Solnschnogorsk emerged from the village called Solnschnaja Gora - in German Sonnenberg - which had existed on the site of the current city since the early 18th century. In 1851, when the St. Petersburg – Moscow railway was laid, the Podzolnetschny settlement was also built in the immediate vicinity of the village. The two places were merged in 1928 to form the Solnnogorsky settlement, which became a town in 1938 and has been called Solnnnogorsk ever since.
Due to the city's attractive landscape - the 8.51 km² Seneschsee is nearby - the area around Solnechnogorsk is a popular local recreation area in the greater Moscow area. The lake was artificially dammed when a canal was built between the Sestra and Istra rivers in the 1820s and is still used today for swimming and windsurfing . There are a few industrial establishments in the town itself, including a metalworking factory and some food factories.
↑ a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)