|State :||Czech Republic|
|Historical part of the country :||Bohemia|
|Region :||Královéhradecký kraj|
|District :||After that|
|Area :||1972 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||506 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||549 52|
|License plate :||H|
|Street:||Chvaleč - Teplice nad Metují|
|Railway connection:||Trutnov – Teplice nad Metují|
|Mayor :||Bohuslav Urban (as of 2017)|
|Address:||Horní Adršpach 128
549 52 Adršpach
Adršpach is located on Adršpašský potok in the Braunauer Bergland in the north of the Adršpach -Weckelsdorf rock town . To the west extends the Závora ( Qualischer Riegel ) belonging to the Habichts Mountains . The Křížový vrch ( Holsterberg , 667 m nm) rises to the east .
Neighboring towns are Libná in the north, Zdoňov in the northeast, Horní Teplice ( Oberweckelsdorf ) in the east, Teplice nad Metují in the southeast and Hodkovice in the southwest. Beyond the border with Poland, which runs in the northwest, are Okrzeszyn and Uniemyśl in the west and Błażejów , Chełmsko Śląskie and Wójtowa ( Vogtsdorf ) in the northwest.
Adersbach was probably created in the 13th century during the colonization of the Braunauer Land. The castle of the same name was first mentioned in 1348 and was owned by Hanuš von Dubá auf Adersbach in 1354 . His descendants built a fort not far from the castle, which was destroyed by the Silesians as a robber barons nest after the Hussite Wars . Peter von Dubá sold Adersbach along with the castle districts Rýzmburk and Skály 1534 the Johann of Pernstein , the same year by his brother Vojtěch of Pernštejn the rule Nachod had inherited. In 1543 he sold the Skalý and Rýzmburk dominions and a year later the entire Nachod dominion to the Smiřický of Smiřice . In the same year Adersbach was divided into the villages of Nieder- and Oberadersbach. In 1577 it was owned by Adam Bohdanecký von Hodkov, who had the castle rebuilt into a Renaissance chateau in 1577–1580. After frequent changes of ownership, Adersbach came to Johann Nádherný , whose descendants remained until 1948.
After the abolition of patrimonial Adersbach belonged to the district administration Braunau. Since the 19th century it has developed into a popular excursion destination because of the neighboring rock town, which Johann Wolfgang von Goethe visited in 1790 . The number of inhabitants was in 1900: 1538 and in 1930: 1490, of which 1390 were Germans.
After the Munich Agreement of 1938, the predominantly German-populated communities Nieder Adersbach and Ober Adersbach were added to the German Reich and belonged to the Braunau district until 1945 . In 1945 and 1946 the German residents were expelled. The number of residents decreased significantly. The last owner of the castle was Constantin von Nádherny, who was expropriated after the communist takeover in 1948 and emigrated to Austria. In 1949 Dolní Adršpach and Horní Adršpach were combined to form the municipality of Adršpach. Between 1976 and 1990 Adršpach was incorporated into Teplice nad Metují.
The municipality of Adršpach consists of the districts and cadastral districts:
- Dolní Adršpach ( Niederadersbach ) with Havraní Město ( Krohstatt )
- Horní Adršpach ( Oberadersbach ) with Krčmov ( Feldkretschen )
- Adršpach Castle
- Adršpach Castle was built in 1577–1580 by the then landlord Adam Bohdanecký von Hodkov. The castle has been open to the public again since 2014. In addition to a permanent exhibition on mountaineering and climbing in the Czech Republic, changing exhibitions take place there.
- The so-called Umlaufhof was built as a courthouse in 1670. It is one of the oldest half-timbered buildings in the region.
- Adršpach-Weckelsdorf rock town
- Way of the Cross, opposite the rock city
In the past, linen cultivation and processing played an important role in Adršpach. Today there is a factory of the German Continental AG in Horní Adršpach . a. for the automotive industry manufactures complete systems for car headlight washing systems.
- Joachim Bahlcke , Winfried Eberhard, Miloslav Polívka (eds.): Handbook of historical places . Volume: Bohemia and Moravia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 329). Kröner, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-520-32901-8 , p. 2.
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Lydia Baštecká, Ivana Ebelová, 'Náchod', Náchod 2004, ISBN 80-7106-674-5 , pp. 64–65