1. FC Frankfurt
|1. FC Frankfurt|
|Surname||1. Football Club Frankfurt (Oder) E. V. e. V.|
|Seat||Frankfurt (Oder) , Brandenburg|
|founding||August 2, 1951
(as SV KP Vorwärts Leipzig )
Established: February 7, 1991
(as FC Victoria 91 )
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Jan Mutschler|
|league||Brandenburg League (VI.)|
The 1. FC Frankfurt (officially . 1. Football Club Frankfurt (Oder) E. V. eV ) is a German football club from Frankfurt (Oder) . It was founded in Leipzig in 1951 as Vorwärts Leipzig , moved to East Berlin in 1953 and won the championship and cup in GDR football several times there until 1971 as Vorwärts Berlin . The club has played in Frankfurt since 1971, first as FC Vorwärts Frankfurt (Oder) and later as FC Victoria '91 Frankfurt (Oder) and Frankfurter FC Viktoria . On July 1, 2012 Viktoria changed its name to 1. FC Frankfurt (Oder) E.V. with MSV Eintracht Frankfurt .
1. FC Frankfurt is the successor to the GDR upper division club FC Vorwärts Frankfurt, whose origins lay in Leipzig. Vorwärts belonged to the army sports association Vorwärts or its predecessor organizations and was therefore closely linked to the development of the National People's Army (NVA). In addition to several name and coat of arms changes, this also meant that the army athletes were the only team in the major league to have to “move” twice to another city. All players and coaches of the FC were automatically assigned a rank of the NVA until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
1951–1953: Leipzig era
In the early 1950s, the forerunner of the Barracked People's Police , the Headquarters Training (HVA), founded a sports association "Forward", which was to serve as a sporting "flagship" of the national armed forces based on the Soviet model. In a 1951 internal HVA championship to determine the best forward team, the Leipzig forward sports group won 9-2 against SV Vorwärts Burg, whereupon Leipzig declared an HVA football base and Vorwärts Leipzig for the 1951/52 season without any athletic qualifications was classified in the upper league. The sports group was given the new name SV Volkspolizei (VP) Vorwärts Leipzig . This name was first mentioned on August 2, 1951 (the exact date of foundation is unknown).
First league years
In its first season, SV Vorwärts initially competed in black, red and gold. The home games were played in the Wackerstadion in the Leipzig district of Gohlis . Already during the season the main administration training (HVA) Leipzig was renamed SV Vorwärts for the first time . However, the team only reached 15th place and thus only secured relegation late. In the following season there were a number of changes. In addition to the club colors (to the traditional red and yellow), the name was changed again on November 2, 1952 to SV Vorwärts of the Kasernierte Volkspolizei (KVP) Leipzig .
In addition, over the course of the season, eight players were lured away by the more athletic local rivals BSG Chemie Leipzig , which, however, drew the ire of Leipzig's football fans. But in spite of the reinforcements there was no improvement in performance. Instead, the club rose from the league as fourteenth of 17 teams. The last games of the season were played under a new name in the East Berlin Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark .
1953–1971: Berlin epoch
Delegation to Berlin
The delegation of the sports association to the capital of the GDR had several reasons. For one thing, Vorwärts was not very popular compared to chemistry in Leipzig. Furthermore, Berlin should be represented in the upper league (which had already led to controversial sport policy decisions in previous years). The major league and league teams based in East Berlin had the problem that many of the best players migrated through the border to West Berlin clubs that was still open at the time. Under such conditions no East Berlin club could compete with the teams from the rest of the GDR in the long term. A permanent absence from Berlin clubs from the top division of the GDR should be avoided for reasons of prestige. Therefore, the plan was implemented, with the delegation of Vorwärts Leipzig, to establish as competitive a league team as possible with a largely "escape-resistant" squad of army members. For the 1953/54 season, SV Vorwärts joined the KVP Berlin .
A year later, with the SC Dynamo Berlin, another team of the “uniformed forces” was installed in Berlin (in this case the SG Dynamo Dresden was delegated to Berlin). One reason for this decision could have been that the army footballers did not trust too much after they had only poor results in Leipzig. Dynamo Dresden, on the other hand, was champion in 1953 and third in 1954.
