Phineas Warren Hitchcock

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Phineas Warren Hitchcock

Phineas Warren Hitchcock (born November 30, 1831 in New Lebanon , Columbia County , New York , †  July 10, 1881 in Omaha , Nebraska ) was an American politician .


Early life

Phineas Hitchcock was born the son of a farmer in humble circumstances and grew up in Massachusetts , where he graduated from Williams College in 1855 . In college he made the acquaintance of James A. Garfield , the future US President, and James Gilfillan , the future Treasurer of the United States in the Treasury.

After studying law for two years , he moved to Omaha in 1857, where he practiced as a lawyer. Due to his studies, he spoke fluent German and French . From 1861 to 1864, Hitchcock held the office of US Marshal for the Nebraska Territory.

Political career

In 1865, the Republican was elected to the US Congress as a non-voting delegate for the Nebraska Territory . He stayed there from March 4, 1865 to March 1, 1867.

When both Nebraska and Iowa became US states in the late 1860s, Hitchcock worked in both cases from 1867 to 1869 on behalf of the government as a land surveyor, whose task, among other things, was to determine the state borders as well as those of the counties .

In 1870 Hitchcock ran successfully for a seat in the US Senate and represented Nebraska for a term from March 4, 1871 to March 3, 1877. As a surveyor, he became chairman of the Senate Committee on Territories.

Late life

Parallel to his work as a politician, Hitchcock published articles in daily newspapers, a work that his son Gilbert continued when he founded the Omaha World-Herald in 1885 .

Family and death

Hitchcock married Annie M. Monell on December 27, 1858, daughter of a wealthy doctor. They had three children, a daughter Grace and sons Gilbert and John. Although the Hitchcock couple had a good relationship, Annie decided to raise her children in Europe , while Phineas Hitchcock stayed in the USA due to his political activities. So spent Annie and the children, including two years in German Baden-Baden , and in Dresden .

Annie Hitchcock died in 1877; a stroke of fate that Phineas Hitchcock could never cope with. He died four years later of a serious illness at the age of 49.


One of the counties in Nebraska was named in Hitchcock County in his honor. His son Gilbert followed his father into politics and was himself a US Senator from 1911 to 1923.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Listing of US Marshals for Nebraska (PDF; 72 kB), website of the United States Marshals Service