House Reuss

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Family coat of arms of the House of Reuss (around 1279)
Later (1370) coat of arms of the lines of the bailiffs of Gera, since the middle of the 15th century also the bailiffs of Plauen and Reuss
Coat of arms of the princely house of Reuss younger line
Flag of the Principality of Reuss - the older line - (and the later People's State of Reuss ), note the identical color of the flag of the Principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont

The Reuss family is a ruling family that ruled until 1918 and goes back to the bailiffs of Weida or their branch, the bailiffs of Plauen . The various Vogtslinien originally exercised the ministerial office of the bailiffs in the Vogtland named after them , in the east of today's Free State of Thuringia .

The Thuringian family moved to the Sorbian land of the middle and upper White Elster before the middle of the 12th century . Here they built up a larger rulership with clearing and settlement and in the performance of imperial tasks . The bailiffs quickly rose to the rank of lordship , and Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian confirmed them in 1329 to be of the same rank as a prince. In 1673 they became counts directly under the empire and (depending on the line) from 1778 (1790 or 1802) imperial princes . The dynasty ruled different, divided areas in various lines and sub-lines; around 1700 there were ten Russian counties of both main lines. The Principality of Reuss older line with the state capital Greiz and the principality Reuss younger line with the state capital Gera still existed as sovereign federal states of the German Empire until the November Revolution 1918 .

The former ruling lines are now extinct in the male line (the older one in Greiz in 1927, the younger one in Gera in 1945); from the latter, however, the non-ruling branch line Reuss-Köstritz split off in 1692 , which in 1806 was also elevated to the rank of imperial prince. This line still exists today as the current House of Reuss ; "Head of the house" is Heinrich XIV. Prince Reuss (* 1955).


The beginnings

The Osterburg zu Weida , seat of the line of the Weida bailiffs (extinct in 1531)
Osterstein Castle (Gera) , seat of the line of the bailiffs of Gera (extinct in 1550)
Plauen Castle , seat of the line of the bailiffs of Plauen
Upper castle in Greiz , seat of the bailiffs of Plauen zu Greiz, called Reuss

The progenitor of the bailiffs was Heinrich the Pious from Gleißberg († around 1120), who was enfeoffed with Gera and Weida by Emperor Heinrich IV . His grandson Heinrich II the Rich († before 1209) acquired Plauen . The heirs shared several times. This is how the lines of the Vögte von Weida , the Vögte von Gera and the Vögte von Plauen emerged .

It can be assumed that the Staufer Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa awarded the Lords of Weida the title of advocatus (Latin for Vogt ) around 1180 . Around 1200 his son, Emperor Heinrich VI. , Heinrich the Rich von Weida to the bailiff of the imperial monastery Quedlinburg - allegedly in honor of this emperor, the bailiffs and later all Russians have been named Heinrich (lead name ). In any case, the bailiff's title, which has been documented since 1209, can be traced back to the bailiff's rights over the extensive holdings of the Quedlinburg monastery around Weida and Gera. When the parent company was divided, the title was continued by all branches and passed on like a hereditary imperial fief (see also the list of family members of the Reuss family ).

In the 12th and 13th centuries, the Weida bailiffs gradually became independent from the Quedlinburg monastery on the lands they managed . Their area included what is now generally understood as Vogtland , i.e. the Vogtlandkreis with the capital Plauen , the Thuringian Vogtland with Schleiz , Greiz , Bad Lobenstein , Weida and Gera , the Franconian Vogtland with Hof and Selb and the Bohemian Vogtland with Asch .

In 1209, after the death of Heinrich II the Rich, his three sons (Heinrich the Elder, the Middle and the Younger) divided the area into the three areas of Weida, Gera and Greiz. They took their seats in the respective places, but continued to call themselves Vögte von Weida . The division officially followed around 1237. Heinrich the Elder had already died around 1224, so his son Heinrich (VI.), Known as the Pfeffersack, received the Bailiwick of Weida. Heinrich the Middle received Gera and parts of Plauen and Heinrich the Younger Greiz. With the death of the childless bailiff of Greizer around 1240, this division came to an end. His property fell to his two nephews, the sons of Henry the Middle. Heinrich the Middle had divorced his wife as early as 1238, he entered the Teutonic Order, his wife in the Cronschwitz Monastery, which she founded . The property was divided between his two older sons. Heinrich (I) the Elder received Plauen ( Bailiffs of Plauen ) with Auerbach and Pausa , Heinrich (I) the Younger Gera ( Bailiffs of Gera ) and the care of Reichenfels .

