Burkinabe national soccer team
|Nickname (s)||Les Étalons (The Stallions)|
|Association||Fédération Burkinabè de Football (FBF)|
|Head coach||Kamou Malo (since 2019)|
|Record scorer||Moumouni Dagano (34)|
|Record player||Charles Kaboré (98)|
|Home stadium||Stade du 4-Août|
|FIFA rank||59th (1381 points)
(as of July 16, 2020)
First international match Upper Volta 5-4 Gabon ( Antananarivo , Madagascar ; April 13, 1960 )
Biggest win Burkina Faso 5-1 Swaziland ( Nelspruit , South Africa ; January 10, 2015 )
Biggest defeat Upper Volta 0: 7 Algeria ( Algeria ; August 30, 1981 )
|Successes in tournaments|
|Participation in the finals||11 ( first : 1978 )|
|Best results||2nd place 2013|
|(As of November 17, 2019)|
The team has not yet managed to qualify for a soccer world championship . The team was able to qualify for the Africa Cup . The team was ranked 52nd in the FIFA World Ranking (July 2018). The greatest success of the team, which has existed since the independence of the former French colony in 1960, was for a long time reaching fourth place at the 1998 African Cup in their own country, until the 2013 African Cup in South Africa made it to the final, where the Nigerian national team won 1-0 .
A selection from Upper Volta was made before France gained independence in August 1960 . For the year 1959, first Roubilat, later Bernier, is the name of sélectionneurs . The team is said to have started a game against Niger in April 1959 , which is said to have been lost under dubious circumstances.
In April 1960, the Jeux de la Communauté were held in Antananarivo ( Madagascar ) , in which competitions in various sports were held between athletes from metropolitan France, the overseas territories and members of the French Community . On April 13, the Upper Voltaic team came to a 5-4 victory against Gabon , which was followed by a 6-1 defeat against hosts Madagascar in the quarter-finals . In the squad following 15 players had six different clubs: Ahmadou Bamba , Seydou Bamba , Kalifa Diabaté , Zingoudi Kaboré , Henri Koblavi , Robert Koblavi , Sotigui Kouyaté , Baba Maiga , Bernard Ouédraogo , Emmanuel Ouedraogo , Kabirou Sall , Cazimir Siba , Idrissa Sidibé , Fousséni Traoré and Lamine Traoré . In December 1961, Upper Volta took part in the Jeux de l'Amitié 1961 in Abidjan ( Ivory Coast ), the follow-up competition for the now independent states, including those that did not belong to the French colonial empire. A 5-1 win against Liberia was offset by a 1-1 draw against the Central African Republic and a 2-1 defeat against hosts Ivory Coast . Also at the Jeux de l'Amitié 1963 in Dakar ( Senegal ) two years later Upper Volta took part again with a soccer selection. The 4-0 defeat against Gabon was followed by two more games, with opponents and results being unclear. The players from 1960 have now been joined by some young talents such as Sibiri Ango Traoré , François Tapsoba and Dakarois .
After the national football association had become a member of the world association FIFA and the continental federation CAF in 1964 , Upper Volta took part in the qualification for the Pan-African Games in 1965 , but failed in its group as third among five teams. In 1967 the national team first took part in the qualifying games for the African Championship , but had to admit defeat to Algeria and Mali . In 1966, after Moussa Namoko , Issaka Tanli , Martin Kaboré and Mamadou Ouattara , the Frenchman Guy Fabre, a foreign professional trainer was hired for the first time. Under Fabre, the talent search was expanded to the whole country after the national players had previously only been recruited from the two large cities of Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso . For training camps abroad financial efforts have been made, so there was a match in Marseille against Olympique Marseille .
Overall, the performance of the national team fluctuated in the early years because there was a lack of will to structurally improve football in the country. Participation, that is, holding friendly matches under the Upper Voltaic flag, was enough for those responsible. Especially in the early years of the reign of President Sangoulé Lamizana (in office from 1966 to 1980), football was rated as subordinate.
In the 1970s, the rise in private entrepreneurship in the country led to increased involvement in football, and politics also set an example with the establishment of a sports ministry in 1971.
In the qualifying games for the Pan-African Games in 1973 in Lagos ( Nigeria ), the team prevailed against Niger and Dahome . In the qualitatively balanced group, which comprised three teams after Togo's withdrawal , Upper Volta achieved first place with three wins in four games. The basis of the success of the team playing in the 4-3-3 system was the strong defense around Boukary Ouédraogo (called Panier ), while the relatively small height of the goalkeeper Sidiki Diarra and the strikers with their hasty, clumsy play and exaggerated individualism were weak points. At the tournament, Obervolta under coach Bernard Bayala lost all three games against Congo , Guinea and Egypt , but according to observers it was one of the big revelations of the tournament. The favored Guinea, the later finalists, to Chérif Souleymane they shook with a lively game, but could not prevent the defeat. Against Egypt, the team quickly took the lead with two goals, but lost 2: 4.
