Windshield wiper (cabaret)
|Original title||windshield wipers|
|Country of production||Germany|
RBB and BR (2003–2008)
|First broadcast||June 12, 1980 on German television|
Supporting actors: various cabaret artists
The windshield wiper was a German cabaret show founded by Dieter Hildebrandt , which was broadcast by ARD on the first German television (“ Das Erste ”). The last ensemble included the cabaret artists Bruno Jonas , Mathias Richling and Richard Rogler .
The show was produced from 1980 to 2003 by the Sender Freies Berlin . After that, the format was a co-production of the two ARD broadcasters Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg (RBB) and Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR) until its end in 2009 , produced every six months in Berlin and Munich.
In 1983 Dieter Hildebrandt, Gerhard Polt and Gisela Schneeberger received the Adolf Grimme Silver Prize for the program on January 14, 1982 on the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal . In 1986 Hildebrandt and - posthumously - Sammy Drechsel received the Adolf Grimme Prize with gold for the program of April 15, 1985 about the German coming to terms with the past and the treatment of the Sinti and Roma .
Form of shipment
The windshield wiper practiced an approach to the theater that led away from the classic form of appearance in German political cabaret , which is not unlike stand-up comedy . Stage plays such as München Leuchtet and Diridari , which were performed in the Münchner Kammerspiele , were created in a similar form in the context of the participants .
Because of the political “thrust”, the windshield wiper caused trouble and scandals several times, especially among conservative politicians .
The concept of the show also included guest appearances by other cabaret artists, such as Gerhard Polt , Wolfgang Stumph , Andreas Rebers , Hagen Rether , Philipp Weber or the Biermösl Blosn music group and the songwriter Konstantin Wecker . This resulted in some outstanding programs such as The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal , Warrior think! or Chernobyl and the consequences . Another regular guest at the windshield wiper was the Berlin cabaret artist Frank Lüdecke , who has appeared in every second program since 2004.
For the literary scholar Hans Mayer , the very name of the program was an idealistic program: “If you examine the word windshield wiper closely, you can feel that the dirt is wiped away, that you get a clear view, that you get light, the light of enlightenment , and that the dirt of the clichés [...] will be wiped away. "
Performing cabaret artists
The name of the cabaret artist Dieter Hildebrandt, under whose leadership a total of 144 programs were broadcast between 1980 and 2003, is closely connected with the program Scheibenwischer . From 1985 Bruno Jonas became a regular guest on the show, from 2000 a permanent partner alongside Hildebrandt. After he left the windshield wiper in October 2003 for reasons of age , the program was continued by Bruno Jonas, Mathias Richling and Georg Schramm , although it was moved to the late program and the broadcasting time was reduced to 30 minutes. In the broadcasts of October 2004 as well as on September 1 and December 29, 2005 Dieter Hildebrandt once again had guest appearances in the windshield wiper.
On April 24, 2006, Schramm announced that he would have his last appearance on the broadcast on May 25, 2006 and that he was leaving the ensemble at his own request. The reasons given were different ideas between Schramm and his colleagues about the future conceptual orientation of the broadcast format, which was again extended to 45 minutes from autumn 2006. From June 29, 2006, Richard Rogler Schramms took his place. Schramm switched to the cabaret show Neues aus der Anstalt on ZDF for the next four years , before retiring from there as a member of the ensemble.
In February 2008 Rogler left the ensemble. The reason given by the RBB initially was that he wanted to concentrate on his stage appearances. Later, however, Rogler declared in an interview for one to one. The talk in Bayern 2 that he was bullied by his two remaining colleagues . In the following broadcast on February 21, 2008, Jonas and Richling were initially on stage in a two-person constellation.
On April 9, 2008, Bruno Jonas announced that he was leaving the show. He made his last windshield wiper appearance on December 30, 2008. After that, Mathias Richling took over the management of the follow-up program Satire Summit and was supported by various guests.
