|Arrondissement||Cherbourg (main town)|
|surface||68.54 km 2|
|Residents||79,200 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||1,156 inhabitants / km 2|
|Post Code||50100, 50110, 50120, 50130, 50460 and 50470|
Cherbourg in May 2006
Cherbourg-en-Cotentin ( ʃɛʁbuʁ ɑ̃ kotɑ̃tɛ̃ ) is the name of a newly formed municipality in the north of the Manche department , which was officially created on January 1, 2016 through the union of five municipalities from the Communauté urbaine de Cherbourg : Cherbourg-Octeville with the before 2000 independent municipalities of Cherbourg and Octeville , Équeurdreville-Hainneville , La Glacerie , Querqueville and Tourlaville . Its historic center is the old port city of Cherbourg. It was already settled in the time of the Romans and in modern times, starting with Vauban, it was expanded into a French naval port.
The municipality is located in the north of the Cotentin peninsula on the French south coast of the English Channel . The old communities of Cherbourg (city, see map from 1888), Octeville , Équeurdreville , Hainneville, Querqueville , Tourlaville , La Glacerie (Village de la Verrerie) and the port area (Rade) with dams and islands became part of the young community .
|Area (km²)||Population (2016)|
|Cherbourg-Octeville (since February 28, 2000)||50129||14.26||36,121|
The neighboring municipalities are:
The arrondissement Cherbourg in the department of Manche still exists as an administrative unit (2016) . The main town and seat of a sub-prefecture of the area is Cherbourg-en-Cotentin. The arrondissement is divided into 12 cantons.
The name of the municipality clearly indicates Cherbourg , the capital of the municipality. Cherbourg is most likely derived from the Scandinavian kjarr "swamp" and borg "fortification" (cf. German: castle). Before the Viking Age, Cherbourg was called coriallum in Gallic , which probably already had the same meaning. Or, according to another explanation, Cherbourg comes from the Anglo-Saxon ker (English: moor) and burgh (English: town). The root kjarr / ker can also be found elsewhere in Normandy , as can be seen from Villequier and Gonfreville-l'Orcher .
For the municipal constitution from 2000 to 2015 see the
History of Cherbourg
The old port city of Cherbourg was already settled in Roman times and, beginning with Vauban, was expanded into a French naval port in modern times . On June 19, 1940, the city was taken by the troops of the German Wehrmacht . From 1940 to 1943 the Navy maintained a naval hospital and from 1940 to 1942 there was also a maritime emergency squadron . In June 1944 the battle for Cherbourg raged with high casualties among the civilian population.
See also: History of Cherbourg
Cherbourg-en-Cotentin was created on January 1, 2016 through the union of five municipalities from the Communauté urbaine de Cherbourg , namely Cherbourg-Octeville with the municipalities of Cherbourg and Octeville , Équeurdreville-Hainneville , La Glacerie , Querqueville and Tourlaville, which were independent before 2000 .
See also: A detailed account of the city history of Cherbourg in French
After the merger of the five municipalities on January 1, 2016 until the next municipal elections in 2020, the municipal council consists of 163 representatives:
- 39 representatives of the old municipality of Cherbourg-Octeville
- 33 representatives of the old municipality of Équeurdreville-Hainneville
- 29 representatives of the old community of La Glacerie
- 29 representatives of the old parish of Querqueville
- 33 representatives of the old municipality of Tourlaville
Under him there are the five “maires délégués” of the old municipalities, who are now department heads with assigned areas of expertise for the entire city, and 18 “maires-adjoints”. The governing body, the “bureau municipal”, currently has 24 mayors (including the mayor).
Economy and Infrastructure
Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is the terminus of the Paris – Caen – Cherbourg railway line , which opened in 1858.
The Cherbourg-Maupertus Airport is located eleven kilometers east.
In the Quartier de la Divette (La Divette district) there have been two heat pumps of 1,092 MW each since 2013 , which tap the sea heat from the commercial basin of the port. This covers 84% of the heating requirement in the Quartier de la Divette , the rest (16%) is supplemented thanks to the already existing gas boiler. 1730 t CO 2 are avoided per year.
Buses: Manéo No. 1 bus line operated by the Manche department ( Saint-Lô - Carentan - Valognes -Cherbourg bus line ). You can get to Barneville-Carteret on the Manéo bus line 10 and the Manéo 12 bus route to Barfleur in the northeast of the peninsula.
Shipping: The port of Cherbourg includes several ports, the naval base, overseas, trade, fishing, ferry and port de plaisance, and the largest artificial roadstead in the world for centuries, consisting of inner and outer roads (Petite and Grande Rade). The port is important as a naval base and ferry port to Ireland.
The port facilities cover an area of approximately 1500 hectares.
For more about the port see
The home of Emmanuel Liais , a Cherbourg mayor, astronomer and researcher, has been the Museum of Natural History and Ethnography since 1905, and was founded as a museum in Cherbourg in 1832. It is also the seat of the Société nationale des sciences naturelles et mathématiques de Cherbourg.
The Musée Thomas-Henry was inaugurated in 1835 and shows a collection of paintings from Normandy with 300 pictures and sculptures (15th to 20th centuries)
Modern art is shown at the Point du jour: contemporary art center, photography (November 2008)
- Away you Homet
- Fort de l'île Pelée (on the Île Pelée )
- Fort Chavagnac
- Fort de l'Est
- Fort de l'Ouest (with lighthouse )
- Fort central
- Fort de Querqueville
- Fort des Flamands
- Le Fort de la Montagne du Roule, at times also a German fortress, today also the seat of the Musée de la Liberation (founded in 1954)
On July 3, 2016, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin was the destination of the second stage of the Tour de France 2016 . The district of La Glacerie was one of the five municipalities that merged on January 1, 2016.
There are town partnerships with:
- Allmendingen (Germany), since 1981
- Bremerhaven (Germany), since 1961
- Deva ( Romania ), since 2004
- Gorom-Gorom ( Burkina Faso ), since 1988
- Northeim (Germany), since 1967
- Poole (UK), since 1977
Cherbourg-en-Cotentin has decentralized cooperation with:
- Population figures retrospectively from January 1, 2016
- René Lepelley: Dictionnaire étymologique des noms de communes de Normandie.
- bourg. In: Louis Guinet: Les emprunts gallo-romans au germanique (du 1er à la fin du Vème siècle). Klincksieck, Paris 1982.
- New direct ferry from France to Dublin ( Memento of the original from January 18, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
- Marie-Jo Sader: Sea water to heat the apartments. ( actu-environnement.com ).
- Map of Manéo (French).
- Official website (French)