Politics in Frankfurt am Main

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The Römer has been Frankfurt's town hall since 1405

Politics in Frankfurt am Main today is primarily local politics . Frankfurt am Main is an independent city in the state of Hesse . The constitutional structure of the city is determined by the Hessian municipal code and the main statute of the city, the original version of which came into force on June 5, 1952.

The magistrate consists of the directly elected mayor as chairman, the mayor, 10 full-time and 14 voluntary city ​​councilors . The acting Lord Mayor has been Peter Feldmann since July 1, 2012 . The 93 members of the city ​​council are elected every five years, most recently in the local elections in Hesse in 2016 .

The urban area is divided into 16 districts . In principle, the local councils must be heard on all questions that concern their local district . The final decision on a measure, however, usually rests with the city ​​council , which can also transfer certain competencies to the local councils. Local advisory councils in districts with up to 8,000 inhabitants have 9 members, and with more than 8,000 inhabitants 19 members.

Frankfurt was divided into three constituencies from 1949 to 1998 and two constituencies ( 182 and 183 ) since the federal election in 2002 . In the state elections in Hesse , the six constituencies 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 and 39 are elected in the urban area .

Until the annexation by Prussia in 1866 , the Free City of Frankfurt was a sovereign city-state .


Free imperial city

The city has its origins in the royal palace of Frankfurt , whose highest ministerial was the Vogt ( advocatus ) appointed by the king . In 1220 Emperor Friedrich II abolished the bailiwick. Since then, the civil parish has received more and more rights of self-government and privileges . Since 1266, an existing of 42 members is the Council as a representative of the Frankfurt citizens testified. Its first bank consisted of 14 lay judges , representatives of the patrician families , who complemented each other by co-opting according to the principle of ancestry . The 14 members of the second bank were also patricians of the so-called community , while the 14 councilors of the third bank were craftsmen of the guilds that were able to advise . The 43rd member of the council was the Reichsschultheiß appointed by the emperor , who had to uphold the royal regalia and was initially head of the city in this capacity. From 1311, the council elected two mayors annually by balling , the senior mayor from the aldermen of the first council bank and the younger mayor from the members of the second council bank . In May 1372 the township acquired the mayor's office from Emperor Karl IV and thus finally the imperial immediacy . Frankfurt was part of the Reichsstädtekollegium of the Rheinische Bank .

After the end of the Holy Roman Empire , the city was the Act of Confederation of 12 July 1806 by the Principality of Aschaffenburg mediated . The administration was in the hands of the mayor appointed by Prince-Primate Karl Theodor von Dalberg , who at times held the French official title Maire . From 1810 to 1813 Frankfurt was the capital of the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt , in which it formed the Frankfurt department . In the course of the Wars of Liberation , the Grand Duchy became the Generalgouvernement of Frankfurt .

Free City of Frankfurt

In 1815, according to the resolutions of the Congress of Vienna , Frankfurt became a free city and seat of the Bundestag of the German Confederation . After the constitution passed in 1816 , the constitutional supplementary act , the three most important constitutional organs were the legislative body , the permanent citizen representation and the Senate of the Free City of Frankfurt . They were intertwined with each other and with the administration of justice, so that the principles of the separation of powers were not strictly adhered to. At the head of the Senate were the two mayors elected annually: The Senior Mayor chaired the Senate and was head of foreign relations and the military. He was thus the incumbent head of state. The younger mayor was in charge of the police, the guilds and civil rights affairs and was his colleague's representative.

In the empire

After the annexation by Prussia in 1866 there was a heated discussion about the future communal political constitution. The citizens of Frankfurt resisted the adoption of the Prussian municipal constitution and wanted to save the political institutions and their voting rights in the new era. In particular, the general and secret election of permanent citizens' representation should be preserved and the three-class suffrage should not be introduced.

The municipal constitution law for Frankfurt including Sachsenhausen (GemVG) of March 25, 1867 represented a compromise. Although the regulations of the Prussian town order were largely adopted, the election was made through general elections of all holders of civil rights (albeit with a census ). The requirement was to own a house or a business with at least two employees or an annual income of 700 guilders. Thus, in the first city council election in 1867, 6,200 citizens were entitled to vote (5,400 of them because of income).

