Roskilde Festival

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Roskilde Festival
Roskilde Festival
General information
place Roskilde, Denmark
genre Pop , rock , alternative rock , metal , hip-hop , reggae , electronic
Period since 1971
Website www.roskilde-festival.dk
Visitor numbers
up to 115,000 visitors

The Roskilde Festival has been an annual music festival near Roskilde in Denmark since 1971 . The four-day festival on the island of Zealand is one of the largest in Europe with up to 115,000 participants. The event is set up, organized and supervised by up to 25,000 unpaid volunteers.

The main musical focus is on lesser-known international and Scandinavian musicians from different genres, mainly rock , pop , metal , electronic and world music , supplemented by a few well-known headliners .

All profits from the festival go to Foreningen Roskildefonden , which passes the money on to humanitarian, cultural and other non-profit organizations such as Amnesty International , Doctors Without Borders , Human Rights Watch and many Danish organizations.

history

The first Roskilde Festival took place on August 28 and 29, 1971 under the name SOUND FESTIVAL . It was inspired by festivals and youth gatherings like Newport , Isle of Wight and Woodstock . It was mainly characterized by bad management and great enthusiasm. There was only one stage on which about 20 bands from the fields of folk , jazz , rock and pop performed. The festival lasted two days and had around 10,000 visitors a day. The organizers at the time were a music agent from Copenhagen and a group of local high school students. Due to the hard physical work in connection with the festival, they were not interested in organizing the festival again the following year.

Roskilde Festival 2003

voluntary work

The local organization Foreningen Roskildefonden has been working in the area around Roskilde since the 1930s to establish facilities for children and young people and to organize city festivals. This association was asked by the Roskilde city council to take over the idea of ​​a festival in Roskilde and to organize the festival in cooperation with a joint-stock company that was set up solely for this purpose. In 1972 the festival was held again under the name Fantasy . It lasted three days this time and attracted around 15,000 visitors a day. There was a stage on which 25 bands performed. The festival was mostly organized by volunteers.

Bus ( Barkas B 1000 ) of a loyal festival visitor

During the 1970s the festival developed. A basic structure was created in which the volunteers became the most important workers. The Roskilde Festival is a not for profit event. All surpluses will be donated to humanitarian causes.

The festival has developed over the years and donations up to 2010 amounted to more than 13 million euros. Among the organizations that have been supported are War Victims in Iraq , Doctors Without Borders , Amnesty International , Save the Children and WWF . In addition, each year a socio-political topic is selected that is incorporated into art contributions or activities. In addition to the 25,000 helpers who support the festival every year, the festival is mainly planned, organized and coordinated by the Klub 100 group . Around 400 employees work in this club on a voluntary basis. The name arose from the fact that the employees devote more than ten days a year and thus at least 100 hours to planning the festival. The club 100 volunteers are compensated with dinners, office trips and other events. The Roskilde Festival has 25 paid employees who, as section heads, are responsible for drinks, music and camping.

Festival symbol and logo

In 1978, the organizers of the British company acquired Revelation staging the Canopy Scene , an orange music stage at which the Rolling Stones were previously on a European tour. Since then, the canopy scene with its characteristic arches has been the well-known symbol and logo of the festival.

The orange music stage Canopy Scene

The festival began to increasingly invite young bands of international renown. In 1978, Bob Marley and The Wailers played together with 40 other bands on three stages, in front of an audience of up to 36,500 visitors per day.

New electronic sounds

In the 1990s, new tones were established at the festival. For example, Club Roskilde was held for the first time in 1991 , where festival-goers could dance to electronic music on one evening of the festival. In 1995 electronic music got its own stage. This is how grooves and beats sounded from the new Deeday tent throughout the days of the festival in 1995 . In the following years, the establishment of the chill-out zone and the Roskilde Lounge created even more space for electronic music. Since then, artists such as Fatboy Slim , The Prodigy , Basement Jaxx and Chemical Brothers have performed on the main stage.

