Křenovice u Kojetína
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Olomoucký kraj|
|Area :||904.4 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||427 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||752 01|
|License plate :||M.|
|Street:||Vyškov - Kroměříž|
|Mayor :||Zdeněk Vrána (as of 2011)|
752 01 Kojetín
Křenovice is located on the right side of the Haná at the northeastern foot of the Litentschitzer hill country in the Hornomoravský úval ( Upper Moravian Basin ). The village lies at the confluence of the streams Vlčidolka (also Křenovický potok ) and Syrovátka (also Korábka ). The hill Hradisko rises to the southeast. The state road I / 47 between Vyškov and Kroměříž runs through the village . The D 1 motorway runs south of Křenovice , the next exit 253 - Kojetín is three kilometers to the southeast.
Neighboring towns are Polkovice and Uhřičice in the north, Kojetín in the northeast, Popůvky in the east, Postoupky, Měrůtky, Bojanovice and Kovalovice in the southeast, Věžky and Vlčí Doly in the south, Vitčice in the southwest, Stříbrnice and Dloouá Ves in the west and Měrovice nwad in the north.
Archaeological finds prove an early settlement of the area. The remains of a Bronze Age settlement were found at the foot of the Hradisko .
The first written mention of Crenowicz was in 1322 in a document about the sale of half the village by Záviš von Potštát to the Olomouc bishop Konrad two years earlier . In 1326 he bequeathed the property to the Olomouc Chapter St. Wenceslas, which Chrenowicz initially passed on to other owners from 1330 onwards. In 1349 Záviš von Bojanovice also donated his half of Chrenowicz circa Cogetyn to the chapter , which the dean Orbzín then declared to be his property. From 1375 onwards, the cathedral chapter again managed its half itself, but the income generated from it flowed mutually to the canons. During the Moravian Fratricidal War, Margrave Prokop of Moravia invaded Crenowicz at the end of the 14th century and devastated the episcopal estate. Bishop Johannes Frost then excommunicated him. In 1406 the diocese combined both parts and added Crenowicz to the Olomouc capital . From 1467 the village was called Chřenovice , from 1480 as Crženowicze , Krženowicze and Krzienowicze , from 1671 as Kršenowitz , Krzenowitz , Krženowitz and Křenowitz , 1720 as Krenowitz and from 1771 in Latin as Krženovitium and Křenovicium . After the troops of the Swedish general Lennart Torstenssons holed up on the Zahonny mountain in 1643 and occupied Tovačov during the Thirty Years War , the imperial general Matthias Gallas had the Hradisko fortified and awaited the attack by the Swedes there. The registers were kept in Kojetín from 1715. There is evidence of a school since 1788. In 1793 the village consisted of 62 houses and had 517 inhabitants. In 1849 the community acquired the distillery and converted it into a school house. Until the middle of the 19th century, the village was always part of the Olomouc capital.
After the abolition of patrimonial Křenovice / Krzenowitz formed from 1850 a municipality in the Kremsier district administration . In 1855 the municipality was assigned to the Kojetín District and in 1868 again to the Kremsier District. Since 1877 the village belonged to the Okres Přerov. After the two-class schooling began in 1883, the schoolhouse turned out to be too small. In 1885 a new school was built. The church was built in 1887 and a year later the rectory was built and a cemetery was laid out. The volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1893. In the place there was an apprentice school for boys and a courtyard of the metropolitan chapter. In 1900 658 people lived in the 127 houses of the village. A mill has been handed down since 1911. In 1930 Křenovice consisted of 165 houses and had 746 inhabitants. From 1938 onwards the village was called Křenovice u Kojetína . In 1949 Křenovice was assigned to the Okres Kojetín, after its abolition the place came back to the Okres Přerov in 1960. In 1950 the village consisted of 170 houses in which 760 people lived. Křenovice was incorporated into Kojetín in 1976 as the district Kojetín IV-Křenovice. In 1980, 529 people lived in the village's 152 houses. The school closed in 1987 and reopened in 1990. Since 1990 Křenovice has formed its own municipality again. The 1991 census counted 462 inhabitants, 157 apartments and 134 houses in Křenovice. Křenovice has had a coat of arms since 2006. On June 14, 2007 the village was flooded during a flood of the Vlčidolka. The Mořice - Kojetín motorway section was built between 2007 and 2009, after archaeological excavations were carried out in 2006. Ethnographically, the community belongs to Hanna . In Křenovice there is a vocational school, a primary school, a kindergarten, a cultural center and a community library.
No districts are shown for the municipality of Křenovice.
- Parish Church of St. Johannes von Nepomuk, built in 1887 according to plans by Gustav Meretta
- Chapel of St. Anna, southeast of the village in a grove by the Syrovátka brook, built in 1832
- Hradisko hill, southeast of the village above the Syrovátka valley with the fortifications of General Gallas from the Thirty Years' War. Towards the northeast there are two three and five meter high walls separated by a moat, and a moat towards the south.
- Grave chapel of the Vožda family in the cemetery, built in the 19th century
- Wayside shrine from the first half of the 18th century, south of the village
Sons and daughters of the church
- Elias von Křenowitz († 1503), Bishop of the Bohemian Brothers
- Jan Rozkošný (1855–1947), farmer, member of the Reichstag and Landtag
- Bohumír Hrušák (1893–1942), former legionnaire and victim of National Socialism, he was murdered by the Gestapo in the Kaunitz college
- Rostislav Vojáček (* 1949), football player and coach
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Místopisný rejstřík obcí českého Slezska a severní Moravy (p. 286) ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 2.06 MB)