In 1867, the city council consisted of 54 members who were elected in 11 electoral districts. Due to the right to vote, a dignitary parliament was formed . 24 city councilors were merchants, 13 merchants, 9 independent craftsmen, 3 doctors, an architect and a teacher formed the first city council assembly. The businessman Anton Theodor Brentano became the chairman of the city council . Half of the city councilors were re-elected every three years.

With the GemVG, the "fake magistrate constitution " was introduced. At the head of the city was now the magistrate with a 1st mayor, who received the title of “ Lord Mayor ”, a 2nd mayor and 10 paid and 14 unpaid members. The councilors were elected by the city council.

The Lord Mayor was appointed by the King from three proposals until 1918. His term of office was twelve years. The former Senator Daniel Heinrich Mumm von Schwarzenstein became the first mayor .

In the Reichstag of the North German Confederation from 1867 to 1871 represented Mayer Carl von Rothschild , the city of Frankfurt. In 1871 the king appointed him to the Prussian mansion as the first Jew .

In the Reichstag elections in the German Reich from 1871 to 1918, the urban district of Frankfurt am Main formed the constituency of Wiesbaden 6 . The first member of the Frankfurt Reichstag was Leopold Sonnemann (1871 to 1884). In 1884 Adolf Sabor was elected Frankfurt's first social democratic member of the Reichstag, and Wilhelm Schmidt was his successor in 1890 . From 1907 to 1912 Rudolf Oeser (DVP) was a member of the Reichstag, from 1912 to 1918 Max Quarck (SPD).

The urban district of Frankfurt sent a representative to the Prussian House of Representatives (constituency Wiesbaden 11) and had the right to present to the Prussian mansion , which was exercised by the respective Lord Mayor until 1918. The Frankfurt deputies in the Prussian state parliament included Guido Weiss (1869/70), Eugen Lucius (1878/79), Josef Stern (1882/85), Albert von Metzler (1885/93), Walther vom Rath (1894/98), Karl Flesch (1906/15), Adolf Haeuser (1915/18) and Ludwig Heilbrunn (1915/18).

Weimar Republic

After 1918 the mayor was appointed by the Prussian State Ministry on the proposal of the city ​​council . The city council was elected in accordance with the new Prussian municipal electoral law of January 24, 1919 according to the principle of proportional representation, which resulted in strong shifts towards the small parties. Even that was women's suffrage introduced and the elections were generally and secret. The now 96 city councilors no longer met in the old meeting room in Haus Limpurg, but in the citizens' hall.

After the SPD had clearly won the election to the German National Assembly in Frankfurt with 46.4% of the vote, a clear victory for the SPD was also expected in the first local election on March 2, 1919. With 36.2% of the vote, the SPD was the strongest political force in the Römer, but it was well below expectations. The turnout, which had fallen from 79% to 57.7%, also contributed to this. The Social Democrats, however, were to remain the strongest party in Frankfurt until the end of the Weimar Republic.

With the election of a democratic city council, the legitimacy of the Frankfurt Workers 'and Soldiers' Council, which had taken power after the November Revolution, also ended . The workers' council had called for a general strike on June 13, 1919 , which led to riots in the city. As a result, on July 30, 1919, the magistrate applied for the workers 'and soldiers' council to be deprived of its administration. The city council approved this on January 6, 1920.

In 1919, Meta Quarck-Hammerschlag (SPD) was the first woman to be a member of the Frankfurt magistrate. In 1921 Else Alken (center) was added as the second woman.

The number of city councilors of 96 resulting from the Prussian city ​​order for the eastern provinces was felt to be too high. Therefore, the city council decided by statute on February 26, 1924 to reduce it to 71 members.

The city council's first mayor election took place in 1924. The magistrate had refrained from publicly advertising the position and tried to win personalities for the election by addressing them directly. This failed, however, so that on October 2, 1924, the city councilor Ludwig Landmann , the previous mayor Georg Voigt and the communist member of the Reichstag Iwan Katz stood as candidates.

In the first ballot, Landmann received 34, Voigt 27 and Katz 9 votes. In the runoff election, Landmann prevailed with 61 votes and was confirmed by the State Ministry on October 31, 1924.

Results of the elections for the city council

The first election to the city council after the November Revolution took place on March 2, 1919. The turnout was low at 57.7%. Of the 308,051 eligible voters, 177,402 votes were cast. The city council was actually elected for 3 years. Due to the political and economic situation, the election was postponed several times and took place on May 4, 1924, together with the first Reichstag elections in 1924 . Due to this, the turnout was 72.5%. The third regular election took place on May 20, 1928 with a turnout of 71.3%. After the seizure of power by the National Socialists a new city council was elected on March 12, 1933 ahead of schedule.

Political party 1919 1924 1928 1933
be right in % Seats be right in % Seats be right in % Seats be right in % Seats
SPD 64,265 36.2 36 57,530 24.7 (−11.5) 19th 91,258 32.5 (+7.8) 29 63.179 19 (−8.5) 16
DDP (DStP) 41,224 23.2 23 23,755 10.2 (−13.0) 7th 22.094 7.9 (−2.3) 7th 7,792 2.3 (−3.2) 2
center 23,640 13.3 13 26,041 11.2 (−2.1) 8th 30.208 10.8 (−0.4) 9 37,964 11.4 (−0.8) 10
German People's Party 16,920 9.6 9 18,892 8.1 (−1.4) 6th 28,979 10.3 (+2.2) 9 8,384 2.5 (−10.4) 2
USPD 15,017 8.5 8th 5,337 2.3 (−6.2) 1 832 0.3 (−2.0) 0
DNVP 10,522 5.9 5 32,482 14.0 (+8.1) 10 22,463 8 (−6.0) 7th 13,083 3.9 (+3.9) 3
Middle class party 5,228 3 2 41 0.0 0
Association of Workers and Invalids 575 0.3 0
KPD 26,383 11.3 8th 35,899 12.8 (+1.5) 11 32,244 9.7 (−3.3) 8th
Economic party 13,181 5.7 4th 15,573 5.6 (−0.1) 4th
NSDAP 12,218 5.3 4th 12,526 4.5 (−0.8) 4th 158,759 47.9 (+37.9) 42
Employee group 7,344 3.2 2 10,216 3.6 (+0.4) 3
Social working group 6,490 2.8 2
German National Association 2,995 1.3 0
Evangelical national community 3,989 1.4 1
People's Rights Party 3,541 1.2 1
Wassmann Bund 1,315 0.5 0 161 0 (−0.5) 0
Left communists 1,176 0.4 0
Local citizens' party 494 0.2 0
House and land ownership 5,471 1.6 1
CSVD 4,472 1.3 1
Socialist. Combat comm. 62 0.0

The DDP joined in 1928 as DStP. The center entered into the Christian People's Party in 1919. The DNVP appeared in 1933 as a black-white-red combat front . The NSDAP joined in 1924 as a national and social bloc .

time of the nationalsocialism

In the era of National Socialism all institutions were also in Frankfurt brought into line . For March 12, 1933, an early election for the city council meeting was held, which was under the sign of National Socialist terror. The elected city councilors of the KPD were not allowed to take up their mandate and were often taken into “ protective custody ”. On July 9, 1933, the city council decided, in implementation of the interior minister's decree of June 23, 1933, to also withdraw the mandates of the SPD and to recall the Jews from the magistrate. The contempt of the new rulers for the elected self-governing bodies was evident in the “election” of Friedrich Krebs as the new mayor. On June 13, 1933, the deputy parliamentary president Karl Luer (NSDAP) simply stated that Friedrich Krebs had been elected mayor. This was too informal even for the new rulers, so that the "election" on June 17, 1933 was repeated. Now the election was made by asking the 62 remaining city councilors to stand up against cancer. Friedrich Krebs was demonstratively not present at this act. On December 31, 1933, the city council was also formally dissolved.

After the Second World War

After the Second World War , the Lord Mayor was installed by the American military administration. A citizens' council was appointed on September 5, 1945 to represent the citizens. The appointed body met for 19 sessions until May 19, 1946. With the local elections on May 26, 1946 , another city council was democratically elected.


