Tour de France 2016

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Tour de France 2016 Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Tour de France 2016, Stage 18, Chris Froome.jpg
output 103rd Tour de France
Racing series UCI WorldTour 2016 2nd UWT
Stages 21st
date July 2nd - 24th, 2016
overall length 3,529 km
Host countries FRAFrance
begin Le Mont-Saint-Michel
target Paris
Teams 22nd
Driver at the start 198
Driver at the finish 174
Average speed 39.616 km / h
winner GBR Chris Froome ( Sky )
Second FRA Romain Bardet ( AG2R La Mondiale )
Third COL Nairo Quintana ( Movistar )
Scoring SVK Peter Sagan ( Tinkoff )
Mountain scoring POLE Rafał Majka ( Tinkoff )
Young talent evaluation GBR Adam Yates ( Orica-BikeExchange )
Most combative driver SVK Peter Sagan ( Tinkoff )
Team evaluation ESP Movistar
2016 Tour de France map.png
◀ 2015 2017 ▶
documentation Wikidata logo S.svg

The 2016 Tour de France was the 103rd staging of the most important stage cycle race in the world. It started on July 2, 2016 in Le Mont-Saint-Michel and ended after 3,519 kilometers in 21 stages on July 24, 2016 on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées in Paris . Sections outside France, in Spain , Switzerland and Andorra , were also held. A total of nine flat stages, two intermediate stages, eight mountain stages with four mountain arrivals and two individual time trials were on the program.

198 riders from 22 cycling teams took part in the 2016 Tour de France . 174 racing drivers reached the finish in Paris. In the overall ranking, the Briton Chris Froome from the Sky ProCycling team was successful for the third time after 2013 and 2015 . This makes him the first driver since Miguel Indurain on the 1995 Tour to repeat the overall victory he achieved last year. Frenchman Romain Bardet and Colombian Nairo Quintana followed in second and third place .

The Slovak Peter Sagan ( Tinkoff ) won the points classification for the fifth time in a row. His teammate Rafał Majka from Poland won the mountain classification for the second time after 2014. The best young rider was Adam Yates from Britain ( Orica-BikeExchange ). The Spanish Movistar Team won the team competition .

Starting position

Composition of the field of participants

Map by participating nation
Map of nationalities in the 2016 Tour de France.svg
  • 20+
  • 2-9
  • 10-19
  • 1
  • The Ethiopian Tsgabu Grmay is the first racing driver from his country to take part in the Tour of France.

    198 drivers in 22 teams of nine starters each were registered for the tour. The participants came from 35 nations. Traditionally, the tour's home country provided the largest contingent. 38 French took part in the tour. After France followed Spain with 18 drivers, the Netherlands with 15, Belgium with 14 and Italy with 13 drivers. Twelve racing drivers came from Germany, nine each from Australia and Switzerland. There were also four Austrians at the start of the 2016 Tour de France. Tsgabu Grmay from the Lampre Merida team was the first Ethiopian to take part in the tour.

    Matteo Tosatto , who was born on May 14, 1974, was 42 years old, as in the previous year, and was the oldest rider on the Tour of France. Tossato is over two years older than Greg Henderson , who will turn 40 on September 10, making him the second oldest driver in the Tour line-up. The third oldest athlete this year was Haimar Zubeldia at the age of 39.

    The youngest in the starting field in 2016 was the Norwegian Sondre Holst Enger from the Swiss IAM team, he was born on December 17, 1993 and was 22 years old at the start of the tour. The youngest starter of the 2015 tour, Merhawi Kudus , was a month younger than Holst Enger, but was not nominated this year. The second youngest starter in the field was Luka Pibernik from Lampre-Merida, born on October 23, 1993, followed by Dylan Groenewegen from the Netherlands, born on June 21, 1993.

    Team Lotto Soudal had the highest average age of all 22 teams, the racing drivers in the tour squad were on average 33 years old. The youngest team was the Lampre-Merida team with a mean age of 27 years. The average racer in the 2016 Tour de France was around 30 years old. This year, 29 athletes were classified as the best young driver, around 15% of the field.

    The Frenchman Sylvain Chavanel contested his 16th Tour de France in 2016 and thus had the most Tour starts of all drivers from the field. Haimar Zubeldia made 15 starts, Thomas Voeckler took part in his 13th Tour of France. The Australian Adam Hansen had taken part in every Grand Tour since the Vuelta a España 2011 and finished every tour. With the 2016 tour, he made his 15th major country tour in a row to the end.

    Teams and drivers

    Brief overview of the teams
    # C. L. team
    18 UCI WorldTeams
    41-49 ALM FranceFrance Ag2r La Mondiale
    21-29 AST KazakhstanKazakhstan Astana Pro Team
    91-99 BMC United StatesUnited States BMC Racing Team
    81-89 CDT United StatesUnited States Cannondale-Drapac Pro Cycling Team
    101-109 DDD South AfricaSouth Africa Team Dimension Data
    181-189 EQS BelgiumBelgium Etixx-Quick Step
    121-129 FDJ FranceFrance FDJ
    111-119 TGA GermanyGermany Team Giant-Alpecin
    71-79 I AM SwitzerlandSwitzerland IAM Cycling
    141-149 CAT RussiaRussia Team Katusha
    151-159 LAM ItalyItaly Lampre-Merida
    51-59 TLJ NetherlandsNetherlands Team Lotto NL-Jumbo
    161-169 LTS BelgiumBelgium Lotto Soudal
    11-19 MOV SpainSpain Movistar team
    201-209 OBE AustraliaAustralia Orica-BikeExchange
    1-9 SKY United KingdomUnited Kingdom Team Sky
    31-39 TNK RussiaRussia Tinkoff
    61-69 TFS United StatesUnited States Trek-Segafredo
    4 UCI Professional Continental Teams
    131-139 BOA GermanyGermany Bora argon 18
    191-199 COF FranceFrance Cofidis, Solutions Crédits
    171-179 THE FranceFrance Direct energy
    211-219 FVC FranceFrance Fortuneo Vital Concept
    # - start number; C - UCI code; L - country

    The 18 UCI WorldTeams were automatically entitled to start . In addition, four UCI Professional Continental Teams were invited by the organizer ASO .

    Two teams changed their names for the Tour de France. The Australian team Orica GreenEdge changed sponsors and started under the name Orica-BikeExchange . The US Cannondale Pro Cycling Team was co-sponsored and changed its name to Cannondale-Drapac Pro Cycling Team . Drapac Capital Partners has been a sponsor of Drapac Professional Cycling since 2006 .

