Friedrich Schiller University Jena
|Friedrich Schiller University Jena|
|motto||Light, Life, Liberty - Connecting Visions|
|Students||17,659 (WS 2019/20)|
|Employee||8,679 (2018, including third-party funding)|
|including professors||392 (2018, including third-party funding)|
|Annual budget||€ 410.6 million (2018, budget only)|
The Friedrich Schiller University Jena ( Latin "Alma Mater Jenensis" , occasionally also "Salana"; 1921–1934 "Thuringian State University", before that "Saxon University") was more than in the winter semester of 2019/2020 with 17,659 students, 392 professorships 8,600 employees and over 200 study opportunities the largest university and the only full university in the Free State of Thuringia . Among the study opportunities are also many so-called small subjects such as Caucasus studies , Rumänistik , history of science and Indo-European studies .
It is one of the oldest and most traditional universities in Germany and is a member of the Coimbra Group . For the 450th anniversary of the university, Jena received the title City of Science 2008 .
As part of the excellence initiative 2007, the graduate school "Jena School for Microbiological Communication" was funded. In 2018, the university was able to acquire additional funding within the framework of the Excellence Initiative with the research cluster “Balance of the Microverse”.
Today's academic teaching is organized in the following faculties (in alphabetical order):
- Life sciences
- Chemistry and Earth Sciences
- Mathematics and computer science
- Physics and astronomy
- law Sciences
- Social and behavioral sciences
The year 1558 is considered to be the founding year of the university, which was then called Salana or Collegium Jenense . As early as 1547, the elector Johann Friedrich von Sachsen , who was in custody of Emperor Karl V , had developed the plan to build a university after his electoral dignity had been stripped from him and with it the University of Wittenberg to the previous Duke of Saxony , Moritz of Saxony , was lost. This plan was carried out by his three sons, who on March 19, 1548 founded a "Higher State School" (Paedagogium provinciale) in the wine-growing town of Jena in the former Dominican monastery . In the deed of foundation of the Roman-German king and later Emperor Ferdinand I , she was granted the rights of a university on August 15, 1557 , which began teaching when it opened on February 2, 1558. With the existence of its own university, the training of lawyers, teachers and especially clergy of the Augsburg Confession should be ensured in their own Ernestine hand.
In the late 16th century, during the theological doctrinal disputes among the reformers , the university was the focus of Lutheran orthodoxy with its militant representative and Professor Matthias Flacius . After the end of the Thirty Years' War , the university flourished between 1706 and 1720 and, with 1,800 students, was at the top of all German universities.
Under the government (1758 to 1828) of Duke Carl August and his councilor and minister Johann Wolfgang Goethe , the new spirit of Weimar gained influence in Jena, which led to a second heyday of the university. Goethe devoted his official and personal interest to her. At his instigation, Friedrich Schiller became a professor here in 1789, with whom he had a close friendship from 1794 until his death (1805). Johann Gottlieb Fichte was appointed in 1794 and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling in 1798 , from 1801 to 1807 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel taught here, so that Jena became the center of German idealistic philosophy. But also the literary directions of the early Romanticism with August Wilhelm Schlegel , his wife Caroline Böhmer-Schlegel-Schelling , Friedrich Schlegel , Ludwig Tieck , Clemens Brentano and Friedrich von Hardenberg found an excellent foster home here. The Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung , founded here in 1785 and continued as the Jenaische Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung from 1804 to 1841 , as well as the Horen published by Friedrich Schiller , increased through their authors and contributors, including the most respected poets, philosophers and publicists of the time , the importance of the city of Jena as a literary and intellectual center. Their university, which had a reputation for being particularly liberal , reached a high point in the late 18th and early 19th centuries that was commensurate with its prestige, including the number of students, although this was not due to general political developments and the departure of famous teachers (around 1799, when Fichte was dismissed) could be held.
Due to the Ernestine Duchies , which emerged from the Duchy of Saxony through inheritance divisions , their individual lines functioned jointly as sponsors ("nutritors" = breadwinners) of the university, which was the only university in the state. Accordingly, the Alma Mater was named a Grand Ducal and Ducal Saxon University . Like all foundations at that time, the university was endowed with income from country estates and rulership rights or was "well-founded". In the case of Jena, this was primarily the university office in Apolda.
Napoleon Bonaparte's victory over the combined Prussian and Saxon armies in the battle of Jena and Auerstedt (on October 14, 1806) caused severe damage to the city of Jena and its university. As a result, strong resistance against the Napoleonic administration began to stir, especially among Jena's students, who in 1813 joined the Lützow Freikorps in droves .