In their first DDR-Liga season review SV forward was again renamed several times. The change on September 27, 1953 to Zentraler Sportklub (ZSK) Vorwärts of KVP Berlin was followed on March 7, 1954 by ZSK Vorwärts Berlin as a new name. With the new name and the new location, the team had more success and managed to rise again. In addition, you could win the cup against the favored league club Motor Zwickau .
At that time, the team was still commuting between the training center and residence in Leipzig and the home ground in Berlin. Since this had a negative impact on performance, the location of the club was relocated to Strausberg (east of Berlin) during the 1954/55 season . The players should also change their place of residence, which 16 players refused and instead stayed in Leipzig. Together with the reserve team of the old SV Vorwärts Leipzig and the second men's team of the SC DHfK Leipzig, they formed the team of the newly founded SC Vorwärts Leipzig (which, however, was delegated to Cottbus after the season and started there as Vorwärts Cottbus ).
Successes as ASK Forward
The players who moved to Berlin were reinforced by half of the first team at SC DHfK Leipzig (most of the other half went to SC Dynamo Berlin ). Initially, forward was still part of the mediocre league and successively occupied eighth (1954/55) and ten (in the transition round 1955 ). The year 1956 marked a sporting turnaround for Vorwärts when they finished sixth in the Oberliga and reached the final in the FDGB Cup in 1956 (which was lost to SC Chemie Halle-Leuna ).
Organizational changes preceded this. In January 1956 the National People's Army emerged from the KVP, and on October 1, the Army Sports Association Vorwärts was founded. On October 31, the Berliners were renamed Central Army Sports Club (ZASK) Vorwärts Berlin . In February of the following year the club was only called ASK Vorwärts Berlin , which marked the beginning of the club's most successful era. In the five seasons between 1957 and 1962, the team always reached number one or two. Three times ( 1958 , 1960 , 1961/62 ) one was champion and was allowed to participate in the European championship . In addition, the ASK was sent to represent the DFV at the first edition of the European Cup Winners' Cup . A highlight of this time was the first round match in the national championship competition in 1959/60 against Wolverhampton Wanderers , which Vorwärts Berlin won 2-1 in front of 65,000 spectators in the Walter Ulbricht Stadium .
Renaming to FC Forward
After finishing third in 1963 and fifth in 1964, the fourth championship title followed in 1965. This was successfully defended in 1966. But again under a new name. In 1965, football was given a special status in competitive GDR sport, the aim of which was to promote this sport in a targeted manner. As a result, in addition to Berlin, mostly in the district cities of the GDR, individual soccer sections were outsourced from the sports clubs in order to continue playing as independent soccer clubs. At ASK Vorwärts, this section was spun off on January 18, 1966, and its name was henceforth FC Vorwärts Berlin . Also, the city rivals Dynamo was from 1966 under the new name BFC Dynamo continued as an independent football club. With 1. FC Union Berlin (previously TSC Berlin ), which was also newly founded this year , the capital was ultimately represented by three football clubs in the top division.
In the following years until 1970, the competition within the city surprisingly did not come from BFC Dynamo, which even relegated for a short time, but from 1. FC Union Berlin. In 1967 the Unioners were ahead in the table and in 1968 they won the cup. But in the 1968/69 season , the balance of power was adjusted from a forward perspective when the sixth championship was brought in and the Berlin rivals landed in tenth (Dynamo) and 13th (Union). In the following season , the army footballers were runner-up and cup winners for the second time.
Vorwärts Berlin was the defining team in the late 1950s and 1960s. In Berlin you were clearly in front of the Dynamo team, which had been delegated to the capital in 1954 with greater hopes. With two exceptions, Vorwärts was always ahead of Dynamo in the table and also decided the direct comparison with 14 wins and eight draws and eight defeats.
