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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Ural
Oblast Sverdlovsk
Urban district Kamensk-Uralsky
mayor Mikhail Astakhov
First mention 1682
Earlier names Kamensky zavod, Kamensk
City since 1935
surface 144  km²
population 174,689 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1213 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 160  m
Time zone UTC + 5
Telephone code (+7) 3439
Post Code 623400-623430
License Plate 66, 96, 196
OKATO 65 436
Website www.kamensk-uralskiy.ru
Geographical location
Coordinates 56 ° 25 ′  N , 61 ° 56 ′  E Coordinates: 56 ° 25 ′ 0 ″  N , 61 ° 56 ′ 0 ″  E
Kamensk-Uralsky (Russia)
Red pog.svg
Situation in Russia
Kamensk-Uralsky (Sverdlovsk Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Sverdlovsk Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Kamensk-Uralski ( Russian Ка́менск-Ура́льский ) is a city in the Sverdlovsk Oblast ( Russia ) with 174,689 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


The city is located east of the Middle Urals about 100 km southeast of the Oblast capital Yekaterinburg at the confluence of the left tributary Kamenka into the Isset in the Ob river system .

Kamensk-Uralsky is administratively directly subordinate to the Oblast. The town itself is by the relatively deep valley of Isset clear in two roughly equal Stadtrajons divided: Krasnogorski with 90,226 residents north and Sinarski south of the river with 89,913 inhabitants, the latter named after the south flowing and about 20 kilometers downstream in the Isset emptying Sinara . Administratively, the city is also subordinate to six rural settlements with a total of 1,480 inhabitants, so that the total number of inhabitants of the administrative unit "City of Kamensk-Uralsky" is 181,619 (2009).


Kamenski zavod ironworks (early color photo by Prokudin-Gorski , 1910)

Since 1682 the settlement Issetskaya pustosch or Schelesinskoje , located on the site of the present city, has been known, which belonged to the Dormition Monastery of Dalmatowo . In 1700, on the orders of Peter the Great , the construction of an ironworks began, which was named after the Kamensky zavod river and which started production the following year as one of the first of its kind in the region. October 15, 1701 is therefore considered to be the founding date of the city. Mainly cannons and cannon balls were produced in the factory (see city arms).

From 1825 to 1829 the factory as well as the administration and workers' settlement were reconstructed. By the end of the 19th century, the place also developed into a trading center for agricultural products.

On December 6, 1885, a railway line was opened that connected the plant and site with Bogdanowitsch on the Yekaterinburg – Tyumen line (part of the Trans-Siberian Railway since 1913 ). The station at the place was initially called Ostrowskaya , later Sinarskaya . By 1913 the line was extended to the east, via Dalmatowo to Schadrinsk . This section of the line was later included in the Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk) - Kurgan railway line opened in 1933 . In 1940 the connection followed in the direction of Chelyabinsk .

At the same time as the expansion of the transport links, a large-scale metallurgical industry was established in the 1930s . In 1934 the Sinara pipe works went into operation, on September 5, 1939 the Ural aluminum works . The latter was in fact the only aluminum producer in the Soviet Union during the Second World War .

In the 1930s, the population of the place grew rapidly in this context. On April 20, 1935, the city charter was granted under the name Kamensk . On June 6, 1940, the city was given its current name to distinguish it from other places of the same name (e.g. Kamensk-Schachtinski ).

When the Kyshtym accident occurred in the Mayak nuclear facility in the fall of 1957 , extensions of the radioactive cloud reached the city.

Population development

Soviet city coat of arms (1971)
year Residents
1926 5,000
1939 50,881
1959 141.019
1970 169.270
1979 187,401
1989 207.780
2002 186.153
2010 174,689

Note: census data (1926 rounded)

Culture, sights and education

Municipal museum of local history

In Kamensk-Uralsky, the ironworks administration building from the 19th century has been preserved. There is a geological museum , a town museum and a museum for the history of rural culture . The city has a theater.

In and around the city, the Isset and its tributaries have cut relatively deep into the surrounding plain, forming various rock formations that are now designated as natural monuments.

In Kamensk-Uralsky there are branches of the State Technical University of the Urals and the Institute of Economics, Administration and Law of the Urals.

Economy and Infrastructure

the bridge

The main economic factors are the large metallurgical plants Sinarsky trubny zavod ( Sinara tube plant ) of TMK , the Uralsky aljuminijewy zavod ( Ural aluminum plant ) of RUSAL (formerly SUAL ) and the Kamensk-Uralsk plant for non-ferrous metal processing (English KUZOCM ) of the Renova holding , the rolled products and making wire.

The Krasnogorsk Thermal Power Plant ( Krasnogorskaja TEZ ) with an output of 121  megawatts is in operation in Kamensk-Uralsky and is now part of the regional energy supply company TGK-9 .

There are also companies in the electrotechnical (radio works, founded in 1949), textile and food industries and the building materials industry.

In Kamensk-Uralsky, the alternative routes or cross-connections of the Trans-Siberian Railway Yekaterinburg-Kurgan and Bogdanowitsch-Chelyabinsk cross. The R354 Ekaterinburg – Kurgan road runs through the city .

Urban public transport is handled by buses. The Kamensk-Uralsky trolleybus was discontinued on March 2, 2015 and last consisted of a 39.4 kilometer network with three lines.

sons and daughters of the town

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Henning Sietz: The Menetekel from Mayak. Die Zeit , August 27, 2008, accessed on December 17, 2010 .
  3. Company website
  4. Mikhail Denschik: Атлас городского электротранспорта Российской федерации - Atlas of urban electric transport in the Russian Federation . Издательство "Традиция" ( Isdatel'stvo "Traditsija" ), Krasnodar 2016, ISBN 978-5-91883-245-5 , p. 108 (Russian, English).
  5. Кадочников Владимир Дмитриевич , persons.ru (Russian)
  6. Кадочников Владимир Дмитриевич , duma.gov.ru (Russian)
  7. Darya Ustinova in the Sports-Reference database (English; archived from the original )
  8. Darya Ustinova , olympedia.org

Web links

Commons : Kamensk-Uralsky  - collection of images, videos and audio files