Among the German universities, Jena developed into a pioneer of the republic . The original fraternity in Jena was founded in 1815 in the national striving for freedom . The freedom of the press in the Weimar state made the struggle for national unity possible. The Wartburg Festival in 1817 originated mainly from the University of Jena and aroused the mistrust of the conservative governments of the states of the German Confederation . The murder of August von Kotzebue by Karl Ludwig Sand , a Jena theology student, provided a welcome occasion for increased pressure in 1819. The University of Jena received it in the form of a curator appointed by the Grand Duke of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach in 1819 , who as a government representative supervised all important matters of the university by restricting the freedom of the press and dissolving the fraternity and informed the relevant ministries of the supporting states. The Prussian ban on visiting the University of Jena, combined with the threat of exclusion from positions in the Prussian civil service for students from Jena, was also of considerable importance. In addition to own income, there were grants from the state budgets of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Saxe-Altenburg , Saxe-Gotha and (since 1826) Saxe-Meiningen and later, in particular, considerable support from the Carl Zeiss Foundation .
After Goethe was officially given responsibility for the University of Jena by his Duke Carl August in 1807 , he particularly promoted the expansion of the natural science faculties, for example by founding the first chemistry chair with professors Göttling and Döbereiner , by setting up an observatory , building up a mineral collection and setting up a botanical garden. Jena was nicknamed the “stack city of knowledge”, Novalis , Hölderlin , Brentano , Arndt studied during this time, later Karl Marx , Ernst Abbe , Otto Schott and Carl Zeiß . In 1884 Otto Schott founded a "glass technology laboratory", thus laying the foundation for the pioneering role for glasses and microscopy ( Zeisswerke ).
Under the economist Julius Pierstorff , the university was also outstanding in Germany in this area.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the biologist and important evolution theorist Ernst Haeckel taught in Jena . The mathematician and logician Gottlob Frege , the discoverer of the electroencephalogram (EEG) Hans Berger , the psychiatrist Otto Binswanger and the philosopher and Nobel laureate in literature from 1908 - Rudolf Eucken - lived and taught at the alma mater Jenensis. Jena was also the life station of Erwin Schrödinger and Herbert Kroemer, who later won the Nobel Prize in Physics .
In 1904 the American Rowena Morse submitted her scientific work "On the contradiction in the concept of truth in Locke's theory of knowledge" to the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Jena for a doctorate. Although women were only allowed to study in Jena from 1907, she accepted the application for a doctorate on June 11, 1904. Rowena Morse passed the oral doctoral examination on July 30, 1904 and received the overall grade "magna cum laude". Morse was the first female scientist to receive a doctorate from the University of Jena.
With the fall of the Saxon monarchies in 1918, the name changed to Saxon University . After the Free State of Thuringia was founded in 1920, the state government gave it the new name Thuringian State University in 1921 .
A coalition government with the participation of the National Socialists had ruled the state of Thuringia since 1932. The Nazi student union enjoyed great support even before it came to power and won 49.3% of the votes in the student body elections in January 1933, which was the second-best result in the whole of Germany. At the time, there were extensive personal and ideological similarities between the Jena connections and the Nazi students. When all other student associations were dissolved after 1933, many liaison members converted to the NS student union.
Numerous professors had to leave the university as early as 1933 due to the “ Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service ”.
At the suggestion of Rector Abraham Esau , on the occasion of the 175th anniversary of Friedrich Schiller's birthday on November 10, 1934, the name was changed to Friedrich Schiller University (FSU). In the speeches at the ceremony, the Thuringian minister of education, Fritz Wächtler, and the Germanist Arthur Witte Schiller celebrated as representatives of “German love for the country” and “German honor” and demanded that the university become a “place of education with National Socialist character”. Except for the circle around Ricarda Huch and Franz Böhm , no particular oppositional or resistance groups appeared in the vicinity of the university at this time. The diaries of the historian Alexander Cartellieri offer an instructive source for the scientific and everyday history of the high school from 1933 to 1945 . In 1939 the race researcher and SS-Hauptsturmführer Karl Astel took over the rectorate of the university. Under Astel, among other things, an institute for human genetic research and race policy was set up. Under his rectorate, Jena became a "National Socialist model university". In addition to genetic research and racial studies, a research focus was on "military science". In 1941, Astel summed up that under his rectorate the university had become “the first university in Greater Germany to be oriented towards race and life law”. During the Allied air raids on Jena in February and March 1945, total or substantial partial damage was caused to the university library, the main university building and several clinics in Bachstrasse. The botanical, psychological and physiological institutes as well as three chemical institutes were completely destroyed.
