City of Radegast
City of Radegast
City of southern Anhalt
|Height :||82 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.95 km²|
|Residents :||1059 (Apr 13, 2016)|
|Population density :||268 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||06369|
|Area code :||034978|
Location of the city of Radegast in Saxony-Anhalt
The old Radegast town center from the air - the view from May 2007 shows the market square at the top left, the cemetery on the right and the church with its forecourt at the top right. In between, the Walther-Rathenau-Straße runs to the stud.
City of Radegast is a district of the city of Southern Anhalt in the Anhalt-Bitterfeld district in Saxony-Anhalt . Until the formation of the unitary community of Southern Anhalt on January 1, 2010, the small town of Radegast was an independent community in the administrative community of Southern Anhalt . In terms of area, it was the smallest town in Saxony-Anhalt and one of the smallest towns in Germany in terms of population.
Radegast is located between the district town of Köthen (Anhalt) and the city of Bitterfeld-Wolfen . The district is bordered to the southeast by the nature reserve " Cösitzer Pond " and the south by the conservation area Fuhneaue .
The annual precipitation is 515 mm and is extremely low as it falls in the lower twentieth of the values recorded in Germany. Lower values are registered at 5% of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June. In June there is twice more rainfall than in February. The rainfall varies moderately. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at 44% of the measuring stations.
Radegast is on the edge of the Köthen cultural level. This edge rises abruptly from the foot of the foothills , so that the difference in altitude in Radegast between Wiesengrund and the highest point is about six meters at a short distance. The city lies in the midst of an extensive former moor and swamp landscape , the uplands of which were already very fertile in the past. In the Radegaster Chronik is noted: “ The subsoil in this area is not bad, but its value is reduced by the great wetness. The upper, about foot-deep layer is a meadow marl , which has become very humus due to the lush grass and swamp vegetation and very calcareous due to the calcium deposits of the standing water. This is followed by bog and, in many cases , peat , which used to be cut further east, in the Bailiwick, in large quantities for use as heating material. The top layer closes with waterproof clay . Strong pebbles , which are already found at shallow depths, are the legacy of a glacial current that, during the Ice Age , pushed itself here broad, shallow and sluggish on the southern edge of the melting glacier . The soil conditions are still the same to this day, although the cultivation work has significantly improved the soil in the Fuhnetal. The deep loess soil bears sugar beets and wheat in abundance. Below the land is boggy, gravelly , and damp. "
In addition to the historic town center, Radegast includes the settlement built in the 1930s (formerly "Siedlung Heimat"), which - separated by the sports field and the riding arena - adjoins the historic town center in an easterly direction. It extends to the Bürgerpark and covers about half of the local area. The entire area of Radegast has grown historically over the centuries and was not enlarged by incorporation or merger with other municipalities until 2010 - a peculiarity in view of several regional reforms in Saxony-Anhalt, in which smaller municipalities were continuously dissolved or merged.
On October 2nd, 1244, the place name appears for the first time in two documents, when the probable owners of the property, the Brothers von Radegast (fratres de Radegiz), attest to two legal transactions of Count Heinrich von Ascharien . In the following centuries the place changed hands several times, which was mentioned in documents. In 1612 Radegast became a princely office. The town and market rights were granted to the place in 1727. However, the town charter was only exercised since 1852. With the reorganization of the unitary community of Südliches Anhalt on January 1, 2010, it became extinct, as the town of Radegast has ceased to exist as an independent community since then.
With the renovation of the old dam through the Fuhneniederung in the years 1686 to 1688 between Radegast and the neighboring town of Zörbig, an important trade route between Magdeburg and Leipzig was created. In 1688, the "Theure Christian" was erected as a boundary stone between the then states of Saxony and Anhalt-Dessau . In 1702 Radegast was raised to a market town . In the same year the construction of the first Radegast church began. However, the church tower collapsed again in 1752 and was rebuilt that same year. Several historic inns in the city date from this time, one of which is still in operation today.