In 1254, the bailiffs of Gera, Greiz, Plauen and Weida negotiated an alliance with the Margrave Heinrich the Illustrious of Meissen, in which they appeared as equal partners. In the document they distinguished the land of the margrave ( terra marchionis ) from their area ( terra nostra , our land). It can be assumed that the margrave demarcated his country from the land of the bailiffs ( terra advocatorum ) in the opposite direction in order to differentiate between the countries . However, the certificate for this has not been preserved. The name appears afterwards, 1317 and later, as woyte lande or in a similar form in other documents, which, however, always contain agreements of other rulers over the Vogtland. The name Vogtland can only be proven in 1343.

When Heinrich (I) , Vogt von Plauen, died in 1303, his two grandchildren inherited the Vogtei Plauen and the lands. In 1306 Heinrich (III.) Von Seeberg, son of Heinrich (II.) Of Bohemia, and Heinrich II. Reuss von Plauen , son of Heinrich Ruthenus (the Russian or Reuss ) divided the previously jointly administered area. Heinrich the Böhme had become the founder of the older Plauener Vogtlinie, the later Burggravial line, through his son, and Heinrich Ruthenus through his son Heinrich (II.) Reuss the founder of the younger line, the Reuss von Plauen zu Greiz .

Heinrich Reuss von Plauen , 1467–1470 Grand Master of the Teutonic Order , recaptured Mohrungen in 1461 .

The line of the Bailiffs of Weida died out in 1531, Weida fell to Electoral Saxony ( Ernestiner ). The line of the bailiffs of Gera died out in 1550. The Geraic lordships fell to Burgrave Heinrich IV of Plauen from the older Plauen line. The Reussians originally only owned the Greiz rule and individual pieces of land in what is now the Saxon Vogtland. Only after the judgment of Vienna on September 28, 1560 did they regain their Greiz rule, which had been lost during the Schmalkaldic War . They also received parts of Gera, Schleiz and Lobenstein.

After the burgraves' line of Meißen and Plauen died out in 1572, the Reussians received all the possessions of the burgraves through their co-mortgaging of these lands, although disputes over pledges from the burgraves continued until 1590.

The bailiffs of Weida, Plauen, Gera and Greiz as well as the Reussians

Dominion of the bailiffs of Weida, Gera, Plauen and Greiz around 1350
Heinrich II. The rich
Vogt von Weida
Lord of Weida , Gera , Plauen ,
Greiz and Ronneburg
(† around 1209)
Henry III. the elder
Vogt of Weida and Ronneburg
(† around 1224)
Heinrich IV. The Middle
Vogt of Plauen and Gera
(† 1249/1250)
Heinrich V the Younger
Vogt of Greiz and Reichenbach
(† around 1240)
Bailiffs and Lords of Weida
Lords of Weida and Ronneburg
(† 1531)
Heinrich I the Elder
Vogt of Plauen
Lord of Plauen, Greiz
and Reichenbach
(† around 1303)
Heinrich I the Younger
Vogt of Gera
Lord of Gera, Tanna
and Mühltroff
(† 1269/1274)
Heinrich II the Bohemian
Vogt and Lord of Plauen
(older line)
(† 1302)
Heinrich I der Reuße
Vogt and Lord of Plauen
(younger line)
(† 1295)
Bailiffs and Lords of Gera
Lords of Gera, Schleiz
and Lobenstein
(† 1550)
Bailiffs and Lords of Plauen,
Lords of Plauen and Mühltroff
Lords Reuss von Plauen,
Lords of Greiz and Gera
(division 1564)
Bailiffs and Lords of Plauen
Lords of Mühltroff
(† around 1380)
Burgrave of Meissen,
Lords of Plauen
(† 1572)
Reuss older line
(† 1927)
Reuss middle line
(† 1616)
Reuss younger line
(since 1930 Reuss)

RED: line extinguished / GREEN: blooming line

The name "Reuss"

The Latin name Ruthenus (or German Rusze ) was first used by Heinrich the Younger (documented until November 4, 1292), son of Heinrich I, a Vogts von Plauen (documented from December 16, 1238 to March 7, 1303) as a nickname ( Henrico de Plawe dicto Ruze ). He received this because of a longer stay in eastern areas or because of his marriage to the princess Maria Swihowska , who came from a Ruthenian princely house , the daughter of the Galician prince Swihowsky and a Russian princess.