Participation limitation

In the 1990s, the number of tickets available for purchase was limited and later even reduced. Due to the steadily increasing popularity of the festival, the number of participants had risen to up to 125,000. In addition to 90,000 tickets sold, there were around 25,000 volunteers, 5,000 media people and 3,000 artists. In order to maintain the quality of the festival, the festival management decided to limit the number of participants. The festival management seemed to have found the distance from the furthest part of the camping area to the stages unreasonable. The festival had grown so big that in 1994 the festival management decided to expand the camping area to the west. From now on the camping area was divided into two parts by the railway line, which can be crossed in two places by bridges, a fixed road bridge in the north and a temporary bridge with stairs in the middle of the area. In 1996 the festival got its own train station, which should simplify the journey of the visitors. In 1997 another tent called the Roskilde Ballroom was added.

Known as the “wettest” festival, 2007

Festival radio and nude running

Since 1998 the festival has had its own radio station, Roskilde Festival Radio , which broadcasts on FM 92.3 MHz for nine days during the major event. The program is produced by the association of the Danish university radio stations ( De Danske Studenterradioer , DDS for short). Student reporters report live from the festival and announce planned activities and program changes. From Roskilde Festival Radio is also the so-called nude run ( Nøgenløb ), a race with only bare participants organized. The race is held every Saturday during the festival and attracts a lot of media attention.

Deaths in 2000

On June 30, 2000 an accident occurred at the Roskilde Festival during the performance of the band Pearl Jam , in which nine people died. They lost their footing on muddy ground, fell and were suffocated by the crowd pushing after them. The festival management decided afterwards to continue the festival.

The management justified this decision by stating that it seemed "irresponsible to simply send the 90,000 shocked people home without knowing whether there were friends among the dead". A memorial ceremony with Bishop Jan Lindhardt from Roskilde was held in front of the main stage .

As a result, serious allegations were made, referring to security deficiencies. In particular, the recruitment of underage stewards, who should have performed security functions in return for free festival entry, was described as "scandalous".

Performance by the Junior Senior group, 2005

Today nine birch trees and a memorial stone with the inscription How fragile we are remind of the accident on the festival site .

The safety precautions have been improved since the accident: Among other things, cordoned-off safety zones have been set up in front of the two largest stages, larger parts of the area in front of the main stage have been paved, the number of crowd safety guards has been increased and their training has been improved, leaflets have been issued to the public and Safety instructions introduced on the monitors.

2000 until today

In 2000 the festival management decided to respond to the festival visitors arriving earlier and earlier by introducing a four-day warm-up . During the warm-up, the camping area is opened four days before the actual festival area and various attractions are offered. There is a skate park , a cinema , a camping stage and numerous events. In 2006 a swimming lake and a fishing lake were also added.

On the last day of the 2011 festival, a fatal accident occurred to a German woman who fell from the 30-meter-high Tuborg Tower.

The 2013 Roskilde Festival took place from June 29th to July 7th, 2013. The headliners included a. Rihanna and Kraftwerk put on a 3D open-air show. To this end, 70,000 visitors were equipped with appropriate glasses.

At the Roskilde Festival 2014, u. a. the Rolling Stones were won as headliners for the first time , and they returned to the Orange Stage after almost 40 years . However, it was no longer the stage that originally belonged to their own tour equipment, and in 2001 it gave way to a completely new building. To underline the festival's political aspirations, the organizers invited two activists from the Russian punk group Pussy Riot . Nadja Tolokonnikova and Mascha Aljoschina used the opportunity on the Gloria Stage to advertise their goals.

On March 6, 2015 it was announced that Sir Paul McCartney would play his only European festival gig in 2015 in Roskilde. Also headliners should be: Muse and Pharrell Williams .

Stages

Concert at the Roskilde Arena

Today the festival has seven stages.

Surname Introductory year capacity Music genre predecessor comment
Orange Stage 1978 60,000+ Mixed, headliners Big stage
arena 2003 17,000 Mixed Green stage
Avalon 2014 5,000 Hip-Hop , R'n'B Cosmopoly
Pavilion 2003 6,000 Hard rock , alternative rock -
Gloria 2011 1,000 Everything, focus on world music -
Apollo 2012 5,000 electronic music - in the warm-up phase "Apollo Countdown"
Rising 2014 2,000 skirt - only in the warm-up phase

Festival after years

year date Visitors ** Headliners Ticket price in Kr.
1971 28-29 August 10,000 Gasolin ' , Poul Dissing , Cæsar , Sebastian 30 (4 €)
1972 June 30th – 2nd July 15,000 The Kinks , Gasolin ' , Starfuckers , Gnags 40 (5 €)
1973 June 29–1. July 15,000 Gasolin ' , Fumble , Røde Mor 40 (5 €)
1974 28-30 June 21,500 Gasolin ' , Gnags , Røde Mor , Savage Rose , Status Quo 50 (7 €)
1975 27.-29. June 26,000 Ravi Shankar , Gnags , Poul Dissing 55 (7 €)
1976 2-4 July 32,500 Weather Report , Wigwam , Dr. Hook 60 (8 €)
1977 1st - 3rd July 31,000 The Jack Bruce Band , John Miles , Dr. Feel good 80 (11 €)
1978 June 30th – 2nd July 36,500 Bob Marley and the Wailers , Dave Swarbrick , Elvis Costello 100 (€ 13)
1979 June 29–1. July 40,000 Jeff Beck & Stanley Clarke , Talking Heads , Taj Mahal 110 (15 €)
1980 27.-29. June 45,000 Santana , Steel Pulse 130 (17 €)
1981 26.-28. June 51,500 Ian Dury & the Blockheads , Robert Palmer , UB40 , Saga 150 (€ 20)
1982 2-4 July 49,000 U2 , Mike Oldfield , Jackson Browne 170 (23 €)
1983 1st - 3rd July 60,600 10cc , Simple Minds , Linton Kwesi Johnson , King Sunny Adé , Lars Lilholt , TV-2 200 (26 €)
1984 June 29–1. July 62,000 Lou Reed , Paul Young , Björn Afzelius 210 (28 €)
1985 28-30 June 46,000 Leonard Cohen , Paul Young , Ramones , The Clash , The Cure 240 (32 €)
1986 4th-6th July 55,000 Eric Clapton , Metallica , Phil Collins , Madness , Elvis Costello 290 (39 €)
1987 3rd to 5th July 58,700 Iggy Pop , Europe , Van Morrison , Sonic Youth 320 (43 €)
1988 June 30–3. July 62,100 Sting , INXS , Bryan Adams , Leonard Cohen , TOTO 340 (45 €)
1989 June 30th – 2nd July 56,300 Elvis Costello , Joe Cocker , Georgia Satellites 390 (52 €)
1990 June 28–1. July 70,600 Bob Dylan , The Cure , Midnight Oil , Sinéad O'Connor 445 (59 €)
1991 27.-30. June 60,500 Iron Maiden , Billy Idol , Iggy Pop , Paul Simon 490 (65 €)
1992 25.-28. June 64,500 Nirvana , Megadeth , Texas , Pearl Jam , David Byrne 540 (72 €)
1993 July 1–4. July 76,500 Red Hot Chili Peppers , Ray Charles , The Velvet Underground 540 (72 €)
1994 June 30–3. July 90,000 Aerosmith , Rage Against the Machine , ZZ Top , Peter Gabriel 540 (72 €)
1995 June 29–2. July 90,000 REM , Elvis Costello , Van Halen , Oasis 600 (80 €)
1996 27.-30. June 90,000 Sex Pistols , David Bowie , No Doubt , Rage Against the Machine 690 (92 €)
1997 26.-29. June 90,000 Smashing Pumpkins , Radiohead , Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds 750 (100 €)
