district of Bielefeld
|Residents||40,753 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1068 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation||Jan. 1, 1973|
|District Head||Regina Kopp-Herr ( SPD )|
|Allocation of seats (district representation)|
Brackwede ( Westphalian Quirkendorp [ ˈkʰviɐkn̩ˌduɐp ]) is the name of a district of the independent city of Bielefeld in North Rhine-Westphalia and the name of the largest district in this district. The Brackwede district is located in the southwest of Bielefeld and emerged from Brackwede, an independent town until 1972. The city district had 40,753 inhabitants in 2019
Pronunciation and spelling of the name
The original pronunciation is [ˈbraːkˌvedə] , with a long a (read: Braakwede). The c is an expansion sign , which means that the preceding a is pronounced long. In the meantime, the written German pronunciation with a short a is already very common; at the same time, the emphasis is usually shifted to the second syllable, that is, [ˌbrakˈveːdə] . The correct pronunciation therefore partly serves as a shibboleth for Bielefeld people.
Like the other two southern districts of Bielefeld, Senne and Sennestadt , Brackwede is also directly south of the main ridge of the Teutoburg Forest . Various streams, the most important of which is the Lutter, drain the area following the natural gradient to the southwest towards the Ems .
The north-south extension of the city district is about seven, the west-east extension about ten kilometers with an area of 38.16 square kilometers. Brackwede is thus the largest urban district in the city of Bielefeld in terms of area. The highest point of both the city district and the district Brackwede ison the Käseberg in the area of the main ridge of the Teutoburg Forest.
In the north and northeast, the Brackwede district borders on the districts of Dornberg and Gadderbaum , and in the east and southeast on Senne . The Gütersloh districts of Avenwedde and Isselhorst border in the south and southwest, and the municipality of Steinhagen in the west . The Brackwede district is surrounded by Gadderbaum, Senne, Ummeln and Quelle.
Structure of the city district
The districts of Brackwede, Ummeln , Holtkamp and Quelle , which are only informally delimited, belong to the Brackwede district . Internally, the Brackwede district is divided into statistical districts 29 to 35 (Brackwede district), 36 (Ummeln and Holtkamp districts) and 37 and 38 (Quelle district).
From village to city
Brackwede was first mentioned in a document in 1151. In 1216 the landmark of the district, the Bartholomäuskirche, was mentioned for the first time. It was almost completely destroyed by fire on February 21, 1990, but has since been rebuilt. Around 1800 the place was still a purely rural settlement, the buildings of which were almost all grouped around the Bartholomäuskirche. The Brock (also Brook ) farmers have always been closely connected to the village of Brackwede, and their farms occupied the southwestern part of what is now the district. Brackwede was in the county of Ravensberg the main town of the Vogtei Brackwede belonging to the Sparrenberg office and a municipality in the canton of Brackwede of the same name in the Kingdom of Westphalia . After the end of the Napoleonic French era , Prussia took possession of the county of Ravensberg and with it Brackwede again. With the introduction of the Westphalian rural community order , the Brackwede office in the Bielefeld district was finally formed in December 1843 .
After the first commercial bleaching was established on the Lutter in 1849, other industrial companies settled there, including a spinning mill, a glassworks and machine works. In the period that followed, numerous other companies were founded, which made Brackwede an important location for industry and craft. Associated with industrialization was strong population growth.
The municipality of Brackwede received town charter on July 5, 1956 and left the Brackwede office in 1959. On January 1, 1970, the municipalities Ummeln, Quelle and Holtkamp and part of the municipality of Isselhorst were incorporated into the town of Brackwede through the law on the reorganization of the Wiedenbrück district and parts of the Bielefeld district.
The Brackwede district
As part of the municipal reorganization of the Bielefeld area , the city of Brackwede was incorporated into Bielefeld on January 1, 1973. In the enlarged city of Bielefeld, the Brackwede district was established, consisting of
- the area of the city of Brackwede without the industrial and residential area protruding into the Gadderbaumer Tal (Spinnerei Vorwärts, Astawerke, Astastraße) and without the Brackweder part of the Sennefriedhof
- the Rosenhöhe, which until then belonged to Senne I , with the then district hospital and the then district vocational school
- a smaller part of Steinhagen in the Holtkamp area.
