|Full name||Michael Jeffrey Jordan|
|Nickname||Air Jordan, His Airness, MJ|
|birthday||17th February 1963 (age 57)|
|place of birth||Brooklyn , New York , United States|
|NBA draft||1984 , 3rd pick, Chicago Bulls|
|Jersey number||23, 45|
|Clubs as active|
|1981-1984, 1992||United States|
Michael Jeffrey Jordan (born February 17, 1963 in New York City , New York ) is a retired American basketball player , entrepreneur and majority owner of the Charlotte Hornets . Between 1984 and 2003 he played - with two interruptions - in the US professional league NBA , including 13 years with the Chicago Bulls , later with the Washington Wizards . Everyone agrees that he is one of the best basketball players in NBA history . The NBA itself calls him the best basketball player of all time.
The 1.98 meter tall Jordan played mainly in the position of shooting guard , in his two seasons with the Wizards also as small forward . He has been named Most Valuable Player of the NBA five times , won six NBA championships with the Chicago Bulls, including six as a finals MVP , and two gold medals with the USA at the Olympic Games. He is also a 14-time NBA All Star and won the Defensive Player of the Year Award in 1988 as one of the few guards ever. Jordan was part of the US Dream Team at the 1992 Olympic Games and has since been considered one of the most popular athletes in the world. As an advertising medium for Nike and other companies, it generated sales of an estimated 10 billion US dollars by 1998.
ESPN voted Jordan “Sportsman of the Century” in 1999 ahead of Babe Ruth and Muhammad Ali . Magic Johnson said of him: "There's Michael Jordan and then there are the rest of us" ( English There's Michael Jordan and then there is the rest of us. ). Jordan was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame with David Robinson , John Stockton and Jerry Sloan on April 6, 2009 and inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame on September 11, 2009.
High school and college
Michael Jordan was born in Brooklyn , New York , but grew up in rural Wilmington , North Carolina . There he attended Laney High School from 1977 . Although he failed to join the basketball team in the 10th grade, an enormous increase in performance in the two following years brought him the interest of talent scouts as well as several offers for sports scholarships . In 1981 he decided to study at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC). Jordan won the NCAA Division I Basketball Championship in his freshman year with the UNC Tar Heels team . In the 1982 final against Georgetown Hoyas , he hit the decisive basket for the lead shortly before the end of the game.
Although initially just followers, Jordan developed into a high performer under the legendary coach Dean Smith . After the departure of James Worthy , the key player in winning the championship, Jordan became the most important player on the team. But despite a sensational individual performance as the top scorer of the ACC , the team did not succeed. In 1984, the highly popular tar heels failed to make it into the finals of the NCAA championship. Still, Jordan won the Player of the Year award.
After his junior season, Jordan retired from college and signed up for the NBA Draft . The until then rather unsuccessful Chicago Bulls voted him third behind Hakeem Olajuwon ( Houston Rockets ) and Sam Bowie ( Portland Trail Blazers ). Before his NBA career, Jordan played for the US Olympic selection at the Games in Los Angeles and won gold.
Chicago Bulls 1984-1993
In his rookie season with the Bulls , Michael Jordan clearly exceeded expectations. He was almost the top scorer of the NBA and led the Bulls into the playoffs , where they lost in the first round. At the end of the season, he was voted the best newcomer of the year (" Rookie of the Year "). In his rookie season he contributed an average of 28.2 points per game.
A serious injury forced Jordan to skip almost his entire second season. Shortly before the end of the regular season, however, he came back and fought for his team to get into the playoffs. There they lost again in the first round, but in the second game of that series against the Boston Celtics , Jordan set the playoff points record of 63 points that is still valid today. Larry Bird said after the game about him that "God disguised as Michael Jordan" ( English God Disguised as Michael Jordan ) played.