1971–1991: Frankfurt era in GDR football
Delegation to Frankfurt (Oder)
On July 31, 1971, FC Vorwärts was delegated to Frankfurt (Oder) following a decision by the Ministry of Defense . The background of this installation were never stated publicly, but is certain that Stasi boss Erich Mielke here has played a crucial role by the incumbent at the time Defense Minister Heinz Hoffmann convinced of the "necessity" of a dislocation of the clubs within district . This circumstance led to the assumption that Mielke's preferred BFC Dynamo (Mielke himself was chairman of the Dynamo sports association ) should be built into an elite capital city club and that this measure wanted to get rid of the much more successful and far more popular local rivalry at the same time. It should also be noted that on April 22, 1969, the DTSB Presidium passed a resolution on the further development of competitive sport up to the 20th Olympic Games in 1972. Among other things, it says: "The ASK Vorwärts Berlin stationed on the territory of the Frankfurt (Oder) district is to be gradually relocated to the district capital under the name ASK Vorwärts Frankfurt (Oder). The SC Frankfurt (Oder) sports club is to be dissolved." (see history of the ASK forward Frankfurt ). In the course of the relocation of FC Vorwärts, the team that had been promoted to the GDR league in 1971 was relocated from Dynamo Frankfurt to Fürstenwalde and from then on played as SG Dynamo Fürstenwalde .
The last Berlin season of FC Vorwärts ( 1970/71 ) ended in the middle of the table. After all, the advance into the quarter-finals of the European Cup Winners' Cup succeeded in this season . But FC Vorwärts was never able to build on the successes of the Berlin period.
FC Forward Frankfurt
The moved FC Vorwärts played in the Oderstadt from then on under the name FC Vorwärts Frankfurt . In 1974 he defeated Juventus Turin in the first round match of the UEFA Cup at home 2-1. Then there was a change in leadership and the new successes could no longer be achieved. After finishing the season in the twelfth and final non-relegation place, the team reached the FDGB Cup final in 1976, relatively unexpectedly. This was clearly lost 3-0 against 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig . In the 1977/78 season , relegation could no longer be prevented. After 1953, FC Vorwärts had to enter the GDR league for the second time in its club history . However, in the following season the immediate promotion to the top division could be achieved.
In the early 1980s, FC Vorwärts Frankfurt experienced its sporting resurgence when it qualified for participation in the UEFA Cup for three consecutive seasons. In addition, they reached the final in the FDGB Cup in 1981, where they again lost out to Lok Leipzig (1: 4). In addition, there was in the 1982/83 season with the runner-up championship so far the best placement of the FCV in the Frankfurt era - significantly behind the former local rivals BFC Dynamo, who dominated the league for several years.
At the end of the 1987/88 season , FC Vorwärts had to go back to the second division . Here, too, the BFC played an essential role when they sealed the relegation of the Frankfurt guests on the last matchday with a 1-0 home win. The defeat of the Oderstädter saved the second club from the capital, Union Berlin, from the already believed safe departure.
Since 1991: In all-German football
Established in 1991
With the end of the GDR, the previous FC Vorwärts had come to an end, as the NVA was dissolved on October 3, 1990 and there was no organizational structure comparable to that of the army sports association Vorwärts in the area of the Bundeswehr that could have been joined.
In the last year of the Oberliga 1990/91 , which during the season - due to the association - became the NOFV Oberliga , the team that had just been promoted again finally played from February 1991 as FC Victoria 91 Frankfurt . With the official re-establishment of the club under this new name, the game could be continued until the end of the season.
The primary goal of the season, qualifying for the 1st or 2nd Bundesliga , was clearly missed by the previous army sports club - not least as a result of the dissolution of the NVA and the resulting loss of personnel and structure for the club. FC Victoria finished the season bottom of the table (14th place) and did not even reach the qualifying round for the 2nd Bundesliga, which would have required 12th place. The club eventually disappeared from the field of vision of professional football.
Frankfurt FC Viktoria
With a team of the "nameless" it was possible to prevent the further sporting crash and in the 1991/92 season in the Oberliga-Nordost Staffel Nord to occupy 11th place, which ensured relegation.
After the 5th day of the 1992/93 season, the new name was Frankfurter FC Viktoria 91 . The name was given based on the previous association Viktoria FSC 04 , which existed before the war and whose tradition was thus taken up.