- Brackwede district
- Brackwede district
The population of the former municipality and the current district of Brackwede from 1812 to 2015 developed as follows:
There are three Evangelical Lutheran parishes in the city district, all of which belong to the Gütersloh parish . These are the Bartholomäus parish in Brackwede, whose church is Brackwede's landmark, the Ummeln and the Johannes parish Quelle-Brock.
In addition, there are the two Catholic parishes Herz Jesu Brackwede (1891 Filialgemeinde, 1920 parish) and Sankt Michael Ummeln (1955 parish vicarie me V.), both of which belong to the Bielefeld-Lippe deanery of the Archdiocese of Paderborn . Together with the parishes from the districts of Senne and Sennestadt, they have formed the Catholic parish of St. Elisabeth Bielefeld since January 1, 2014 , after they were previously organized as a pastoral association.
There are two congregations for members of the New Apostolic Church in the city district, one of which is in Ummeln. The church of the community in Quelle is directly beyond the city limits on Steinhagener municipality area.
There are three mosques in Brackwede for Muslim believers. The Vatan Mosque and the Hicret Mosque are located on Windelsbleicher Straße. Another mosque can be found on Gaswerkstrasse.
Brackwede's Bartholomew Church was the center of the Brackwede parish for centuries . This included the places and peasant communities Brackwede, Brock, Senne, Quelle, Sandhagen and Ummeln. The church book was created in 1712/13 by Pastor Franz Clamor Redeker. The first entries are:
- Baptismal register of December 4, 1712: A "Peter Henrich", who hated at the Olderdissen farm, had his son named "Joh. Henrich "baptize.
- Marriage register of January 11, 1713: "Herman Henke with KranßJohans widow"
- Death register from January 2, 1713: “Frantz Meyer at Hinnenthales Hofe. his daughter ”, the age of the daughter is not given.
Holtkamp has always belonged to the parish of Isselhorst.
Since the 2014 local elections, the Brackwede district council has the following composition
|Party / community of voters||Seats||Representative|
Jesco von Kuczkowski
|Independent citizens' forum||2||Harald Brauer
|The left||1||Brigitte Varchmin|
In the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s Brackwede was a stronghold of the SPD due to the high proportion of workers due to the many industrial companies, which in some cases was able to unite over 60% of the votes in local elections. Due to changed structures, the CDU was able to provide the district chairman in a civic coalition for the first time in 1989 and then until 2009. In 1999, 2004 and 2009 the CDU became the strongest party in Brackwede. In 2014, the SPD won 7 to 5 more seats than the CDU, while the FDP missed out on the district council.
District mayor is Regina Kopp-Herr (SPD). Your deputy is Franz-Peter Diekmann (CDU).
The members of the Bielefeld City Council from the Brackwede district are Carsten Krumhöfner, Detlef Helling and Vincenzo Copertino for the CDU and Peter Bauer, Ulrich Gödde and Marcus Lufen for the SPD.
There has been a town twinning between Brackwede and the Northern Irish town of Enniskillen since 1958, under which an annual student exchange takes place between the Brackweder Gymnasium and the schools from Enniskillen. According to Wikipedia Enniskillen, the partnership with Brackwede "formally ended" in June 2018.
Culture and sights
The landmark Brackwedes is the Evangelical Lutheran Bartholomew's Church. It was built in 1892 as a cross-shaped hall church in neo-Gothic forms. The basement of the tower probably dates back to the 16th century. The building burned down completely in 1990. Then it was rebuilt in its old form.