    FranceFrance Ag2r La Mondiale
    Start and results list
    The French team relied on the overall standings with Romain Bardet , who had already been placed in the top ten twice . Last year the Frenchman finished ninth in the final. Bardet was supported by, among others, Domenico Pozzovivo , who so far has been particularly successful at the Giro d'Italia and started the Tour of France for the first time at the age of 34. Other experienced athletes in the team were Cyril Gautier , Jan Bakelants , Samuel Dumoulin and Alexis Vuillermoz .
    KazakhstanKazakhstan Astana Pro Team
    Start and results list
    The captain of the Astana team , which started with a Kazakh license and traditionally focused on the overall standings, was Fabio Aru , who won the Vuelta a España in 2015 . It was the Italian's first participation in the Tour de France. Most prominent helper Arus was the 2014 Tour winner and winner of the Giro d'Italia 2016 , Vincenzo Nibali . The two were also supported by Jakob Fuglsang , who finished seventh overall in 2013, the multiple tour stage winner Luis León Sánchez and the 38-year-old Paolo Tiralongo, who started 23 times on one of the major national tours .
    United StatesUnited States BMC Racing Team
    Start and results list
    The BMC team started the 2016 Tour de France with a pair of Tejay van Garderen and Richie Porte . Van Garderen was the best young professional of the tour in 2012 and was able to finish the Tour of France in 2012 and 2014 in fifth place overall. Richie Porte, who came from the Sky team at the beginning of the season, was particularly successful in the preseason with victories at Paris – Nice, the Tour of Catalonia and the Giro del Trentino. Classic specialist Greg Van Avermaet came into question for stage wins . In the mountains, Damiano Caruso , Amaël Moinard , Brent Bookwalter and Marcus Burghardt worked as helpers for the two team captains.
    GermanyGermany Bora argon 18
    Start and results list
    The German professional Continental Team Bora-Argon 18 had set the goal for the Tour de France 2016 to achieve a stage win. In the overall ranking, Emanuel Buchmann and Patrick Konrad from Austria should be among the top twenty. Bartosz Huzarski , Jan Bárta or the sprinter Sam Bennett should also ensure the stage success . Paul Voß and Andreas Schillinger were the other Germans in the team alongside Buchmann.
    United StatesUnited States Cannondale-Drapac Pro Cycling Team
    Start and results list
    New signing Pierre Rolland (until last season with Team Europcar ) led the team as captain in the Tour of France. The two-time tour stage winner and winner of the junior ranking in 2011 wanted to achieve a good position in the overall classification, but also wanted to win his third stage of the tour. In 2011, 2012 and 2015 Rolland was already among the top ten of the Tour de France. Rolland was also the most experienced Tour rider in the Cannondale line-up, making his eighth appearance. Rolland was supported by Lawson Craddock, among others . Ramūnas Navardauskas could have ensured a stage success .
    FranceFrance Cofidis, Solutions Crédits
    Start and results list
    The French team was originally geared towards sprinter Nacer Bouhanni , who was accompanied by Geoffrey Soupe , Christophe Laporte , Jérôme Cousin , Cyril Lemoine and Borut Božič for the sprint train. On June 29, it was announced that Bouhanni would not be able to start the tour due to a hand injury sustained in an argument with hotel guests. His place was taken by Nicolas Edet , who was to come together with Daniel Navarro , Arnold Jeannesson and Luis Ángel Maté in the mountains.
    Sprinter Mark Cavendish has won 26 tour stages so far.
    South AfricaSouth Africa Team Dimension Data
    Start and results list
    The Dimension Data team took part in the Tour de France for the first time last year under the name MTN-Qhubeka with a wildcard. In the second participation, as a directly invited UCI WorldTeam, the 26-time tour stage winner Mark Cavendish was supposed to ensure stage wins at sprint finishes. The Brit moved to the South African team for the 2016 season together with his main driver, Mark Renshaw . Daniel Teklehaimanot (first African wearer of the 2015 dotted jersey) and Serge Pauwels (13th overall in 2015), who had been successful on mountain stages, were back in the team, as were Stephen Cummings and Edvald Boasson Hagen , who had already won stages of the Tour of France.
    FranceFrance Direct energy
    Start and results list
    The French team, which has appeared under the name of the former sponsor Europcar in recent years , had the most successful driver to date after stage wins, Bryan Coquard , on the tour . The efforts in the flat stages should concentrate on him. So far Coquard had not yet achieved a stage success in the Tour de France. There were also two experienced and well-known French professional cyclists in the Direct Énergie squad: Sylvain Chavanel and Thomas Voeckler had both won stages on the Tour and had worn the yellow jersey. Voeckler's best place in the overall classification was fourth in 2011. Both drivers were supposed to hunt for stage successes in the mountains in breakaway groups.
    BelgiumBelgium Etixx-Quick Step
    Start and results list
    The most important personell of the Belgian team was Marcel Kittel , who dominated the Tour de France sprint finishes in 2013 and 2014 and achieved ten victories in the 2016 season up to the start of the tour. For the formation of Kittel's Sprintzug were Iljo Keisse , Maximiliano Richeze , Fabio Sabatini and Julien Vermote in the tour line-up of Etixx-Quick Step. In the mountainous terrain, Daniel Martin and Julian Alaphilippe , who was starting a major tour of the country for the first time, were supposed to have their say . Alaphilippe has already won the California Tour and the Critérium du Dauphiné junior competition this season. In the time trials and mountain stages, Tony Martin also had a chance of achieving top positions.
    In 2014, Thibaut Pinot took third place overall.
    FranceFrance FDJ
    Start and results list
    The team started with two Swiss and seven French in the 2016 Tour de France. This year it was geared towards the overall standings and stage wins in mountain stages, as the sprinter Arnaud Démare was not nominated. In the overall standings, Thibaut Pinot should place as far ahead as possible. In 2014, Pinot was the best young driver on the Tour of France as third overall and has so far achieved three top 10 placements at Grand Tours. Last year he was able to win a stage, but was only 16th in the final round. Jérémy Roy and William Bonnet were among the most experienced helpers of Pinot , who completed their ninth and eighth Tour de France respectively.
    FranceFrance Fortuneo Vital Concept
    Start and results list
    The French second division went into the 103rd Tour of France without a fixed captain role. Drivers like Pierre-Luc Périchon , Anthony Delaplace and Chris Anker Sørensen should try to achieve stage wins by participating in escape groups. The team, which had competed under the name Bretagne-Seché-Environnement until last year, had not yet achieved a stage success on the tour. Brice Feillu , who is competing in the Tour de France for the sixth time with Delaplace, was able to finish in the top 20 of the overall classification last year.
    GermanyGermany Team Giant-Alpecin
    Start and results list