A late event for the assessment of the National Socialist era was the investigation, which began in 1999, of the allegations made in West Germany by Ernst Klee and Götz Aly against the pediatrician Jussuf Ibrahim . The university's senate commission determined the doctor's involvement in the euthanasia murders of disabled children, which resulted in the repayment of the honors Ibrahim received in the GDR from the university and city.
College in Socialism (1945–1990)
After being closed for six months at the end of the Second World War , the university resumed operations on October 15, 1945 as the first university in the Soviet occupation zone under Friedrich Zucker’s rectorate .
In 1946 the Institute for Dialectical Materialism was founded on the basis of the historical philosophical traditions . The graduates were also required to teach the basic social sciences course , which became compulsory for all students in the GDR from 1951 and later also for university staff. Later on, the Institute for Social Sciences emerged, which from 1960 was called the Institute for Marxism-Leninism and from the third university reform in 1968 worked as a section for Marxism-Leninism until the end of the GDR . In 1989 the section had 113 university lecturers.
In 1959 the pantomime studio was inspired by Marcel Marceau , Hanna Berger and Henryk Tomaszewski and founded by Harald Seime in Jena.
From 1953 to 1961, Karl Hutschenreuter, who had completed his habilitation there in 1959, was in charge of a not yet independent anesthesia department at the Clinic for Surgery at the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena. A chair for the independent department for anesthesiology and intensive care medicine formed in 1978 was established in 1979 under Horst Winkler (1929–1987) and on January 15, 1985 the clinic for anesthesiology and intensive care medicine was founded, headed from 1987 to 1993 by Wulf Schirrmeister (* 1943) took over.
In the 20th century, the university was promoted through cooperation with the optics and precision engineering company Carl Zeiss .
After the end of the GDR, there was another major restructuring of the structures and the scope of the teaching and research areas. Due to the convenient location and the extensive lifting of the admission restrictions, the number of students increased sharply. While there were still around 5,000 students in the 1980s, this number had increased to more than 21,000 after 2010 and has since decreased somewhat. The Friedrich Schiller University is the only full university in the Free State of Thuringia. In addition to the new building for the Thuringian University and State Library , the Jena Botanical Garden is the university's flagship. The prison with graffiti by Swiss cartoonist Martin Disteli is not open to the public. Jena is regarded as a leader in the fields of biology , physics and psychology and has a well-equipped university hospital .
A university alliance has existed since 1995 with the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg and the University of Leipzig . This enables the students to visit each other's event and thus expand the range of subjects and topics. So is z. For example, a cooperation in teaching in the field of bioinformatics was added and they successfully applied for the new establishment of the German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv). The cooperation continues with a joint mentoring program for postdocs or in the Central German archive network .
In 1999 the Clinic for Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery was opened under the direction of Thorsten Wahlers . This added cardiac surgery to the previously independently operated thoracic and vascular surgery. Around the turn of the millennium, the relocation of the university clinic from the city center to Jena-Neulobeda , about 5 kilometers from the previous location on Bachstrasse, began.
Since October 2014, the pharmacologist Walter Rosenthal has been the first President of the university to succeed Rector Klaus Dicke ; Mathematician Klaus Bartholmé has been the chancellor since 2007 .
The main university building (UHG) was built by the architect Theodor Fischer in the basic form of the abandoned Grand Ducal Palace and opened in 1908, with the faculty figures of Adolf Brütt and rich art furnishings and fittings. a. the extract of the German students in the War of 1813 by Ferdinand Hodler and Greece and the expulsion of the Turks from the Athenian castle of Charles Crodel (1925). From 1990 to 1993 the main building was completely renovated and continuously equipped with modern technology in the following years. a. In 2009 all lecture halls were expanded with new smart boards, in 2015 further renovations and the installation of additional zones for self-study took place.
A special feature today are the university buildings, which are widely distributed over the entire city area, which goes back above all to developments after the Second World War, when many chairs from destroyed university buildings were relocated in expropriated villas, a converted courthouse and numerous town houses that are still often in today Residential areas. This peculiarity makes the university omnipresent and intertwined with the urban architecture. In addition, several quarters were built after the war, in which university buildings were built for the faculties. From 1969 to 1972, a high-rise building planned as a Zeiss research center was built in the center of Jena, which was used by the university - and is now partially used again.