While the name "Reuss" was still a nickname for Heinrich (I) Ruthenus, his son Heinrich (II) had it as a family name since 1307. The name "Reuss" is only valid for him and his descendants. The bailiffs of Weida and Gera as well as the burgraves of Plauen are relatives from the same male line, but not Reuss , the bailiffs of Plauen are the direct ancestors of the Reuss line.

The divisions of the Russians

In 1564, the Reuss divided their territory as part of an inheritance division into the Reuss older line with the rule Untergreiz, Reuss middle line with the rule Obergreiz and Reuss younger line with the rule Gera. While the middle line died out in 1616 and its territory was divided between the other two lines, the other two lines experienced a number of divisions. Smallest gentlemen emerged, who often did not even have the scope of an office. Around 1700 the high point of the fragmentation was reached with ten Russian lords of the two lines. In 1690, instead of equal succession, the right to inheritance of the firstborn ( primogeniture ) was introduced.

The older line with Reuss-Untergreiz (1564–1768, between 1583 and 1596 divided into Untergreiz I and Untergreiz II) split into Reuss-Obergreiz (since 1625), Reuss-Burgk at Burgk Castle (1596–1640 and 1668–1697) , Reuss- Rothenthal (1668–1698) and Reuss- Dölau (1616–1643 and 1694–1698).

The younger line with Reuss-Gera (1564–1802) split into Reuss-Schleiz (since 1647), Reuss- Saalburg (1647–1666), Reuss-Lobenstein (1647–1824), Reuss- Hirschberg (1678–1711), Reuss-Ebersdorf (1678–1848) and the non-sovereign branch lines Reuss- Selbitz (1718–1824) and Reuss-Köstritz (since 1693).

Henry XI. to Obergreiz united 1768 Reuss older line Obergreiz with Reuss older line Untergreiz to the county Reuss older line and Heinrich LXII. von Reuss-Schleiz merged all branches of the younger line in 1848 to form the Principality of Reuss younger line.

At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the Russians were represented by Georg Walter Vincent von Wiese .

There were separate Protestant regional churches for the older and younger lines until they joined the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia in the Weimar Republic . A verse from the Lobenstein hymnbook has become famous: Give rain, LORD, and sunshine / for Greiz and Schleiz and Lobenstein; / and if the others want something too, / so they like it to yourself.

The Reuss house since 1918

After the fall of the monarchy and the proclamation of the Republic in the November Revolution 1918 Prince declared on November 11, Heinrich XXVII. Reuss younger line , also as the reigning regent of the principality Reuss older line , the renunciation of the throne. Reuss j. L. became a free state , but in 1919 it was united with the Free State of Reuss Ä. L. to form the People's State of Reuss with the capital Gera , which in turn became part of Thuringia in 1920.

With Prince Heinrich XXIV., The older line died out in Greiz in 1927. But also the son of the last Prince Heinrich XXVII. of the younger line, Hereditary Prince Heinrich XLV. , died childless in 1945 at the age of 50. He was abducted by the Soviet military and probably died in special camp No. 2 in Buchenwald .

In December 1919 the people's state of Reuss had a comparison with the last ruling Prince Heinrich XXVII. Reuss closed. Thereafter, the House of Reuss was left with an estimated value of 34 million marks, such as the younger line of Osterstein Castle , the kitchen garden in Gera, Ebersdorf Castle , the coin cabinet and the weapons collection, the castle libraries in Schleiz and Osterstein, rights of use to Schleiz Castle and 5285 hectares of forest . From the Principality of Reuss older line, the former sovereign Heinrich XXIV. Kammergut, forest district and Burgk Castle with an area of ​​1500 hectares as well as rights of use to Greiz Castle. After his death in 1927, his sisters inherited the ownership of the older line.

