|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Eifel district Bitburg-Prüm|
|Association municipality :||Bitburger Land|
|Height :||230 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.5 km 2|
|Residents:||220 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||49 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54636|
|Area code :||06527|
|License plate :||BIT, PRÜ|
|Community key :||07 2 32 020|
|Association administration address:||Hubert-Prim-Strasse 7
|Local Mayor :||Michael Eppers|
|Location of the local community of Brecht in the Eifel district of Bitburg-Prüm|
The place was first mentioned as Brachiet in October 1266, in an instruction from Ludwig Graf von Chiney and Countess Jeanne to the provost of Virton . In 1341 it was mentioned as Villa Brecht . A chapel in Breicht is listed in the visitation protocol from 1570.
In 1794, French revolutionary troops occupied the Austrian Netherlands , to which the county of Vianden belonged, and annexed it in October 1795 . Under French administration , the place belonged from 1795 to 1814 to the Mairie Wißmannsdorf in the canton of Neuerburg , which administratively belonged to the arrondissement Bitburg in the forest department .
Due to the resolutions at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the former Luxembourg area east of the Sauer and Our was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia . In 1816, the municipality of Brecht became part of the mayor's office in Wißmannsdorf in the newly formed Bitburg district, and from 1822 until the end of the Second World War it belonged to the Rhine Province .
After the First World War , the area belonged to the French part of the Allied occupation of the Rhineland . After the Second World War , Brecht became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone .
- Population development
The development of the population of the municipality of Brecht, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The population is predominantly Roman Catholic . Brecht is affiliated with the parish Wißmannsdorf.
Local mayor is Michael Eppers.
coat of arms
|Justification for the coat of arms: The silver sloping wave line symbolizes the Prüm River, which divides the village. The silver mill wheel on the blue field indicates the mill tradition in Brecht, while the two towers on the red field symbolize the subsidiary church of St. Luzia.|
Culture and sights
- The branch church of St. Luzia is located in the center and dates from the 16th century. A nave was added around 1800.
- Bridal or witch's cross from 1630
- Excavations of a Roman building and graves from late Franconian or early medieval times.
See also: List of cultural monuments in Brecht
Green spaces and recreation
- Hiking routes z. B. Prümtal, Langertbachtal.
- Nature trail in the Echtersbachtal near Brecht
See also: List of natural monuments in Brecht
- Annual fair or parish fair is celebrated on the Sunday after the commemoration day of Saint Rosa of Lima (23 August).
- Traditional rattling or rattling on Good Friday and Holy Saturday
- Hut burning on the first weekend after Ash Wednesday (so-called Scheef Sunday)
Brecht is on federal highway 50 .
- Ernst Wackenroder (arr.): The art monuments of the Bitburg district (= Paul Clemen [Hrsg.]: The art monuments of the Rhine province . Volume 12 / I ). Trier 1983, ISBN 3-88915-006-3 , p. 306 (315 p., With 12 plates and 227 ills. In the text. Reprinted by the Schwann edition, Düsseldorf 1927).
- Michael Berens: Filialkirche St. Lucia . In: Geschichtlicher Arbeitskreis Bitburger Land (Hrsg.): The churches and chapels of the Bitburger Land . 1992, p. 32 ( online [PDF; accessed March 13, 2018]).
- Local community Brecht on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Bitburger Land
- To search for cultural assets of the local community Brecht in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- Short portrait of Brecht ( memento from February 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) on SWR television
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 106 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Johann Baptist Wendelin Heydinger: The Eiffel. History, legend, landscape and folk life in the mirror of German poetry . Koblenz 1853.
- administration of the Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm: administrative affiliation of the individual communities. ( Online PDF ).
- Georg Bärsch : Description of the government district of Trier. Volume 2. Lintz, Trier 1846, p. 31 ff. ( Google Books ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: Regional data.
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved August 13, 2019 .
- Hiking route Stahl – Brecht – Oberweis – Birtlingen in the Eifel. Retrieved February 28, 2017 .
- Nature trail in the Echtersbachtal in the Bitburg-Land association. (PDF) Retrieved February 28, 2017 .
- Fair in Brecht. Retrieved April 3, 2018 .
- Hüttenbrennen in the Eifel. Retrieved May 1, 2016 .
- Hut Sunday in the Eifel. Retrieved August 10, 2017 .