    Warren Barguil , 14th in the final ranking last year, led the team starting with a German license into the race with a view to the overall standings. At the Vuelta a España 2014 , the Frenchman was already among the top ten and finished eighth overall. Barguil was supported by the Dutchman Laurens ten Dam , who has been driving for Giant-Alpecin since this season and has already reached the top 10 of the tour. Even Tom Dumoulin was in the squad of the team, but he wanted to be held after the tour Olympic time trial concentrate in Rio. Nevertheless, Dumoulin was an option to win in the two trips against the clock on the tour, as was John Degenkolb , who was supposed to sprint for the stage win on the somewhat more demanding arrivals and also had some helpers for it.
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland IAM Cycling
    Start and results list
    The team from Switzerland wanted to repeat Mathias Frank's top 10 result from last year if possible. Jarlinson Pantano was nominated again to support him, who, together with Frank, formed a double leadership in the event that one of them fails or falls behind. The other drivers, including Martin Elmiger and Reto Hollenstein , should try to achieve a stage success in breakaway groups. With Sondre Holst Enger , the team had also nominated the youngest racing driver in this year's Tour de France. Like Oliver Naesen from Belgium, the Norwegian drove his first tour of France.
    Joaquim Rodríguez has been on the podium at all three Grand Tours.
    RussiaRussia Team Katusha
    Start and results list
    In the Katusha team from Russia there were on the one hand the mountain specialists, including Joaquim Rodríguez , Jurgen van den Broeck and Ilnur Zakarin , on the other hand the sprinters around Alexander Kristoff from Norway. Rodríguez was second in the Giro and Vuelta, third in the Tour de France 2013 , and is now one of the oldest starters in the field. Two years ago Rodríguez was able to win two Tour stages, but did not make it into the top 20 drivers in the overall standings. The Belgian van den Broeck was also placed at the front of the overall Tour ranking some time ago, but was not able to achieve these results again afterwards. Until his fall at the Giro, Ilnur Zakarin was on the way to placing in the top five of the overall standings. Alexander Kristoff was able to win two stages in 2014, but had no win last year. In his support were Jacopo Guarnieri , Michael Mørkøv and Marco Haller in the tour squad.
    ItalyItaly Lampre-Merida
    Start and results list
    The drivers for the overall standings at Lampre-Merida were Rui Costa , multiple stage winner of the Tour, and newcomer Louis Meintjes , who was tenth overall at the Vuelta a España 2015 while serving with the MTN-Qhubeka team . Meintjes was also one of the four young professionals in the team that had the lowest average age of all teams on the tour. Tsgabu Grmay , Luka Pibernik and Jan Polanc also counted in this ranking, Tsgabu Grmay was also the first rider from Ethiopia to take part in a Tour de France. In addition to the ambitions for the overall standings, the focus of this team was above all on stage wins.
    NetherlandsNetherlands Team Lotto NL-Jumbo
    Start and results list
    The Dutch team was led into the 2016 Tour de France by Wilco Kelderman . Last year's sixth-placed finisher, Robert Gesink , who was originally earmarked for the role of captain , was unable to start the Tour de Suisse due to a fall injury . In addition to a good overall placement, Kelderman should also aim for a stage win. A total of five debutants were in the squad, the most experienced participant was Maarten Wynants , who completed his fifth tour of France.
    André Greipel should achieve sprint victories for his team.
    BelgiumBelgium Lotto Soudal
    Start and results list
    In the squad of the Belgian team mainly drivers were called up to support sprinter André Greipel in the sprint train. Greipel was one of the big favorites in mass sprints and won four stages of the tour last year and three stages in the sprint at the 2016 Giro. On mountainous stages Tony Gallopin , who wore the yellow jersey for one day in 2014, Thomas De Gendt and Adam Hansen , who did his 15th major tour of the country in a row, should achieve the top places. The most experienced participant in the Lotto Soudal line-up was Greipel's German driver Marcel Sieberg .
    SpainSpain Movistar team
    Start and results list
    At the 103rd Tour of France, everything in the Spanish Movistar team was geared towards the victory of the Colombian Nairo Quintana . Quintana was runner-up in the Tour de France in 2013 and 2015 and won the Giro d'Italia in 2014 . He was twice the best young driver and also won the mountain classification in 2013. Even Alejandro Valverde , who was third behind Quintana on the tour last year, should fully serve the Colombian. The other racing drivers in the squad, including Ion Izagirre , Daniel Moreno , Winner Anacona and Nélson Oliveira , were all mountain specialists in support of Quintana. At the 2015 Tour, the Movistar team won the team championship.
    AustraliaAustralia Orica-BikeExchange
    Start and results list
    The Australian team entered the 2016 Tour de France without any ambitions for the overall standings. Rather, individual riders should ensure stage successes, including those from escape groups. These included Adam Yates and Rubén Plaza on more demanding stages, Michael Matthews on relatively flat terrain, Michael Albasini and Mathew Hayman (winner of Paris – Roubaix 2016 ). Simon Gerrans drove his eleventh Tour de France and was one of the most experienced athletes in the peloton.
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom Team Sky
    Start and results list
    Chris Froome was to celebrate his third Tour de France overall victory this year after 2013 and 2015. In preparation for the tour, the Briton won the Critérium du Dauphiné . He was supported by a strong squad: Geraint Thomas was placed at the top of the overall ranking for a long time last year and was able to support Froome for a long time together with Wout Poels . Also Mikel Nieve , stage winner and winner of the mountains classification (Tour of Italy) of the Giro d'Italia in 2016 , should help the British in the mountains. Also in the squad was Mikel Landa , who finished third in the 2015 Giro but was previously unable to build on these achievements. Even Sergio Henao was a strong climber. Time trial specialist Wassil Kiryenka should do a lot of speed work for the team. Ian Stannard and Luke Rowe could also have achieved stage wins on intermediate stages.
    Alberto Contador has won the Tour de France twice so far.
    RussiaRussia Tinkoff
    Start and results list
    The Russian cycling team was built around the riders Alberto Contador and Peter Sagan . Contador had won all Grand Tours more than once and in 2016 wanted to win the tour for the third time after 2007 and 2009. Contador's helpers in the mountains were Roman Kreuziger and Rafał Majka , who have already made it into the top 10 area of ​​large tours. Then there was Robert Kišerlovski . Peter Sagan had won the points classification in each of the last four years and was aiming to win the fifth green jersey as well as another stage win. With him were Oscar Gatto , Matteo Tosatto , Maciej Bodnar and Michael Valgren aside.
    United StatesUnited States Trek-Segafredo
    Start and results list
    The captain of the team was the Dutchman Bauke Mollema , who has always been among the top ten on the tour since 2013. He was supported primarily by Fränk Schleck and Haimar Zubeldia , who also had top 10 results at Grand Tours. Fabian Cancellara drove his last Tour de France and could have achieved a stage win in one of the time trials. It was with this goal that Jasper Stuyven and Edward Theuns competed, who were to achieve a stage success via escape groups. Haimar Zubeldia took part in his 15th Tour of France since 2001 (no start in 2010) and was, after Sylvain Chavanel, the racing driver with the second most tour participations registered this year.