In the following years at the end of the season three times the relegation from the Oberliga Nordost (1992/93, 1999/2000, 2003/04) and twice the rise (1996/97, 2002/03) followed. Since then, the Frankfurters have established themselves in the Brandenburg League .
1. FC Frankfurt
On July 1, 2012, the closing MSV Eintracht Frankfurt Frankfurt FC Viktoria and the club renamed itself in 1. FC Frankfurt (Oder) E. V. order. The "E. V. ”in the name stands for the two original clubs“ Eintracht ”and“ Viktoria ”. The aim of the merger should be the medium-term establishment of Frankfurt football in the higher leagues. The first success was celebrated at the end of the 2014/15 season. The team defeated Miersdorf / Zeuthen 5-1 on the last matchday of the Brandenburg League and rose to the top division of the Northeast League as first and Brandenburg champions. There one reached relegation only because of the forced relegation of the insolvent 1. FC Neubrandenburg , in 15th place in the table. After another false start into the new season with only one point and a goal difference of 2:11 from the first three games, coach Michael Pohl was finally separated. Shortly afterwards, Robert Fröhlich was introduced as his successor. After a 3: 6 against FC Mecklenburg Schwerin on the last match day, 1. FC Frankfurt was in last place in the table in summer 2017 with 14 points and a goal difference of −50, as well as 9 points behind the table penultimate FC Strausberg . However, since SV Germania Schöneiche had voluntarily withdrawn from the league and was automatically downgraded to last place, the Frankfurters were now in 15th place, as at the end of the previous season. This would actually still a relegation place, but as in the Regional Northeast of FC Carl Zeiss Jena had risen and the team of FC Schoenberg , and the second representation of RB Leipzig had withdrawn from the Regional, the 15th place in the table to a non-been Relegation place, with which 1. FC Frankfurt, as in the previous year, was able to hold the class again despite sporting descent. In the 2017/2018 season, they achieved the 16th of 17 places with 25 points, so the club finally rose to the sixth-class Brandenburg League after three years of fifth division .
Name and coat of arms history
|date||Full name||Short name|
|2nd August 1951||Sports Association Volkspolizei Vorwärts Leipzig||SV VP Forward Leipzig|
|April 27, 1952||Sports Association Forward of the main administration training in Leipzig||SV Forward of the HVA Leipzig|
|November 2, 1952||Sports association forward of the barracked people's police in Leipzig||SV Forward of the KVP Leipzig|
|April 3, 1953||Sports association forward of the barracked people's police in Berlin||SV Forward of the KVP Berlin|
|September 27, 1953||Central Sports Club Forward of the Barracked People's Police in Berlin||ZSK Forward of the KVP Berlin|
|March 7, 1954||Central Sports Club Forward Berlin||ZSK Forward Berlin|
|October 31, 1956||Central Army Sports Club Forward Berlin||ZASK Forward Berlin|
|February 1, 1957||Army Sports Club Forward Berlin||ASK Forward Berlin|
|January 18, 1966||Forward Berlin football club||FC Forward Berlin|
|August 14, 1971||FC Forward Frankfurt (Oder)||FC Forward Frankfurt|
|February 7, 1991||FC Victoria '91 Frankfurt (Oder)||FC Victoria 91|
|August 29, 1992||Frankfurt FC Viktoria 91||FFC Victoria 91|
|July 1, 2012||1. FC Frankfurt (Oder) E.V.||1. FC Frankfurt|
Success in GDR football
In the all-time table of the GDR league, the team occupies sixth place.