Heinrich XLV, who perished in 1945 and was the last male descendant of the Younger Line (Reuss-Schleiz-Gera), had already adopted Heinrich I Prince Reuss from the non-ruling branch line Reuss-Köstritz in 1935 . Woizlawa-Feodora Princess Reuss , the widow of Heinrich I, represented by her second youngest son, Heinrich XIII, has been litigating since the beginning of the nineties for the return of property of the Reuss younger line, in particular with the argument that Hereditary Prince Heinrich XLV. (an important promoter of the theater industry, who was also a member of the NSDAP and served in the Wehrmacht until 1944 ), also had a British passport, so could not be expropriated . In 1998 there was a settlement with the city of Gera regarding the return claim on movables (art treasures); many proceedings are still pending with regard to real estate. On the other hand, Woizlawa-Feodora Princess Reuss was successful with her application for the return of Thallwitz Castle , which was awarded to the family in a settlement in 2008. The Waidmannsheil hunting lodge in Saaldorf is also family-owned again.

Reuss-Köstritz is the last living line of the Reuss family, and due to the large number of male descendants, their long-term existence can be regarded as secure. The head of the family of this line (and thus of all living Reussians) is currently (2012) Heinrich XIV. Prince Reuss , who lives with his family at Ernstbrunn Castle , which has been family-owned since 1822, in Lower Austria. He has reached a settlement with the restitution authorities about the return of goods from the Köstritz line , due to the illegal expropriation as an Austrian citizen, on the basis of which an agricultural and forestry operation in Gera-Aga and Bad Lobenstein was transferred back to him.

The name of the Reussians still lives on today in the name Reussische Fürstenstrasse or the oldest Gera grammar school as Rutheneum .

coat of arms

On December 15, 1294, in the field camp at Borna, Count Palatine Rudolf near Rhine and Duke of Bavaria issued the bailiffs Heinrich the Elder and Heinrich the Younger of Plauen, as well as the bailiffs of Weida and Gera, a formal letter of coat of arms, in which he says that the ancestors of the bailiffs Shield and banner from his, the Duke's ancestors. The Palatine lion can be traced back to 1230 and has been crowned since around 1240. The first coat of arms seal of the bailiffs of Weida is from approx. 1240–44, all earlier seals are gems. The award of the coat of arms and banners should therefore fall during this time. The actual origin of the lion is likely to have from the Counts of Everstein, who had the same coat of arms (also the same crest), only in other tinctures (silver-blue): The rule of Plauen belonged to Count Everstein in 1122, Plauen appears for the first time in 1236 Property of the Weida bailiffs. One line was then called Vögte von Plauen, with blues as the Eversteinian fiefdom. It is therefore not excluded that the Everstein coat of arms (the Reussen) received the palatine tinctures, perhaps around 1261, when the bailiffs of Weida, Gera and Plauen had concluded a war alliance with the father of the Count Palatine Rudolf. Only in 1370 did the crest of the Gera line change to the Brackenhaupt, which it possibly owes to the Zollern family, who bought the right to this crest in 1317 (the silver-black tincture would speak for it). Around the middle of the 15th century, the Brackenhaupt was also taken over by the Reuss and Plauen lines. The family coat of arms then showed a red crowned and armored golden lion in black. On the helmet with black and silver covers a bracken trunk split by silver and black . This corresponds to the coat of arms of the bailiffs of Plauen , with whom the later counts and princes of Reuss are one tribe.

Counting the Russians

All male family members of the Reuss family carried and still use the first name Heinrich. This unusual regulation was enshrined in the House Law in 1668, as was the stipulation that in the event of the extinction of one of the two lines, the land should fall to the other. The tradition of the uniform first name had existed since 1200, presumably around the Hohenstaufen emperor Heinrich VI. to honor who had raised Heinrich the Rich von Weida († 1209) to the Quedlinburg monastery bailiff .

Up to the main division

The first Reussians counted logically according to the order of birth within their lines. When a new line was established, the count started again with one. So with the bailiffs of Gera, the bailiffs of Plauen, the burgraves of Meißen and the lords of Reuss. The latter counted on until the division of the three main lines. In order to avoid enormously high ordinal numbers, the older and younger line began with a new way of counting, the middle line still counted logically until it soon died out with Henry XVIII. 1616 further.

Older line

In the beginning, every new generation started with one. This rule was later applied to both of the branches that have now developed. A first series begins with Heinrich I zu Greiz-Burgk (* ​​1632) and ends with Heinrich XVI. to Greiz-Dölau (* 1678); the second series begins with Heinrich I. zu Greiz (* 1693). After the older branch died out in 1768, Heinrich XI. Prince Reuss zu Greiz († 1800) did not start a new series, but continued counting within the line in the order of birth.