The end of the show
After Mathias Richling announced that he would also bring comedians to the show in the future , Dieter Hildebrandt prohibited the further use of the name windshield wiper in March 2009 . The cabaret artist had already secured the naming rights in the early days of 1980. The responsible broadcasters Rundfunk Berlin Brandenburg and Bayerischer Rundfunk accepted this ban and decided to call the program Satire Summit in future. This was first broadcast on March 19, 2009. Richling reacted indignantly, describing Hildebrandt as an “ SPD election fighter” and accusing him of primarily doing party-politically motivated satire: “The problem is also that old comrade Dieter Hildebrandt cannot do political cabaret, but always only party politics. His windshield wiper has always been viewed by the SPD as part of its own program. That is why Hildebrandt unfortunately lacks any form of objectivity, including when assessing colleagues. "
After other well-known cabaret artists had left the Satire Summit , Richling resigned from the show at the end of 2010. In 2011 Dieter Nuhr took over the task despite his parallel involvement with RTL ; Nuhr left the RBB studio and moved to Radialsystem V in Berlin; since then, guests have paid admission. The satire summit has also been renamed nuhr im first .
Over the years, the windshield wiper has caused political controversy several times:
- When the central sections of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal began to be built under Franz Josef Strauss , Hildebrandt used this as an opportunity in 1982 to caricature the events in the program. He explicitly referred to the fact that millions of square meters of nature reserve in the form of wet meadows would fall victim to the project, while at the same time a large number of Bavarian government members were sitting on the executive floor of the respective operating companies. In a sketch on this, Gerhard Polt waved bundles of banknotes and Gisela Schneeberger distributed checks to politicians. The Bavarian state government protested at the SFB because of allegations and an allegedly "anti-Bavarian program".
- In 1986, Bayerischer Rundfunk faded out for the duration of the broadcast of an episode from the joint TV program of ARD . On May 22, 1986, a few weeks after the Chernobyl disaster , Helmut Oeller , then TV director of the BR, took offense at some passages of the manuscript for the broadcast the next day - including a number written by Werner Koczwara with the title Der verstrahlte Grandfather , which Lisa Fitz was to perform. Since he was not listened to for his demand for ARD-wide cancellation of the episode, the memorable decision was made to fade out, so that this wiper could not be received in Bavaria . This provoked protests both in Bavaria and across Germany and was branded as an act of censorship . This episode of the windshield wiper was partially shown on video in local SPD associations and the Munich Kammerspiele . The Münchner Abendzeitung printed excerpts from the manuscript. After Hildebrandt's death in November 2013, Bayerischer Rundfunk recorded the broadcast in full in its media library, but removed it again shortly afterwards.
Episodes and guests (incomplete)
The individual episodes of windshield wipers were not titled. In some cases, however, titles - in italics - can be copied from two DVD compilations or from book editions of the texts of programs.
|episode||Title or topics||First broadcast||Guests||Remarks|
|1||What role does satire play on television?||June 12, 1980||Joseline Gassen , Gerhard Polt , Werner Schneyder , Konstantin Wecker , Ingeborg Wellmann|
|2||public television and the power of media corporations||August 21, 1980||Knut Kiesewetter , Lore Lorentz , Werner Schneyder , Achim Strietzel|
|3||Entertainment on TV||October 16, 1980||Hanns Dieter Hüsch , Hannelore Kaub , Konstantin Wecker|