After the political change , extensive new buildings and restorations took place, whereby the concept of the city university was retained. A large complex of university buildings in the city center was built on the former Carl Zeiss factory premises around the "Campus" Ernst-Abbe-Platz; Here is the Abbe auditorium in the building Carl-Zeiss-Straße 3 and the main auditorium of the University. The University of Jena continues to build, so a new campus is planned on Inselplatz in downtown Jena, this is the largest university building project ever funded by the European Union .
In recent years, the Friedrich Schiller University has systematically reoriented and focused the main areas of research that are already established as workable structures for high-performance research. This has succeeded in particular through a targeted appointment policy and an integrative concept of promoting young talent. In addition to these main components, the expansion and addition of the SFB topics through research groups, graduate colleges and EU and BMBF-funded competence centers have been instruments of science management for the university management and will be strengthened in the future. The main areas of top research have been focused under the title "Light - Life - Liberty". Jena is the only university in the whole of Germany to have a chair for gravitation theory and was centrally involved in the Collaborative Research Center / Transregio 7 Gravitational Wave Astronomy, which ended in 2014 .
The Jena School for Microbial Communication (JSMC) is a structured, interdisciplinary doctoral program that was funded for the first time in 2007 by the excellence initiative of the German Research Foundation. The Graduate School laid the foundation stone for the Balance of the Microverse Cluster of Excellence. The research cluster was selected for funding as a cluster of excellence on September 27, 2018 as part of the 2018 federal and state excellence strategy. The Microverse cluster bundles the strengths of the university profile lines LIFE and LIGHT in microbiology, chemical biology, infection biology, medicine, ecology, optics / photonics, materials science, bioinformatics and ethics at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the university clinic and eight non-university research institutes.
Collaborative Research Centers
Collaborative Research Centers funded by the German Research Foundation :
- CRC 1076 "AquaDiva: Understanding the links between the aboveground and underground biogeosphere"
- SFB / TR 124 "FungiNet: Pathogenic fungi and their human host: Networks of interaction"
- SFB 1127 "Chemical Mediators in Complex Biosystems"
- SFB / TR 166 "High-performance light microscopy to elucidate the functions of membrane receptors"
- SFB 1278 "Polymer-based nanoparticle libraries for targeted anti-inflammatory strategies"
- SFB 1375 "NOA: Nonlinear Optics down to Atomic Scalesen"
- SFB 950 "Manuscript Cultures in Asia, Africa and Europe" (participation, spokesperson: Hamburg)
- SFB / TRR 212 "A Novel Synthesis of Individualization across Behavior, Ecology and Evolution: Niche Choice, Niche Conformance, Niche Construction"
- SFB / Transregio 234 "Light-Driven Molecular Catalysts in Hierarchically Structured Materials: Synthesis and Mechanistic Studies" (Participation, Spokesperson University: Ulm )
In 2006 the “Jena Center History of the 20th Century” was opened. The inter-faculty “Center for Molecular Biomedicine” (CMB) has existed since 2008. a. engaged in research on signal transduction in nerve cells and tumors. The “Center for Applied Research” (ZAF) was opened in 2014, the “Center for Energy and Environmental Chemistry” (CEEC) is to move into its new building next to the ZAF in 2015. For several years now, the university has also housed the interdisciplinary Institute for Energy Law at the Faculty of Law, which deals with questions of energy law and energy management and is the only one of its kind in the new federal states.
The next generation of scientists at Friedrich Schiller University is now seen as an important part of research and has its own status and its own representative, the DR.FSU. This change in awareness originated in the Graduate Academy, which was founded in 2007 and is now recognized nationwide as exemplary. With it, the university focuses on optimal qualifications and promotes the highest quality standards.
In medicine, physics, psychology, economics and business administration, sports science, social and biological sciences, the university repeatedly achieves top positions in various rankings. But rankings are not without controversy at the FSU and so the sociologists - despite their own top scores - refuse to participate.
- In the 2014 CHE ranking, Friedrich Schiller University took top positions in the natural sciences, psychology, Romance studies, sociology and sports science, as well as in medicine and dentistry (most recently ranked in 2009).
- In the CHE ranking in 2013, the law faculty and in 2014 the economics faculty rose to the top group of all universities in German-speaking countries.
- The law faculty is characterized by its moot court team, which always achieves considerable places in the national and international Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition and is currently one of the top 50 teams worldwide.
- In the current Handelsblatt business management ranking, the business administration faculty ranks 18th among all business faculties in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
- The Handelsblatt lists Armin Scholl , Gianfranco Walsh and Nils Boysen among the 100 strongest research professors in the field of business administration , who took 1st place in the “Top 100 researchers under 40” category. The Handelsblatt lists Michael Fritsch in the “Top 250 Lifetime Achievement” category in the field of economics .