Half-timbered house Baumhöfener
The half-timbered house at Hauptstrasse 27, which was plastered for a long time , is the former main house of the former Baumhöfener farm. The remaining buildings were demolished after abandoning their agricultural use. The farm name Baumhüter (Boimhoder - Bömschlüter - Baumhüter - Baumhöffener) is mentioned in the Ravensberger Urbar as early as 1556 . Parts of the inner framework are said to date from this time; this would make the house one of the oldest secular buildings still preserved in Brackwede and the surrounding area. In 1811/12, however, the outer walls were replaced by truss parts transferred from the Senne. The hall beam, designated in 1812, bears the following inscription:JOHANN HEINRICH BAUMHÖFENER MARGARETHE LOU WATERBÖER BUILT THESE TWO PEOPLE IN GOD'S NAME AND HAVE THESE ERECTED ANNO . MBHR. CH STRUNCK.Parts of the wall-mounted fittings came from the time after the renovation. The Westphalian Office for the Preservation of Monuments in Münster detailed the monument value of the building in 2005. However, the lower monument authority of the city of Bielefeld could not agree with this view and waived a protection status. In 2008 the building was extensively refurbished and converted into a restaurant, with the original substance being largely destroyed and the half-timbering freely added.
The Büscher house in Vogelruth 14 is one of the few older residential buildings that have been preserved during the town center redevelopment carried out in the late 1960s by 1821.
The "slate house" in the Kupferhammerpark, ancestral home of the Möller family of manufacturers, was built in 1772. It presents itself as a two-storey, slated half-timbered building based on the Bergisch model with a mansard roof and turrets . The entrance side is adorned with a pretty rococo portal .
The Brackweder Stadtpark is located in the middle of the city district between the city ring and Berliner Straße. In addition to a rose garden, green and flower beds, it includes a playground redesigned in 2015 by those involved in the International Youth Community Service and a roller skating rink.
The Kupferhammerpark is located near the Möller works. The Lutter flows through it, which is dammed into three ponds here. The ponds are surrounded by an old beech forest, which is mainly composed of the common beech (Fagus sylvatica) . The trees reach heights of up to 20 meters. There are also individual oaks and birches interspersed. The undergrowth is mainly formed from numerous holly trees . The near-natural forest was converted into a landscape park by the Hamburg gardener Rudolph Jürgens towards the end of the 19th century and enriched with non-indigenous tree and shrub species. The area had been designated as a nature reserve for many years since 1948 . However, the protection ordinance was later deleted. The park is privately owned and is not open to the public.
Brackwede is home to the Bielefeld - Frank Becker Foundation media archive , which has around 100,000 rolls of film material from the last 100 years of film history, as well as thousands of radio broadcast tapes. The Brackweder Funkjournal is produced monthly in the "Studio am Mauseteich" for broadcast on Radio Bielefeld. A branch of the Bielefeld City Library is located at Germanenstrasse 17.
The range of sports facilities includes the indoor swimming pool called AquaWede, the directly adjacent Oetker ice rink , which is open from October to March, as well as the Böllhoff stadium and the forest stadium in the Quelle district.
The largest sports club is the Brackwede Sports Association (SVB). Sports-wise successful departments of the SVB include the youth handball team and the badminton team, both of which play at NRW level. The basketball department and the trampoline department are also important nationwide. The TC Brackwede tennis club is located near the Oetker ice rink.
The German cruiserweight boxing world champion, Marco Huck , grew up in Brackwede for a while and attended market school.
The Brackweder Pig Market takes place once a year on the last weekend in August, the Brackweder Glückstaler Days on the second weekend in October. Since September 1998 the “Melodie” film theater in Kölner Straße 40 has been showing current films on Fridays. Brackwede's oldest association, the MGV Teutoburger Liederkranz from 1861, has been organizing its "Music for Christmas" since 1975 on the fourth Advent in St. Bartholomew's Church. The Sparkasse Grand Prix , a cycling race, takes place in Brackwede in spring .
Infrastructure and economy
Various railway lines and roads converge in Brackwede to cross the Teutoburg Forest northwards over the Bielefelder Pass towards the city center of Bielefeld. The L 756 coming from Osnabrück meets the B 61 ( Hamm - Minden ) here. In Brackwede, the B 61 is partially developed as an Ostwestfalendamm motorway-like. The Ostwestfalendamm is at the junction Bielefeld center without crossing with the A33 linked to the junction Bielefeld on the A 2 direction and further Paderborn leads.
- the Hamm – Bielefeld – Minden line (the historic Cologne-Minden Railway , KBS 400 )
- the Bielefeld – Osnabrück ( KBS 402 ) and
- the Bielefeld – Paderborn railway line ( KBS 403 ).
The station is from
- the regional train RB 69 " Ems-Börde-Bahn " Bielefeld – Hamm– Münster
- the RB 67 " Der Warendorfer " Münster - Warendorf - Bielefeld with a connection to the RB 71 to Herford - Rahden
- the RB 75 “ Haller Willem ” Bielefeld – Osnabrück and
- the RB 74 " Senne-Bahn " serves Bielefeld – Paderborn.
Brackwede is crossed by Line 1 of the Bielefeld Stadtbahn (Senne – Brackwede– Jahnplatz - Schildesche ). The city district is also served by several bus routes to Sieker, Ummeln, Quelle, Gadderbaum and Senne. Regional buses go to Gütersloh , Steinhagen , Verl and Schloß Holte-Stukenbrock , among others . The regional “six tariff” of OWL Verkehr GmbH and the NRW tariff apply to all local public transport .
Bielefeld's long-distance bus station is also located at Brackwede train station.
See also: Local transport in Bielefeld
The importance of Brackwede as a commercial location can be seen in the large number of companies located in the district. In the metalworking industry, for example, the companies Böllhoff , Salzgitter Mannesmann Präzisrohr , MöllerGroup, Gestamp Umformtechnik , Welland & Tuxhorn, Goldbeck Stahlbau, the Baumgarte iron foundry, Pallatzky (metal recycling), in the Quelle district DMW Schwarze (fire doors) and in Ummeln die Umeta company (grease nipples and grease guns). MM Graphia is active in the printing industry. The beverage manufacturer Christinen Brunnen is based in the Ummeln district. Treble-Light in the district of Quelle produces high-performance lamps, especially diving lamps . The Swedish furniture store IKEA operates a branch on Brackweder Südring.
The largest concentration of public facilities is on the Rosenhöhe. In addition to the educational institutions described below, the Rosenhöhe Clinic of the Bielefeld City Clinics should be mentioned here with a medical, surgical, anesthesiological, X-ray and skin clinic, an eye department and a clinic for geriatrics.
In the Ummeln district there is the Ummeln Evangelical Foundation and the Bielefeld-Brackwede prison as well as the Ummeln prison of the Bielefeld-Senne prison . The Brackweder Gymnasium has an observatory.
The Rudolf Rempel Vocational College for commercial professions, the Senne Vocational College and the Rosenhöhe Municipal Comprehensive School are located on the Rosenhöhe. A second comprehensive school, the Brackwede Municipal Comprehensive School, is located in the Quelle district.
The Brackweder High School and the Brackweder Realschule belong to the Brackweder School Center. The grammar school is one of ten schools in North Rhine-Westphalia that take part in the “Sports-oriented school” cooperation project and has a special sports class per year in which the young people receive an extended sports program. As a secondary school, the Marktschule am Stadtring rounds off the educational offerings of lower secondary level I. Six primary schools cover the primary level.
There is also the Greek Lyceum, a privately owned supplementary school, and three special schools at Lönkert, Möllerstift and Kupferhammer.
Sons and daughters (selection)
- Theodor von Möller (1840 at Gut Kupferhammer; 1925), politician, entrepreneur and Prussian trade minister
- Ernst Lohöfener (1874–1964), photographer
- Werner Gößling (1898–1992), conductor, choir director, composer and university teacher
- Heinz Schmitt (1920–1980), last mayor (1969–1972) and first district chairman (1973–1979) of Brackwede, member of the 1st European Parliament
- Hans Becker (Ed.): Brackwede as it was - as it is . Leopoldshöhe 1991
- Karl Beckmann and Rolf Künnemeyer: That was Brackwede, Volume 1. Bochum 1985
- Karl Beckmann and Rolf Künnemeyer: Brackwede 1151–2001 - Stations in an 850-year history . Bielefeld 2001
- Georg Tegtmeier: Brackwede - city in transition . Berlin 1969
- Brackwede city district on the city of Bielefeld's website
- Private information page about the municipality
- Brackwede in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
References and comments
- Statistics of the city of Bielefeld (as of 2019)
- Erwin Möller : Sägg et up Platt. Low German dictionary in the Ravensberg dialect . Revised and supplemented by Egon Brandmeier, Heinrich Bringewatt, Gerhard Heining, Magdalena Obrock and Wilhelm Schürmann. Ed .: Kreisheimatverein Herford eV 3rd edition. Publishing house for regional history, Bielefeld 2013, ISBN 978-3-89534-830-3 .
- data from the city of Bielefeld
- Karl Triebold: 800 years Brackwede . Festschrift. Ed .: Municipal administration Brackwede. 1951, p. 76 .
- Ordinance No. 101. (Digitalisat) In: Official Journal of the Minden Government 1844. February 1, 1844, p. 45 , accessed on April 22, 2010 .
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 220 .
- Sabine Mecking: The municipal reorganization in NRW using the example of the city and district of Bielefeld. (PDF; 9.4 MB) Archive for Social History Vol. 46, 2006, p. 415 , accessed on May 22, 2010 .
- Law on the restructuring of the Wiedenbrück district and parts of the Bielefeld district. In : recht.nrw.de. December 4, 1969, accessed on May 1, 2010 (§2, §10).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 320 .
- Details of the city of Bielefeld, see older Lemma versions
- Current population. (No longer available online.) City of Bielefeld, archived from the original on July 22, 2015 ; Retrieved July 20, 2015 .
- Information about the city of Bielefeld
- Information about the city of Bielefeld
- Westphalia under Hieronymus Napoleon. (Digitalisat) 1812, p. 47 , accessed on April 20, 2010 .
- Seemann: Geographical-statistical-topographical overview of the administrative district of Minden. (PDF; 802 kB) 1843, pp. 52-57 , accessed on April 23, 2010 .
- Topographical-statistical manual of the government district of Minden. (Digitized version) 1866, p. 8 , accessed on April 22, 2010 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. bielefeld.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Uli Schubert: German community register 1910. Accessed on May 22, 2009 .
- 1946 census
- Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 169 .
- Bielefeld district (ed.): 150 years Bielefeld district . 1966, p. 60 .
- Socialreport 2008. (PDF; 9.5 MB) City of Bielefeld, December 31, 2008, p. 185 , accessed on May 25, 2010 : "Population of the statistical districts"
- Demographic report of the city of Bielefeld as of 2015
- Main page> Menu> Municipalities. kirchegt.de, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
- parish news the parish of St. Elizabeth in January 2014 ( Memento of 24 December 2015, Internet Archive )
- New Apostolic Church, Bielefeld district, parishes. nak-bielefeld.de, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
- Mosques in Bielefeld, mosque search. moscheesuche.de, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
- The beams of the main building from Hof Grundherm in Grundheide were apparently used for this. After auctioning the property, the building was sold to Colon Johann Friedrich Baumhöfener, who had it demolished and moved to Brackwede. See: Horst Wasgindt and Hans Schumacher: Bielefeld-Senne, Volume 1 , Bielefeld 1989, page 239.
- The gate beam also comes from the Grundherm farm. In the course of its reinstallation, the name and the original construction date were removed and given the data of the new owner. See Wasgindt and Schumacher, ibid
- Bielefeld parks - information from the city administration. Retrieved October 11, 2015 .
- Newly designed playground in Brackwede City Park. Neue Westfälische, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on October 11, 2015 .
- Association Westphalia-Lippe: Kupferhammerpark in LWL-GeodatenKultur
- Query of the course book route 400 at Deutsche Bahn.
- Query of course book route 402 at Deutsche Bahn.
- Query of the course book route 403 at Deutsche Bahn.