The Roskilde Festival has been an annual music festival near Roskilde in Denmark since 1971 . The four-day festival on the island of Zealand is one of the largest in Europe with up to 115,000 participants. The event is set up, organized and supervised by up to 25,000 unpaid volunteers.
The main musical focus is on lesser known international and Scandinavian musicians from different genres, mainly rock , pop , metal , electronic and world music , supplemented by a few well-known headliners .
All profits from the festival go to Foreningen Roskildefonden , which passes the money on to humanitarian, cultural and other non-profit organizations such as Amnesty International , Doctors Without Borders , Human Rights Watch and many Danish organizations.
The first Roskilde Festival took place on August 28 and 29, 1971 under the name SOUND FESTIVAL . It was inspired by festivals and youth gatherings like Newport , Isle of Wight and Woodstock . It was mainly characterized by bad management and great enthusiasm. There was only one stage on which about 20 bands from the fields of folk , jazz , rock and pop performed. The festival lasted two days and had around 10,000 visitors a day. The organizers at the time were a music agent from Copenhagen and a group of local high school students. Due to the hard physical work in connection with the festival, they were not interested in organizing the festival again the following year.
The local organization Foreningen Roskildefonden has been working in the area around Roskilde since the 1930s to establish facilities for children and young people and to organize city festivals. This association was asked by the Roskilde City Council to take over the idea of a festival in Roskilde and to organize the festival in cooperation with a joint-stock company that was founded solely for this purpose. In 1972 the festival was held again under the name Fantasy . It lasted three days this time and attracted around 15,000 visitors a day. There was a stage on which 25 bands performed. The festival was mostly organized by volunteers.
The festival developed in the course of the 1970s. A basic structure was created in which the volunteers became the most important workers. The Roskilde Festival is a not for profit event. All surpluses will be donated to humanitarian causes.
The festival has developed over the years and donations up to 2010 amounted to more than 13 million euros. Among the organizations that have been supported are War Victims in Iraq , Doctors Without Borders , Amnesty International , Save the Children and WWF . In addition, each year a socio-political topic is selected that is incorporated into art contributions or activities. In addition to the 25,000 helpers who support the festival every year, the festival is mainly planned, organized and coordinated by the Klub 100 group . Around 400 employees work in this club on a voluntary basis. The name arose from the fact that the employees devote more than ten days a year and thus at least 100 hours to planning the festival. Club 100 volunteers are rewarded with joint dinners, office trips and other events. The Roskilde Festival has 25 paid employees who, as section heads, are responsible for drinks, music and camping.
Festival symbol and logo
In 1978, the organizers of the British company acquired Revelation staging the Canopy Scene , an orange music stage at which the Rolling Stones were previously on a European tour. Since then, the canopy scene with its characteristic arches has been the well-known symbol and logo of the festival.
The festival began to increasingly invite young bands of international renown. In 1978, Bob Marley and The Wailers played together with 40 other bands on three stages, in front of an audience of up to 36,500 visitors per day.
New electronic sounds
In the 1990s, new tones were established at the festival. For example, Club Roskilde was held for the first time in 1991 , where festival-goers could dance to electronic music on one evening of the festival. In 1995 electronic music got its own stage. This is how grooves and beats sounded from the new Deeday tent throughout the days of the festival in 1995 . In the following years, the establishment of the chill-out zone and the Roskilde Lounge created even more space for electronic music. Since then, artists such as Fatboy Slim , The Prodigy , Basement Jaxx and Chemical Brothers have performed on the main stage.
In the 1990s, the number of tickets available for purchase was limited and later even reduced. Due to the steadily increasing popularity of the festival, the number of participants had risen to up to 125,000. In addition to 90,000 tickets sold, there were around 25,000 volunteers, 5,000 media people and 3,000 artists. In order to maintain the quality of the festival, the festival management decided to limit the number of participants. The festival management seemed to have found the distance from the rearmost part of the camping area to the stages unreasonable. The festival had grown so big that in 1994 the festival management decided to expand the camping area to the west. From then on, the camping area was divided into two parts by the railway line, which can be crossed in two places by bridges, a fixed road bridge in the north and a temporary bridge with stairs in the middle of the area. In 1996 the festival got its own train station, which should simplify the journey of the visitors. In 1997 another tent called the Roskilde Ballroom was added.
Festival radio and nude running
Since 1998, the festival has had its own radio station, Roskilde Festival Radio , which broadcasts on FM 92.3 MHz for nine days during the major event. The program is produced by the association of Danish university radio stations ( De Danske Studenterradioer , DDS for short). Student reporters report live from the festival and announce planned activities and program changes. From Roskilde Festival Radio is also the so-called nude run ( Nøgenløb ), a race with only bare participants organized. The race is held every year on Saturday during the festival and attracts a lot of media attention.
Deaths in 2000
On June 30, 2000 an accident occurred at the Roskilde Festival during the performance of the band Pearl Jam , in which nine people were killed. They lost their footing on muddy ground, fell and were suffocated by the crowd pushing after them. The festival management decided afterwards to continue the festival.
The management justified this decision by stating that it seemed “irresponsible to simply send the 90,000 shocked people home without knowing whether there were friends among the dead”. A memorial ceremony with Bishop Jan Lindhardt from Roskilde was held in front of the main stage .
As a result, serious allegations were made, referring to security deficiencies. In particular, the recruitment of underage stewards, who should have performed security functions in return for free festival entry, was described as "scandalous".
Today nine birch trees and a memorial stone with the inscription How fragile we are remind of the accident on the festival site .
The safety precautions have been improved since the accident: Among other things, cordoned-off safety zones have been set up in front of the two largest stages, larger parts of the area in front of the main stage have been paved, the number of crowd safety guards has been increased and their training has been improved, leaflets have been issued to the public and Safety instructions introduced on the monitors.
2000 until today
In 2000, the festival management decided to respond to festival visitors arriving earlier and earlier by introducing a four-day warm-up . During the warm-up, the camping area is opened four days before the actual festival site and various attractions are offered. There is, among other things, a skate park , a cinema , a camping stage and numerous events. In 2006 a swimming lake and a fishing lake were added.
On the last day of the 2011 festival there was a fatal accident to a German who fell from the 30-meter-high Tuborg Tower.
The 2013 Roskilde Festival took place from June 29th to July 7th, 2013. The headliners included Rihanna and Kraftwerk put on a 3D open-air show. To this end, 70,000 visitors were equipped with appropriate glasses.
At the Roskilde Festival 2014, inter alia For the first time the Rolling Stones were won as headliners, who returned to the Orange Stage after almost 40 years . However, it was no longer the stage that originally belonged to their own tour equipment, and in 2001 it gave way to a completely new building. To underline the festival's political aspirations, the organizers invited two activists from the Russian punk group Pussy Riot . Nadja Tolokonnikova and Mascha Aljoschina used the opportunity on the Gloria Stage to advertise their goals.
Today the festival has seven stages.
|Surname||Introductory year||capacity||Music genre||predecessor||comment|
|Orange stage||1978||60,000+||Mixed, headliners||Big stage|
|Avalon||2014||5,000||Hip-Hop , R'n'B||Cosmopoly|
|Pavilion||2003||6,000||Hard rock , alternative rock||-|
|Gloria||2011||1,000||Everything, focus on world music||-|
|Apollo||2012||5,000||electronic music||-||in the warm-up phase "Apollo Countdown"|
|Rising||2014||2,000||skirt||-||only in the warm-up phase|
Festival after years
|year||date||Visitor note 2||Headliner||Ticket price in Kr.|
|1971||28-29 August||10,000||Gasolin ' , Poul Dissing , Cæsar , Sebastian||30 (€ 4)|
|1972||June 30th – 2nd July||15,000||The Kinks , Gasolin ' , Starfuckers , Gnags||40 (5 €)|
|1973||June 29–1. July||15,000||Gasolin ' , Fumble , Røde Mor||40 (5 €)|
|1974||28-30 June||21,500||Gasolin ' , Gnags , Røde Mor , Savage Rose , Status Quo||50 (7 €)|
|1975||27.-29. June||26,000||Ravi Shankar , Gnags , Poul Dissing||55 (7 €)|
|1976||2-4 July||32,500||Weather Report , Wigwam , Dr. Hook||60 (8 €)|
|1977||1st - 3rd July||31,000||The Jack Bruce Band , John Miles , Dr. Feel good||80 (11 €)|
|1978||June 30th – 2nd July||36,500||Bob Marley and the Wailers , Dave Swarbrick , Elvis Costello||100 (€ 13)|
|1979||June 29–1. July||40,000||Jeff Beck & Stanley Clarke , Talking Heads , Taj Mahal||110 (15 €)|
|1980||27.-29. June||45,000||Santana , Steel Pulse||130 (17 €)|
|1981||26.-28. June||51,500||Ian Dury & the Blockheads , Robert Palmer , UB40 , Saga||150 (€ 20)|
|1982||2-4 July||49,000||U2 , Mike Oldfield , Jackson Browne||170 (23 €)|
|1983||1st - 3rd July||60,600||10cc , Simple Minds , Linton Kwesi Johnson , King Sunny Adé , Lars Lilholt , TV-2||200 (26 €)|
|1984||June 29–1. July||62,000||Lou Reed , Paul Young , Björn Afzelius||210 (28 €)|
|1985||28-30 June||46,000||Leonard Cohen , Paul Young , Ramones , The Clash , The Cure||240 (32 €)|
|1986||4th-6th July||55,000||Eric Clapton , Metallica , Phil Collins , Madness , Elvis Costello||290 (39 €)|
|1987||3rd to 5th July||58,700||Iggy Pop , Europe , Van Morrison , Sonic Youth||320 (43 €)|
|1988||June 30–3. July||62,100||Sting , INXS , Bryan Adams , Leonard Cohen , TOTO||340 (45 €)|
|1989||June 30th – 2nd July||56,300||Elvis Costello , Joe Cocker , Georgia Satellites||390 (52 €)|
|1990||June 28–1. July||70,600||Bob Dylan , The Cure , Midnight Oil , Sinéad O'Connor||445 (59 €)|
|1991||27.-30. June||60,500||Iron Maiden , Billy Idol , Iggy Pop , Paul Simon||490 (65 €)|
|1992||25.-28. June||64,500||Nirvana , Megadeth , Texas , Pearl Jam , David Byrne||540 (72 €)|
|1993||July 1–4. July||76,500||Red Hot Chili Peppers , Ray Charles , The Velvet Underground||540 (72 €)|
|1994||June 30–3. July||90,000||Aerosmith , Rage Against the Machine , ZZ Top , Peter Gabriel||540 (72 €)|
|1995||June 29–2. July||90,000||REM , Elvis Costello , Van Halen , Oasis||600 (80 €)|
|1996||27.-30. June||90,000||Sex Pistols , David Bowie , No Doubt , Rage Against the Machine||690 (92 €)|
|1997||26.-29. June||90,000||Smashing Pumpkins , Radiohead , Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds||750 (100 €)|
|1998||25.-28. June||76,000||Garbage , Beastie Boys , Bob Dylan , Kylie Minogue , Kraftwerk||810 (108 €)|
|1999||1st - 4th July||71,000||REM , Metallica , Robbie Williams , Marilyn Manson||810 (108 €)|
|2000||June 25th – 2nd July||76,000||Lou Reed , Pearl Jam , Iron Maiden , Pet Shop Boys||860 (115 €)|
|2001||June 24–1. July||64,000||The Cure , Robbie Williams , Bob Dylan , Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds||860 (115 €)|
|2002||23-30 June||72,000||Red Hot Chili Peppers , Rammstein , Pet Shop Boys||950 (130 €)|
|2003||22-29 June||77,000||Björk , Metallica , Coldplay , Blur , Iron Maiden||1150 (155 €)|
|2004||June 27–4. July||76,000||Santana , KoRn , Wu-Tang Clan , Iggy Pop||1150 (155 €)|
|2005||June 26th – 3rd July||65,000||Black Sabbath , Green Day , Duran Duran , The Game , Brian Wilson||1250 (170 €)|
|2006||June 25th – 2nd July||79,000||Bob Dylan , Guns N 'Roses , Tool , Kanye West , Roger Waters , Placebo||1350 (180 €)|
|2007||1-8 July||68,000||Red Hot Chili Peppers , The Who , Muse , Beastie Boys , Björk||1475 (€ 200)|
|2008||3rd-6th July||67,000||Radiohead , Slayer , Jay-Z , Judas Priest , Neil Young , The Chemical Brothers , The Streets , Kate Nash||1789 (€ 240)|
|2009||2nd - 5th July||67,400||Coldplay , Nine Inch Nails , Pet Shop Boys , Slipknot||1785 (€ 240)|
|2010||1st - 4th July||75,000 (sold out)||Gorillaz , Jack Johnson , Muse , Prince , The Prodigy , Patti Smith and Band, Them Crooked Vultures , Nephew||1675 (€ 225)|
|2011||June 30–3. July||75,000 (sold out)||Iron Maiden , Kings of Leon , Arctic Monkeys , Mastodon , PJ Harvey , MIA , The Strokes||1800 (€ 242)|
|2012||5th-8th July||77,500 note 3 (sold out)||The Cure , Bon Iver , Mew , Bruce Springsteen , Jack White , The Cult , Björk , Ruben Blades , The Roots||1810 (€ 244) note 1|
|2013||June 29th - 7th July||135,000||Metallica , Kraftwerk , The National , Queens of the Stone Age , Rihanna , Sigur Rós , Slipknot , Volbeat||1810 (€ 244) note 1|
|2014||June 29th - June 6th July||133,000||The Rolling Stones , Arctic Monkeys , Damon Albarn , Jack White , Major Lazer , Outkast , Stevie Wonder , Trentemøller||1910 (255 €) note 1|
|2015||June 27–4. July||130,000||Paul McCartney , Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds , Florence + the Machine , Kendrick Lamar , Mew , Muse , Pharrell Williams , Nicki Minaj , Disclosure||1940 (€ 261) note 1|
|2016||June 25th – 2nd July||125,000||LCD Soundsystem , Macklemore & Ryan Lewis , Mø , Neil Young & Promise of the Real , New Order , PJ Harvey , Red Hot Chili Peppers , Tame Impala , Tenacious D , Wiz Khalifa||1995 (€ 269)|
|2017||June 24–1. July||80,000||A Tribe Called Quest , Arcade Fire , Foo Fighters , Justice , Moderat / Modeselektor , Trentemøller , The Weeknd , Lorde||2020 (272 €)|
|2018||June 30th - 7th July||130,000||Bruno Mars , Cardi B , David Byrne , Eminem , Gorillaz , Khalid , Nephew , Nine Inch Nails||2100 (299 €)|
|2019||June 29th - June 6th July||130,000||Bob Dylan and Band, Cardi B , The Cure , Mø , Robert Plant & The Sensational Space Shifters , Robyn , Travis Scott , Underworld||2100 (299 €)|
|2020||June 27–4. July (canceled)||-||Faith No More , FKA Twigs , Taylor Swift , Thom Yorke / Tomorrow's Modern Boxes , Tyler, The Creator||-|
|2021||June 26th – 3rd July||2250 (302 €)|
- Literature from and about Roskilde Festival in the WorldCat bibliographic database
- Official website of the festival (in English and Danish)
- Roskilde Festival: History
- Roskilde Festival Radio: Forside , accessed on November 21, 2010 (Danish)
- Woman falls 30 meters into the death mirror online July 3, 2011
- Kraftwerk close Roskilde Festival with 3D show , nme.com
- Roskilde 2014 with Rolling Stones, Major Lazer, Pussy Riot , Spiegel online, accessed July 9, 2014