|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Olomoucký kraj|
|Area :||832 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||770 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||753 68|
|Street:||Hranice - Valašské Meziříčí|
|Railway connection:||Hranice na Moravě – Vsetín|
|Mayor :||Jiří Andrýs (as of 2006)|
753 68 Černotín
Černotín (German Czernotin ) is a municipality with 744 inhabitants in the Czech Republic . It is located three kilometers southeast of Hranice and belongs to the Okres Přerov . The cadastral area is 832 ha.
Černotín extends along the Hluzovský potok, a right tributary of the Bečva . In the west lies the Weißkirchener Karst with the Zbraschau aragonite caves and the Weißkirchener Abyss . The 370 m high hill Hůrka in the northwest has been declared a nature reserve. The European road 442 / State road 35 from Hranice to Valašské Meziříčí and the railway line between the two cities, where Černotín has a train stop, runs through the village .
Neighboring towns are Hranice in the north-west, Hluzov in the north, Špičky in the north-east, Kamenec and Milotice nad Bečvou in the east and beyond the Bečva Skalička and Ústí in the south and Zbrašov in the south-west.
The first written mention of Cerncine comes from the year 1131, but this document is probably forged. The time of the foundation of the place is assumed around 1000. The village was part of the Hranice estate , which the Benedictine monastery Rajhrad received as a gift in 1169. Ottokar I. Přemysl allocated the area to the Premonstratensian monastery Hradisko in 1201 , after which there had been disputes between the two orders. 1407 came Czernotíně to the rule Helfenstein . Between 1491 and 1595 the Pernsteiner owned the place. They were followed by Zdeněk Žampach z Potštejna and from 1609 Karl Perger von Perg.Václav Mol z Modřelic, who owned the rule from 1612, was expropriated after the battle of the White Mountain and the rule fell to the Dietrichsteiners , who pursued the recatholicization . On the north-westerly Kostelíček created in 1687 a hermitage and the Polish nobles Sebastian Srzemski who lived there as a hermit, built in 1707 a crossroads. After the Josefin reforms, the hermitage became extinct and its last inhabitants were two Capuchins who had lived there since 1766. In 1714 the land registers were introduced; those of Černotín were in Czech and those of Hluzov in German. In 1790 the village school started teaching, attended by the children from Hleis.
In 1823 and 1839 the river Bečva was regulated and in 1848 the trade route between Moravian Weißkirchen and Wallachisch Meseritsch was built. For the construction of the Kaiser-Ferdinand-Nordbahn a quarry was built between Czernotin and Hleis, in which the Italian quarrymen immortalized the Emperor Ferdinand with a relief representation.
With the construction of the railway from Mährisch Weißkirchen to Krasna in 1884, the Černotín-Kelč station was built. In 1905 the Czernotin bronze treasure was found near the lime kilns.
After the assassination attempt on Heydrich in 1942 a raid was carried out on unreported persons in the village. In May 1945 the Wehrmacht blew up the bridge over the Bečva and on May 7, 1945 engaged in a full-day battle with the Red Army.
In 1983 Hluzov was incorporated.
- baroque cross from 1836
- Church of St. Cyril and Method, built in 1863
- Relief of the Emperor Ferdinand from 1843
- three lime kilns, from 1850, 1862 and 1870, technical monuments
- Weißkirchener Karst with the nature reserve Hůrka u Hranic, the aragonite caves of Zbrašov and the 289.5 m deep Weißkirchener Abyss
- Ruins of the Svrčov Castle
The municipality of Černotín includes the district Hluzov ( Hleis ) as well as the settlement Na Vápenkách and the Podhrázný Mlýn on the Bečva.