillingsfürst Schnelldorf Schopfloch (Mittelfranken) Steinsfeld Unterschwaningen Wassertrüdingen Weidenbach (Mittelfranken) Weihenzell Weiltingen Wettringen (Mittelfranken) Wieseth Windelsbach Windsbach Wittelshofen Wörnitz (Gemeinde) Wolframs-Eschenbach Wilburgstetten Ornbau Mitteleschenbach Herrieden Dürrwangen Burgoberbach Aurach (Landkreis Ansbach) Arberg Baden-Württembergmap
About this picture
Oberdachstetten, the Evangelical Lutheran parish church of Saint Bartholomew

Oberdachstetten (colloquially: Dōchschdedn ) is a municipality in the Central Franconian district of Ansbach and is in the area of ​​the Franconian height .


Geographical location

Oberdachstetten is located on the northern edge of the district of Ansbach in the administrative district of Middle Franconia . Neighboring communities are (starting from the north clockwise): Illesheim , Obernzenn , Flachslanden , Lehrberg , Colmberg and Marktbergel .

With an altitude between 416 and 534 m above sea level, Oberdachstetten lies in the middle of the Frankenhöhe nature park (416–534 m above sea level) on the upper reaches of the Franconian Rezat.

Community structure

The municipality has ten officially named municipal parts (the type of settlement is indicated in brackets ):


In Oberdachstetten, the average annual rainfall is 643 mm.


The place is first mentioned by name in 1103 as "de Dagsteten". The basic word is mhd. "Stete" (= place, place) and determinant of the personal name "Dago, Taggo". In 1317 the place name appears with the prefix “Ober-”, obviously to distinguish between neighboring settlements of the same name.

In the Middle Ages, Oberdachstetten was a free imperial village with its own jurisdiction, as indicated by the imperial eagle and the hand of the oath in the coat of arms.

In the 16-point report of the Colmberg Oberamt from 1608, 7 teams are given for Oberdachstetten that had the Colmberg caste office as landlord . Other landlords were the Vogtamt Birkenfels , the Vogtamt Flachslanden and the Lords of Seckendorff-Aberdar zu Obernzenn . The high court exercised the Brandenburg-Ansbach Hofkastenamt Ansbach .

After the Thirty Years' War , exiles from Upper Austria who had to leave their homeland for religious reasons settled here.

Towards the end of the 18th century there were 63 properties in Oberdachstetten with the Lerchenbergshof and -mühle. The high court continued to exercise the court box office in Ansbach. The village and community rulership was held by the Birkenfels Vogtamt. Were landlords

  • the Principality of Ansbach (54 properties)
    • Vogt Official Birkenfels (43 Property: 5 yards, 1 Halbhof with Tafernwirtschaft , 19 Kobler goods , 3 Kobler goods with baking right 1 Köblergut with oil mill 2 Kobler goods Schmied right 2 Sölden goods , 1 Söldengut with Badrecht, 3 Söldengütlein, 5 empty houses , 1 Tafernwirtschaft)
    • Vogtamt Flachslanden (2 Köbler estates),
    • Kastenamt Colmberg (9 properties: 3 half courtyards, 5 Köbler estates, 1 empty building),
  • German Order ( Obervogteiamt Virnsberg : 1 yard, 1 mill, 1 Köblergut),
  • Manor Obernzenn (Seckendorff-Aberdar: 3 Köblergüter; Seckendorff-Gutend: 1 Hof, 1 Köblergut, 1 Söldengut).

In addition to these properties, there were stately buildings (forester's house), church buildings (church, rectory) and communal buildings (schoolhouse, shepherd's house, shepherd's house, crushing house ). There were 66 subject families, 58 of which were Ansbachian.

From 1797 to 1808 the place was under the judiciary and chamber office of Ansbach .

In 1806 Oberdachstetten came to the Kingdom of Bavaria . As part of the municipal edict , the Oberdachstetten tax district was formed in 1808 , to which Anfelden , Ermetzhof , Lerchenbergshof , Lerchenbergsmühle and Oberdachstetten belonged. The rural community Mitteldachstetten was founded in 1810 and was congruent with the tax district. It was subject to the Leutershausen Regional Court in administration and jurisdiction and to the Colmberg Rent Office for financial administration . With the second community edict (1818) the division into

  • Rural community of Anfelden;
  • Rural community of Ermetzhof;
  • Rural community Oberdachstetten with Lerchenbergshof and Lerchenbergsmühle.