The AM qualification for 1974 ended with a 0: 5 and a 1: 4 defeat against the superior Zaire . In 1976 Upper Volta took part in a World Cup qualification for the first time , but failed in the Ivory Coast. During the engagement of the German Otto Pfister , Obervolta was able to take part in an African Championship for the first time in 1978 as a successor for Ivory Coast and, despite three defeats (against Ghana , Nigeria and Zambia ) in the preliminary round, attracted international attention. Pfister, who came to his post as part of the German-Upper Voltaic collaboration, also acted as the association's technical advisor. In connection with its work, the Ministry of Sport formulated an action plan for the national team. At this point the national team benefited from the quality and team spirit of the successful Kadiogo Club Ouagadougou team , which was also coached by Pfister.
Other important players of the 1960s and 1970s were André 39 , Cyrille Bandaogo , Abdoulaye Compaoré , Harouna Diakité , Boubacar Fofana , Guiré , Hubert Hien , Joseph Kaboré (called Sap Olympique ), Jérémie Koblavi , Mamadou Koïta (called Sorcier ), Justin Mevi , Thomas Nignan , Pascal Ouédraogo (called Docteur Ballon ), Drissa Traoré (called Dri Ballon ), Nouhoun Traoré , Soumaïla Traoré (called Assurance ), Jacques Yaméogo and Paul Yaméogo .
In 1981, Upper Volta suffered the highest defeat to date with a 7-0 defeat in Algeria on the occasion of qualifying for the 1982 African Championship . The revolution of Thomas Sankara in 1983 changed the situation of football in the country. There was now a clear political will to promote sport, which was to culminate under Blaise Compaoré since his rule in 1987 over the country now called Burkina Faso. Under his influence a real awareness of the national team developed. Fixed game dates provided the framework for the further development of this awareness. Priority in the 1980s was participation in the West African Championships ( CSSA Nations Cup ) in 1982 (in Benin ), 1984 (in their own country), 1986 (in Ghana ) and 1987 (in Liberia ). 1982 succeeded in reaching third place in the penalty shootout against the Ivory Coast. In November 1984 the team presented itself for the first time after the Thomas Sankaras revolution, now as Burkina Faso , at an international competition. National coaches during the 1980s were Daniel Coulibaly , Soumaïla Diallo and Pihouri Webonga .
At the end of the decade, Burkina Faso was looked after by the German Heinz-Peter Überjahn . It was not until 1988 that the selection took part again in a World Cup qualification , but failed in Libya . Participation in the AM qualification for 1990 was quickly over with the elimination against Gabon.
In the early 1990s there were brief guest appearances by the Brazilian Carlos Barrios and the Algerian Amokrane Oualiken . In the AM qualification for 1992 , Burkina Faso only narrowly failed, but then withdrew after initial reports from the qualifying games for the 1994 World Cup and after two matches in the AM qualification in 1994 . A turning point came in 1992 when the former national player Idrissa Traoré (known as Saboteur ) was signed. Traoré rejuvenated the team and received broad support, including from President Blaise Compaoré, and benefited from the impetus that came from numerous players in the early 1990s to develop football in the country. At this point in time it was possible to speak of a real national team for the first time, as the work of the team, which now received regular support by providing the necessary funds, was for the first time oriented towards the long term. In 1996 , the country was able to qualify for the African Championship on its own for the first time, a goal that was particularly important to those responsible in order to legitimize the organization of the following tournament in their own country. Despite a good qualification, the tournament turned out to be a big disappointment. While the team from Morocco was thrown out of the competition in the qualification, three defeats followed in South Africa , two 1: 2 defeats against Sierra Leone and Algeria and a clear 1: 5 against Zambia. Traoré was subsequently replaced by his assistant Calixte Zagré . When Burkina Faso lost six games in a row in qualifying for the 1998 World Cup , the Bulgarian Iwan Wutow , who had become national coach in November 1996, and the Ghanaian Malik Jabir were sacked one after the other .
In order to make the 1998 tournament a sporting success in his own country , the Frenchman Philippe Troussier was given all possible support. Training camps abroad and test matches were organized and the coaching staff expanded. After an opening defeat against Cameroon , two wins against Algeria and Guinea made it into the quarter-finals against Tunisia , which could be defeated on penalties. The Étalons benefited from the support of the euphoric home audience. In the semifinals, the team was eliminated 2-0 against Egypt; in the end, they finished fourth after a dramatic defeat by the Democratic Republic of the Congo on penalties. After the departure of Troussiers, the Frenchman Didier Notheaux led the Étalons through qualifying for 2000, but was dismissed from the association anyway.
