Paris – Brest railway line
|Paris – Brest|
|Route number (SNCF) :||420,000|
|Course book route (SNCF) :||350 Paris – Le Mans
351 Le Mans – Brest
|Route length:||622.4 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Power system :||1.5 kV (Paris – Le Mans) =|
|Power system :||25 kV 50 Hz (Le Mans – Brest) ~|
|Top speed:||220 km / h|
|Dual track :||Paris – Brest|
The Paris – Brest railway is a railway line that connects the capital Paris with Brest via Le Mans and Rennes . The entire line has been in operation since 1865. Today mostly passenger trains use the route. From Rennes also the French high-speed train TGV . Since the LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire went into operation, it has taken around 3.5 hours from Paris to Brest.
The route was opened gradually. The Paris– Versailles section went into operation in 1840, the extension to Chartres in July 1849. The line reached Rennes in May 1857, Guingamp in September 1863 and finally Brest in 1865.
Many different route options were discussed. On a map from 1853, the route ran through Montfort-sur-Meu , Napoléonville and Châteaulin . It circumnavigated the Monts d'Arrée to the south. Finally it was decided to run the route north around the Monts d'Arrée.
Between Paris and Le Mans, the route mostly runs in a south-westerly direction. The route is electrified with 1.5 kilovolts direct current up to Le Mans, from there with 25 kilovolt 50 Hertz alternating current . The route is two-pronged. From Paris-Montparnasse to La Verrière it has had four tracks since 1934.
From Rennes the route runs west. Since September 12, 1989, this section has been electrified with 25 kilovolt 50 Hertz.
The route has gradients of up to 10 ‰, between Rennes and Brest. It was planned to use the TGV Pendulaire there .
Most of the route is equipped with the automatique lumineux block . Otherwise it is secured with the block automatique à permissivité restreinte (BAPR). The maximum speed between Rennes and Brest is 200 km / h on some sections. The permanent de contre-sens (IPCS) ( German permanent system for driving on the wrong track , corresponds to the German track changing operation ) is installed between Saint-Brieuc and Guingamp .
- François et Maguy Palau, Le rail en France - Les 80 premières lignes 1820 - 1851 , p. 178
- Jean Dhombres: La Bretagne des savants et des ingénieurs: 1825-1900 . Center de la culture Scientifique, Technique et industrial et Ouest-France, Rennes 1993, ISBN 978-2-7373-1423-0 , pp. 67 .
- Le Temps n ° 11400 du 8 août 1892, look it up at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k233406f/f2.image.r=Kerhuon.langFR (left page, article name Les manœuvres navales ).
- Gérard Blier, Nouvelle Géographie ferroviaire de la France, Tome 2: L'organization régionale du trafic (Gérard Blier) , 1993, La Vie du Rail.