- GDR Oberliga champions: 1958, 1960, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1969
- GDR Oberliga runner-up: 1957, 1959, 1970, 1983
- GDR Oberliga third: 1963
- GDR league champions: 1954, 1979, 1990
- FDGB Cup winners: 1954, 1970
- FDGB Cup finalists: 1956, 1976, 1981
- European Cup of National Champions: 1969/70 (quarter-finals)
- European Cup Winners' Cup: 1970/71 (quarter-finals)
- UEFA Cup: 1980/81 (2nd round)
European Cup balance sheet
|1959/60||European Champions Cup||1 round||Wolverhampton Wanderers||2: 3||2: 1 (H)||0: 2 (A)|
|1960/61||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1 round||Red star Brno||2: 3||2: 1 (H)||0: 2 (A)|
|1961/62||European Champions Cup||1 round||Linfield FC||3-0||3: 0 (H)||without a fight|
|Round of 16||Glasgow Rangers||2: 6||1: 2 (H)||1: 4 (A)|
|1962/63||European Champions Cup||1 round||Dukla Prague||0: 4||0: 3 (H)||0: 1 (A)|
|1965/66||European Champions Cup||1 round||Drumcondra FC||3: 1||0: 1 (A)||3: 0 (H)|
|Round of 16||Manchester United||1: 5||0: 2 (H)||1: 3 (A)|
|1966/67||European Champions Cup||qualification||Waterford FC||12: 1||6: 1 (A)||6: 0 (H)|
|1 round||Górnik Zabrze||4: 6||1: 2 (A)||2: 1 (H)|
|1: 3 in Budapest|
|1969/70||European Champions Cup||1 round||Panathinaikos Athens||3: 1||2: 0 (H)||1: 1 (A)|
|Round of 16||Red Star Belgrade||( a ) 4: 4||2: 1 (H)||2: 3 (A)|
|Quarter finals||Feijenoord Rotterdam||1: 2||1: 0 (H)||0: 2 (A)|
|1970/71||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1 round||Bologna FC||( a ) 1: 1||0: 0 (H)||1: 1 (A)|
|Round of 16||Benfica Lisbon||
(5: 3 on account )
|0: 2 (A)||2: 0 a.d. (H)|
|Quarter finals||PSV Eindhoven||1: 2||0: 2 (A)||1: 0 (H)|
|1974/75||Uefa cup||1 round||Juventus Turin||2: 4||2: 1 (H)||0: 3 (A)|
|1980/81||Uefa cup||1 round||Ballymena United||4: 2||1: 2 (A)||3: 0 (H)|
|2nd round||VfB Stuttgart||2: 7||1: 5 (A)||1: 2 (H)|
|1982/83||Uefa cup||1 round||SV Werder Bremen||a )3: 3 (||1: 3 (H)||2: 0 (A)|
|1983/84||Uefa cup||1 round||Nottingham Forest||0: 3||0: 2 (A)||0: 1 (H)|
|1984/85||Uefa cup||1 round||PSV Eindhoven||2: 3||2: 0 (H)||0: 3 (A)|
Overall record : 42 games, 16 wins, 3 draws, 23 defeats, 54:63 goals (goal difference −9)
Successes in amateur football
- State champion Brandenburg: 1997, 2003, 2015
- Landespokal Cup finalist: 1996, 2000, 2002
- Oberliga Indoor Champion: 2004
Balance since 1990/91
|1991/92||Oberliga Nordost Nord||11.||53:62||33:35|
|1992/93||Oberliga Nordost Nord||17th||43:82||20:44|
|1993/94||Association League Brandenburg||4th||65:38||45:15|
|1994/95||Association League Brandenburg||3.||79:25||43:17|
|1995/96||Association League Brandenburg||2.||87:21||69|
|1996/97||Association League Brandenburg||1.||89:22||72|
|1997/98||Oberliga Nordost Nord||5.||40:33||46|
|1998/99||Oberliga Nordost Nord||5.||45:32||50|
|1999/2000||Oberliga Nordost Nord||11.||50:48||39|
|2000/01||Association League Brandenburg||4th||48:30||53|
|2001/02||Association League Brandenburg||6th||59:36||50|
|2002/03||Association League Brandenburg||1.||71:25||64|
|2003/04||Oberliga Nordost Nord||19th||40:74||25th|
|2004/05||Association League Brandenburg||4th||54:29||53|
|2005/06||Association League Brandenburg||11.||49:45||40|
|2006/07||Association League Brandenburg||7th||50:44||48|
|2015/16||Oberliga Nordost Nord||15th||31:77||21st|
|2016/17||Oberliga Nordost Nord||16.||30:80||14th|
|2017/18||Oberliga Nordost Nord||16.||38:72||25th|
Most famous players
- Frieder Andrich : Midfielder, played 298 competitive games for FC Vorwärts and scored 121 goals
- Horst Assmy : Right winger, 12-time GDR national player (4 goals), after escaping to the West Tennis Borussia Berlin , FC Schalke 04 and KSV Hessen Kassel