- The research-oriented Leiden ranking based on the number of publications and citations currently lists Jena as 260 among the top 500 universities worldwide.
- In the global Shanghai ranking , Jena is consistently ranked 301–400 among the world's best 500 universities.
- The QS World University Rankings 2013 lists Jena in 363th place - 257th in the natural sciences - of the top 700 universities worldwide.
Museums and collections
The university has a number of museums and collections, often steeped in tradition
- Academic Coin Cabinet
- Anatomical collection - Museum anatomicum Jenense
- Alphons Stübel collection of early oriental photographs (1840–1890)
- Jena Botanical Garden
- Slide and photo library of the Chair of Classical Archeology
- Botany slide library
- Windfeld-Hansen Archive
- Ernst Haeckel House
- Collection of manuscripts and incunabula
- Herbarium Haussknecht JE
- Inspector House with Goethe Memorial
- Geological collection
- Historical collection of topographic maps
- Jena Medical History Collection Meyer-Steineg
- Jena papyrus collection
- Art history seminar with custody
- Botany teaching collection
- Teaching and research collection of experimental history of science
- Teaching collection of models in mineralogy
- Zoology teaching collection
- Medical history collection
- Mineralogical collection
- Wutzler moulage collection
- Paleobotanical collection
- Jena Microbial Resource Collection
- Phyletic Museum
- Hilprecht Collection of Near Eastern Antiquities
- Collection of old scientific and technical devices for physics
- Collection of antique cabaret
- Collection of the Biology Didactics Working Group
- Collection of obstetric instruments
- Collection of glass and inorganic materials
- Collection of casts of ancient plastic
- Seismogram archive
- Sieberg Archive
- Observatory with astronomical collection at the Astrophysical Institute
- Oriental Coin Cabinet OMJ
- Schiller's garden house
- Prehistoric and early historical collection
There are many (student) initiatives and university groups at the University of Jena. At the beginning of 2020, the university registered over 100 groups. These include party political groups, student trade union groups, artistic initiatives, groups with a religious background and faith communities, professional or alumni groups and student associations .
Student Club Rosenkeller eV at the Friedrich Schiller University: The "Student Club Rosenkeller" was opened in Johannistraße 13 on May 3, 1966 in a building built around 1400, which has been owned by the Salina since 1562 and for which a 1683 from the Historian Caspar Sagittarius donated a stone rose bush relief on the facade that gave it its name. The club is one of the most important youth cultural centers in the city center. In addition to live and disco music, lectures, readings and discussions take place there.
Med-Club: Under the motto “By students for students”, the club members, i.e. the students and the alumni, organize events of all kinds at different venues. This includes parties, acoustic and unplugged concerts, film evenings, readings and discussions.
Wagner: In Wagnergasse 26, which is shared with the Thuringia Student Union's advice centers , Wagner offers a café with vegetarian and vegan lunches, but also regular concerts, readings, game evenings and lectures and film evenings as well as (photo) exhibitions. Wagner has an explicitly political claim in its activity. It is run by an association and supported by the student council of the FSU Jena and the student union.
Two student magazines appear at the FSU: Das Akrützel , which is published every fortnight and is primarily devoted to current student and university topics, and Unique , which is published every six months, with a focus on international and intercultural politics. There are also newspapers from the individual student councils, such as B. the HandMed of the medical department, the root of the mathematics department or the Romance studies department of the Romance studies department. There is also the research magazine LICHTGEDANKEN , published by the university , which appears twice a year.
In addition, the university students produce the program Campus TV Jena , which can be viewed both on the Internet and on the regional TV station Jena TV and reports on current topics relating to the university and student life.
In addition, students produce campus radio , which is broadcast on the Internet and via the Jena Open Channel and offers several hours of its own program every day.
- List of well-known personalities of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena
- Collegium Europaeum Jenense
- Tom Bräuer, Christian Faludi: The University of Jena in the Weimar Republic. A source edition. Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-515-10608-5 .
- Martin Morgner : GDR students between adjustment and falling out. Disciplinary cases at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena from 1965 to 1989. Leipzig 2012, ISBN 978-3-86583-709-7 .
- Helmut G. Walther (Ed.): Turning points in four and a half centuries of Jena university history. Jena 2010, ISBN 978-3-941854-05-5 .
- Joachim Bauer, Klaus Dicke , Stefan Matuschek (eds.): Patron Schiller. Friedrich Schiller and the University of Jena. Jena 2009, ISBN 978-3-938203-97-2 .