In the voluntary jurisdiction in Oberdachstetten from 1820 to 1848 three properties were subordinate to the Patrimonial Court Obernzenn (Seckendorff-Aberdar) and three properties to the PG Obernzenn (Seckendorff-Gutend). From 1862 on, Oberdachstetten was administered by the Ansbach district office (renamed the Ansbach district in 1938 ). The jurisdiction remained with the district court of Leutershausen until 1879, since 1880 the district court of Ansbach , the financial administration was transferred to the Rentamt Ansbach in 1880 (renamed the Finanzamt Ansbach in 1920 ). The community originally had an area of ​​8.786 km².

In 1860, the construction of the railroad brought structural change and new jobs. The catchment area of ​​Oberdachstetten grew far into the surrounding area. For the first time it was possible to find a job away from home. A quarry near Oberdachstetten flourished until 1930. From 1945 onwards, over 300 refugees and displaced persons had to be taken in. Wedged between the railway line and the main road, Oberdachstetten had little development opportunities for years. After considerable investments in the infrastructure, extensive development of building sites has been possible over the past 15 years. In the last few years 150 new houses have been built and the population has increased by almost half.


On January 1, 1972, Mitteldachstetten was incorporated into Oberdachstetten. Anfelden followed on July 1, 1972.

Administrative community

From 1978 until 2001. formed Oberdachstetten with the neighboring community Flachslanden the administrative community Flachslanden , which was dissolved on 1 January 2002. Since then, both communities have had their own administrations.

Population development

In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population increased from 1220 to 1618 by 398 inhabitants or 32.6%.

Oberdachstetten municipality

year 1818 1840 1852 1861 1867 1871 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1900 1905 1910 1919 1925 1933 1939 1946 1950 1961 1970 1987 1995 2005 2015
Residents 420 676 503 534 637 659 657 726 712 636 696 718 725 692 661 694 712 840 1203 1172 1056 1158 1249 1448 1719 1585
Houses 99 85 120 129 137 144 167 185 362 521

District of Oberdachstetten

year 001818 001840 001861 001871 001885 001900 001925 001950 001961 001970 001987 002015
Residents 400 660 534 * 638 699 704 676 1120 1041 1147 843 1220
Houses 97 83 126 133 140 157 181 252
* including Lerchenbergshof and Lerchenbergsmühle


Ev. Church, little mountain village
Ev. Church, Mitteldachstetten

77% of the population are Evangelical Lutheran, 12% Catholic.

The Lutherans belong to the parishes of Oberdachstetten (St. Bartholomäus), Berglein-Dörflein (St. Kilian and Kunigunde) and Mitteldachstetten in the parish of Oberdachstetten, Deanery Leutershausen , the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria .

The Catholics are assigned to the parish of St. Dionysius in Virnsberg , with the exception of the village of Anfelden, which is assigned to the parish of St. Johannis in Rothenburg ob der Tauber . Both parishes belong to the Ansbach deanery of the Archdiocese of Bamberg .


Municipal council

The municipal council has twelve members, plus the part-time mayor.

SPD CSU WG Eintracht Mitteldachstetten total
2002 3 7th 2 12 seats
2008 3 7th 2 12 seats
2014 3 7th 2 12 seats


The mayors of the municipality of Oberdachstetten from 1900, as far as they are known:

  • 1906 Johann Siller
  • 1940 Friedrich Eder
  • 1945 Johann Henninger
  • 1961 Georg Assum
  • 1984 Hans Assum, † January 13, 2012
  • 2012 Fritz Moßmeyer (CSU / Citizens' Block / Free Voting Community)
  • 2014 Martin Assum (CSU)

badges and flags

Oberdachstetten has had its own coat of arms since 1989.

Coat of arms of Oberdachstetten
Blazon : Split ; and shows on the left in gold a red-armored half black eagle ; on the right it is divided into two fields, the upper one in red with a silver glove and the lower one in silver with a black paw cross . "

Red and white municipal flag

Foundation of the coat of arms: Oberdachstetten belonged to the so-called imperial villages with the middle and the abandoned Unterdachstetten . This demonstrable connection to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation is indicated with the half imperial eagle. The glove is a symbol of local jurisdiction, as there is evidence of a court in 1417 and 1539 both in Oberdachstetten and in Mitteldachstetten. The Tatzenkreuz indicates the Teutonic Order , which had the right of patronage in Oberdachstetten since 1438 , extensive land and tithe holdings in Mitteldachstetten, and village and community rule in Berglein and Dörflein .