- Werner Eilitz : defender, eight times GDR national player between 1952 and 1956, 167 appearances in the league (3 goals)
- Otto Fräßdorf : Defender, 33-time GDR national player (4 goals), with the GDR team for the whole of Germany, bronze medalist 1964 in Tokyo
- Rolf Fritzsche : 2-time East German national team, after fleeing to the West players at Tennis Borussia Berlin, FK Pirmasens , Hamburger SV and KSV Hessen Kassel
- Erich Hamann : midfielder, three-time GDR national player, decisive passgiver for the “ Sparwasser goal” in the German-German duel at the 1974 World Cup
- Lothar home : active at FCV from 1971 to 1991. 9-time GDR national player, 25 × junior selection, Olympic silver in 1980, 1973 Vice European Champion U18, 1978 Vice European Champion U21
- Günter Hoge : Right winger, between 1961 and 1968 six times GDR national player, from 1966 to 1970 1. FC Union Berlin
- Heinz Kaulmann : Top scorer in the GDR Oberliga in 1957 (15 goals), then from 1966 to 1968 1. FC Union Berlin
- Gerhard Körner : midfielder, 33-time GDR national player (4 goals), bronze medalist with the GDR team in 1964 in Tokyo
- Hans-Dieter Krampe : left-back, 28-time GDR national player between 1959 and 1965, 264 appearances in the GDR league from 1957 to 1969 (6 goals)
- Eckhard Kreutzer , goalkeeper, 38-time junior national player, 97 league games
- Lothar Meyer : half-forward, 16-time GDR national player between 1954 and 1961 (2 goals)
- Rainer Nachtigall : Right winger, 11 times GDR national player (2 goals)
- Jürgen Nöldner : midfielder ("GDR Puskás "), 30-time GDR national player (16 goals), bronze medalist at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, GDR footballer of the year 1965/66
- Jürgen Piepenburg : Left wing, 88 goals in the GDR Oberliga, 11 goals in the European Cup .
- Thomas Rath : Striker / midfield, played in the GDR Oberliga for FCV. Later played 111 BL games (8 goals), 31 2nd BL games (5 goals) for Hertha BSC , Dynamo Dresden , SC Freiburg and VfB Leipzig
- Horst Scherbaum : Defender, captain of the GDR national soccer team at the very first international game in 1952, 5 international games
- Lutz Schnürer : midfielder, played 87 competitive games / 31 goals for FC Vorwärts (1985–1988), other positions: BSG Chemie PCK Schwedt, BSG lok / Armaturen Prenzlau, BSG Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt , Hallescher FC Chemie , 1. FC Saarbrücken (2. League, 13 appearances)
- Karl-Heinz Spickenagel : goalkeeper, 29-time GDR national player
- Werner Unger : midfielder, 7-time GDR national team player. Won five championships with Vorwärts Berlin
- Gerhard Vogt : Center forward, in 1959 four-time GDR national team player (1 goal), between 1953 and 1955 and between 1958 and 1967 181 appearances in the GDR Oberliga (63 goals)
- Günther Wirth : Left winger, 28 times GDR national player (10 goals)
- Horst Wruck : midfielder, between 1966 and 1978 263 for FCV in the Oberliga (36 goals)
- Bernd Wunderlich : Striker, 1 international match for the GDR in 1984, 101 appearances in the major league for FCV between 1982 and 1986 (7 goals)
- Lutz Welkisch, Klaus Lange: Forward Football Club 1951–1991. Stach, NL Zbaszyn.
- Hanns Leske: Forward - Army Football in GDR Socialism. Rise and fall of ASK / FC Vorwärts Leipzig / Berlin / Frankfurt. Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 978-3-89533-647-8 .
- Marco Bertram: Double-E. V .: Eintracht Frankfurt merges with Viktoria to form 1. FC Frankfurt! . In: turus.net Magazin , June 1, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2013.