    Overall ranking

    Last year's winner Chris Froome was successful at the Critérium du Dauphiné .
    Nairo Quintana won the Route du Sud in preparation for the Tour .

    The two top favorites in the battle for Maillot Jaune were mainly last year's winner Chris Froome ( SKY ) and last year's runner-up Nairo Quintana ( MOV ). Froome won the Critérium du Dauphiné in preparation for the Tour , Quintana was successful in the Route du Sud . The Spaniard Alberto Contador ( TNK ) was also considered for a win. He also took part in the Dauphiné, where he finished fifth overall. Contenders for a place on the podium were third in 2014, Thibaut Pinot ( FDJ ), and Richie Porte ( BMC ), who drove for Chris Froome on the Sky team last year and was now the captain of the BMC team.

    Warren Barguil , Tejay van Garderen , Romain Bardet and Fabio Aru , the winner of the Vuelta 2015 , had promising chances of a place in the top five . Mathias Frank from Switzerland , Alejandro Valverde from Spain, Pierre Rolland (tenth place 2015), Ilnur Zakarin , Bauke Mollema , Wilco Kelderman , Daniel Martin and Vincenzo Nibali were eligible for a place in the top 10.

    With the exception of Robert Gesink (6th), Andrew Talansky (11th) and Samuel Sánchez (12th), all of the top 20 drivers from last year competed again in 2016. In addition, nine drivers from the Tour line-up have already made it onto the podium of the Tour of France: Chris Froome (winner 2013 and 2015, runner-up 2012), Nairo Quintana (runner-up 2013 and 2015), Alberto Contador (winner 2007 and 2009) Alejandro Valverde (Third 2015), Vincenzo Nibali (Winner 2014, Third 2012), Thibaut Pinot (Third 2014), Joaquim Rodríguez (Third 2013), Fränk Schleck (Third 2011) and Jurgen van den Broeck (Third 2010).

    Further ratings

    With a total of 18 stage wins, Marcel Kittel and André Greipel were the two top favorites for stage wins in the mass sprint . Even world champion Peter Sagan , who in the last four years, the green jersey won, was among the fastest riders in the peloton . Other favorites were Mark Cavendish , Alexander Kristoff and John Degenkolb . Edvald Boasson Hagen , Bryan Coquard and Michael Matthews had outsider opportunities.

    In the mountain classification, in addition to the class riders, proven mountain specialists such as Pierre Rolland , Joaquim Rodríguez or Rafał Majka had a chance of winning the dotted jersey .

    The fight for the white jersey was expected in advance between Warren Barguil , Wilco Kelderman and Louis Meintjes . Outside opportunities were given to Julian Alaphilippe , Adam Yates , Eduardo Sepúlveda , Lawson Craddock and Emanuel Buchmann .


    Compared to last year, in which several sections of the Tour regulations were changed, there were only minor changes and higher prize money payouts for the 2016 Tour de France.

    The leader of the overall standings wears the yellow jersey . The order of the ranking results from the time intervals between the individual drivers after each stage. In addition, at the finish of each stage, apart from the time trials, there are time credits of 10, 6 and 4 seconds for the first three drivers.

    The leader of the points classification wears the green jersey ( maillot vert ). Based on the category of the respective stage, the points are awarded as follows:

    • Stage arrivals:
      • eight flat stages: 50, 30, 20, 18, 16, 14, 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3 and 2 points for the first 15 riders at the finish
      • four low mountain ranges: 30, 25, 22, 19, 17, 15, 13, 11, 9, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3 and 2 points for the first 15
      • six high mountain stages and two individual time trials: 20, 17, 15, 13, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and one point for the first ten
    • Intermediate sprints: 20, 17, 15, 13, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and one point for the first 15

    The leader of the mountain classification wears the dotted jersey ( maillot à pois ). The points are awarded based on the difficulty of the 58 climbs in five categories. Double the number of points is awarded for the mountain arrivals of the 9th , 12th , 17th and 19th stages .

    • seven climbs in the Hors Catégorie (HC): 25, 20, 16, 14, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4 and two points for the first ten riders in the mountain classification
    • 14 mountains of the first category: 10, 8, 6, 4, 2 and one point for the first six
    • twelve mountains of the second category: 5, 3, 2 and one point for the first four
    • seven climbs of the third category: 2 and one point for the first two
    • 18 climbs of the fourth category: one point for the first

    The leader of the junior competition wears the white jersey ( maillot blanc ). All drivers born after January 1st 1991 compete for the white jersey of the best young professional. The order results from the placement of these drivers in the overall ranking.

    The drivers of the leading team in the team classification each wear a yellow number on the back. For this evaluation, the time of the best three drivers of a team is added up at each stage.

    The most combative driver of a stage will be awarded the red number by a jury .

    Special prices:

    Tour itinerary

    Route and stage plan

    The big loop started at the foot of Mont-Saint-Michel .

    Grand Départ

    For the first time in the history of the tour, the Grand Départ took place in north-west France , in the Manche department . The goal of the first stage was Utah Beach , where the Allied landings in Normandy took place during World War II .


    There was no prologue and a team time trial in 2016.

    The first and second stages were on the coast of the English Channel , with points for the mountain classification and an intermediate sprint to be won on both stages . The arrival of the second stage in Cherbourg-en-Cotentin was characterized by the fact that the riders had to cope with two short, steep climbs there. The second ascent to the suburb of La Glacerie , called "Côte de La Glacerie", of 6.5% on average and 14% at the top, was 1.9 km long and led from 12 m to 136 m height. This was followed by a short downhill stretch, and then gently uphill to the finish line. Stages three and four also belonged to the flat stages, but in the last third of the fourth stage there were already signs of change. The Haute-Vienne department , with the finish line in Limoges , was located in the north-western foothills of the Massif Central , which means that this stage at Bonnac-la-Côte reached its maximum height of 452 m, with a further 27.5 km to the finish 264 m height. Two intermediate sprints and further mountain classifications enabled the drivers to receive additional points and prize money on both stages. In stage five from Limoges to the Super Lioran winter sports station, there were a few mountains to climb and descents to master: the Pas de Peyrol (1589 m), the Col du Perthus (1309 m) and shortly before the finish, the Col de Font-de-Cère (1289 m). With the sixth stage , the tour left the Massif Central.

    Arcalis , Andorra (2007)

    The high mountain stages in the Pyrenees began with the seventh stage . In this stage, only about 20 kilometers before the end of the stage, the riders expected a 12-kilometer category 1 climb to the Col d'Aspin (1490 m) with an average gradient of around 6.5 percent. While the ascent was only occasionally curvy, the following descent was very curvy and the roads were not very wide up to the entrance to Arreau . The eighth stage was even more demanding, as it had a category 2 climb to the Hourquette d'Ancizan (1564 m) and two category 1 climbs to the Col de Val Louron-Azet (1580 m) and the Col de Peyresourde (1569 m) . The further ascent to the Col du Tourmalet (2115 m) was even assigned to the HC category. On the ninth stage , at the Spanish starting point of Vielha e Mijaran , the ascent to Port de la Bonaigua (2072 m), a mountain in the 1st category, was followed by a descent over 1000 meters. The ascent to Port del Cantò (1721 m) began in a further 27 kilometers, and here too there was a descent of around 1000 meters in altitude. From the Andorian border town of Sant Julià de Lòria , at an altitude of about 900 meters, the race track ran on Carretera general 1 , which was built along the Valira River, to Andorra la Vella , where the intermediate sprint was. From there it went on to a mountain of the second and then one of the first category. On the Carretera general 3 , the stage led along the towns of Ordino , La Cortinada and El Serra and then switched to the Carretera d'Arcalis. A ten-kilometer serpentine led to the mountain arrival in the Arcalis winter sports area at 2240 m, this last ascent was rated in the HC category.