|4th||Pope visit||December 27, 1980||Rainer Basedow , Gerhard Polt , Beatrice Richter|
|5||Berlin conditions; Nuclear power||February 12, 1981||Katja Ebstein , Wolfgang Gruner|
|6th||Homeowners and Squatters||April 23, 1981||Cornelia Froboess , Udo Lindenberg|
|7th||What, who and who can stand television?||June 18, 1981||Hanns Dieter Hüsch , Sigi Maron , Sabine Sinjen|
|8th||August 13, 1981||Regina Lemnitz , Walter Mossmann , Susanne Tremper|
|9||October 8, 1981||Loni von Friedl , Jochen Steffen , Biermösl Blosn|
|10||the editor of the future; Fixation of violence in the media; modern grief work; Peace movement and “silent majority”; Helmut Kohl speaks Matthias Claudius||19th November 1981||Erich Kleiber , Lore Lorentz , Erich Schleyer , Bernd Stephan|
|11||The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal||January 14, 1982||Erhard Kölsch , Hanns Christian Müller , Gerhard Polt , Gisela Schneeberger||This episode was awarded the Adolf Grimme Prize with silver in 1983 .|
|12||March 25, 1982||Thomas Freitag , Bruno Jonas , Katja Rupé , Klaus Peter Schreiner|
|13||Lullaby 1982||July 29, 1982||Jochen Busse , Mathias Richling , Susanne Tremper|
|14th||Bonn turn ; Nuclear economy||23rd September 1982||Gerhard Polt , Gisela Schneeberger|
|15th||November 25, 1982||Heinz Werner Kraehkamp , Helmut Krauss , Werner Kreindl , Daniela Strietzel|
|16||Satire on TV before the elections||December 30, 1982||Jochen Busse , Hanns Dieter Hüsch , Bruno Jonas , Gerhard Polt , Konstantin Wecker||The broadcast was brought forward by three weeks because the majority of the ARD directors had accepted concerns that the originally planned broadcast date of January 22nd was too close to the federal election of March 6, 1983, in the run-up to which Dieter Hildebrandt was involved as an election campaign assistant for the SPD. The decision was extensively ridiculed by the cabaret artists on the show.|
|17th||Post-election considerations; Census ; Computer science and science; Farewell speech by Herbert Wehner||March 17, 1983||Katja Ebstein , Thomas Freitag , Dietrich “Piano” Paul|
|18th||Hitler Diaries ; Berlin felt||April 28, 1983||Mathias Richling , the Blattuß brothers|
|19th||Foreigners out, foreigners in||June 16, 1983||Şinasi Dikmen , Lisa Fitz , Hannelore Kaub , Helmut Krauss , Lore Lorentz|
|20th||Forest dieback||August 11, 1983||Rainer Basedow , Jochen Busse , Regina Lemnitz , Mehlprimeln|
|21st||Warrior think!||November 2nd 1983||Gerhard Polt , Gisela Schneeberger , Biermösl Blosn|
|22nd||Orwell year and language cultivation||December 29, 1983||Hanns Dieter Hüsch , Hellmut Lange , Die Pochenden Herzen|
|23||February 23, 1984||Ruth Drexel , Sissy Höfferer , Hans Korte , Konstantin Wecker|
|24||April 19, 1984||Hannelore Kaub , Helmut Krauss , Mathias Richling|
|25th||Genscher's resignation; Party donations; Women at the gun; Animal testing||June 28, 1984||Thomas Freitag , Lola Müthel , Hermann Treusch , Gerhard Zemann|
|26th||Holidays in traffic jams; Olympic games||23rd August 1984||Jochen Busse , Şinasi Dikmen , Elke Heidenreich , John Paiva , Ron Williams , Inge Wolffberg|
|27||November 22, 1984||Otto Grünmandl , Franz Hohler , Hellmut Lange , Achim Strietzel|
|28||The impact of development aid||7th January 1985||Jochen Busse , Lisa Fitz , Hanns Dieter Hüsch|
|29||Faria Faria Ho! The German and his "gypsy"||April 15, 1985||Anja Buczkowski , András Fricsay , Gerhard Polt , Jakob Lichtman and Ja-Ka-Scha||This episode was awarded the Adolf Grimme Gold Prize in 1986 .|
|30th||Who is watching the wipers?||July 8, 1985||Matthias Beltz , Klaus Peter Schreiner , Hendrike von Sydow, Dieter Thomas|
|31||Private television and shallow entertainment||2nd September 1985||Jochen Busse , Jörg Hube , Maren Kroymann|
|32||Dealing with Seniors||November 18, 1985||Uschi Flacke , Karl-Ulrich Meves , Brigitte Mira , Jochen Steffen , Gerhard Zemann|
Wackersdorf and the nuclear industry;
