Brittany (Territoire de Belfort)

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Brittany coat of arms
Brittany (France)
region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Territoire de Belfort
Arrondissement Belfort
Canton Grandvillars
Community association South Territoire
Coordinates 47 ° 36 '  N , 7 ° 0'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 36 '  N , 7 ° 0'  E
height 335-377 m
surface 4.67 km 2
Residents 265 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 57 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 90130
INSEE code

Mairie Brittany

Bretagne (German former board or Bretten ) is a French commune in the department Territoire de Belfort in the region Bourgogne Franche-Comté .


Brittany is 350  m above sea level, about twelve kilometers east-southeast of the city of Belfort (as the crow flies). The village extends in the plain of the Burgundian Gate , slightly elevated south of the wide valley plain of the Ruisseau de Saint-Nicolas , into which the Suarcine flows here, opposite Montreux-Château.

The area of ​​the 4.67 km² municipal area comprises a section of the landscape in the area of ​​the Burgundian Gate (Trouée de Belfort) with only weak relief. The northern border mostly runs along the Ruisseau de Saint-Nicolas, which meanders through a wide valley floor. Below the confluence of the Madeleine , the water is given the name Bourbeuse . In the valley, which is more than a kilometer wide, there is also the waterway of the Rhine-Rhône Canal , which overcomes the height difference near Brittany with two locks. From the Bourbeuse or the Ruisseau de Saint-Nicolas, the municipal area extends southeast over the valley floodplain and a gently rising slope, which is divided by several short side streams, onto the adjacent plateau. This is an average of 370 m and is covered with arable and meadow land. In the far south-east is the Bois de Ragie de la Dame forest area , which at 377 m is the highest point in Brittany. In the basins and valleys there are various ponds that were created for fish farming.

The neighboring municipalities of Brittany are Montreux-Château in the north, Montreux-Jeune and Chavannes-les-Grands in the east, Vellescot and Grosne in the south and Brebotte and Autrechêne in the west.


Brittany was first mentioned in a document in 1365. In the middle of the 14th century, the village came under the sovereignty of the Habsburgs and belonged to the dominion of Montreux . Together with the Sundgau , Brittany came to the French crown with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Since 1793 the village has belonged to the Haut-Rhin department , but in 1871 it remained as part of the Territoire de Belfort, unlike the rest of Alsace, in France. Brittany was a member of the Communauté de Communes du Bassin de la Bourbeuse , which was founded in 1999 and was merged into the Communauté d'agglomération Grand Belfort in 2017 .


With 265 inhabitants (January 1, 2017), Brittany is one of the small municipalities of the Territoire de Belfort. After the population had decreased significantly in the first half of the 20th century (272 people were still counted in 1886), population growth has been recorded again since the beginning of the 1970s.

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Residents 139 133 161 171 202 191 228

Economy and Infrastructure

Until well into the 20th century, Brittany was a village dominated by agriculture (arable farming, fruit growing and cattle breeding), fish farming and forestry. In addition, there are now some local small businesses. In the meantime the village has turned into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who go to work in the larger towns in the area and in the Belfort agglomeration.

The village is located off the main road connections on a department road that leads from Delle to Fontaine . The closest connection to the A36 motorway is around eleven kilometers away. Other road connections exist with Brebotte, Grosne and Chavannes-les-Grands.


  • Le Patrimoine des Communes du Territoire de Belfort. Flohic Editions, Paris 1999, ISBN 2-84234-037-X , p. 195.

Web links

Commons : Bretagne  - Collection of images, videos and audio files