    After a day of rest in Andorra, the riders finished the race in the Pyrenees with the climb to Port d'Envalira (2408 m), a mountain of the first category. On this tenth stage , the route to the Côte de Saint-Ferréol (359 m), seven kilometers from the stage destination in Revel (217 m), no longer had any ascent. With the 11th stage , the riders reached the Mediterranean at their destination in the city of Montpellier . One difficulty on this flat stage was the mistral , which meant that the riders had to expect strong crosswinds . The 12th stage was largely flat, only in the last few kilometers it turned into a high mountain stage, as the destination was Mont Ventoux (1912 m), a category H mountain in the Provencal Pre-Alps . Due to expected gusts of more than 100 km / h on Mont Ventoux, the original destination at an altitude of 1912 m was moved to the Chalet Reynard ski station at 1435 m. This shortened the stage by 6 kilometers to 178 kilometers.

    The 13th stage was a 37.5-kilometer individual time trial on flat terrain. The stage began in Bourg-Saint-Andéol , in the Rhone Valley and thus again under the influence of the Mistral, and ran west to the finish near Vallon-Pont-d'Arc . The 14th stage was again a flat stage with three mountain ratings in the fourth category and a sprint rating.

    With the 15th stage , the riders reached the Jura Mountains , part of the Alps. It has six mountain ratings, including one in category H, on the Grand Colombier (1531 m). However, the stage ended again in the flatlands at 238 m altitude in Culoz . The 16th stage , which reached its destination in Bern , Switzerland, was relatively flat, albeit at an altitude of almost 1,000 m. After a day of rest in Bern, the 17th stage led back into the high mountains, to the Swiss community of Finhaut . The stage was actually divided into two parts, because it also ran for around 25 kilometers along the Rhone Valley , near Lake Geneva , at an altitude of around 450 m. In front of the flat section, there were two mountain ratings of category three and then one of category one and one of category H at the destination. The 18th stage was a time trial over 17 kilometers, the difficulty being that the riders had to drive from Sallanches to Megève from 560 m to 1095 m, with the Côte des Chozeaux (1219 m) as the highlight. On the 19th stage , the category H ascent to the Montée de Bisanne (1723 m) and two category one climbs stood out. The 20th stage was the last stage in the Alps and thus also the last high mountain stage with mountain ratings of the 2nd, 1st and H categories, the latter a pass, the Col de Joux Plane (1691 m). The descents were also important on this stage, twice over around 1000 meters in altitude and finally over around 600 meters in altitude to reach the finish in Morzine .

    The 21st stage , the last stage to Paris, was again a flat stage, with the finish line on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées .

    Stage plan

    The following table shows the stages of the Tour de France 2016 with date, start and finish point, categorization and stage length. In addition, the stage winner and the respective leader in the overall ranking are indicated after the stage. In the first column, if available, the individual items for each stage are given with detailed information on placement and course of the race.

    Wikidata logo S.svgstage date Stage locations type Length (km) Stage winner Overall leader
    1st stage  Jul 2 Le Mont-Saint-Michel - Utah Beach , Sainte-Marie-du-Mont
    Flat stage
    188 GBR Mark Cavendish GBR Mark Cavendish
    2nd stage  3 Jul Saint-Lô - Cherbourg-en-Cotentin
    Hilly stage
    183 SVK Peter Sagan SVK Peter Sagan
    3rd stage  4th Jul. Granville - Angers
    Flat stage
    223.5 GBR Mark Cavendish SVK Peter Sagan
    4th stage  5th Jul Saumur - Limoges
    Flat stage
    237.5 GER Marcel Kittel SVK Peter Sagan
    5th stage  6 Jul Limoges - Le Lioran
    Intermediate stage
    216 BEL Greg Van Avermaet BEL Greg Van Avermaet
    6th stage  Jul 7 Arpajon-sur-Cère - Montauban
    Flat stage
    190.5 GBR Mark Cavendish BEL Greg Van Avermaet
    7th stage  8 Jul L'Isle-Jourdain - Lac de Payolle
    High mountain stage
    162.5 GBR Steve Cummings BEL Greg Van Avermaet
    8th stage  9 Jul Pau - Bagneres-de-Luchon
    High mountain stage
    184 GBR Chris Froome GBR Chris Froome
    9th stage  10 Jul ESP Vielha e Mijaran - Andorra Arcalis
    High mountain stage
    184.5 NED Tom Dumoulin GBR Chris Froome
    July 11th Rest day in Andorra
    Rest day
    10th stage  Jul 12 AND Escaldes-Engordany - Revel
    Intermediate stage
    197 OUT Michael Matthews GBR Chris Froome
    11th stage  13 Jul Carcassonne - Montpellier
    Flat stage
    162.5 SVK Peter Sagan GBR Chris Froome
    12th stage  14 Jul Montpellier - Chalet Reynard , Mont Ventoux
    High mountain stage
    178 BEL Thomas De Gendt GBR Chris Froome
    13th stage  15 Jul Bourg-Saint-Andéol - La Caverne du Pont-d'Arc
    Individual time trial
    37.5 NED Tom Dumoulin GBR Chris Froome
    14th stage  16 Jul Montélimar - Villars-les-Dombes , Parc des Oiseaux
    Flat stage
    208.5 GBR Mark Cavendish GBR Chris Froome
    15th stage  17 Jul Bourg-en-Bresse - Culoz
    High mountain stage
    160 COL Jarlinson Pantano GBR Chris Froome
    16th stage  Jul 18 Moirans-en-Montagne - BernSUI
    Hilly stage
    209 SVK Peter Sagan GBR Chris Froome
    July 19 Rest day in Bern
    Rest day
    17th stage  Jul 20 SUI Bern - Finhaut - Emosson
    High mountain stage
    184.5 RUS Ilnur Sakarin GBR Chris Froome
    18th stage  Jul 21 Sallanches - Megève
    Individual time trial
    17th GBR Chris Froome GBR Chris Froome
    19th stage  22 Jul Albertville - Saint-Gervais , Mont Blanc
    High mountain stage
    146 FRA Romain Bardet GBR Chris Froome
    20th stage  23 Jul Megève - Morzine - Avoriaz
    High mountain stage
    146.5 ESP Ion Izagirre GBR Chris Froome
    21st stage  Jul 24 Chantilly - Paris , avenue des Champs-Élysées
    Flat stage
    113 GER André Greipel GBR Chris Froome

    Stage profiles

    The following table shows information on the profile of the stages (length, vertical meters to be covered uphill and downhill, number of categorized climbs) and how they were mastered by the riders (time and average speed of the stage winner).

