Gros Plant du Pays Nantais

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The expansion of the Gros Plant du Pays Nantais wine region.

Gros Plant du Pays Nantais (or Gros Plant for short ) is a wine-growing region within the Loire wine-growing region . Since November 26, 1954 (the decree was last amended on February 12, 1999), the area has had the status of a Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieur . An average of 170,000 hl of a simple white wine is produced on a vineyard area of ​​around 2,300 hectares .

The cultivation area is spread over a total of 94 municipalities in the 3 departments Loire-Atlantique , Maine-et-Loire and Vendée . Much of the area overlaps with the Muscadet appellation . The vineyards are located south of the Loire in a semicircle around the city of Nantes .


The Folle Blanche grape variety was introduced from the Charente region in the 14th century . It was given the name Gros Plant (which translates as a lush plant ) because of its enormous growth and high yields. Dutch wine merchants in particular ordered large quantities of the wine. It was mainly used for distillation .

With the phylloxera disaster from 1884, the grape variety disappeared completely and was replaced by the Melon de Bourgogne grape variety and some hybrid vines . It was only through the establishment of the Gros Plant du Pays Nantais appellation and the EU ban on hybrid vines that the planting of the Folle Blanche was encouraged again. After an interim vines of over 5,000 hectares, the planted area has been up to date since the 1990s.

The white wine

Only the grape variety Folle Blanche , which is mostly called Gros Plant here, is permitted to produce the dry white wines . Before fermentation , the natural minimum sugar content of the must must be as low as 127 g / l (→ must weight ), which corresponds to an alcohol content of 8.5% by volume in the wine. If a chaptalization is approved in bad years , the alcohol content of the finished fermented wine must not exceed 11% by volume.

As a rule, it is a wine with approx. 11% alcohol by volume and a high acid content of 7 g / l.

The yield is limited to 55 hl / ha. In certain years this amount can be corrected up to 78 hl / ha. The annual average yield, however, is a high 70 hl / hectare.

In order to be allowed to bear the name Gros Plant du Pay Nantais sur lie , the wines must remain in the fermentation tank in contact with the fermentation yeast after fermentation at least until March 1st of the year following the harvest. Bottling takes place immediately after racking, but no later than November 30 of the year following the harvest. The longer contact with the yeast and the skins gives the wine a more complex aroma and freshness. In addition, the wine retains a slight carbonic acid content , so that the wine tingles slightly. However, not all dealers practice this technique.

A Gros Plant is usually a simple and uncomplicated wine that impresses with its freshness, fruitiness and light mousse. In terms of quality, however, it hardly comes close to a Muscadet wine. It is a good companion to seafood and is also valued locally as a thirst quencher due to its not too high alcohol content. It is best enjoyed young and fresh at a drinking temperature of 8 to 10 ° C.

Approved municipalities

Loire-Atlantique department

In the Arrondissement of Nantes  : Aigrefeuille-sur-Maine , Basse-Goulaine , Le Bignon , Bouaye , Bourguenais , Brains , Carquefou , Le Cellier , La Chapelle-Heulin , Château-Thébaud , La Chevrolière , Clisson , Divatte-sur-Loire , Gétigné , Gorges , La Haie-Fouassière , Haute-Goulaine , Le Landreau , Legé , La Limouzinière , Le Loroux-Bottereau , Machecoul , Maisdon , Mauve-sur-Loire , Monnières , Montbert , Mouzillon , Le Pallet , La Planche , Pont-Saint- Martin , Remouillé , La Remaudière , La Regrippière , Saint-Aignan-de-Grand-Lieu , Saint-Colombin , Saint-Etienne-de-Corcoué , Saint-Étienne-de-Mer-Morte , Saint-Hilaire-de-Clisson , Saint-Jean-de-Corcoué , Saint-Julien-de-Concelles , Saint-Léger-les-Vignes , Saint-Lumine-de-Clisson , Saint-Lumine-de-Coutais , Saint-Mars-de-Coutais , Saint- Même-le-Tenu , Saint-Philbert-de-Grand-Lieu , Les Sorinières , Thouaré , Touvois , Vallet , Vertou and Vieillevigne .

In the Arrondissement d'Ancenis : Ancenis , Oudon , Saint-Géréon and Vair-sur-Loire .

In the arrondissement of Châteaubriant : Les Touches .

In the arrondissement of Saint-Nazaire  : La Bernerie-en-Retz , Cheix-en-Retz , Chemeré , Le Clion-sur-Mer , Les Moutiers-en-Retz , Le Pellerin , Port-Saint-Père , Rouans , Saint-Cyr- en-Retz , Saint-Hilaire-de-Chaléons , Sainte-Pazanne , Villeneuve-en-Retz and Vue .

Maine-et-Loire department

Mauges-sur-Loire , Montrevault-sur-Èvre , Orée d'Anjou and Sèvremoine .

Vendée department

Cugand , Gétigné , Rocheservière , Saint-Étienne-du-Bois and Saint-Philbert-de-Bouaine .