- Joachim Bauer, Andreas Klinger, Alexander Schmidt, Georg Schmidt (ed.): The University of Jena in the early modern period. Universitätsverlag Winter, Heidelberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-8253-5525-8 .
- Stud book of Johann Bernhard Wilhelm Sternberger from Meiningen, student of law in Jena since 1773. Jena, Thuringian University and State Library, starboard 90. Facsimile. Friedrich Schiller University Jena 2008. Stud book of Johann Bernhard Wilhelm Sternberger from Meiningen, since 1773 student of law in Jena. Jena, Thuringian University and State Library, Stb. 90. Commentary [on the facsimile] Joachim Ott. Friedrich Schiller University Jena 2008.
- Then and now . Volume 53 (2008). Neustadt an der Aisch, ISBN 978-3-87707-717-7 (with a focus on the university and student history of the University of Jena).
- Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Ed.): The specifics of university education. Jena 2007, ISBN 978-3-938203-56-9 .
- Joachim Hendel u. a. (Ed.): Ways of Science in National Socialism. Documents on the University of Jena, 1933–1945. Stuttgart, Steiner 2007, ISBN 978-3-515-09006-3 .
- Uwe Hoßfeld, Tobias Kaiser, Heinz Mestrup (Hrsg.): University in socialism. Studies on the history of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (1945–1990). 2 volumes. Cologne / Weimar 2007, ISBN 978-3-412-34505-1 .
- Michael Eckardt: Complete bibliography of the "Scientific Journal of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena" (GS series) 1951–1990. Jena 2006, ISBN 3-935850-39-5 .
- Helmut G. Walther [and a.]: The Friedrich Schiller University Jena. Memories in photographs. Erfurt 2006.
- University Experience East. GDR university professor in conversation. Edited by Matthias Steinbach with the assistance of Michael Ploenus. Jena 2005.
- Uwe Hoßfeld , Jürgen John , Oliver Lehmuth and Rüdiger Stutz (eds.): "In the service of people and fatherland". The Jena University in the Nazi era. Cologne / Weimar 2005.
- Uwe Hoßfeld, Jürgen John, Oliver Lehmuth and Rüdiger Stutz (eds.): "Combative Science". Studies at the University of Jena under National Socialism. Cologne 2003, ISBN 3-412-04102-5 .
- Verena Paul-Zinserling : The terracottas of the antique cabaret collection of the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena. Edited by Angelika Geyer . Jena 2002, ISBN 3-931743-41-1 .
- Hans-Georg Kremer: On the history of sport at the University of Jena. Materials, stories, pictures. Bucha bei Jena 2002, ISBN 3-936455-07-4 .
- Gottfried Meinhold : The special case of Jena. The university in upheaval 1989–1991. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2014, ISBN 978-3-515-10827-0 .
- Helmut G. Walther (Ed.): Aufbruch. 450 years of the Jena High School. Jena 1998.
- Thomas Pester: Under the protection of Minerva. Brief illustrated history of the University of Jena (= series of publications on the city, university and student history of Jena. 7). Jena 1996.
- Jena should live. Contributions to the historical student life at the University of Jena (Jena speeches and writings) . Jena 1991, ISBN 3-86007-057-6 .
- Günter Steiger: “I would go to Jena”. History and stories, pictures, monuments and documents from four centuries of Jena University. 4th, revised and expanded edition. Weimar 1989, ISBN 3-7400-0057-0 .
- Siegfried Schmidt u. a. (Ed.): Alma mater Jenensis. History of the University of Jena. Weimar 1983.
- Erich Maschke : University of Jena. With 14 illustrations. Cologne / Graz 1969.
- History of the University of Jena 1548 / 58–1958. Ceremony for the four hundredth anniversary of the university. Written and edited on behalf of the Rector and Senate by a collective of the Historical Institute of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena under the direction of Max Steinmetz. Volume I: Presentation. Jena 1958; Volume II: Source edition for the 400th anniversary celebration in 1958 […]. Jena 1962.
- Edmund Kelter: A Jena student around 1630 (Eberhard von Todenwarth). An anniversary gift for the university celebration. With 27 illustrations. Jena 1908.
- Adolf Stier: Jena [The University of Jena to celebrate its 350th anniversary]. In: The German universities (= Theodor Kappstein [Hrsg.]: Illustrierte Monographien. Volume II). Berlin 1908.
- Richard Keil and Robert Keil: History of Jena student life from the foundation of the university to the present. (1548-1858). A ceremony to mark the three hundredth anniversary of the University of Jena. Leipzig 1858.