    Et. A length Altitude Number of mountain ratings b Sp. C Time d Ø e
    on from HC 1. 2. 3. 4th Σ Σ
    1. 188.0 km 660 m 710 m 2 2 1 04:13:55 h 44.4 km / h
    2. 183.0 km 1,460 m 1,390 m 1 3 4th 1 04:13:55 h 44.4 km / h
    3. 223.5 km 1,210 m 1,200 m 1 1 1 05:59:54 h 37.3 km / h
    4th 237.5 km 1,280 m 1,000 m 1 1 1 05:28:30 h 43.4 km / h
    5. 216.0 km 3,450 m 2,430 m 2 3 1 6th 1 05:31:36 h 39.1 km / h
    6th 190.5 km 1,720 m 2,210 m 2 1 3 1 04:43:48 h 40.3 km / h
    7th 162.5 km 2,230 m 1,270 m 1 1 2 1 03:48:09 h 42.7 km / h
    8th. 184.0 km 4,350 m 3,890 m 1 2 1 4th 1 04:57:33 h 37.1 km / h
    9. 184.5 km 4,640 m 3,370 m 1 3 1 5 1 05:16:24 h 35.0 km / h
    10. 197.0 km 2,170 m 2,990 m 1 1 2 1 04:22:38 h 45.0 km / h
    11. 162.5 km 1,110 m 1,190 m 2 2 1 03:26:23 h 47.2 km / h
    12. 184.0 km 2,670 m 810 m 1 1 1 3 1 04:31:51 h 40.6 km / h
    13. 37.5 km 660 m 450 m - - - - - - - 00:50:15 h 44.8 km / h
    14th 208.5 km 1,610 m 1,420 m 3 3 1 05:43:49 h 36.4 km / h
    15th 160.0 km 4,080 m 4,080 m 1 2 1 2 6th 1 04:24:49 h 36.3 km / h
    16. 209.0 km 2,010 m 2,090 m 1 1 1 04:26:02 h 47.1 km / h
    17th 184.5 km 3,750 m 2,350 m 1 1 2 4th 1 04:36:33 h 40.0 km / h
    18th 17.0 km 650 m 110 m - - - - - - - 00:30:43 h 33.2 km / h
    19th 146.0 km 4,030 m 3,010 m 1 2 1 4th 1 04:14:08 h 34.5 km / h
    20th 146.5 km 3,710 m 3,810 m 1 2 1 4th 1 04:06:45 h 35.6 km / h
    21st 113.0 km 400 m 410 m 1 1 1 02:43:08 h 41.6 km / h
    Σ 3,535.0 km 47,850 m 40,190 m 7th 14th 7th 12 18th 58 19th 89:04:48 h 39.7 km / h
    a Et. = Stage
    bTotal number of mountain ratings and per category (Σ = total)
    c Sp. = Number of sprint ratings
    d Time = driving time of the respective stage winner
    eØ speed = Average speed of the respective stage winner
    • bold = the respective maximum per column

    Ratings in the course of the tour

    The table shows the leader in the respective classification or the wearer of the classification jerseys or colored back numbers at the end of the respective stage. The individual stage articles, which are linked in the first column, offer a more detailed overview of the placements after a stage.

    stage Yellow jersey
    Overall rating
    Green jersey
    Dotted jersey
    Mountain scoring
    White jersey
    Young talent evaluation
    Yellow number on the back
    Team evaluation
    Red number on the back
    Most combative driver
    1. United KingdomUnited Kingdom Mark Cavendish
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom Mark Cavendish (1)
    GermanyGermany Paul Voss
    BelgiumBelgium Edward Theuns
    BelgiumBelgium Lotto Soudal FranceFrance Anthony Delaplace
    2. SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan
    SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan (2)
    BelgiumBelgium Jasper Stuyven
    FranceFrance Julian Alaphilippe
    AustraliaAustralia Orica-BikeExchange BelgiumBelgium Jasper Stuyven
    3. United KingdomUnited Kingdom Mark Cavendish
    FranceFrance Thomas Voeckler
    4th SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan (3)
    BelgiumBelgium Oliver Naesen
    5. BelgiumBelgium Greg Van Avermaet
    BelgiumBelgium Thomas De Gendt
    United StatesUnited States BMC Racing Team BelgiumBelgium Thomas De Gendt
    6th United KingdomUnited Kingdom Mark Cavendish
    JapanJapan Yukiya Arashiro
    7th United KingdomUnited Kingdom Adam Yates
    ItalyItaly Vincenzo Nibali
    8th. United KingdomUnited Kingdom Chris Froome
    PolandPoland Rafał Majka
    FranceFrance Thibaut Pinot
    9. FranceFrance Thibaut Pinot
    SpainSpain Movistar team NetherlandsNetherlands Tom Dumoulin
    10. SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan
    United StatesUnited States BMC Racing Team SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan
    11. FranceFrance Arthur Vichot
    12. BelgiumBelgium Thomas De Gendt
    BelgiumBelgium Thomas De Gendt
    13. not forgiven
    14th FranceFrance Jérémy Roy
    15th PolandPoland Rafał Majka
    SpainSpain Movistar team PolandPoland Rafał Majka
    16. FranceFrance Julian Alaphilippe & Tony Martin (both EQS)
    17th ColombiaColombia Jarlinson Pantano
    18th not forgiven
    19th PortugalPortugal Rui Alberto Costa
    20th ColombiaColombia Jarlinson Pantano
    21st not forgiven
    winner United KingdomUnited Kingdom Chris Froome
    SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan
    PolandPoland Rafał Majka
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom Adam Yates
    SpainSpain Movistar team SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan

    Notes on the table:

    (1)On the second stage, Marcel Kittel wore the green jersey as second in the points classification, as Mark Cavendish was already wearing the yellow jersey.
    (2)On the third stage, Mark Cavendish was second in the points classification, wearing the green jersey, as Peter Sagan was already wearing the yellow jersey.
    (3)On the fifth stage, Mark Cavendish wore the green jersey as second in the points classification, as Peter Sagan was already wearing the yellow jersey.

    First tour week

    Ratings after the 7th stage
    Overall rating BelgiumBelgium Greg Van Avermaet (BMC) 34:09:44 h
    2. United KingdomUnited Kingdom Adam Yates (OBE) + 5:50 min
    3. FranceFrance Julian Alaphilippe (EQS) + 5:51 min
    4th SpainSpain Alejandro Valverde (MOV) + 5:53 min
    5. SpainSpain Joaquim Rodríguez (KAT) + 5:54 min
    Scoring United KingdomUnited Kingdom Mark Cavendish (DDD) 204 P.
    2. GermanyGermany Marcel Kittel (EQS) 182 P.
    3. SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan (TNK) 175 p.
    Mountain scoring BelgiumBelgium Thomas De Gendt (LTS) 13 P.
    2. BelgiumBelgium Greg Van Avermaet (BMC) 13 P.
    3. United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Cummings (DDD) 10 p.
    Young talent evaluation United KingdomUnited Kingdom Adam Yates (OBE) 34:15:34 h
    2. FranceFrance Julian Alaphilippe (EQS) + 0:01 min
    3. FranceFrance Warren Barguil (EQS) + 0:07 min
    Team ranking United StatesUnited States BMC Racing Team 202: 34: 01 h
    2. United KingdomUnited Kingdom Team Sky + 4:16 min
    3. SpainSpain Movistar team + 4:52 min

    On the first stages, which traditionally run through fairly flat terrain, sprinter Mark Cavendish (DDD), the most successful racing driver after stage wins on the Tour in recent years, was able to build on his sprint dominance from 2008 to 2012. In these years he won at least three tour stages. In the years 2013 to 2015 only three more were added. This year Cavendish won the 1st , 3rd and 6th stages and finished second behind Eddy Merckx and ahead of Bernard Hinault on the list of record stage winners at the Tour de France at the end of the week with a total of 29 successes . Thanks to his success on the first stage, Cavendish also won the first yellow and first green jerseys of the 103rd Tour of France.