In his third season (1986-1987) Jordan achieved a feat that only Wilt Chamberlain had achieved before him : a season with over 3,000 points. In the end, Jordan led the top scorer list of the NBA with 3041 points and an average of 37.1 points per game; this is the highest number of points that a guard has ever achieved in the NBA. In the playoffs, the Chicago Bulls were again unsuccessful. In 1988, Jordan was surprisingly (since the Bulls had only won 50 games) because of his outstanding individual achievements as the "most valuable player" of the NBA, the MVP . In the playoffs, the Bulls lost - as in the two years that followed (1989 and 1990) - against the Detroit Pistons .
However, Jordan won the MVP title of the NBA All-Star Game in 1988 and the Slam Dunk Contest for the second time in a row . His spectacular flights to the basket earned Jordan, who had now achieved superstar status, the nicknames "Air Jordan" and "His Airness". His outfitter Nike rose to become a global corporation through the massive sale of “Air Jordan” shoes.
On March 28, 1990, in the regular season game against the Cleveland Cavaliers, Michael Jordan set his personal point record. With 69 points he led the Chicago Bulls to a 117: 113 away win in added time. He is currently number 11 on the list of players with the most points per game. He also achieved his personal rebound record for the '89 / '90 season with 18 rebounds (7 ORB, 11 DRB) in this game.
After seven years in the NBA, Michael Jordan celebrated his first championship in 1991. After his most important teammate Scottie Pippen improved significantly and Bulls coach Phil Jackson introduced a new attack scheme, the Detroit Pistons were clearly beaten in the conference finals. In the 1991 final, the Bulls faced the Los Angeles Lakers with their star Magic Johnson, who was playing his final season that year. The Bulls also won clearly here - partly due to the injury of an important Lakers player, James Worthy .
Jordan won the MVP award in both 1991 and 1992. After an outstanding NBA season with a season record of 67-15 wins, the Bulls made it to the final again in 1992. There they beat the Portland Trail Blazers around Clyde Drexler , Jordan's rival at the time, although not quite as clearly as the Lakers the year before. In game 1 of that final series, Jordan already achieved 35 points (including six three-point throws) in the first half of the game, which is still an NBA record to this day.
After the ban on professional athletes at the Olympics was lifted, Jordan was allowed to participate in the Olympic Games again . He was a member of the legendary US Dream Team in Barcelona , which won outstanding gold. It was the appearance of that team that made basketball popular all over the world, and especially in Europe.
In 1993, the Bulls succeeded again in defending the championship title when they beat the Phoenix Suns to Charles Barkley in the final. The last three titles in a row were the Boston Celtics in the 1960s. Jordan was voted MVP in all three final series, which was a first in the history of this award. Shaquille O'Neal is now one of the players who have won the award three times in a row (2000-2002 with the Los Angeles Lakers). In addition there is Tim Duncan (San Antonio Spurs), who could not win the award in a row, but was nevertheless the Spurs MVP in the three finals (1999, 2003, 2005).
Controversy arose during the 1993 playoffs when Jordan was spotted gambling in Atlantic City the night before the game against the New York Knicks . In the same year he admitted he had $ 57,000 in gambling debt. Author Richard Esquinas wrote in a book that he won $ 1.25 million playing golf from Michael Jordan.
In 2005, Ed Bradley approached him on the CBS evening show 60 Minutes about his gambling, and Jordan admitted to making a few "rash decisions." But he denied that gambling would have endangered his existence.
Intermezzo as a baseball player
On October 6, 1993 Michael Jordan surprisingly announced the end of his career at the zenith of his work. Shortly before, his father, James Jordan, had been murdered. Jordan decided to grant his father and son (Flavien) 's wish to become professional baseball players . In the coming years he played with moderate success with the Birmingham Barons, a minor league baseball team for the Chicago White Sox .