- Linda Wenke Bönisch: Universities and Princely Schools between War and Peace. A matriculation study on the Central German educational landscape in the denominational age (1563–1650). Verlag epubli GmbH, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-8442-7505-6 ( preview in Google book search; the universities of Alma mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Leucorea in Wittenberg, Salana in Jena, Alma mater Erffordensis in Erfurt and the Princely schools St. Afra in Meißen, St. Marien in Schulpforta and St. Augustin in Grimma).
- Johannes Günther: Life sketches of the professors at the University of Jena from 1558 to 1858 . A ceremony for the university's three-century secular celebration on August 15, 16 and 17, 1858. Friedrich Mauke, Jena 1858 ( full text in the Google book search [accessed on January 24, 2017]).
- official website
- Rector's Speeches - Collection of Rector's Speeches since 1810
- Heinrich von Gagern as a student in Jena
- The Scottish poet Charles Hamilton Sorley as a student in the summer of 1914 on the Saale, Lahn and Mosel
- ^ Friedrich Schiller University Jena> Presidium> President. In: uni-jena.de. Accessed July 31, 2019 .
- ↑ a b reporting. Friedrich Schiller University Jena, accessed on February 8, 2020 (official statistical data).
- ↑ a b c Facts and Figures 2018. (PDF) Friedrich Schiller University Jena, November 22, 2019, accessed on February 8, 2020 . Available in reporting.
- ↑ Friedrich Schiller University Jena - Facts and Figures 2018. (PDF; 1.2 MB) In: uni-jena.de. Friedrich Schiller University Jena, June 8, 2018, accessed on May 5, 2019 .
- ↑ The oldest universities in Germany. In: studiengang-verzeichnis.de. Ralf Markert, accessed April 8, 2019 (private website).
- ^ City of Science 2008: Jena. (No longer available online.) In: stadt-der-wissenschaft.de. Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft e. V., archived from the original on June 8, 2012 ; accessed on April 13, 2019 .
- ^ German Research Foundation and the Science Council: Cluster of Excellence funding line : Complete list of funded projects in 2018. (PDF; 314 kB) In: dfg.de. German Research Foundation V., September 27, 2018, accessed November 2, 2018 .
- ^ Faculty of Chemical and Geosciences. Retrieved June 28, 2019 .
- ^ The Faculty of Physics and Astronomy Jena. Friedrich Schiller University Jena, accessed on February 8, 2020 .
- ↑ Study law in Jena. Retrieved June 28, 2019 .
- ↑ Welcome to the website of the Faculty of Business and Economics. Retrieved June 28, 2019 .
- ↑ See H. Striebitz: Friedrich Schiller University Jena - formerly Collegium Jenense or Salana. (No longer available online.) In: discover-jena.de. 2008, archived from the original on July 15, 2018 ; accessed on March 14, 2019 (private website).
- ↑ NN : NN (No longer available online.) In: focus-campus.de. January 5, 2009, formerly in the original ; accessed on March 14, 2019 (no mementos ). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- ^ U. Hoßfeld, J. John, R. Stutz: To the profile change of the Jena University in National Socialism. In: Uwe Hoßfeld, Jürgen John, Oliver Lehmuth and Rüdiger Stutz (eds.): "Combative Science". Studies at the University of Jena under National Socialism. Cologne u. a. 2003, p. 62.
- ↑ "Open to the living revolutionary present" - How the Friedrich Schiller University got its name. Public relations department of the University of Jena, accessed on July 24, 2018 .
- ↑ M. Steinbach, U. Dathe: Alexander Cartellieri. Diaries of a German historian. From the Empire to the Two-State (1899–1953) (= German historical sources of the 19th and 20th centuries. Volume 69). Oldenbourg, Munich 2014, ISBN 3-486-71888-6 .
- ^ J. John, R. Stutz: The Jena University 1918–1945. In: Traditions, Breaks, Changes: The University of Jena 1850–1995. Senate Commission for the processing of Jena university history in the 20th century (ed.). Cologne 2009, p. 485.
- ^ H. Böttner: Fulfilling duty on the "Inner Front" and coping with everyday life in the war: The Jena student body during the Second World War. In: Uwe Hoßfeld, Jürgen John, Oliver Lehmuth and Rüdiger Stutz (eds.): "Combative Science". Studies at the University of Jena under National Socialism. Cologne u. a. 2003, p. 263.
- ^ U. Hoßfeld, J. John, R. Stutz: To the profile change of the Jena University in National Socialism. In: Uwe Hoßfeld, Jürgen John, Oliver Lehmuth and Rüdiger Stutz (eds.): "Combative Science". Studies at the University of Jena under National Socialism. Cologne u. a. 2003, p. 23 ff.
