|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Královéhradecký kraj|
|District :||After that|
|Area :||1920.5695 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||362 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||549 74|
|License plate :||H|
|Street:||Broumov - Božanov|
|Mayor :||Karel Rejchrt (as of 2017)|
549 74 Božanov
Božanov ( German Barzdorf ) is a municipality in the Czech Republic . It is located seven kilometers south of Broumov ( Braunau ) and three kilometers northwest of Radków ( Wünschelburg ) on the border with Poland .
Božanov is located at the southwestern foot of the Falkengebirge and north of the Heuscheuergebirge . The forest hoof village stretches for four and a half kilometers along the Božanovský potok ( Buse ) brook , which below the village forms the state border running from southwest to northeast and then flows into the stones .
To the east rises the mountain Przepiórka (490 m), south the Biała Skała (720 m), behind it lies the Szczeliniec Wielki (919 m). To the west lie Lopata (716 m), Božanovský Špičák (773 m) and Koruna (769 m), to the northwest follows the Velká Kupa (708 m).
Neighboring towns are Martínkovice ( March village ) in the north, Otovice ( Ottendorf ) and Tłumaczów ( Tuntschendorf ) in the northeast, Gajów ( Reichenforst ) in the east, Skibin ( Scheibau ) and Radków in the southeast, Borek, Červený Vršek and Studená Voda in the south, Pasterka ( Passendorf ) and Machovská Lhota ( Lhota Möhlten ) in the southwest, Bělý ( Bieley ) in the west and Slavný [ Klein Labnay ] and Suchý Důl ( Dörrengrund ) in the northwest.
In the municipality of Božanov there are three tourist border crossings to Poland: Machovský kříž / Pasterska Góra, Božanov / Radków and Studená Voda / Radków. The latter was opened in 2008. Božanov is located on the international cycle route no.400.
The village of Villa Pertholdi , founded by German colonists in 1253 when the area was reclaimed by the Břevnov Monastery, was first mentioned in a document on March 15, 1256 by Abbot Martin as one of the villages of Braunau Abbey . Its name is derived from a locator Perthold . The village has been known as Berthelsdorf since the 14th century and the name Banzdorf is found in the 17th century . In 1363 the church in Pertelsdorf was elevated to a parish church. The Reformation arrived in 1604. After the Battle of the White Mountain , the village was re-Catholicized in 1621, and the parish became extinct three years later. The church subsequently formed a branch of the March village parish .
In 1708, under the abbot Othmar Zinke, work began to enlarge the church. Between 1735 and 1743 it was redesigned according to plans by Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer . In 1784 the settlement of Kaltwasser was established. In 1790 the village school was given its own wooden building. In 1833, 1,660 people lived in the village. Barzdorf was an agricultural village, with many of the residents earning extra income from home weaving. Sandstone was also quarried in the Falkengebirge, which, because of its strength, was used, for example, on the Brauner Stift. At the beginning of the 19th century the village was one of the largest subordinate villages in the Braunauer Ländchen.
After the abolition of patrimonial Barzdorf formed with Kaltwasser, Rothehöh, Eichkatzel and Neuhof from 1850 a municipality in the judicial district of Braunau or in the district of Braunau . In 1885 there were 1,757 people in the community. While factories settled along the stones, the remote village on the Prussian border became impoverished. Some of the residents worked in the Schroll factories in Braunau and Halbstadt . During these years Barzdorf was affected by heavy emigration. The emigrants settled in Chile in particular . In 1923 the Widemut, the former parish, was demolished. In 1930 the village had only 1,176 inhabitants. After the Munich Agreement , Barzdorf, which was predominantly German-settled, was added to the German Reich in 1938 and belonged to the Braunau district until 1945 . In 1945 and 1946 the German residents were expelled. After the cancellation of the Broumov Okres, Božanov came to the Okres Náchod in 1961.
The municipality Božanov consists of the districts Božanov ( Barzdorf ) and Studená Voda ( cold water ), the locality Na Končinách (end houses ) and the settlements Červená Hora and Červený Vršek ( Rothehöh ), U Veverky ( Eichkatzel ) and Nový Dvůr ( Neuhof ). The basic settlement unit is Božanov.
The municipality forms the Božanov cadastral district.
- Church of Maria Magdalena , built 1735–1743 according to plans by Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer
- The pilgrimage chapel of the Virgin Mary at Brünnl, built in 1890