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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Central Russia
Oblast Moscow
Rajon Pushkino
mayor Vladimir Bashkirzew
First mention 1498
City since 1925
surface 58  km²
population 102,874 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1774 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 160  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 49653
Post Code 1412xx
License Plate 50, 90, 150, 190, 750
OKATO 46 247 501
Website www.adm-pushkino.ru
Geographical location
Coordinates 56 ° 1 '  N , 37 ° 51'  E Coordinates: 56 ° 1 '0 "  N , 37 ° 51' 0"  E
Pushkino (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Pushkino (Moscow Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Moscow Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Pushkino ( Russian Пу́шкино ) is a city and administrative center of the raion of the same name in Russia with 102,874 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).

Geographical location

The city is located in Moscow Oblast on the Ucha River , about 30 km northeast of Moscow . The nearest town is Ivanteevka , six kilometers to the east .


Pushkino has been known in writing as a village under its current name since 1498. The place name is often falsely associated with the Russian word puschka , in German "cannon". In fact, city historians assume that Pushkino comes from the family name of its landowner in the 14th century, Grigori Morchinin-Pushka. This was also an early ancestor of the famous poet Alexander Pushkin , who otherwise has no relation to the city.

Nikolaus Church (1692–1694) in Pushkino

The agricultural village, which was largely unknown for a long time, only gained economic importance in the middle of the 19th century. This was mainly due to the construction of the Moscow - Sergiev Posad - Yaroslavl railway in the 1860s, near which the place is located. Starting with a textile factory founded around 1840, industry in Pushkino has developed to a great extent over the decades. At the end of the 19th century, one of the largest businesses in the area was the factories of the industrialist Armand, who employed over 1,000 people and whose best-known relatives were the revolutionary Inessa Armand .

The area around Pushkino has developed into a popular local recreation area and location for numerous summer dachas , thanks in part to the attractive landscape with the simultaneous proximity to Moscow and convenient transport links . A summer theater was built in Pushkino in 1896 to entertain those looking for relaxation, which was able to gain national fame through performances with the participation of prominent artists (including Leonid Sobinow , Konstantin Stanislawski , Fyodor Chaliapin ).

In 1925, as part of an administrative reform, the Pushkino, which now has over 3,000 inhabitants, was given city rights. Even in the Soviet era and to this day, Pushkino Raion is a popular summer residence.

Population development

year Residents
1939 21,081
1959 30,035
1970 48,418
1979 68,518
1989 75,847
2002 72,425
2010 102,874

Note: census data

Economy and Transport

New building district on the Serebryanka River in Pushkino

Pushkino is known to this day as an industrial location. The focus is on the textile, electrical and furniture industries as well as on device construction. In addition, a research institute for forestry is located in Pushkino . The main campus of the Russian State University of Tourism and Services is located near Pushkino .

Pushkino has a connection to the Trans-Siberian Railway via the Moscow – Yaroslavl railway section . There are regular regional connections with the Yaroslavl train station in Moscow. In 1929, Pushkino was one of the first cities in the Soviet Union to receive an electrified rail connection. The M8 trunk road ( Jaroslawler Chaussee ) also runs past Puschkino.


Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. http://www.podmoskovje.ru/towns/?id=-160974662

Web links

Commons : Pushkino  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files