- ^ Rüdiger Stutz: Schiller jubilee and synchronization. In: Thüringische Landeszeitung. May 9, 2009.
- ↑ Michael Ploenus: "... as important as daily bread". The Jena Institute for Marxism-Leninism 1945–1990. Böhlau-Verlag, Cologne, Weimar, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-412-20010-7 , p. 241.
- ↑ Uwe Hossfeld, Tobias Kaiser, Heinz Mestrup (eds.): University in Socialism: Studies on the History of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena (1945–1990). Volume 1. Böhlau Verlag, Weimar / Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-412-34505-1 , p. 1104.
- ↑ Karl Hutschenreuter: The quantitative behavior of pyruvic acid in blood serum under the influence of anesthesia and surgery. Medical habilitation thesis, Jena 1959.
- ^ Konrad Reinhart , Thomas Uhlig: Friedrich Schiller University Jena: Clinic for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine. In: Jürgen Schüttler (Ed.): 50 Years of the German Society for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine: Tradition and Innovation. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 2003, ISBN 3-540-00057-7 , pp. 453-458, here: pp. 453 f. and 458.
- ↑ Student statistics. In: www4.uni-jena.de. Friedrich Schiller University Jena, January 11, 2018, accessed on May 4, 2019 .
- ^ Konrad Reinhart , Thomas Uhlig: Friedrich Schiller University Jena: Clinic for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine. In: Jürgen Schüttler (Ed.): 50 Years of the German Society for Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine: Tradition and Innovation. Springer, Berlin / Heidelberg / New York 2003, ISBN 3-540-00057-7 , pp. 453–458, here: pp. 456–458.
- ↑ The journey of discovery begins: President of the University of Jena welcomes almost 5,000 new students. In: jena.otz.de, accessed on May 6, 2019 (beginning of article freely accessible).
- ^ Klaus Bartholmé (FSU).
- ^ Anna Bálint: Exodus of German students in the war of freedom of 1813 (1908-1909). Ferdinand Hodler's Jena history painting. Order history, work genesis, afterlife (= European university publications . Series 28: Art history . Volume 340 ). Peter Lang, Frankfurt / M. u. a. 1999, ISBN 3-631-34658-1 .
- ↑ A campus for everyone. Retrieved April 13, 2020 .
- ↑ Theoretical-Physics Institute. Friedrich Schiller University Jena, accessed on February 8, 2020 .
- ↑ Honorary doctorate from Prof. Dr. Abhay Ashtekar. Friedrich Schiller University Jena, accessed on February 8, 2020 .
- ↑ DFG funds 14 new special research areas. German Research Foundation, May 18, 2018, accessed on May 18, 2018 . New SFB: Great success for Ulm and Jena - sustainable energy converters based on nature's example. Ulm University, May 18, 2018, accessed on May 18, 2018 . Using light to produce high-energy chemicals. University of Jena, May 18, 2018, accessed on May 18, 2018 .
- ^ Faculty of Law. In: zeit.de, accessed on April 16, 2019 (with registration).
- ↑ University ranking . Faculty of Business and Economics. In: ranking.zeit.de, accessed on May 5, 2019.
- ↑ ZEIT Campus: University information 2019/20. Retrieved February 12, 2020 .
- ↑ http://tool.handelsblatt.com/tabelle/index.php?id=146
- ↑ http://tool.handelsblatt.com/tabelle/index.php?id=112&so=1a&pc=99&po=0/
- ↑ http://tool.handelsblatt.com/tabelle/index.php?id=79&pc=250/
- ↑ http://www.leidenranking.com/ranking
- ↑ Archive link ( Memento from June 29, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ University of Jena Rankings. In: topuniversities.com, accessed on September 10, 2019.
- ↑ Entered under the name listed here under "www.uni-jena.de"
- ↑ Free time. Friedrich Schiller University Jena, accessed on February 19, 2020 .
- ^ Website of the Rosenkeller e. V.
- ↑ Günter Steiger : I would go to Jena. History and stories, pictures, monuments and documents from four centuries of Jena University. Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1978, p. 59 f.
- ↑ Wagner club Jena
- ↑ THOUGHTS OF LIGHT. The magazine of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena. In: uni-jena.de, accessed on May 6, 2019.
- ^ CampusTV Jena. In: campustv-jena.de, accessed on August 1, 2019.
Coordinates: 50 ° 55 ′ 46 ″ N , 11 ° 35 ′ 22 ″ E