Younger line

The sons of Heinrich Posthumus are numbered from I to X., his grandchildren by all three lines in the order of their birth, as well as in the following generations up to Heinrich XXIX. zu Ebersdorf (* 1699). The next generation (with the exception of Heinrich XXX. Zu Gera) begins a new series with Heinrich I. zu Schleiz (* 1695) up to Heinrich XXV. zu Köstritz (* 1800). The new series always begin at the beginning of a new century; the third in the 19th century with Prince Heinrich I. Reuss zu Köstritz (* 1803), the fourth with Prince Heinrich I. Reuss zu Köstritz (* 1910), the fifth with Prince Heinrich I. Reuss (* 2002).

The territories

The following overview contains the territories belonging to individual houses of the Reussians. The colors are based on the first division in 1564. The houses of the older line are in blue, those of the middle line in green and those of the younger line in red.

Lower leg I Lower leg II Rothenthal Upper stimulus Schleiz Dölau Burgk Saalburg Ebersberg
1564 Underbody Upper stimulus   Gera
1583 Lower leg I Lower leg II Upper stimulus   Gera
1590 Lower leg I Lower leg II Upper stimulus managed jointly by all houses Gera
1596 Underbody Upper stimulus (Upper stimulus) Schleiz Burgk 1 Gera
1616 Greiz Gera Dölau Burgk Gera
1625 Underbody Upper stimulus Gera Dölau Burgk Gera
1636 Underbody Upper stimulus Gera Burgk Gera
1640 Underbody Upper stimulus Gera Upper stimulus Underbody Gera
1647 Underbody Upper stimulus Schleiz Upper stimulus Underbody Saalburg Praise stone Gera
1666 Underbody Upper stimulus Schleiz Upper stimulus Underbody Gera Praise stone Gera
1668 Underbody Rothenthal Upper stimulus Schleiz Upper stimulus Burgk Gera Praise stone Gera
1678 Underbody Rothenthal Upper stimulus Schleiz Upper stimulus Burgk Gera Ebersberg
1694 Underbody Rothenthal Upper stimulus Schleiz Dölau Burgk Gera Ebersberg
1697 Underbody Rothenthal Upper stimulus Schleiz Dölau Underbody Gera Ebersberg
1698 Underbody Upper stimulus Schleiz Upper stimulus Underbody Gera Ebersberg
1711 Underbody Upper stimulus Schleiz Upper stimulus Underbody Gera Ebersdorf Praise
1778 Reuss older line Schleiz Reuss older line Gera Ebersdorf Praise
1802 Reuss older line Schleiz Reuss older line Schleiz 2 Ebersdorf Praise
Schleiz 2
1824 Reuss older line Schleiz Reuss older line Schleiz Lobenstein-Ebersdorf Schleiz
1848 Reuss older line Reuss younger line Reuss older line Reuss younger line

1 After it had been decided in 1596 to distribute the newly acquired land, House Untergreiz I took over House Burgk and sold its own area to Untergreiz II.

2 After the Reuss-Gera line became extinct, half of the land went to Reuss-Schleiz and the other half to Reuss-Lobenstein and Reuss-Ebersdorf. Shortly afterwards, almost the entire country was taken over by Reuss-Schleiz.

Explanation of the diagram


The Reussian territories in the 18th century
Green: Reuss older line (Greiz, Burgk)
Red: Reuss-Gera (with Saalburg)
Yellow: Reuss-Schleiz
Brown: Reuss-Lobenstein
The Russian territories 1820 (green: Reuss older line , orange: Reuss younger line ) (Schleiz, Ebersdorf and Lobenstein)
Ebersdorf Castle , former residence of the Counts of Reuss-Ebersdorf
Lobenstein Castle , former residence of the
Reuss-Lobenstein Princes
Reussen coat of arms at the orangery (Gera)

1564: Threefold division of the Reussland:

  • Older line: Untergreiz (divided in 1583 into Untergreiz I and Untergreiz II).
  • Middle line: upper stimulus .
  • Younger line: Gera.

1590: Schleiz acquired from an inheritance from the Reuss family, managed jointly until 1596.

1596: Division of the previously jointly administered Schleiz between the three lines:

Both the older and the younger line now each have two separate areas:

  • Older line: Untergreiz and Burgk,
  • Younger line: Gera and Saalburg.