Oberdachstetten is part of the communal northern alliance NorA , which was founded in 2004 and which also includes the political communities Flachslanden, Lehrberg, Rügland and Weihenzell.

Culture and sights

The sights of the municipality of Oberdachstetten include the St. Bartholomew Church and the churches in Mitteldachstetten and Berglein.

The St. Bartholomew Church was built between 1837 and 1844 in the style of Munich classicism . The ringing consists of four bells, the oldest being cast in Nuremberg in 1616, the large bell in Ansbach in 1791 and the small bell in Rothenburg in 1926. The fourth bell was donated in 1961.

The churches in Berglein and Mitteldachstetten are fortified churches .

The church in Berglein is dedicated to the church saints Kilian and Kunigunde. The choir tower (with adjoining sacristy) contains remains of medieval walls.

The church in Mitteldachstetten is dedicated to the church saint Jakob. It was first mentioned in a document in 1122. The choir tower was built at the end of the 14th century and has loopholes. The hall construction dates from the middle of the 18th century.

The parish fair in Oberdachstetten takes place every year on the 3rd Sunday in October with the traditional parish parade as the highlight, the beginnings of which date back to around 1900. The parade is led by the Kerwa-Buam, who, supported by musicians, sing their Kerwa-Liedli. The Paris express wheel marks the end of the train . Daring Kerwa boys sit on a wagon wheel that is pulled through the town by a tractor. In the middle of the train, the Kerwa-Buam playfully show the funny, but also serious topics from and around Oberdachstetten on elaborately designed wagons. In the meantime, the Dochstetter-Kerwa parade is known and loved far beyond the local borders.

Another attraction is the Teufelsgraben and the so-called Spinnerin . These locations are on the hiking trail from Oberdachstetten to Westheim. According to a legend, the virgin Apollonia Hufnagel is said to have gone from Anfelden to the spinning room in Westheim. There, among other things, there was talk of the notorious Teufelsgraben in the forest between Anfelden and Westheim, where it was uncomfortable. The girl had declared that she was not afraid of the devil either and wanted to spin at the devil's ditch at midnight. Apollonia really did that. The next day she was found dead with her neck upside down. A grave monument in the form of a Romanesque cross commemorates the spinner.

The origin of the Franconian Rezat also lies in the municipality of Oberdachstetten. On the hiking trail from Oberdachstetten to Marktbergel you pass the Rezat spring.

Architectural monuments


Due to its location in the Frankenhöhe nature park , the municipality of Oberdachstetten invites you to go on numerous hikes or bike rides.

For example, the Bibert Valley Cycle Path leads through Oberdachstetten, which can be combined with the Castle Road Cycle Path and the Zenntal Cycle Path across romantic Franconia. The Aischtalradweg coming from Bamberg also leads through the municipality. Detailed route information can be found on the NorA (municipal alliance) cycling map.

The community's own swimming pond has a lawn and a volleyball field. Sanitary facilities are available. The youth camp site with company building attached to the bathing pond is accepted by the youth organizations in the summer months.

Two soccer fields, three tennis courts and a shooting range are also available for sporting activities.

In Oberdachstetten and its parts of the community, there are enough restaurants with and without accommodation.

Economy and Infrastructure


Oberdachstetten station is on the Treuchtlingen – Würzburg railway line . More than 20 trains to and from Ansbach (12 minutes) and Würzburg (50 minutes) stop here every day . The bus lines to Ansbach and Rothenburg ob der Tauber also depart from the train station. Conveniently located directly on the federal highway 13 (Würzburg - Munich), the next larger cities are easy to reach from Oberdachstetten ( Nuremberg 55 km, Würzburg 59 km, Ansbach 18 km, Rothenburg ob der Tauber 23 km - next motorway access (Bad Windsheim , A7 ) 15 km). The state road 2245 leads southwest across Anfelden after Unterfelden to St 2250 or west to Großhabersdorf . A community road leads to Mitteldachstetten .

Public facilities

Only a few hundred meters away from the village is a swimming pond with a youth tent, beach volleyball field, sunbathing lawn and football field. In a log cabin there is also a lounge with a kitchen, showers and toilets.

Telephone prefixes

In Oberdachstetten the area code 09845 applies, deviating from this in Berglein, Dörflein and Mitteldachstetten the 09829.


Sons and daughters of the church

Honorary citizen

In 1899, the local forester Habermeyer, who had actively contributed to the establishment of the volunteer fire brigade and the loan fund association, was granted honorary citizenship. No other honorary citizens are known.


Web links

Commons : Oberdachstetten  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b E. Fechter, p. 145.
  3. ^ Municipality of Oberdachstetten in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 16, 2019.
  4. So W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 166. E. Fechter, p. 146 f. assumes that the place name is derived from Tageding , which means that it was a place where court hearings were held.
  5. Erhard Nietzschmann: The free in the country. Former German imperial villages and their coats of arms. Melchior, Wolfenbüttel 2013, ISBN 978-3-944289-16-8 , p. 22.
  6. Staatsarchiv Nürnberg , Rentamt Colmberg 47, 302. Quoted from M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 711.
  7. Eberhard Krauss : Exulanten im Evang.-Luth. Deanery Leutershausen. A family history investigation (sources and research on Franconian family history, 15) . Society for Family Research in Franconia, Nuremberg 2006, ISBN 3-929865-10-6 , p. 57 u. passim .
  8. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 894.
  9. ^ Johann Bernhard Fischer : Oberdachstetten . In: Statistical and topographical description of the Burggraftum Nürnberg, below the mountain, or the Principality of Brandenburg-Anspach. Second part. Containing the economic, statistical and moral condition of these countries according to the fifteen upper offices . Benedict Friedrich Haueisen, Ansbach 1790, p. 23 ( digitized version ).
  10. JK Bundschuh, Vol. 4, Col. 158.
  11. ^ State Archives Nuremberg , Government of Middle Franconia, Chamber of the Interior, Levy 1952, 3863: Formation of the municipal and rural communities in the district court Leutershausen 1810. Quoted from M. Jehle, vol. 2, p. 964.
  12. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 1004. Hanns Hubert Hofmann : Neustadt-Windsheim (=  Historical Atlas of Bavaria, part of Franconia . I, 2). Commission for Bavarian State History, Munich 1953, DNB  452071216 , p. 230 ( digitized version ).
  13. M. Jehle, Vol. 2, p. 1004.
  14. a b c Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 758 ( digitized version ).
  15. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 421 .
  16. Sixth law amending the structure of municipalities and administrative communities of November 23, 2001 ( GVBl p. 738)
  17. a b Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were designated as fireplaces , in 1840 as houses , and from 1871 to 1987 as residential buildings.
  18. a b Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkreise according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 65 ( digitized version ). For the municipality of Oberdachstetten plus the residents and buildings of Lerchenbergshof (p. 54), Lerchenbergsmühle (p. 54).
  19. ^ A b Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 190-191 ( digitized version ).
  20. a b c d e f g h i j Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register: The population of the municipalities of Bavaria in the period from 1840 to 1952 (=  contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 192). Munich 1954, DNB  451478568 , p. 165 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00066439-3 ( digitized version ).
  21. a b Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 988 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
  22. a b Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1154 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digitized ).
  23. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Manufactured due to the new organization of government districts, district offices and judicial districts. Addendum to issue 36 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1879, p. 60 ( digitized version ).
  24. K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Community directory for the Kingdom of Bavaria. Results of the census of December 1, 1880. Issue 35 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1882, p. 173 ( digitized version ).
  25. a b K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1091 ( digitized version ).
  26. a b K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1155 ( digitized version ).
  27. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1192 ( digitized version ).
  28. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB  453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1029 ( digitized version ).
  29. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Official local directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB  740801384 , p. 171 ( digitized version ).
  30. a b Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB  94240937X , p. 330 ( digitized version ).
  31. Oberdachstetten: Official statistics of the LfStat
  32. www.oberdachstetten.de
  33. census database
  34. ^ Election supervisor of the municipality of Oberdachstetten: Announcement of the result of the election of the municipality council on March 2, 2008
  35. ^ Election supervisor of the municipality of Oberdachstetten: Announcement of the result of the election of the municipality council on March 16, 2014
  36. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Oberdachstetten  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  37. Oberdachstetten. In: Kommunalflaggen.eu. Retrieved February 13, 2020 .
  38. http://www.nora-gemeinden.de/ www.nora-gemeinden.de