In the years around 1780 a forger - the pharmacist Ziervogel - was up to mischief in the community until he was arrested in 1786. The Swedish Crown Prince and Commander in Chief of the Northern Army , Karl-Johann , briefly had his headquarters in Radegast in October 1813 before the Battle of Leipzig . In 1820 the place got a post office, which was initially housed in an inn. The "Imperial Post Office" in Bahnhofstrasse was opened between 1871 and 1874 and handled the postal business for the places Radegast, Wehlau, Lennewitz, Riesdorf , Cosa , Fernsdorf, the Weißandt station (today all districts of the city of Southern Anhalt), Priesdorf (district of Cösitz) and Cösitz (now part of Zörbig ). In 1929 a self-connecting telecommunications office was built in the post office and the post office was converted into a post office. The institution, which is important for the place and its surroundings, was closed on April 6, 1999.
Radegast continued to grow in the following years. In 1867, according to the church register, there were 885 inhabitants in the city. The liqueur factory H. Kahleyß & Co. had been in existence since 1859 and temporarily supplied the Anhalt court with its “Kalcora” products. A sugar factory was founded in 1864 and opened in 1865. At times up to 160 people worked in it. A 120-meter-high chimney in the factory collapsed before its completion in September 1865. The sugar factory was demolished in 1930, but some of the old structures are still there today.
In 1874 the nave was rebuilt. The church tower was also significantly increased. Since then, its height has been around 35 meters.
The Köthen – Radegast section of the Dessau-Radegast-Köthener Bahn was inaugurated on November 28, 1896, followed by the Radegast – Dessau section on December 9, 1897. With the opening of the line between Radegast and Zörbig on August 8, 1898, the network was fully operational. The history of the Radegast railway came to an end with the dismantling of the railway line after the Second World War . On March 21, 1946, the railway was set; the railway had to be ceded to the Soviet Union as a reparation payment .
In 1925 the former city already had 911 inhabitants. A new town hall was also set up that year, which was completely renovated between 1931 and 1933. Construction of the new school building began in 1934 and was completed and inaugurated the following year. Schoolchildren were still taught here until well into the 1990s.
In 1951 horse breeding began on the domain in Radegast. The Radegaster stud has produced many successful sport and riding horses in its traditional history. The state stud of the state of Saxony-Anhalt was located in Radegast from 1991 until it was moved to Prussendorf in 1997. In 1999 the stud was privatized.
From April 1, 1994 to December 31, 2009 Radegast belonged to an administrative association. This was initially called Gölzau-Görzig-Radegast , and later Anhalt-Süd . Since January 1, 2005, the former administrative communities Anhalt-Süd, Oberes Ziethetal and Fuhneaue have now formed the Southern Anhalt administrative community . On January 1, 2010, the city of Radegast became part of the new unified municipality of the City of Southern Anhalt , which was formed from 18 municipalities of the administrative community of the same name.
On July 1, 2014, the new municipal constitutional law of the state of Saxony-Anhalt came into force. In its §14 (2) the municipalities are given the opportunity to assign this designation to the districts that were towns before the incorporation. The city of Southern Anhalt made use of this regulation. Their new main statutes came into force on January 14, 2015. In §8 (1) the districts are listed with their official names. The localities are not affected.
Historic buildings in Radegast
Only since 1702 there is an independent, Radegast parish . Before that, Radegast was part of the Großweißandt parish (now Weißandt-Gölzau ). The first pastor in Radegast was called Ephraim Gottlieb Bobbe and worked in the village between 1703 and 1715.
Today Radegast has a Protestant church . Since 1945 followers of the Catholic faith have had the right to hospitality in the church. However, the majority of the population is either Protestant or non-denominational. The Radegast parish has maintained a partnership with the parish Billigheim-Ingenheim since 1987 .