    The Slovak Peter Sagan (TNK), who had won the green jersey in the last four years, took Cavendish the lead in the overall as well as in the with the victory on the 2nd stage and the time and point bonuses awarded for it Scoring from. While Sagan stayed in yellow until the 5th stage, he fought a battle for green with Cavendish, during which the lead in this classification changed several times between the two. By the end of the week, Mark Cavendish was about 25 points clear of Sagan. Marcel Kittel (EQS), who won the 4th stage in the sprint , was also at the front of the points classification .

    The 5th stage led to more mountainous terrain for the first time. It was decided from a breakaway group that the main field had previously given an unusually large lead. With an attack on the Col du Perthus won Greg Van Avermaet of Belgium, the stage and sat down in the standings with five minutes ahead of second-placed Julian Alaphilippe to the top. His former escape comrade and compatriot Thomas De Gendt (LTS) took the lead in the mountain classification, which had previously been led by Paul Voss (BOA) and Jasper Stuyven (TFS) with low scores from the flat stages. Julian Alaphilippe remained the best young driver, he had put on the white jersey for the first time after the second stage.

    The fifth stage also ensured the first preliminary decisions with regard to the circle of favorites for the Tour victory: both Vincenzo Nibali (AST) already let go on the first steeper mountain and came over eight minutes behind the other class riders. He then said that he wanted to fully concentrate on helping Fabio Aru (AST). Also Contador (TNK), weakened by fall injuries from the first and second stage, to a time a residue acted.

    After the flat sixth stage, stage 7 was the first high mountain section on the program. Greg Van Avermaet drove into the breakaway in the yellow jersey to avoid pushing his BMC team into the chase and was able to make up another 1:30 minutes on his pursuers in the overall standings. The section that led over the Col d'Aspin was won by Steve Cummings (DDD), who achieved his second Tour stage victory since 2015 . Vincenzo Nibali was also in the lead group and regained the group of favorites for about two minutes. Thibaut Pinot (FDJ) had problems , he lost three minutes to the favorites and with it the prospect of repeating his podium from 2014.

    Bottom line

    Final result after the 21st stage
    Overall rating United KingdomUnited Kingdom Chris Froome (SKY) 89:04:48 h
    2. FranceFrance Romain Bardet (ALM) + 4:05 min
    3. ColombiaColombia Nairo Quintana (MOV) + 4:21 min
    4th United KingdomUnited Kingdom Adam Yates (OBE) + 4:42 min
    5. AustraliaAustralia Richie Porte (BMC) + 5:17 min
    6th SpainSpain Alejandro Valverde (MOV) + 6:16 min
    7th SpainSpain Joaquim Rodríguez (KAT) + 6:58 min
    8th. South AfricaSouth Africa Louis Meintjes (LAM) + 6:58 min
    9. IrelandIreland Daniel Martin (EQS) + 7:04 min
    10. Czech RepublicCzech Republic Roman Kreuziger (TNK) + 7:11 min
    Scoring SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan (TCS) 470 pts.
    2. GermanyGermany Marcel Kittel (EQS) 228 pts.
    3. AustraliaAustralia Michael Matthews (OBE) 199 pts.
    4th GermanyGermany André Greipel (LTS) 178 pts.
    5. NorwayNorway Alexander Kristoff (KAT) 172 pts.
    Mountain scoring PolandPoland Rafał Majka (TNK) 209 pts.
    2. BelgiumBelgium Thomas De Gendt (LTS) 130 pts.
    3. ColombiaColombia Jarlinson Pantano (IAM) 121 pts.
    4th RussiaRussia Ilnur Sakarin (KAT) 084 pts.
    5. PortugalPortugal Rui Costa (LAM) 076 pts.
    Young talent evaluation United KingdomUnited Kingdom Adam Yates (OBE) 89:09:30 h
    2. South AfricaSouth Africa Louis Meintjes (LAM) + 02:16 min
    3. GermanyGermany Emanuel Buchmann (BOA) + 42:58 min
    4th FranceFrance Warren Barguil (TGA) + 47:32 min
    5. NetherlandsNetherlands Wilco Kelderman (TLJ) + 1:19:56 h
    Team ranking SpainSpain Movistar team 267: 20: 45 h
    2. United KingdomUnited Kingdom Team Sky + 08:14 min
    3. United StatesUnited States BMC Racing Team + 48:11 min
    4th FranceFrance Ag2r La Mondiale + 56:50 min
    5. KazakhstanKazakhstan Astana Pro Team + 1:16:58 h
    Most combative driver SlovakiaSlovakia Peter Sagan (TNK)
    Chris Froome from the Sky team was the first to complete the 3529 kilometers of the tour in 89 hours, 4 minutes and 48 seconds. This was his third victory in the Tour of France. For the first time since 1995 a driver managed to repeat the victory he had won the previous year. Romain Bardet (ag2r La Mondiale) took second place, just under four minutes behind Froome. It was the Frenchman's best placement in a Grand Tour to date, before Bardet had made it into the top ten on the Tour of France twice. The podium was completed by Nairo Quintana (Movistar) from Colombia, who was 4:21 minutes behind the winner and was one place worse than last year when he was second behind Chris Froome.
    Top ten
    Fourth place surprisingly went to Briton Adam Yates (Orica-BikeExchange), who at the same time drove the best time of all young professionals and won the junior competition. Richie Porte (BMC) from Australia took fifth place and thus his best placement in a major tour of the country . He was 5:17 minutes behind Chris Froome. Alejandro Valverde (Movistar) followed in sixth place behind Porte . For Valverde it was already the 17th top ten placement in a Grand Tour and the second after bronze at the Giro d'Italia 2016. Joaquim Rodríguez (Katusha), who was his last Grand Tour participant, finished seventh Career once again like making it into the top ten in 2010 and 2013. At the same time as Rodríguez (+ 6:58 min on Froome), Louis Meintjes (Lampre-Merida, South Africa ) landed in eighth place overall and in the junior ranking in second place behind Adam Yates. Irishman Daniel Martin (Etixx-QuickStep) came in ninth place, 7:04 minutes behind Froome. Roman Kreuziger from the Czech Republic, who had become the new captain of the Tinkoff team after Alberto Contador left, came tenth .
    Overall rating
    The tour was completed by 174 of 198 riders who started, around 88% of the field. Last in the overall standings ( Lanterne Rouge , "red lantern") was Sam Bennett , who was placed 174th on the Champs-Élysées in Paris, 5 hours, 17 minutes and 14 seconds behind the overall leader.
    For the fifth time in a row, Peter Sagan (Tinkoff) from Slovakia won the green jersey of the leader of the points classification. Sagan collected a total of 470 points with three stage wins and several stays in escape groups and was thus well ahead of the German Marcel Kittel (Etixx-QuickStep, 228 points). Third in this ranking was Michael Matthews (Orica-BikeExchange) from Australia with 199 points. Mark Cavendish , who had been within striking distance of Sagan for a long time , left the Tour de France 2016 prematurely and was thus also removed from the points classification.
    Mountain scoring
    In the mountain classification , the Pole Rafał Majka won the polka dot jersey for the second time since 2014. He reached 209 points and won seven of the 58 mountain classifications held. He was followed by Thomas De Gendt (Lotto-Soudal) from Belgium with 130 points, followed by the Colombian Jarlinson Pantano (IAM) in third place with 121 points.
    Team ranking
    The team classification decided as last year, the Spanish Movistar Team for itself. It was followed by the British Team Sky and the BMC Racing Team from the United States.
    most combative driver
    For his active driving style, in addition to the green jersey, Peter Sagan was also awarded the red number of the most aggressive driver of the 2016 Tour de France. He had already worn this red number once after the 10th stage .