Berlin bribery scandal
|5th February 1986||Hanns Dieter Hüsch , Bruno Jonas , Renate Küster , Lore Lorentz , Hans-Günter Martens , Konstantin Wecker||Sammy Drechsel , who had directed all previous windshield wiper episodes , died four days before the scheduled broadcast date of January 23 . At the request of Dieter Hildebrandt's crew, the live broadcast was postponed by two weeks. The windshield wiper was directed by Cathérine Miville, who carried out this task until 2000. Another change that came with this episode was the extension of the broadcast time from 45 to 60 minutes. However, instead of five or six, there were now only four episodes per year.|
|34||Chernobyl and the consequences||May 22, 1986||Lisa Fitz , Hans Korte , Helmut Ruge , Dick Städtler , Christof Stählin , Mehlprimeln||This episode was not broadcast in the broadcasting area of Bayerischer Rundfunk, whose television director had taken offense at some of the program's texts. Critics of the decision spoke of "censorship".|
|35||Nuclear power after Chernobyl||September 11, 1986||Sissy Höfferer , Walter Mossmann , Werner Schneyder , Susanne Tremper|
|36||The amalgamation of politics and entertainment||4th December 1986||Matthias Beltz , Jacques Breuer , Hendrike von Sydow, Dieter Thomas|
|37||750 years of Berlin||March 12, 1987||Jochen Busse , Renate Küster , ensemble of the Grips-Theater|
|38||Asylum and AIDS policy; census||4th June 1987||Thomas Freitag , Ralf Milde, Konstantin Wecker , Gerhard Zemann , Billie Zöckler|
|39||Car and forest; Honecker visit||August 27, 1987||Rainer Basedow , Uwe G. Ebert, Dietrich "Piano" Paul, Maria Peschek , Bernd Regenauer , Kay Zumwinkel|
|40||Christmas in Neustein||17th December 1987||Sissy Höfferer , Charly M. Huber , Hanns Dieter Hüsch , Bruno Jonas , Rudi Klaffenböck , Konstantin Wecker|
|41||Plutonium scandal and terrorism; Corruption in Germany||February 11, 1988||Hans Korte , Dieter Landuris , Jürgen Thormann , Henning Venske , Petra Zieser||With this episode, the windshield wiper returned to the tried and tested 45-minute transmission time and the rhythm of five episodes per year.|
|42||Reduction of working hours and wage compensation||April 21, 1988||Jörg Hube , Werner Schneyder , Klaus Peter Schreiner|
|43||Tax reform, Catholic Church and freedom of religion||June 16, 1988||Erika Deutinger , Lisa Fitz , Sunnyi Melles , Petra Zieser|
|44||Nazi entanglement of German doctors||October 6, 1988||Kornelia Boje , Urban Priol , Jürgen Thormann , Stephan Wald|
|45||vacancies in the FRG; East and West Germany in times of perestroika ; how we amuse ourselves to death||November 24, 1988||Ilona Schulz , Achim Strietzel , Dieter Thomas , Guntbert Warns|
|46||Media policy through the ages||January 19, 1989||Jochen Busse , Heinz Werner Kraehkamp , Renate Küster|
|47||March 16, 1989||Rainer Basedow , Şinasi Dikmen , Mussin Omurca , Henning Venske|
|48||The effects of European bureaucracy||June 15, 1989||Gerhard Polt , Gisela Schneeberger , Biermösl Blosn|
|49||September 7, 1989||Siegfried Mahler, Gerhard Polt , Gisela Schneeberger , Biermösl Blosn|
|50||Turn in the GDR||November 2nd 1989||Lisa Fitz , Hanns Dieter Hüsch , Werner Schneyder , Konstantin Wecker|
|51||Preunified Germany as a TV production||February 15, 1990||Richard Rogler||For the first time, Dieter Hildebrandt played a whole - also sixty-minute - show with just one colleague. The future host Richard Rogler made a lasting impression on his windshield wiper debut. His repeated exclamation "Wahnsinn!" - a joke of Karl Moik and his enthusiasm during a visit to his Musikantenstadl in Cottbus in December 1989 - even developed into a trademark of the cabaret artist.|
|52||After the Volkskammer election||March 22, 1990||Rainer Basedow , Jochen Busse , Renate Küster , Henning Venske|
|53||May 31, 1990||Hans Korte , Hans-Jürgen Silbermann , Simone Solga||