List of city leaders of Frankfurt am Main

List of city councilors

As a result of the National Socialist seizure of power , on March 12, 1933, the city council was elected early. The terror of the regime (partially protective custody of KPD city councilors and refusal of mandate for the rest) and from July 9th loss of mandate for Jewish and SPD elected officials (due to an interior ministry decree from June) as well as the formal dissolution of the body on December 31, 1933 the Office obsolete.

Prominent members of the city council


Current issues with which magistrate and councilor concerned, include the upcoming expansion of the Rhein-Main airport , in the operating company, Fraport AG, the city on their Stadtwerke Frankfurt am Main Holding GmbH, 20% of the shares involved. Except for the Greens and the opponents of airport expansion , this is supported by all major parties. Another controversial topic is the so-called high - rise master plan : It ensures that high-rise office buildings are no longer built in residential areas as in previous years, but instead explicitly identifies possible and acceptable locations for them. The ramparts , remains of the medieval fortifications of the city, due to the already since 1827 Wallservitut largely protected from development.

Technical town hall until March 2010
November 2010

In addition, after the demolition of the Technical City Hall , the city council and the city council are discussing how to deal with the area between the cathedral and the Römer. The coalition of the CDU and the Greens has drawn up a concept to restore the historic floor plan and the most important buildings in the old town .

The coalition also pushed through the lowering of the trade tax multiplier to just 460 percentage points. This is an important decision for the city, as Frankfurt am Main is the seat of numerous international companies and they did not want to accept the highest tax rate in Germany so far. Through the decision of the city council, Frankfurt passed the red lantern with the highest tax rate on to Munich . Other intensely discussed topics were the voluntary police service presented by the Rhine police department and the changes to the listed wholesale market hall presented by the planning department black . The listed building has been extensively rebuilt and has been home to the new European Central Bank since November 2014 .


Lord Mayor

Due to the change to the Hessian constitution initiated by the Hessian CDU in 1991, mayors in Hesse are elected in direct elections.

Mayor election 1995

In 1993 there was a first crisis in the then red-green coalition, as four members of the city parliament refused to support the candidate for the office of the head of transport, Lutz Sikorski (Greens). Back then, Schoeler spoke of “four pigs” in the SPD parliamentary group. In 1995 the red-green alliance finally broke up, because again four city councilors of the red-green coalition did not vote for the health department head Margarethe Nimsch (Greens). Schoeler then had himself voted out as mayor to clear the way for new elections. So it happened that he lost 45.9% to 51.9% of the votes against Petra Roth in the upcoming first direct mayor election in Frankfurt am Main (turnout: 55.8%).

Mayor election 2001

The mayoral election ended on April 1, 2001 in a runoff election . The challenger Achim Vandreike (SPD) was narrowly defeated by the incumbent Petra Roth (CDU).

Mayor election 2007

On January 28, 2007 Petra Roth (CDU) was re-elected for a third term of office with 60.5% of the votes in the first ballot, but only with a turnout of 33.6%. Your most promising opponent Franz Frey (SPD) received 27.5% of the vote.

Mayor election 2012

After the resignation of Petra Roth (CDU), one year before the end of her regular term of office, Peter Feldmann (SPD) prevailed against the Hessian Interior Minister Boris Rhein (CDU) in the runoff election on March 25, 2012.

Mayor election 2018

In 2018, Peter Feldmann was re -elected for a second term in a runoff election against CDU candidate Bernadette Weyland

City Council

Election for the city council 2016
Turnout: 39.0%
Gains and losses
compared to 2011
 % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
g citizens for Frankfurt
Distribution of seats according to candidate lists
A total of 93 seats

The party , European list for Frankfurt, Die Frankfurter, Piratenpartei , Graue Panther , FW Frankfurt , ALFA received one city councilor each

In the Hessian municipal elections on March 6, 2016, 502,107 residents of the city of Frankfurt were eligible to vote. 195,760 citizens took part in the election, resulting in a turnout of 39.0%.

