|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Olomoucký kraj|
|Area :||545 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||314 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||751 01|
|License plate :||M.|
|Street:||Polkovice - Tovačov|
|Railway connection:||Kojetín – Tovačov|
|Mayor :||Hana Skřépková (as of 2011)|
751 01 Tovačov
Oplocany is located on the left side of the Valová in the Hornomoravský úval ( Upper Moravian Basin ). State road II / 435 between Polkovice and Tovačov runs through Oplocany . Two kilometers to the east runs along the Blata the railway line between Kroměříž and Tovačov, on which passenger traffic in the section Kojetín - Tovačov was stopped. The Oplocany train station is in Annín. To the northeast is the Tovačovská jezera dredging lake area, to the east is the Náklo pond.
Neighboring towns are Ivaň in the north, Tovačov and Annín in the northeast, Cvrčov, Lobodice and Chrbov in the southeast, Arnoštov and Polkovice in the south, Obědkovice in the southwest, Klenovice na Hané and Čelčice in the west and Čehovice , Otonovice and Hrubčice in the northwest.
Oplocaz was first mentioned in writing in 1131 in a list of goods belonging to the Diocese of Olomouc, in which a hoof field is listed as the property of the Olomouc cathedral chapter. In 1297 the village was named Oploczan , 1321 as Oplaczan , 1355 as Opluzan , 1358 as Oploczani , 1359 as Oploczany , from 1407 as Opločany , from 1470 as Oplocany , 1678 as Oplocžany , 1718 as Oblocžan from 1751 as Oplotzan , 1771 as Opplotschan and called Opploczanium . The owners of the village, subject to Tovačov, included the Lords of Cimburg , the Pernsteiners from 1503 to 1597 and, in the meantime, the Manrique de Lara . It was acquired by the Counts of Salm-Neuburg in 1600, followed by the lords of Peterswald from 1715 and the barons of Küenburg from 1763 . The registers have been kept in Tovačov since 1688. In 1792, Ernst Josef Laktanz von Küenburg founded a family settlement on the southwestern outskirts of Oplocany, which was initially called Nádvoří , but after two years it was popularly referred to as Ernestov / Ernstedorf . In 1793 589 people lived in the 53 houses of Oplocany. A school was set up at the beginning of the 19th century. In 1834 Oplocany and the Arnoštov colony had grown to 87 houses in which 687 people lived. Until the middle of the 19th century, Oplocany always remained submissive to Tovačov.
After the abolition of patrimonial Opločany / Oplotzan formed with the settlement Arnoštov / Ernestdorf from 1850 a municipality in the Kremsier district administration . In 1855 the municipality was assigned to the Kojetín District and in 1868 again to the Kremsier District. Since 1877 the village belongs to the Okres Přerov. In 1882 the two-class schooling began. In 1895 the railway from Kojetín to Tovačov started operating. In 1900 the community consisted of 126 houses and had 717 inhabitants, all of whom, with the exception of three Germans, belonged to the Czech ethnic group. The brick factory was built in 1904. In the major fire of 1906, twelve houses were destroyed. After the Arnoštov in particular was flooded in 1879, 1895, 1897 and 1900 during floods of the Valová, the river was regulated in 1907. In 1910, 800 Czechs, three Germans and two Hungarians lived in the 133 houses. The old school was demolished in 1912 and replaced by a new building. In 1921 the community had 708 exclusively Czech residents. In 1930 644 Czechs, two Slovaks and one German lived in the 145 houses. In 1936 the Oplocany-Anín railway station was set up on the road to Tovačov on the outskirts of Annín . In 1931 and 1938, two major fires each destroyed six houses. The kindergarten opened in 1939. During the air battle over the Hanna on August 21, 1944, American planes dropped 48 bombs on the fields of Zadní díly. At the end of the Second World War, the Red Army and Romanian Army took the place on May 3, 1945 after fierce battles with the Wehrmacht. Ten Romanians fell at Arnoštov. In 1950 the number of inhabitants had decreased to 516 due to emigration to the border areas . In 1949 the community was assigned to Okres Kojetín, after its abolition it came back to Okres Přerov in 1960. From 1960 Oplocany was connected to the Local National Committee of Tovačov with Arnoštov, which was now designated as a district, and in 1976 was completely incorporated into the district of Tovačov III-Oplocany. Since 1990 Oplocany has formed its own municipality again. Oplocany has had a coat of arms and a banner since 1999. Ethnographically, the community belongs to Hanna .
No districts are shown for the municipality of Oplocany. The settlement Arnoštov ( Ernestdorf ) belongs to Oplocany .
- Baroque statue of St. Florian, created in the middle of the 18th century by Gottfried Fritsch , cultural monument
- Chapel of St. Ernst in Arnoštov, built in 1810
- Cross at the chapel
- Fallen memorial
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Místopisný rejstřík obcí českého Slezska a severní Moravy (p. 437) ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 2.2 MB)