Pastor in Radegast
- Friedrich Herbst (1871–1878)
- August Schönemann (1878–1882)
- Andreas Eduard Fritsche (1882–1889)
- Friedrich Loose (1886–1898)
- Ernst Hennigs (1898–1905)
- Heinrich Rohden (1905–1917)
- Walter Heide (1917–1920)
- Kurt Lute (1920–1932)
- Alfred Göhler (1932–1934)
- Otto Rose (1934-1936)
- Martin Eschebach (1936–1938)
- Heinrich Wenzel (1938–1949)
- Hans-Joachim Kirchert (1950–1978)
The pastor's position was not filled again after Kirchert left. The parish was instead looked after from the neighboring village of Weißandt-Gölzau . Since then, pastors have been responsible for Radegast:
- Andreas Lischke (1978–1984)
- Joachim Hegner (1984–1985)
- Andreas Müller (1987-2001)
- Community educator Anke Zimmermann (since 2001)
- Tombs on the local cemetery for six (According grave stone inscription seven) concentration camp prisoners , which in April 1945 during a death march were killed
In 1849, the city judge who had been in office until then, blacksmith Christian Saxenberger, became the first mayor of Radegast after this office had been created by the municipal code of February 24, 1849. The previous posts of magistrates were replaced by two city councilors. These were the innkeeper Wilhelm Böning and the businessman Karl Schoof. The police administration also passed to the mayor. Saxenberger's term of office ended in 1852. On March 1 of that year, a new municipal code was passed, and Radegast has now officially become a town - with an official announcement in the “Anhalt-Dessauisches Staatsanzeiger” on August 21, 1852. The businessman Friedrich Kleyla was elected to succeed Christian Saxenberger, but he refused the election. Since the citizens of the city gathered for election could not agree on another person, the previous mayor Saxenberger remained in office. Kleyla was then appointed to the city council. After Christian Saxenberger's death in 1853, Friedrich Kleyla finally became mayor of Radegast. He held the post for more than 15 years and resigned in 1869. He was followed by the merchant and city councilor Robert Naumann , who resigned in 1880.
Naumann's successor was the retiree R. Conrad in 1880 , who achieved notoriety for stealing an amount of 3,209 marks from the city coffers between the mid-1880s and 1891 after speculating on the stock exchange. After the theft had been discovered in 1890, the district director appeared on January 16, 1891 for revision in Radegast, where, however, apart from empty coffers and destroyed files, he only found the bodies of the mayor's wife and her father. They apparently knew of what was going on and poisoned themselves. The following day, the mayor Conrad was found in a Leipzig inn, where he had also poisoned himself.
After these turbulent events, Louis Hecht was named Conrad's successor in 1891. He directed the fortunes of the city until 1925. During his term of office the construction of the Dessau-Radegast-Köthener Bahn fell , which brought industrialization to Radegast. After he left the office of mayor, Hecht was made the first honorary citizen of the city of Radegast. Hecht's successor was Karl Engel in 1925 , a community secretary from Biere ( Salzlandkreis ) who held the office until 1931 and then moved to Sandersdorf as community leader . Under Engel's successor, Hermann Dittrich (1931 to 1933), the market square and the cemetery were repaired, the town hall renovated and streets made more attractive with greenery. From July 1, 1933, the previous District Secretary Franz Brennecke temporarily headed the city's administration before he was officially introduced to the office in March 1934. Brennecke remained in office until 1936, followed by Fritz Becker in 1937 .
At the end of the Second World War, Mayor Becker was appointed by City Councilor Dr. Siegfried Schubert , who was temporarily in charge of administration, was replaced. Since June 1931 Schubert was chief chemist and head of the main laboratory in the smoldering plant in the neighboring town of Weißandt-Gölzau. On June 28, 1945, Dr. Schubert and his family were brought to Hesse from what was then the Soviet occupation zone on the orders of the US armed forces, in the hope that they would benefit from his chemical expertise. The Schubert family ultimately stayed in West Germany .
