Peschiera del Garda
|Peschiera del Garda|
|Local name||Peschiera del Garda|
|Coordinates||45 ° 26 ' N , 10 ° 41' E|
|height||68 m slm|
|Residents||10,930 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||620 inhabitants / km²|
|Post Code||37019, 37010 frazioni|
|Patron saint||Martin of Tours|
Peschiera del Garda is an Italian municipality with 10,930 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Verona , Veneto region .
Since July 9, 2017, the fortress of Peschiera del Garda has been part of the Unesco World Heritage Site, on the transnational series Venetian Defense System of the 16th to 17th Centuries .
Location and dates
Peschiera del Garda is located on the south-eastern shore of Lake Garda at the point where the Mincio , the only outflow from Lake Garda, leaves the lake. Parts of the old town with their fortifications separate the town from the mainland. The place has a small marina , a train station and is the location of the Italian army .
The neighboring municipalities are Castelnuovo del Garda , Desenzano del Garda ( BS ), Ponti sul Mincio ( MN ), Pozzolengo ( BS ), Sirmione ( BS ) and Valeggio sul Mincio . For several years Peschiera has been promoting itself as a barrier-free city. All shops can also be reached by wheelchair users via a ramp . They often lack the ideal incline, but they are still a great relief for wheelchair users.
In addition to Peschiera sul Garda with the municipality seat, the following three fractions also belong to the municipality : San Benedetto di Lugana, Dolci and Broglie.
The earliest settlement of Peschieras goes back to the Bronze Age . Two pile dwellings on Lago di Frassino and on the shores of Lake Garda date from this time, excavated in the second half of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century and settled in the so-called Peschiera period. The pile dwellings in Peschiera have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2011 .
In Roman times the place was noted under the name Arilica, in the Gallia cisalpina , to be read in the Peutinger tablet as Ariolica. Probably between the 8th and 9th centuries the place took the current name Peschiera.
In 899 Peschiera took Berengar I on after his defeat against the Hungarians invading northern Italy on the Brenta River . During the Signory period , the place came under the control of the Ezzelino family. After the defeat of Ezzelino III. In 1259 in the Battle of Cassano d'Adda and the subsequent decline of the House of Ezzelino, Peschiera fell to Mastino I della Scala in 1260 . The rule of the Scaliger lasted until the end of the 14th century when Peschiera fell to Gian Galeazzo Visconti .
In 1440 the Republic of Venice was finally able to take the place under its condottiere Francesco I. Sforza . Venice turned Peschiera into a fortress between the 15th and 16th centuries.
After the Congress of Vienna , Peschiera became part of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Veneto and formed the so-called fortress square with the towns of Mantua , Verona and Legnago . During the First Italian War of Independence , Piedmontese troops took Peschiera on May 30, 1848. But only after the third Italian War of Independence in 1866 did Peschiera come to join the newly founded Kingdom of Italy .
Sights include the historic town center with the fortress wall and excavations from the Roman era.
Peschiera is not a classic tourist destination and therefore has a lot of grown structures. In recent times, however, tourism has also been on the rise here. 2.4 million tourists come to the city every year; it ranks 21st among the travel destinations in Italy.
Market day is Monday. Cities in the area are Brescia in the west and Verona in the east. Peschiera del Garda is part of the Lugana wine region .
- Marash Kumbulla (* 2000), soccer player
- Fabio Testi (* 1941), well-known Italian actor
- Pietro Torri (* around 1650–1737), composer in the Baroque era at the Wittelsbach court
- Edoardo Zardini (* 1989), cyclist
- ↑ Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- ↑ ANSA announcement of July 9, 2017 (in Italian), accessed on July 11, 2017
- ↑ Municipal statute in Italian (PDF; 128 kB), accessed on February 23, 2018.
- ↑ Peschiera and its pile dwellings (in Italian) accessed on July 11, 2017
- ↑ Painting Madonna of the Oak
- ↑ I PRIMI 50 COMUNI ITALIANI PER NUMERO DI PRESENZE TURISTICHE , accessed on July 19, 2019