Political party 2001 2006 2011 2016
in % Seats in % Seats in % Seats in % Seats
CDU 38.5 36 36.0 (−2.5) 34 30.5 (−5.5) 28 24.1 (−6.4) 22nd
SPD 30.5 28 24.0 (−6.5) 22nd 21.3 (−2.7) 20th 23.8 (+2.5) 22nd
GREEN 14.1 13 15.3 (+1.2) 14th 25.8 (+10.5) 24 15.3 (−10.5) 14th
AfD - - - - - - 8.9 (+8.9) 8th
LEFT 2.3 2 6.6 (+4.3) 6th 5.4 (−1.2) 5 8.0 (+2.6) 8th
FDP 4.6 4th 6.5 (+1.9) 6th 3.9 (−2.6) 4th 7.5 (+3.6) 7th
Citizens for Frankfurt (BFF) 1.1 1 2.8 (+1.7) 3 - - 2.7 (+2.7) 3
ÖkoLinX -ARL 0.9 1 1.2 (+0.3) 1 1.2 (± 0.0) 1 2.1 (+0.9) 2
The party - - - - - - 1.4 (+1.4) 1
European list for Frankfurt (ELF) 0.5 1 1.0 (+0.5) 1 1.1 (+0.1) 1 1.2 (+0.1) 1
PIRATES - - - - 2.0 (+2) 2 0.8 (−1.2) 1
The Frankfurt - - - - - - 0.8 (+0.8) 1
Gray panthers - - - - 0.4 (+0.4) 1 0.6 (+0.2) 1
Free voters Frankfurt - - - - 3.8 (+3.8) 4th 0.6 (−3.2) 1
ALFA - - - - - - 0.5 (+0.5) 1
REP 2.7 3 1.5 (−1.2) 1 0.8 (−0.7) 1 0.3 (−0.5) -
NPD - - 1.2 (+1.2) 1 1.1 (−0.1) 1 0.3 (−0.8) -
FAG 3.9 4th 3.8 (−0.1) 4th 1.4 (−2.4) 1 - -

Parties that have at least three city councilors are entitled to form a parliamentary group. The representatives of smaller parties can join existing parliamentary groups or form cross-party parliamentary groups.

In the local elections on March 6, 2016, the previous black-green coalition lost its majority in the city council because both partners had to accept a significant drop in votes ( Greens minus 10.5%, CDU minus 6.4%). In addition to the first alternative for Germany , which entered the city council with 8.9%, the SPD , Die Linke and FDP were also able to increase their share of the votes. A total of 15 parties and voter groups were able to win seats.

At the beginning of April 2016, the city councilors of The Party, the Free Voters and the Pirate Party came together to form THE FRAKTION. Only a few days later, the representatives of the European list for Frankfurt, The Frankfurter and the Gray Panther formed the Frankfurter faction. In mid-April 2016, the city councilor of ALFA joined the CDU parliamentary group.

Results of the local elections in Frankfurt am Main


Political party 2016
1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 10 11 12 13 14th 15th 16
CDU 22.3 27.5 20.9 19.4 26.8 30.7 22.7 25.4 27.0 27.5 24.3 37.0 48.2 41.0 39.0 26.6
SPD 22.7 21.7 20.0 25.4 23.5 27.5 25.6 28.4 24.1 27.9 32.5 20.2 16.8 18.4 19.7 18.6
Green 19.4 20.7 27.9 23.2 18.1 10.9 14.9 16.4 19.3 14.9 12.6 19.2 18.4 28.4 18.6 12.8
THE LEFT 12.8 11.5 10.3 11.0 8.9 8.5 15.7 ¹ 10.0 9.9 10.8 12.7 5.2 - - - 4.7
FDP 9.3 12.2 8.7 6.0 10.7 6.1 9.4 7.5 10.9 8.6 8.0 13.6 7.8 2.9 7.3 3.0
BFF 7.2 4.7 4.1 3.8 8.5 6.4 5.6 5.6 8.9 10.3 10.0 4.9 8.8 9.3 9.9 7.0
ÖkoLinX -ARL 3.7 - 7.1 4.0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
The party 2.5 - - - - 1.6 - - - - - - - - - -
Pirates - 1.7 1.1 1.8 1.7 - 0.6 - - - - - - - - -
The Frankfurt - - - 3.3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
FW Frankfurt - - - 2.0 - 2.5 - 2.4 - - - - - - 5.4 -
Gray panthers - - - - 1.9 - - - - - - - - - - -
REP - - - - - 5.8 5.4 4.2 - - - - - - - -
WBE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 27.3