Siegfried Schubert's successor was Albert Dietsch , who held the office of mayor from 1945 to 1946. He was followed by Emil Gödicke (1946–1949), Max Boog (1949–1951) and Franz Petratschek (1951–1952). In 1952 Hans Michalski took over the office of mayor. However, he was arrested and deposed the following year in connection with the uprising of June 17, 1953. Michalski was replaced by Willi Wagner, who, like his successor Heinrich Klemt and Radegast's first mayor Else Neubert , gave up the post of mayor in the course of 1953. At the end of the “Five Mayor Year”, Kurt Lohmann took over the office. He directed the fortunes of the city for almost the entire existence of the German Democratic Republic . Lohmann had previously been the mayor of Cosa (now also part of the city of Southern Anhalt). During his tenure in 1976, the community association "Einheit" was founded, comparable to the current form of administrative communities. In addition to the city of Radegast, this association also included the municipalities of Weißandt-Gölzau, Prosigk, Schortewitz (now part of Zörbig), Cösitz (now part of Zörbig), Libehna , Riesdorf, Zehbitz, Cosa and Gnetsch. Lohmann has been the chairman of the community association since it was founded. He resigned from office in January 1987 for reasons of age. He was succeeded by Raymond Schulz . Until 1990 Schulz was first mayor of the small town and after the reunification of Germany then temporarily occupied the newly created position of city director (head of administration), while at the same time as honorary mayor Dr. Siegfried Hassel acted.
In 1994 the administrative association “Gölzau-Görzig-Radegast”, later “Anhalt-Süd”, was founded, after which the municipal administration was no longer subordinate to the city director. On June 26th of the same year Rita Exner was elected as the new mayor. She held the office until 2001. On October 21, 2001 Michael Graf (then SPD , now non-party) was elected as her successor and on August 31, 2008 was confirmed in the office of mayor of Fuhnestadt.
With the formation of the unified municipality of Southern Anhalt, Radegast became a district of the same. Michael Graf was elected local mayor. Graf's successor was Hans-Helmut Schaaf in 2019 .
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on September 15, 1994 by the Dessau Regional Council and registered in the Magdeburg State Archives under the coat of arms roll number 47/1994.
Blazon : "In silver on a red crenellated wall rising diagonally to the left with a closed golden gate, a black bear with a golden crown and gold collar walking left towards a red crenellated tower."
The city colors are black and red.
Culture and sights
Today as in the past, cultural life in Radegast is shaped by club life: in 1859 the choral society “Concordia” was founded, in 1863 the “Harmonie” association. A "Warrior and Landwehr Association" followed in 1873, but only the volunteer fire brigade, which was also founded in that year, still exists today.
The football club "Britannia" was founded in 1911, the garden club for workers in 1919 and another allotment garden division in 1923, which was reserved for artisans and medium-sized businesses until the end of the Second World War.
In addition to the fire brigade and sports club, the Radegast dog sports club and the “Fuhnetaler Hundefreunde”, the association of ornamental birds and exotic breeders and the “Radegast and Surroundings Small Animal Breeding Association” are currently located in Radegast.
For several years the association “Radegast enliven e. V. ”These include the“ Schlippenadvent ”, the street festival in Walther-Rathenau-Straße, an Oktoberfest and a regular flea market. The association is also socially committed through work assignments to maintain the townscape.
The Heimat- und Trachtenverein maintains the customs in the district.
The association Dschiepen of the Sinti and Roma in Saxony and Anhalt eV , founded in January 2015 , is based in Radegast. He deals with the preservation of the cultural identity of the Sinti and Roma and the reconciling processing of the Porajmos , the genocidal annihilation of Sinti and Roma during National Socialism , in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt .
The Heimatstube lets visitors experience the life of the people in the former Anhalt . The replicated counterfeit coin mints every year a new collector's coin with motifs from local history. So far, coins have been minted on the following topics:
- 2003 - Front motif: "Historical coin workshop anno 1780", reverse: Radegast (Anhalt) city coat of arms - Issue occasion: opening of the "counterfeit coin factory"
- 2003 - Front motif: "Fire brigade equipment houses from 1930 and 2001", reverse: Radegast (Anhalt) city coat of arms - Issue occasion: "130 years of the Radegast volunteer fire brigade"
- 2004 - Front motif: "Personalities of the city's history", back: "Historical buildings of the city of Radegast" - Issue occasion: "760 years of Radegast"
- 2005 - Front motif: "1 Radegaster Thaler", reverse: Radegast (Anhalt) city coat of arms and "Falschmünzerei" lettering - reason for issue: "185 years of opening of the Radegast Post Office"
- 2006 - Front motif: "Radegast station around 1940", back: "Dessau-Radegast-Köthener Bahn - line network" - Issue occasion: "110 years of opening and 60 years of closure of the DRKB"
- 2007 - Front motif: "Merchant standing next to a tree on a street, in front of it a two-horse stagecoach" and lettering for the occasion of issue, reverse: "Theurer Christian" and the year "2007" - occasion of issue: "280 years of market and city rights for Radegast"
- 2008 - Front and back motif: Replica of the Prussian 1/24 thaler from 1782, which the Falschmünzer Ziervogel had made between 1780 and 1786 - Issue occasion: "Anhalt Day 2008"
The "Theure Christian" , a road construction monument on the old road between Radegast and Zörbig, is one of the oldest examples of Radegast's history. Many historical buildings, for example the inns “Prinz von Anhalt” and “The White Horse”, the old “Imperial Post Office” or the former train station are also witnesses of their time. On the historic market square, the uniform Anhalt architecture can still be seen today. The church has been partially renovated in recent years. The church bells have been ringing again since October 1, 2000.
The “Bürgerpark” in the settlement, the Fuhneaue and the nearby nature reserve “Cösitzer Teich” invite you to go hiking and experience nature.
The Friedenseiche, next to the “Theuren Christian”, another landmark of the place, has withstood many storms and thunderstorms, sometimes with lightning strikes, in its more than 135-year history. It is located in the middle of the market square. On April 30, 1871, the oak was planted on the occasion of the end of the Franco-Prussian War and consecrated by the then pastor Herbst. A memorial plaque installed next to the tree commemorates this event today. The memorial, also erected on the market square by the “Warrior and Landwehr Association” for this occasion, has not existed for decades. In its place there is a fountain.
The sports club "Britannia" founded in 1911, which has changed name several times over the years, is now called "SV Schwarz-Gelb Radegast eV". The soccer team was particularly successful in the 1950s and 1960s. Radegast played between 1962 and 1966 in the district class of the GDR. In 1962 the FDGB district cup could be won and in 1967 the footballers only failed in the quarter-finals of the FDGB district cup after they had thrown the previous year's cup winner from Helbra 5-2 out of the competition in the second round . After a men's football team could not be put together for the game several times since 2000, the game was resumed for the 2009/10 season. In addition to an old men’s team, D and E youth teams are also active. In addition to soccer, the club also has a volleyball department and is building a cycling section. The multiple German champion and junior world champion in the two and four-man bobsleigh from 2002 and team world champion 2007, Marc Kühne , is an honorary member of the club.
Every year in August there is a folk festival in Radegast. "Anhalt Day" is celebrated annually in May. Other cultural highlights in the village are the “spring and autumn hikes” to the Fuhneaue, which have been taking place since the beginning of the 1990s, and the Radegast Christmas market . An annual BMW meeting has been held in Radegast since 2006 . In recent years, others, mostly through the association “Radegast enliven e. V. "organized events. Since 2012, this has included an annual “ Flunkyball ” tournament, a street festival on Walther-Rathenau-Straße, a fountain festival on the market square and the “Schlippenadvent” near the Radegaster cemetery. The range of events is rounded off by horse shows and annual spring and autumn hikes through the Fuhneaue.
Economy and Infrastructure
Due to its history, Radegast is still predominantly agricultural today. The stud , which gained a good reputation among horse experts around the world, achieved outstanding importance . Today it is continued as a private company and is primarily dedicated to the management of its agricultural land and serves as a horse boarding house, but the rearing and training of riding horses continues.
Even earlier, in addition to the domain or the stud, the sugar beet processing, the Kahleyß'sche liqueur factory, the mill construction workshop of Heinrich Hecht and the Anhaltische Hofgärtnerei of Friedrich Kühne or in the GDR times the PGH "Fuhnetal" were the most important local companies , so today there are mostly only small businesses and gastronomic businesses in Radegast . Despite favorable conditions - location on long-distance trade routes, earlier connection to a rail network - the city was never really " industrialized ". In this way the rural character of the place could be preserved until today. Larger industries settled in the neighboring village of Weißandt-Gölzau, while Radegast developed parallel to the place of residence of many of the people who work there, which is clearly demonstrated by the development of the population.