|54||September 6, 1990||Dieter Landuris , Nina Lorck-Schierning, Hanna Petkoff, Urban Priol , Renate Reiche , Klaus Peter Schreiner , Helga Siebert|
|55||October 25, 1990||Dietrich Lehmann , Mathias Richling , Konstantin Wecker|
|56||imminent war for Kuwait||January 24, 1991||Hans Jürgen Diedrich , Hansi Jochmann , Jürgen Thormann , Christian Veit|
|60||The "speaker school for politicians"||November 21, 1991||Jochen Busse , Holger Paetz , Petra Zieser|
|67||Helmut Kohl and the art of writing obituaries||April 8, 1993||Gerhard Polt|
|72||"Happiness helps in hard times"||3rd February 1994||Maren Kroymann|
|76||State elections in Bavaria||September 29, 1994||Bruno Jonas|
|94||The cabaret review of the year||December 29, 1996||Josef Hader , Werner Schneyder|
|107||Stories from the polling station||September 18, 1998||Matthias Beltz , Reiner Kröhnert|
|113||Folk music, medicines and red-green||June 26, 1999||Matthias Beltz , Richard Rogler|
|March 20, 2003||Ottfried Fischer|
|October 2, 2003||Richard Rogler , Volker Pispers , Konstantin Wecker||last episode with Dieter Hildebrandt as the main actor|
|January 8, 2004||Frank Lüdecke|
|May 25, 2006|
|February 15, 2007||Arnulf Rating , Claus von Wagner|
|September 13, 2007||Frank Lüdecke|
|November 22, 2007||Frank Lüdecke , Andreas Rebers|
|February 21, 2008||Arnulf Rating , Andreas Rebers|
|February 21, 2008||Frank Lüdecke , Matthias Egersdörfer|
- Wipers in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- DWDL of March 6, 2009: New name and concept: Off for "windshield wipers"
- SPIEGEL Online from March 6, 2009: Hildebrandt bans "windshield wipers"
- Prize winners 1986. Grimme Institute , 1986 still called Adolf Grimme Institute , archived from the original on November 4, 2014 ; Retrieved on March 29, 2015 (contains justification).
- Elke Reinhard: Why is cabaret called comedy today? Metamorphoses in German television entertainment . LIT-Verlag, Berlin 2006. ISBN 3-8258-9231-X , p. 98.
- Georg Schramm: Interview with the SZ about leaving the windshield wiper
- DWDL.de : Rogler leaves the windshield wiper again
- Richard Rogler, Cabaret Artist - Professor of Cabaret ( Memento from October 21, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), Bayern 2 on October 22, 2013, accessed October 22, 2013
- Richling accuses Hildebrandt of humor fundamentalism in: Der Spiegel, March 14, 2009
- "Hildebrandt can only be politically partisan" in: Focus No. 12, March 16, 2009
- True Abundance . In: Der Spiegel . No. 4 , 1982 ( online ).
- Presentation on the homepage of Bayerischer Rundfunk in recognition of Dieter Hildebrandt's 80th birthday ( memento from December 29, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Deutschlandradio Kultur : Calendar sheet: Muzzle for Hildebrandt . May 22, 2006
- document: Windshield wipers from May 22, 1986 ( memento from November 25, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), BR-Mediathek Video
- Hildebrandt now in the program . In: Hamburger Abendblatt . Wednesday, December 22, 1982. p. 16. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
- Dieter Hildebrandt , Gerhard Polt , Hanns Christian Müller : Warriors think! A book on moral armament . Droemer Knaur, Munich 1984, ISBN 978-3-426-02120-0 .
- Dieter Hildebrandt, Gerhard Polt, Hanns Christian Müller: Faria Faria Ho! The German and his "gypsy". The book about the windshield wiper about Sinti and Roma . Droemer Knaur, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-426-02179-X .
- Changes after Drechsel's death . In: Hamburger Abendblatt . Wednesday, January 22, 1986. p. 12. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
- Windshield wiper censorship. Full text of the program and documentation of the public reaction . With a foreword by Heinrich Albertz . Droemer Knaur, Munich 1986, ISBN 978-3-426-02188-0 .
- Richard Rogler : Madness! Kiepenheuer and Witsch, Cologne 1995, ISBN 3-462-02465-5 .