Because the Schleiz division increased the areas of the three lines, further divisions of the older and middle line took place immediately after the inheritance fell in 1596:

  • Older line: Mr. Untergreiz I becomes Mr. von Burgk and sells Untergreiz I to Untergreiz II, which is thus reunited to Untergreiz. There are now two rulers in the older line: Untergreiz and Burgk.
  • Middle line: division between Obergreiz and Schleiz, bordered on each other. This only affects a division of tax income and not a division under constitutional law.
  • The younger line does not split and there are two separate areas, Gera and Saalburg, as before.

1616: extinction of the middle line. Division of inheritance (Obergreiz and Schleiz):

  • The older Burgk line gets Dölau (part of Obergreiz) and immediately afterwards divides into Burgk and Dölau.
  • Older line Untergreiz gets Obergreiz and is called Greiz.
  • Schleiz gets younger line Gera. As before, there are still two separate areas (Gera and Saalburg / Schleiz).

Reuss older line since 1616

1616: There are three dominions in the older line: Greiz, Dölau and Burgk.

1625: Division of Greiz into Untergreiz and Obergreiz.

1636: After extinction, Dölau falls back to Burgk in 1636.

1640: After Burgk died out in 1640, Burgk was divided between Untergreiz and Obergreiz. The upper and lower brace are now two separate areas each (i.e. four areas together).

1668: Triple division of the lower leg:

  • Underbody.
  • Burgk (after becoming extinct in 1697, Burgk falls back to Untergreiz; better said partly to Untergreiz and partly to Rothenthal, but that is not dealt with in the figure, this situation only lasted a year). Burgk was geographically separated from Untergreiz / Rothenthal.
  • Rothenthal (after extinction, Rothenthal falls back to Untergreiz in 1698). Untergreiz and Rothenthal bordered one another.

In 1698 Untergreiz reunited: now two geographically separate areas (Untergreiz / Rothenthal and Burgk).

1694 division of upper stimulus:

  • Upper stimulus.
  • Dölau. After the Dölau line died out, it fell back to Obergreiz in 1698. These areas bordered one another.

Unification of Obergreiz and Untergreiz to Reuss older line: After the line from Untergreiz died out, it fell back to Obergreiz in 1778. All areas of the older line are now united and Obergreiz has been called Reuss older line ever since. Until 1918 the principality was divided into two separate areas (Greiz and Burgk).

Reuss younger line (Gera) since 1616

1616: There is a rule of Gera, but in two spatially separated areas (around Gera and around Saalburg / Schleiz).

1647: Quadruple division Gera:

  • Schleiz.
  • Saalburg.
  • Praise stone.
  • Gera.

1666: Saalburg is dissolved and distributed to the three other lines (Saalburg zu Gera, Tanna zu Schleiz).

1678: Triple division of the Lobenstein line:

  • Ebersdorf.
  • Hirschberg: 1711 after extinction, division between Ebersdorf and Lobenstein.
  • Praise stone.

1802 Extinction of the Gera (and Saalburg) line. Joint administration of Geras von Schleiz, Ebersdorf and Lobenstein.

1824 After the line of Lobenstein died out, Lobenstein fell to Ebersdorf, this state has been called Lobenstein-Ebersdorf ever since.

1848 Abdication of the Prince of Lobenstein-Ebersdorf in favor of the Schleiz line. All areas of the younger line were now united under Schleiz, which since then has been called the Reuss younger line. Until 1918 the state was divided into two separate areas (1st Gera and 2nd Schleiz, Saalburg, Lobenstein, Ebersdorf, Hirschberg).

Known family members

Historical maps

  • Georg F. Lotter: Historical map of the Vogtland 1757 , The Vogtland. Reuss-Plauischen-Herrschaften, Rockstuhl Publishing House, Bad Langensalza, Reprint 1757/1998, ISBN 3-932554-09-4
  • Eduard Brossmann: Map of the Oberlande der Fürstentumer Reuss 1901 , Verlag Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza, Reprint 2002, ISBN 3-936030-50-2