Chicago Bulls 1995-1998
On March 10, 1995, a players strike began in the MLB and the game came to a standstill. Jordan then began to train with the Bulls again, which gradually became public. On March 18, he announced shortly, "I'm back" ( German I'm back ) and played the rest of the season 94/95 in the NBA. Early on his return, he played with his old number 45, which he wore as a professional baseball player. Since his performances were not the same as before and the fans are very superstitious, he put on his NBA number 23 again and accepted a contractual penalty in the millions. In the Conference semifinals, the Bulls were surprisingly beaten by the young Orlando Magic around Shaquille O'Neal , so that doubts about Jordan's performance arose.
But already in the following season, the Bulls, reinforced by defense specialist Dennis Rodman , set a new NBA record of wins in one season with a record of 72-10 games won. In the playoffs of the season 95/96 the Orlando Magic were clearly beaten and in the final after a few difficulties also the Seattle SuperSonics . Jordan became MVP of the season, the Allstar Games and the final series, something that only Willis Reed had previously achieved in one season.
In the following two years, 1997 and 1998, the Bulls won the championship again, this time against the Utah Jazz around Karl Malone and John Stockton , who were defeated in two well-balanced series. Jordan and his Bulls won the so-called three-peat for the second time , i.e. three consecutive NBA championship titles, which was generally referred to in the media as the great repeat three-peat . This is unique to date in NBA history.
At the age of 35, Jordan considered retiring again. During the lockout in 1998/99 , Jordan finally announced his decision to step down for the second time on January 13, 1999. In addition to other business activities, he took on the position of team manager with the Washington Wizards .
Washington Wizards 2001-2003
The now 38-year-old Jordan returned to the NBA for the 2001/02 season. This time he signed for two seasons with the Washington Wizards, a mediocre team at best. He donated his annual salary of one million US dollars for the 2001/02 season - low by NBA standards - to the survivors of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 .
Despite Jordan, the Wizards did not make it into the playoffs in the 2001/02 or 2002/03 season, but Jordan achieved a few more NBA records. At the 2003 NBA Allstar Game, he outbid Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as the all-time leading scorer of the All-Star Games. On February 21, 2003, Jordan became the first 40-year-old NBA player to score more than 40 points in a game.
At the end of the 2003 season, Jordan announced his third, final retirement from competitive sports at the age of 40. On April 16, he played his last game for the Wizards, which ended in an 87: 107 loss to the Philadelphia 76ers . In that game he scored 15 points, 4 assists and 4 rebounds.
In 2000, Jordan became a team manager for the Washington Wizards. Many of his personnel decisions are now viewed as questionable, such as the engagement of Doug Collins as Wizards coach or the exchange of players from Richard Hamilton to Jerry Stackhouse from the Pistons. In the 2001 NBA Draft, Jordan chose the young high school talent Kwame Brown , who never lived up to expectations and later left the team. Immediately after Jordan's active retirement with the Wizards in May 2003, he was dismissed as manager by team owner Abe Pollin .
Since June 15, 2006, Jordan is a co-owner of the Charlotte Hornets . Initially, he owned most of the franchise after Robert L. Johnson . Michael Jordan has been the main owner of the North Carolina team since February 27, 2010 in the form of MJ Basketball Holdings .
Influence on the economy
Due to his charismatic personality and his telegenic style of play, Michael Jordan became the most marketed athlete of his generation. Esquire magazine compared him to Joe DiMaggio in a November 1990 cover story . According to Fortune , Jordan generated $ 10 billion in revenue for the companies he promoted during his career through 1998.
After the retirement of Magic Johnson and Larry Bird , Jordan became the main driving force behind the NBA. The NBA's popularity and revenue increased tremendously during the 1990s. Jordan and Chicago Bulls marketing merchandise sales generated approximately $ 3.1 billion in sales for the NBA during Jordan's career. The value of the Chicago Bulls has increased more than tenfold during Jordan's career, from just under $ 16.4 million in 1986 to over $ 200 million in 1998.
At the beginning of his NBA career, Jordan signed an equipment contract with the then insignificant company Nike , who created the shoe and clothing line called "Jumpman" for him . The next shoe model always appears around Michael Jordan's birthday, so that since the beginning of his NBA career there have already been 33 models (Air Jordan I - XX3, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, XX8-XXX3) and countless special and intermediate models -Models there. In 2009 it was decided to end the consecutive numbering of the individual Air Jordan models with the legendary number 23 and to name other shoes according to the year of release, but this idea was discarded in 2013 in order to return to the original numbering. Between 1986 and 1998, Nike had Michael Jordan products in sales of $ 2.3 billion. In 2009, Nike succeeded for the first time in cracking the 1 billion sales barrier with its own brand “Jordan Brand”. Nike's headquarters are now in the Michael Jordan Building in Beaverton, Oregon.
Other companies Jordan promoted were Upper Deck , McDonald’s , Coca-Cola , WorldCom , Oakley and General Mills . Promoted by Jordan, Gatorade increased its market share in isotonic sports drinks to 80% by 1998 with annual sales of 1.5 billion US dollars.
Jordan can also be seen on the game covers of NBA 2K11 and NBA 2K12.
For the record sum of 615,000 dollars (approx. 520,700 euros), a pair of Jordan's shoes was auctioned off by Christie's auction house on August 13, 2020 .
Michael Jordan in art
In 1996, Jordan played himself in the movie Space Jam , where he had to help Bugs Bunny and his friends win a basketball game against aliens . There are also various basketball videos about Michael Jordan's personal successes, such as “Air Time” (1992). The experimental guitarist Buckethead dedicated the song Jump Man to him on the album Monsters & Robots in 1999 , in which the following original quote is incorporated: “I can never stop working hard. Each day I feel I have to improve. Hard work, determination. I've got to keep pushing myself. "
Michael Jordan starred in the 1992 video clip for the Michael Jackson Song Jam . In 1996 Prince released a song called We Gets Up on his album Emancipation , the lyrics of which were inspired by Jordan.
Title wins and awards
Michael Jordan won numerous team and individual awards in his career and also broke numerous NBA records. On September 11, 2009, Jordan was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame .
- NBA Championship (6 ×): 1991–1993, 1996–1998
- NCAA Division I Basketball Championship : 1982
- Olympic basketball champions with the USA: 1984, 1992
- NBA Most Valuable Player (MVP) (5 ×): 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1998
- NBA Finals MVP Award (x6): 1991-1993, 1996-1998
- All-NBA-First Team (× 10): 1986-1993, 1996-1998
- NBA All-Star (× 14): 1985-1993, 1996-1998, 2002-2003
- NBA All-Star Game MVP (3 ×): 1988, 1996, 1998
- NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award : 1988
- NBA All-Defensive Team (9 ×): 1987-1993, 1996-1998
- NBA Scoring Titles (× 10): 1987-1993, 1996-1998
- NBA Steals Leader (3 ×): 1988, 1990, 1993
- NBA Rookie of the Year Award : 1985
- NBA All-Star Weekend Slam Dunk Contest Winner (2 ×): 1987, 1988
- John R. Wooden Award: 1984
- Adolph Rupp Trophy: 1984
- World Sportsman of the Year ( L'Équipe ) 1992
- ACC Freshman of the Year: 1982
- ACC Basketball Player of the Year: 1984
- USBWA College Player of the Year: 1984
- Naishmith College Player of the Year: 1984
- Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year : 1991
- Associated Press Athlete of the Year : 1991, 1992, 1993
- 50 Greatest Players in NBA History 1996
- Ranked # 1 on SLAM Magazine's Top 50 Players of All Time, 1996
- Ranked # 1 on ESPN's Top 100 Athletes of the 20th Century
- Induction into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame : 2009
- Inducted into the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame
- Inducted into the FIBA Hall of Fame 2015
- Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama : November 2016
Records and Statistics
- highest NBA career point average: 30.1 points / game
- highest playoff career point average: 33.4 points / game
- highest number of points scored in a playoff game: 63 points against the Boston Celtics on April 20, 1986
- highest points average in an NBA Finals series: 41.0 points / game
- only NBA guard with at least 100 blocks and 200 steals in one season (1986–1987 and 1987–1988)
- only NBA player in history to become Scoring Champion and Defensive Player of the Year in one season (1987–1988)
- the only NBA player in history to win the Regular Season MVP, the All-Star Game MVP and the NBA Finals MVP Award (twice) in several seasons
- only NBA rookie who has led his team in 4 statistics: points, rebounds, assists and steals
- only NBA player to become Scoring Champion, Defensive Player of the Year and NBA Most Valuable Player in one season (1987–1988)
- the only NBA player in history to have been scoring champion and NBA champion at the same time for several seasons (6 times)
- only NBA player in history to become Rookie of the Year, Defensive Player of the Year, NBA Most Valuable Player, NBA All-Star Game MVP, and NBA Finals MVP
- only NBA player to have scored 15 or more points in all of his playoff games: 179 games
- one of 2 players in NBA history to score 3000 or more points in a season
- most seasons as NBA Scoring Champion: 10
- most points in the season: 11
- most consecutive seasons as Scoring Champion: 7 (together with Wilt Chamberlain )
- most games with 30 or more points: 561
- most NBA Finals MVP Awards : 6
- most points in the playoffs in a career: 5,987
- Most consecutive games with 10 or more points: 866, March 25, 1986 through December 26, 2001 (discontinued)
- 13 times at least 7 games in a row with at least 30 points
- oldest player to become scoring champion: 35 years, 61 days (1997/98)
- Oldest player to score 50 or more points in a game: 38 years 315 days (51 points against New Orleans Hornets, December 29, 2001)
- Oldest player to score 40 or more points in a game: 40 years 4 days (43 points v New Jersey Nets, February 21, 2003)
- first player in the NBA to become Rookie of the Year, Defensive Player of the Year and NBA Most Valuable Player
- first player in the NBA to record 200 steals and 100 blocks in one season and the only player to do so in 2 seasons (1986/87 and 1987/88)
- First NBA player to become Scoring Champion and Defensive Player of the Year during his career
- first NBA player to become Most Valuable Player and Defensive Player of the Year (1987/88)
- first player in the NBA to lead the league in points and steals in the same season and the only player to do so in 3 seasons (1987/88, 1989/90, 1992/93)
- first player in the NBA to win the Slam Dunk Contest twice
- first player in the NBA to record a triple-double in an All-Star Game
- Second highest total score in All-Star Games: 262
|GP||Matches played ( Games Played )||GS||Games from the beginning ( Games started )||MPG||Graduated minutes per game ( Minutes per game )|
|FG%||Throw rate from the field ( field goal percentage )||3P%||Throwing quota three-point throws ( 3-point field-goal percentage )||FT%||Free throw rate ( free-throw percentage )|
|RPG||Rebounds per game ( rebounds per game )||APG||Assists per game ( assists per game )||SPG||Steals per game ( steals per game )|
|BPG||Blocks per game ( blocks per game )||PPG||Points per game ( points per game )|
|NBA championship||Season best per player||FAT||Career record|
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- Michael Leahy: When Nothing Else Matters. Michael Jordan's Last Comeback , New York 2004. ISBN 0-7432-5426-0 (English)
- Mitchell Krugel: Jordan: The Man, His Words, His Life , St. Martin's Press 1994. ISBN 0-312-11090-1 (Engl.)
- Mitchell Krugel: One Last Shot , St. Martin's Press 2003. ISBN 0-312-99223-8 (English)
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- The White House: President Obama Names Recipients of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. November 16, 2016, accessed November 22, 2016 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Jordan, Michael Jeffrey (full name); Jordan, Mike|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American basketball player|
|DATE OF BIRTH||17th February 1963|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Brooklyn , New York City , New York , United States|