¹ together with the party the true color

See also: List of districts in Frankfurt am Main


Legislative period 2001–2006

A coalition of the CDU , Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen and FDP was formed from the election results . When a CDU city councilor chose the list of republicans in the election of the honorary city councilors in June 2001 in order to prevent Manfred Zieran, the joint candidate of the socialist left as faction manager of ÖkoLinX and partner of Jutta Ditfurth , the alliance did not even last one night. The Greens withdrew from the agreement. Since then, all major parties (CDU, SPD, Greens, FDP) have full-time department heads in the magistrate . An airport expansion opponent and a Republican were also represented in the magistrate as voluntary city councilors.

The mayoral election ended on April 1, 2001 in a runoff election . The challenger Achim Vandreike (SPD) was narrowly defeated by the incumbent Petra Roth (CDU). Petra Roth had been in office since 1995 and was the third elected CDU mayor to rule until June 30, 2012.

Legislative period 2006–2011

Towards the end of the previous legislative period, the parties to the Alliance of Four announced that they would not continue this after the local elections on March 26, 2006. The CDU emerged from the election as the strongest parliamentary group by far.

After the local elections, the CDU initially held talks with the SPD, which, however, remained inconclusive. After talks with the Greens, a black-green coalition emerged. The coalition agreement was accepted by both parties. There is a cooperation with the FDP. In order to reflect the majority in the city council also in the magistrate, the CDU, Greens and FDP elected the full-time SPD mayors Vandreike, city councilor Frey and city councilor Nordhoff in the second and third session of the city council.

On July 13, 2006, the CDU, Greens and FDP elected city councilor Ebeling as the new mayor and Uwe Becker, Boris Rhein and Felix Semmelroth (all CDU) as well as Lutz Sikorski and Manuela Rottmann (both Greens), who died on January 5, 2011, as full-time city councilors. On July 5, 2007, the CDU, Greens and FDP elected Daniela Birkenfeld and Volker Stein as full-time city councilors.

Legislative period 2011–2016


title Surname Political party Department
Full-time department heads
Lord Mayor Peter Feldmann SPD Main department
mayor Olaf Cunitz Green Department for planning, building, housing and real estate
Councilor Sarah worry Green Education and Women's Department
City eunuchs Uwe Becker CDU Finance, regional and church departments
City council Felix Semmelroth CDU Culture and Science Department
Councilor Daniela Birkenfeld CDU Social, senior, youth and legal department
City council Markus Frank CDU Economics, sports and human resources department
City council Jan Schneider CDU Department for reform projects
City council Stefan Majer Green Traffic Department
Councilor Rosemary Holy Green Environment and Health Department
Honorary members of the magistrate
Councilor Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg Green Integration Department
City council Michael Paris independent
City council Bernd Heidenreich CDU
City council Peter Mensinger CDU
City council Claus Möbius Green
Councilor Erika Pfreundschuh CDU
City council Eugenio Muñoz del Rio SPD
Councilor Cornelia-Katrin von Plottnitz Green
Councilor Elke Sautner SPD
City council Lutz Raettig CDU
City council Christian Setzepfandt Green
Councilor Renate Sterzel FDP

Legislative period 2016–2021


title Surname Political party Department
Full-time department heads
Lord Mayor Peter Feldmann SPD Main department
Mayor and Treasurer Uwe Becker CDU Finances
Councilor Daniela Birkenfeld CDU Youth and social affairs
City council Markus Frank CDU Economy, Security and Sport
Councilor Ina Hartwig SPD Culture
Councilor Rosemary Holy Green Environment and women
City council Mike Josef SPD planning
City council Stefan Majer Green Personnel and Health
City council Klaus Oesterling SPD traffic
City council Jan Schneider CDU Construction, real estate and reform projects
Councilor Sylvia Weber SPD Education and integration
Honorary members of the magistrate
Councilor Carmela Castagna Veneziano
City council Hartmut Daubert AfD
Councilor Nargess Eskandari-Grünberg Green
Councilor Ursula Fechter
City council Matthias Mehl CDU
City council Claus Möbius Green
City council Eugenio Muñoz del Rio SPD
Councilor Albina Nazarenus cousin CDU
City council Lutz Raettig CDU
Councilor Elke Sautner SPD
City council Carl-Philip Graf zu Solms-Wildenfels BFF
Councilor Renate Sterzel FDP
Councilor Margarete Wiemer left

Voting behavior

The voting behavior of the people in Frankfurt largely corresponds to the national average. The Greens are particularly popular in Frankfurt. In the 2004 European elections , they took second place after the CDU with 25% . Also in the 2011 local elections , the Greens were the second strongest party after the CDU with 25.8%.

The results differ considerably between the districts. For example, the SPD is regularly the strongest force in the working-class districts of Riederwald and Gallus , but rarely exceeds the 30% mark, while the CDU has its strongholds primarily in the affluent districts of Westend , Dornbusch , Eschersheim , Bergen-Enkheim and Sachsenhausen , as well as the old town and in particular the peripheral districts in the north and west, where it also partly achieved an absolute majority of the votes. Green strongholds are the Wilhelminian-style districts with a predominantly young population between Alleenring and the city center as well as Bockenheim and Bornheim , where they regularly receive over 20% of the votes. In the local elections in 2011, they were the strongest force in seven districts, in Nordend-Ost they even reached 42.0%. The FDP achieved its best results in the Westend (30.4% in Westend-Süd in the 2009 Bundestag election , and thus almost as many votes as the CDU that came first) and in Sachsenhausen.

Bundestag elections

Since the federal elections in 2002, Frankfurt has been divided into two constituencies . Constituency 182 includes the western districts north of the Main and is the smaller of the two. Constituency 183 is larger but also sparsely populated and includes all districts south of the Main, as well as the districts in the east and north.

Districts of the constituencies
Frankfurt I (182) Frankfurt II (183)
Old town, Bahnhofsviertel, Bockenheim, Dornbusch, Eschersheim, Gallus, Ginnheim, Griesheim, Gutleutviertel, Hausen, Heddernheim, Höchst, city center, Nied, Niederursel, Praunheim, Rödelheim, Sindlingen, Sossenheim, Unterliederbach, Westend, Zeilsheim Bergen-Enkheim, Berkersheim, Bonames, Bornheim, Eckenheim, Fechenheim, Frankfurter Berg, Harheim, Kalbach, Nieder-Erlenbach, Nieder-Eschbach, Niederrad, Nordend, Oberrad, Ostend, Preungesheim, Riederwald, Sachsenhausen, Schwanheim, Seckbach

Bundestag election 2005

In 2005, Gregor Amann from the SPD , Markus Frank for the CDU , Ulrike Gauderer for the Greens , Hans-Joachim Otto for the FDP and Hans-Joachim Viehl for the Die Linkspartei.PDS ran in constituency 183 . Amann moves into the Bundestag via direct mandate and Otto via the state list . In constituency 184, Ulrike Nissen stood for the SPD, Erika Steinbach for the CDU, Federal Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer for the Greens, Christoph Schnurr as the youngest Bundestag candidate for the FDP and Wolfgang Gehrcke-Reymann for Die Linkspartei.PDS. Here Steinbach managed to enter parliament by direct mandate, while Fischer and Gehrcke were elected via the state list.

Bundestag election 2009

In 2009 the constituency numbers changed. The constituency 183 became 182 and the constituency 184 became 183. The layouts have not been changed. Matthias Zimmer ( CDU ) and Hans-Joachim Otto ( FDP ) were elected in constituency 182 . Erika Steinbach (CDU), Omid Nouripour ( Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen ), Christoph Schnurr (FDP) and Wolfgang Gehrcke ( Die Linke ) were in constituency 183 .

Bundestag election 2013

Matthias Zimmer (CDU) and Erika Steinbach (CDU, independent since January 2017) were given direct mandates in the 2013 election . Omid Nouripour (Greens), Ulli Nissen (SPD) and Wolfgang Gehrcke (Left) entered the German Bundestag via the state list .

Bundestag election 2017

In the general election in 2017 won Matthias Zimmermann (CDU) and Bettina Wiesmann (CDU), the direct mandates. Nicola Beer (FDP, until 2019), Achim Kessler (left), Ulli Nissen (SPD) and Omid Nouripour (Greens) entered the German Bundestag via the state list .

State elections

In the elections to the Hessian state parliament , the city of Frankfurt am Main is divided into six constituencies 34 to 39.

Districts of the constituencies
Frankfurt I (34) Frankfurt II (35) Frankfurt III (36) Frankfurt IV (37) Frankfurt V (38) Frankfurt VI (39)
Griesheim, Höchst, Nied, Sindlingen, Sossenheim, Unterliederbach, Zeilsheim Bockenheim, Hausen, Heddernheim, Niederursel, Praunheim, Rödelheim Old town, Bahnhofsviertel, Dornbusch, Eschersheim, Gallus, Ginnheim, Gutleutviertel, city center, Westend Niederrad, Oberrad, Sachsenhausen, Schwanheim Bornheim, Nordend, Ostend Bergen-Enkheim, Berkersheim, Bonames, Eckenheim, Fechenheim, Harheim, Kalbach-Riedberg, Nieder-Erlenbach, Nieder-Eschbach, Preungesheim, Riederwald, Seckbach

See also


  • Michael Bermejo: The victims of the dictatorship: Frankfurt city councilors and members of the magistrate as persecuted by the Nazi state (= history of the Frankfurt city council. Volume 3 = publications of the historical commission of the city of Frankfurt am Main. Volume 23). Published on behalf of the Frankfurt Historical Commission by Evelyn Hils-Brockhoff . Kramer, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 978-3-7829-0562-6 .
  • Paul Krejci: The Influence of Small Parties on Frankfurt Local Politics: An Empirical Study of the 2011-2016 Election Period. Textbook publisher, Saarbrücken 2019, ISBN 978-620-0-27058-0 .
  • Karl Maly: The power of dignitaries: 1867-1900 (= history of the Frankfurt city council. Volume 1 = publications of the historical commission of the city of Frankfurt am Main. Volume 18). Kramer, Frankfurt am Main 1992, ISBN 3-7829-0427-3 .
  • Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties: 1901–1933 (= History of the Frankfurt City Council. Volume 2 = Publications of the Historical Commission of the City of Frankfurt am Main. Volume 18). Kramer, Frankfurt am Main 1995, ISBN 3-7829-0455-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Main statute of the city of Frankfurt am Main. (PDF) May 4, 2016, accessed on February 28, 2017 .
  2. ^ Municipal Constitutional Law for the City of Frankfurt am Main . (No. 6597). In: Law Collection for the Royal Prussian States . No. 27. Issued in Berlin on April 9, 1867, p. 401-422 ( digitized version ).
  3. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, pp. 191–192
  4. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, page 370
  5. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, pp. 458–459
  6. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, page 540
  7. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, pp. 191–192
  8. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, page 370
  9. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, pp. 458–459
  10. ^ Karl Maly: The Regiment of the Parties, page 540
  11. http://www.stvv.frankfurt.de/stvvorg/Zusetzung-Vorsteheränen.pdf
  12. Basic data & shareholder structure. Retrieved February 28, 2017 .
  13. Hamburger Abendblatt of March 16, 1995: On cardsharps and machinations - How the Frankfurt SPD brings down its own mayor. After Volker Hauff now Andreas von Schoeler. ( Memento from November 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  14. Die Welt, June 7, 1995
  15. hr-online ( Memento of the original from January 28, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. As of January 29, 2007 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.hr-online.de
  16. a b c d preliminary election results on www.frankfurt.de ( Memento of the original from March 9, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed March 8, 2016. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.wahlen.frankfurt.de
  17. Local elections 2011 in Hesse , accessed on September 10, 2011
  18. ^ Frankfurt am Main: Result of the local election. In: www.frankfurt.de. Retrieved April 14, 2016 .
  19. Paris is out of the SPD ( Memento of the original from April 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ; in: FNP of December 5, 2013 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.fnp.de
  20. - ( Memento of the original from September 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bundeswahlleiter.de
  21. Hessian regional returning officer ( online  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , PDF)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.wahlen.hessen.de  
  22. - ( Memento of the original from September 22, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bundeswahlleiter.de
  23. Hessian regional returning officer ( online  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , PDF)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.wahlen.hessen.de