Former castles and palaces of all lines

See also


  • Hagen Enke: ... umpteen times Heinrich: The Russians. In: Newly discovered: Thuringia - Land of Residences [1485–1918]. Catalog for the 2nd Thuringian State Exhibition at Sondershausen Castle, May 15 - October 3, 2004. Ed. By Konrad Scheurmann and Jördis Frank, Catalog 1, pp. 64–73.
  • Hagen Enke: Desiderata Ruthenea. Thoughts and considerations regarding future research on Vogtland-Russian history . In: Yearbook of the Reichenfels-Hohenleuben Museum. Issue 44 (also the 158th annual report of the Vogtland Altertumsforschenden Verein zu Hohenleuben eV). Hohenleuben 1999, pp. 17-79.
  • Hagen Enke: The relationship between central and territorial violence using the example of Vogtland-Russian history - an aspect of German constitutional history . In: Yearbook of the Reichenfels-Hohenleuben Museum. Issue 43 (at the same time the 157th annual report of the Vogtland Antiquities Research Association in Hohenleuben e.V.). Hohenleuben 1998, pp. 45-52.
  • Thomas Gehrlein: The Reuss House. Parts I – IV. Börde-Verlag, Werl 2015, ISBN 978-3-9815864-6-6 or ISBN 978-3-9815864-7-3 .
  • Werner Greiling , Hagen Rüster (ed.): Reuss older line in the 19th century. The stubborn principality? Verlag Vopelius, Jena 2013, ISBN 978-3-939718-55-0 .
  • Sylvia E. Kleeberg-Hörnlein: State - Church - Elementary School in Reussia . 2 volumes, Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2016, ISBN 978-3-374-04181-7 or ISBN 978-3-374-04182-4 .
  • Gerhard Köbler : Reuss (counts, principality, rule) pages 519 and 520; Reuss-Haberkorn (Imperial Knight), Reuss-Gera (rule, count, principality), Reuss-Greiz (count, principality, rule) and Reuss-Schleiz (rule, principality) page 520 and 521, in: Historisches Lexikon der deutschen Länder. The German territories and imperial immediate families from the Middle Ages to the present. 6th, completely revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-406-44333-8 .
  • Friedrich Majer : Chronicle of the Princely House of the Reussen von Plauen. Weimar and Leipzig 1811 ( e-copy ).
  • Werner Querfeld: Greiz history of a city. Greiz 1995.
  • Johannes Richter: On the genealogy and history of the Burgraves of Meißen and Counts of Hartenstein from the older Plauen house. In Sächsische Heimatblätter 5/1992.
  • Maria Emanuel Duke of Saxony : Patronage in Saxony. Verlag Weidlich, Frankfurt am Main 1968 (mentions and mentions of the princes and the Reuss family, pp. 20, 33, 41, 44).
  • Berthold Schmidt : Burgrave Heinrich IV of Meißen, Colonel Chancellor of the Crown of Bohemia and his government in the Vogtland. Gera 1888.
  • Berthold Schmidt: The Reuss, genealogy of the entire Reuss house older and younger line, as well as the extinct Vogtslinien to Weida, Gera and Plauen and the burgraves of Meißen from the House of Plauen. Schleiz 1903. Digitized
  • Berthold Schmidt: History of the Reussland. 1st and 2nd half volume. Gera 1923 and 1927.
  • Sigismund Stucke: The Reussians and their country. The story of a south German dynasty. St. Michael 1984, ISBN 3-7053-1954-X .
  • Constantin von Wurzbach : Reuss, the princely house, genealogy . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 25th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1873, pp. 360–363 ( digitized version ).

Web links

Commons : Reuss  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Walter Ludwig: On the name Vogtland. from "Plauener Kulturspiegel" 1960/61 or "Heimatbote des Kreis Greiz" 1962, issues 4, 5 and 6.
  2. Fürstenhaus Reuss receives the Thallwitz Castle back , article in Die Welt from July 25, 2008, accessed on September 10, 2011
  3. Georg Clam Martinic: Castles & Palaces in Austria. ISBN 3-85001-679-1
  4. The House of Reuss Older and Younger Line , accessed on October 28, 2010.
  5. ^ Hugo Gerard Ströhl , Deutsche Wappenrolle, published by Julius Hoffmann, Stuttgart 1897, p. 9
  6. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  7. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  8. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  9. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  10. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  11. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  12. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  13. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.
  14. ^ Walter Schlesinger , edited by Thomas Lang: Contributions to the history of the city of Glauchau. Edited by Enno Bünz. Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2010, p. 45.