The success of 1998 could not be repeated in the following years. 2000 (under coach René Taelman ), 2002 (under Jacques Yaméogo), 2004 (under Jean-Paul Rabier ) came out in the preliminary round with only one point won. In 2000 in Ghana and Nigeria, the Belgian Taelman, who had recently been engaged, failed in the preliminary round with eight goals conceded in three games. Shortly before the 2002 tournament in Mali , the Argentinian Oscar Fulloné was replaced by the local coaching team Jacques Yaméogo and Pihouri Webonga. A draw against World Cup participants South Africa was followed by defeats against Morocco and Ghana. At the 2004 tournament in Tunisia , the first game was a draw against Senegal , the 2002 World Cup quarter-finalists, but this was followed by a 1: 3 against Mali and a 0: 3 against Kenya . Although there was a chance of reaching the quarter-finals with a win, the coach saw the tournament as over before then. He had previously announced the end of his engagement after the tournament. In the media, a lack of motivation and Rabier's poorly set resistance were seen as reasons for leaving.
For 2006 and 2008 the qualification was even missed completely. Ivica Todorov did not succeed as Rabier's successor in the combined qualification for AM and WM 2006 and was sacked after a home defeat against Cape Verde and replaced by Bernard Simondi , whose contract was terminated when he went to France without consultation and took a post there as Assistant coach had accepted. The renewed employment of Idrissa Traoré ended in 2007 after he announced in a radio interview that he wanted to speak clearly after the end of the contract and settle his bills with association members. The association then terminated the contract. After five defeats in a row and the unsophisticated retirement from the qualification for AM 2008 , the tenure of French Didier Notheaux also ended with his second engagement with the Étalons .
Only six months later, in March 2008, the Portuguese Paulo Duarte was presented as the successor. He got a two-year contract and brought a support team with him from Portugal. His first game, a test match in Portugal against Cape Verde, was lost 0-1, but he was able to lead the team partly with success through the combined qualification for the AM and World Cup 2010 . Participation in the World Cup was narrowly missed because of two defeats against Ivory Coast, but participation in the continental tournament in Angola was secured. There the team played only two games after Togo's withdrawal and remained goalless against Ghana and the Ivory Coast with one point won.
2010 until today
The friendly matches played in France were the first since the Africa Cup of Nations in January and served as preparation for the qualifying match against Gambia for 2012 in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea . The 3-1 win was followed by two more test encounters in Europe, followed by 4-0 and 4-1 wins against Namibia, which brought the Étalons closer to qualifying. Only after the International Court of Justice for Sports rejected an objection from the Namibian Association NFA on January 10, 2012 , participation in the tournament was finally secured. Namibia had questioned the eligibility of Cameroon- born Hervé Zengué to play in the qualifying matches. For the first game of the 2011/12 season, the team flew to Johannesburg for a test match at the invitation of the South African association SAFA . The Burkins were clearly weakened, however, as numerous foreign professionals from Europe decided not to travel and players working in Burkina Faso had not received visas in time. After the 3-0 defeat, the South African media demanded a partial repayment of the money paid to the FBF, whereas Paulo Duarte saw a deliberate attempt on the South African side by beating a weakened Burkina Faso (at that time number 4 of the African countries of the FIFA World ranking) to advance in the world ranking. The friendly against Equatorial Guinea on September 3, 2011 - the Etalons' first game against the co-host of the 2012 African Cup of Nations - was the national team's first game in Bobo-Dioulasso since 2001. The year ended with two friendly matches in France, which were part of the preparation for the Africa Cup of Nations in January 2012. In preliminary group B, Burkina Faso met Angola (1: 2), Ivory Coast (0: 2) and Sudan (1: 2) and were eliminated without a point. Despite being sacked by the association, Duarte was back on the bench in the following friendly against Morocco. Duarte argued that his contract was still valid until March 31, 2012 and thus only had to determine the new leadership of the association to be elected on March 10, 2012 about his activities.
The new Belgian coach Paul Put reached two draws in his first three games after a defeat, whereby the 0-0 win against Congo was subsequently rated 0-3 because Hervé Zengué was not eligible to play. So the Étalons had only managed one victory in the 13 games of the season. But it succeeded in qualifying for the AM 2013 in South Africa in the play-off games against the Central African Republic . With a win in the second leg, qualification was secured. Before the tournament, the team played four test matches, two of which were won.
In South Africa, the team was able to win a championship game outside of their own country for the first time, finish the preliminary round as group winners and reach the final, which was lost 1-0 to Nigeria. Second place means the greatest success for Burkina Faso at the African Championships. After that, Burkina Faso took three wins in the World Cup qualification for the 2014 tournament . After the team reached the play-off round of the World Cup qualification against Algeria, it only missed qualifying for the World Cup due to a missing goal after a 3-2 home win and a 0-1 loss in Algeria.