    See also

    Web links

    Commons : Tour de France 2016  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


    1. ↑ The stages are flat stages: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 11, 14, 16, 21
    2. Central mountain stages are the stages: 5, 7, 10, 12
    3. ↑ The high mountain stages are: 8, 9, 15, 17, 19, 20
    4. Individual time trials are stages 13 and 18
    5. On all stages, except for the two time trials, an intermediate sprint is carried out

    Individual evidence

    1. Orica-GreenEdge to become Orica-BikeExchange ahead of Tour de France - Australian team expected to unveil new jersey on Thursday. June 29, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016 .
    2. Cannondale Pro Cycling Team adds Drapac Capital Partners as co-title sponsor. (No longer available online.) June 30, 2016, archived from the original on June 30, 2016 ; accessed on June 30, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
    3. Ag2R also takes Dumoulin and Gastauer to the tour. In: June 27, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016 .
    4. Astana with Aru and Nibali to France. In: June 27, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016 .
    5. Felix Griep: Tour de France: BMC sends Van Garderen and Porte an equal pair of leaders into the race. In: June 22, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2016 .
    6. Jörg Schröder: Tour de France: Bora names tour line-up without mink / advertising for tour start 2017. In: June 20, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    7. Felix Griep: Tour de France: New Cannondale leader Rolland is aiming for the overall classification and a stage win. In: June 27, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    8. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Bouhanni is canceled due to hand injury - even sick Devenyns does not start. In: June 29, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    9. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Cofidis relies fully on mass sprints with the previous Tour unlucky Bouhanni. In: June 27, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    10. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Aggressive MTN successor Dimension Data now also has a top sprinter with Cavendish. In: June 27, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    11. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Coquard, the most victorious driver in 2016, and two oldies go on a stage hunt for Direct Energie. In: June 27, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    12. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Kittel, two Martins and Alaphilippe offer Etixx-Quick Step opportunities on all terrains. In: June 26, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    13. Felix Griep: Tour de France: France's hope Pinot at FDJ with Swiss support from Reichenbach and Morabito. In: June 22, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2016 .
    14. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Fortuneo Vital Concept wants to attack a lot and dreams of the first Tour stage victory. In: June 29, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    15. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Giant-Alpecin hopes for further development of Barguil and stage victories u. a. by Degenkolb. In: June 23, 2016, accessed July 1, 2016 .
    16. Felix Griep: Tour de France: IAM competes with Frank / Pantano and young sprinter Holst Enger. In: June 21, 2016, accessed July 1, 2016 .
    17. ^ Felix Griep: Tour de France: In addition to Rodriguez and Van Den Broeck, Katusha also takes Zakarin, and of course Kristoff. In: June 21, 2016, accessed July 1, 2016 .
    18. ^ Felix Griep: Tour de France: Costa and Meintjes lead Lampre-Merida, Grmay as the first Ethiopian on the tour. In: June 21, 2016, accessed July 1, 2016 .
    19. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Without captain Gesink, LottoNL-Jumbo hopes for stage wins through Kelderman and Groenewegen. In: June 22, 2016, accessed July 2, 2016 .
    20. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Lotto Soudal relies heavily on Greipel again - 15th GT in a row for Hansen. June 23, 2016, accessed July 2, 2016 .
    21. ^ Felix Griep: Tour de France: Strong Movistar helper team around Valverde for the two-time Tour-second Quintana. June 27, 2016, accessed July 2, 2016 .
    22. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Yates, Matthews, Gerrans etc. - Orica-GreenEdge with many options for stage wins. June 27, 2016, accessed July 2, 2016 .
    23. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Kwiatkowski is missing in the usual strong Sky squad, Froome is aiming for 3rd overall victory. June 22, 2016, accessed July 2, 2016 .
    24. Felix Griep: Tour de France: Tinkoff captain Contador wants yellow again, Sagan especially, finally, stage wins again. June 29, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016 .
    25. ^ Felix Griep: Tour de France: Cancellara and Rast part of the Trek-Segafredo team around captain Mollema. (No longer available online.) June 27, 2016, formerly in the original ; Retrieved July 2, 2016 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
    26. The favorites of the 103rd Tour de France - Five stars for Froome and Quintana. June 29, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016 .
    27. Kirsten Frattini: The kings of the sprints at the Tour de France., July 1, 2016, accessed July 1, 2016 .
    28. ^ Jean-Baptiste Duluc: Tour de France 2016 - Barguil, Kelderman ou Alaphilippe: Les favoris pour le maillot blanc. Tour de France 2016 - Barguil, Kelderman ou Alaphilippe: Les favoris pour le maillot blanc, June 28, 2016, accessed on July 1, 2016 .
    29. Andreas Schulz: Tour de France 2016 - jerseys & ratings - yellow, green, mountain jersey - the point distribution., June 29, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    30. Andreas Schulz: Tour de France 2016 - Regulations & Awards - Waiting period, mountain ratings, stage wins., June 29, 2016, accessed June 30, 2016 .
    31. Tour de France 2016 to start from Manche. (No longer available online.) Amaury Sport Organization, archived from the original on November 27, 2014 ; accessed on November 25, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
    32. Tour de France 2016 starts on the English Channel. Reported briefly today. Sport Aktiv Media GmbH, November 24, 2014, accessed on November 25, 2014 .
    33. Joachim Logisch: Froome welcomes the shortened route - the Ventoux stage ends at Chalet Reynard., July 13, 2016, accessed July 14, 2016 .
    34. GPS data Tour de France 2016 ( Memento of the original from July 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /