Saint-Louis (Haut-Rhin)

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Saint-Louis coat of arms
Saint-Louis (France)
region Grand Est
Department Haut-Rhin
Arrondissement Mulhouse
Canton Saint-Louis (Chef-lieu)
Community association Saint-Louis agglomeration
Coordinates 47 ° 35 '  N , 7 ° 34'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 35 '  N , 7 ° 34'  E
height 237-278 m
surface 16.85 km 2
Residents 21,177 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 1,257 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 68300
INSEE code

City map

Template: Infobox municipality in France / maintenance / different coat of arms in Wikidata

Saint-Louis ( German  Sankt Ludwig ) is a French commune in the Haut-Rhin department in the Grand Est region (until 2015 Alsace ). With 21,177 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) the city is the third largest municipality in the department.

In addition to Lörrach and (the intervening communities) Hüningen (Huningue) and Weil am Rhein , Saint-Louis is one of the direct non-Swiss neighboring cities of Basel and part of the trinational agglomeration of Basel . The city belongs to the canton of Saint-Louis in the arrondissement of Mulhouse and is the seat of the communal association Communauté d'agglomération des Trois Frontières . Besides Basel, it also borders Allschwil (Switzerland), Village-Neuf , Huningue, Hégenheim , Hésingue and Blotzheim .

The inhabitants are called Ludoviciens in French (after the Latin form of Ludwig ). The German name of the city is less common, as Saint-Louis is a French foundation in Alsace, so the French name is the original. The fact that the neighboring - also relatively young - Basel district is called Sankt Johann has no connection with the origin of the city's name.


After France had conquered the Sundgau and other parts of Alsace in the wake of the Thirty Years' War and the Peace of Westphalia , the French crown had a growing interest in controlling and securing the left Rhenish area at the knee of the Rhine below the territory of Basel (accession to the Confederation 1501 ). In 1679, Louis XIV therefore ordered the construction of the Hüningen fortress at this strategic location as part of the deliberate proclamation of a further expansion policy on the Upper Rhine (capture of Colmar in 1673, defeat of imperial and electoral Palatinate troops near Türckheim , sack of the city in 1675, peace of Nijmegen 1679) . The inhabitants of the place, the former fishing village of Hüningen, had to give way to this military installation, the construction of which the fortress builder Vauban began in 1680. They were located in the newly founded Village-Neuf and on the Basel - ( Mulhouse ) Paris road , where the first nucleus of today's Saint-Louis was already on the border. This place, consisting of the dwellings of some border guards and hostels, initially became part of the Hüninger Neudorf. On November 26, 1684 - around three years after the coronation of the Reunion policy with the capture of Strasbourg - the city was officially named by his name by decree of Louis XIV. However, the namesake is actually not the "Sun King" himself, but his predecessor, the canonized King Louis IX. ( Saint-Louis ) .

Avenue de Bâle

In the course of the French Revolution , the city was called Bourglibre (German Burgliber ) from 1793 to 1814 .

In 1953 the municipality of Bourgfelden and in 1958 the district of Neuweg ( La Chaussée ) were incorporated into the municipality of Blotzheim . Since then, most of Basel-Mulhouse Airport has been located in the city ​​of Saint-Louis.

On October 30, 2000, the Communauté de communes des Trois Frontières was created in Saint-Louis, whose headquarters are in Saint-Louis. The association of municipalities was transformed into a communauté d'agglomération in 2016 .

Jean-Marie Zoellé , the Mayor of Saint-Louis, died in April 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic as a result of a COVID-19 infection. He was one of those patients who had been transferred to Germany for treatment.

Population development

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2017
Residents 9.122 12,378 14,845 18.007 19,547 19,973 19,995 21,177



In 1806, Michel L'Evêche-Moll founded a customs service company here, which the former officer Marie Mathias Nicolas Louis Danzas joined after the battle of Waterloo . The globally active forwarding company Danzas AG developed from him and was bought by Deutsche Post AG in 1999 .

In 1945 in Saint-Louis - initially under French leadership - an institute for ballistics (initially with mostly German employees) was founded under the direction of Prof. Hubert Schardin for military investigations. From 1959 the institute was transformed into the Franco-German Research Institute Saint-Louis (ISL).

Saint-Louis in the tri-border region

The Espace d'Art Contemporain Fernet Branca , an exhibition company for contemporary art , has been located in a disused factory of the spirits manufacturer Fernet-Branca .


The city is connected to Mulhouse and Basel by the S-Bahn line S1 ( Strasbourg – Basel line ). There are two train stations within the municipality: Saint Louis and Saint-Louis-la-Chaussée . There are several bus routes, these are operated by the local bus company Distribus . BVB's Basel tram line 3 has been going to Saint-Louis train station since 2017 . Not far from the border with Basel is the terminus of the Basel tram line 11 of the BLT.

Town twinning


born in Saint-Louis


  • Le Patrimoine des Communes du Haut-Rhin. Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 1998, ISBN 2-84234-036-1 , pp. 631-637.

Web links

Commons : Saint-Louis  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Ville de Saint-Louis (Alsace) - Histoire. Official city website, accessed December 6, 2012 (French).
  2. ^ Corona: Mayor of the city in Alsace in Bonn died. dpa-Newskanal, April 6, 2020, accessed on April 7, 2020 .