After the disappointing performance at the 2015 African Championships in Equatorial Guinea, Paul Put was replaced by the German-French Gernot Rohr , who resigned at the end of the year. His successor became an old friend in the Burkinabe coaching bench with Paulo Duarte.
As of November 17, 2019
- Players marked in bold are still active.
Record goal scorers
As of November 17, 2019
- Players marked in bold are still active.
|Surname||Term of office|
Venues and international opponents
Only eight times did the team play against non-African opponents; against Qatar and South Korea , three times against Bahrain , twice against Oman and once against Kazakhstan , with the team consisting only of players playing in the local league, the Étalons locaux . Some test matches against other African teams took place on European soil. As most of the national players are based in Europe, it is less time consuming and costly to bring the team together in Europe for training and test matches.
Results against German speaking teams
Burkina Faso has not yet played any games against German-speaking national teams.
Outfitters, supporters and sponsors
In 1993, with Noufou Ouédraogo at its head, the Comité de soutien aux Étalons , a “fan club” of the national team, was established. After disagreements, the Sports Minister Jean-Pierre Palm founded the Union nationale des supporters des Étalons (UNSE) in 2006 . It should support the national teams of all sports in the country. Large entrepreneurs such as Oumarou Kanazoé (†), Georges Fadoul and Joseph Hage were and are committed to the Union .
Participation in tournaments
Participation in world championships
|1930 did not participate||1966 did not participate||1994 withdrawn|
|1934 did not participate||1970 did not participate||1998 did not qualify|
|1938 did not participate||1974 did not participate||2002 did not qualify|
|1950 did not participate||1978 did not qualify||2006 did not qualify|
|1954 did not participate||1982 did not participate||2010 did not qualify|
|1958 did not participate||1986 did not participate||2014 did not qualify|
|1962 did not participate||1990 did not qualify||2018 did not qualify|
Participation in the African Championships
|1957 did not participate||1988 did not participate||2017 3rd place|
|1959 did not take part||1990 did not qualify||2019 did not qualify|
|1962 did not participate||1992 did not qualify|
|1953 did not participate||1994 withdrawn|
|1965 did not participate||1996 preliminary round|
|1968 not qualified||1998 4th place|
|1970 withdrawn||2000 preliminary round|
|1972 withdrawn||2002 preliminary round|
|1974 did not qualify||2004 preliminary round|
|1976 did not participate||2006 did not qualify|
|1978 preliminary round||2008 did not qualify|
|1980 did not participate||2010 preliminary round|
|1982 did not qualify||2012 preliminary round|
|1984 did not participate||2013 2nd place|
|1986 did not participate||2015 preliminary round|
Participation in African Nations Cups
|2009 did not qualify|
|2011 did not qualify|
|2014 preliminary round|
|2016 did not qualify|
(The games have only been rated as A internationals since 2014)
- List of international matches for the Burkinabe national football team
- Burkinabe National Football Team (U-17 Juniors)
- Burkinabe national soccer team (U-20 men)
- Bassirou Sanogo: La Longue Marche du football burkinabè. Survol historique 1935–1998 . Sidwaya, Ouagadougou 1998
- The FIFA / Coca-Cola World Ranking. In: fifa.com. July 16, 2020, accessed July 21, 2020 .
- Sanogo, p. 81
- Sanogo, p. 18 (No other source known for this game so far)
- The sources contradict each other here: Gambia or Réunion as second opponent, then victory or defeat against a French selection
- Joseph Bonzi: L'ombre de 98. In: Afrique Football. Spécial CAN Mali 2002. Évry 2002, p. 42
- Sanogo, p. 43f
- La Haute-Volta sans prétention . In: France Football , No. 1396, January 2, 1973
- Pierre Zogo: Level moyen . In: France Football , No. 1400, January 30, 1973
- Dramane Compaoré: Un entraineur allemand pour les Étalons . In: France Football , No. 1604, January 4, 1977
- Sanogo, p. 47
- Sanogo, p. 62
- L'Événement , February 10, 2004 ( Memento of January 11, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- LeFaso.net , June 19, 2006 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- LeFaso.net , 23 April 2007 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- LeFaso.net , March 25, 2008 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- BBC Sport: Burkina Faso relief at CAS ruling in Zengue case . January 10, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
- LeFaso.net , August 12, 2011 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- LeFaso.net , September 2, 2011 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- Burkina24: Étalons du Burkina Faso: L'entraîneur Paulo Duarte limogé! . February 17, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- LeFaso.net , March 23, 2012 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- BBC Sport: Congo benefit as Burkina Faso docked points by Fifa . December 21, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- rsssf.com: Burkina Faso - Record International Players
- LeFaso.net , October 21, 2010 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- Airness - Presentation Transcript . Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- Maillots Foot Actu . Retrieved January 6, 2016.
- L'Opinion , August 16, 2006 . Retrieved March 25, 2012.