1998 25.-28. June 76,000 Garbage , Beastie Boys , Bob Dylan , Kylie Minogue , Kraftwerk 810 (108 €)
1999 1st - 4th July 71,000 SEM , Metallica , Robbie Williams , Marilyn Manson 810 (108 €)
2000 June 25th – 2nd July 76,000 Lou Reed , Pearl Jam , Iron Maiden , Pet Shop Boys 860 (115 €)
2001 June 24–1. July 64,000 The Cure , Robbie Williams , Bob Dylan , Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds 860 (115 €)
2002 23-30 June 72,000 Red Hot Chili Peppers , Rammstein , Pet Shop Boys 950 (130 €)
2003 22-29 June 77,000 Björk , Metallica , Coldplay , Blur , Iron Maiden 1150 (155 €)
2004 June 27–4. July 76,000 Santana , KoRn , Wu-Tang Clan , Iggy Pop 1150 (155 €)
2005 June 26th – 3rd July 65,000 Black Sabbath , Green Day , Duran Duran , The Game , Brian Wilson 1250 (170 €)
2006 June 25th – 2nd July 79,000 Bob Dylan , Guns N 'Roses , Tool , Kanye West , Roger Waters , Placebo 1350 (180 €)
2007 1-8 July 68,000 Red Hot Chili Peppers , The Who , Muse , Beastie Boys , Björk 1475 (€ 200)
2008 3rd-6th July 67,000 Radiohead , Slayer , Jay-Z , Judas Priest , Neil Young , The Chemical Brothers , The Streets , Kate Nash 1789 (€ 240)
2009 2nd to 5th July 67,400 Coldplay , Nine Inch Nails , Pet Shop Boys , Slipknot 1785 (€ 240)
2010 1st - 4th July 75,000 (sold out) Gorillaz , Jack Johnson , Muse , Prince , The Prodigy , Patti Smith and Band, Them Crooked Vultures , Nephew 1675 (225 €)
2011 June 30–3. July 75,000 (sold out) Iron Maiden , Kings of Leon , Arctic Monkeys , Mastodon , PJ Harvey , MIA , The Strokes 1800 (€ 242)
2012 5th-8th July The Cure , Bon Iver , Mew , Bruce Springsteen , Jack White , The Cult , Björk , Ruben Blades , The Roots 1810 (244 €) *
2013 June 29th - 7th July Metallica , Kraftwerk , The National , Queens of the Stone Age , Rihanna , Sigur Rós , Slipknot , Volbeat
2014 June 29th - June 6th July The Rolling Stones , Arctic Monkeys , Damon Albarn , Jack White , Major Lazer , Outkast , Stevie Wonder , Trentemøller 1910 (255 €) *
2015 June 27–4. July Paul McCartney , Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds , Florence + the Machine , Kendrick Lamar , Mew , Muse , Pharrell Williams , Nicki Minaj , Disclosure 1940 (261 €) *
2016 June 25th – 2nd July LCD Soundsystem , Macklemore & Ryan Lewis , , Neil Young & Promise of the Real , New Order , PJ Harvey , Red Hot Chili Peppers , Tame Impala , Tenacious D , Wiz Khalifa 1995 (€ 269) *

* Final price including service charge and ticket shipping costs ** plus 25,000 volunteers + 3,000 journalists

Web links

Commons : Roskilde Festival  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Roskilde Festival: History
  2. Roskilde Festival Radio: Forside , accessed on November 21, 2010 (Danish)
  3. Woman falls 30 meters into the death mirror online July 3, 2011
  4. Kraftwerk close Roskilde Festival with 3D show , nme.com
  5. Roskilde 2014 with Rolling Stones, Major Lazer, Pussy Riot , Spiegel online, accessed July 9, 2014

Coordinates: 55 ° 36 '59 "  N , 12 ° 4' 53"  E