The B 183 , which used to run through the town , now passes the town via a bypass road. The state road 142 crosses Radegast from the southwest in a northeast direction. The place is also on the Fuhneradweg. This runs from Wolfen to Bernburg and extends over a length of 64 kilometers.
There are a number of public and social institutions in Radegast:
- a police station is currently not manned
- the volunteer fire department
- a social station
- a daycare center
- a youth club is now the seat of the sports club "Schwarz Gelb Radegast"
- a leisure center.
- Louis Hecht (November 11, 1841 - January 11, 1931) was master miller and mayor of the city of Radegast from 1891 to 1925. When he retired for reasons of age in 1925, he was honored with honorary citizenship of the city of Radegast. He was buried in the Radegast cemetery.
- Franz Gieseler (??? - June 11, 1932) was a master butcher and for many years a city councilor in Radegast. The chronicle of the city shows that “ on June 11, 1932 [...] the honorary citizen of the city, city councilor Franz Gieseler, died in an accident at the age of 81 ”.
Daughters and sons of the place
- Heinrich Hecht - Mühlenbauer, inventor of the centrifugal louvre device on windmills ("Hecht'sche louvre control", 1885) and of the "Ascania" sifter (1903). Hecht also worked for many years as a city councilor and arbitrator in Radegast.
- Horst Caspar - German theater and film actor of the 1930s and 1940s
- Brigitte Take - German politician
Personalities who worked on site or who lived in Radegast
- Paul Baege (November 25, 1876 - December 1, 1938) was a teacher, local poet and archaeologist. The book "Die Helden vom Dideldei" was written in the typical Anhalt dialect by him. Baege worked in Radegast as a teacher and headmaster from 1908 to 1933. He too was buried in the Radegast cemetery.
- Franz Ebert (May 1, 1877 - December 21, 1936) was a bricklayer and social democratic city councilor. He founded the garden division in 1919. He was also very active in the interests of ordinary people. Ebert was also buried in the Radegast cemetery. In addition to the garden division, one of the streets in Radegast was named after him.
- Axel Grosser - cyclist , world champion in 1979 and 1981 in the 4000 m team pursuit (1979 together with Lutz Haueisen , Gerald Mortag and Volker Winkler , 1981 together with Detlef Macha , Bernd Dittert and again Volker Winkler)
- In the story "How Schulze n Jlomn inne Hant krichte" from the series "Paschlewwer Jeschichtn" by the local poet Hermann Washke , a Radegast miracle doctor is mentioned. The homeopath Dr. Kahleyß, who moved his residence to Radegast around 1847 and was well known in the region.
- The former city of Radegast was the first city in the new federal states to join the Weißer Ring organization .
- The one hundredth attack on a financial institution in the new federal states hit the Radegaster Sparkasse.
- StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
- Chronicle of the city of Radegast, 1989 (chapter "On the location of Radegast")
- Codex diplomaticus Anhaltinus (CDA) , Part II, No. 160 and 161
- Approval of the Ministry of the Interior LSA of June 10, 2009
- Local constitution law of the state in the version of July 1, 2014
- Main statutes in the version dated January 14, 2015
- Chronicle of the City of Radegast, 1989: There are two different numbers here without an exact date.
- Figures from 1990 onwards come from www.statistik.sachsen-anhalt.de ( Memento of the original from May 15, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
- Court and State Handbook for the Duchy of Anhalt , 1883 edition (p. 262)
- Regina Michel: Stories about time and people: Life in the region between Köthen and Bitterfeld 1945 to 2000. Leipzig: horizont projekt gmbh 2008. ISBN 978-3-940380-02-9
- message on www.mz-web.de .
- City of Southern Anhalt - Radegast
- website of the club Dschiepen of Sinti and Roma in Saxony and Anhalt
- Chronicle of the city of Radegast, 1989 (chapter "Radegast in 1932")
- Report in the Mitteldeutsche Zeitung about a theatrical performance of Schwank in Drosa ( Memento from September 4, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )