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Istra ( Russian Истра ) is a city with 35,111 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) in the west of Moscow Oblast , about 56 kilometers from the Russian capital Moscow . It is located on the Istra river of the same name .
Istra was first mentioned in 1589 as Voskressenskoye ( Воскресенское , "Resurrection (place)") and in 1781 it was elevated to the status of the city of Voskressensk (Воскресенск). It was given its current name, which reflects the location of the city on the Istra River, in the Soviet era in 1930.
During World War II , Istra was briefly under German occupation and was badly hit in combat.
Note: census data
Probably the city's greatest attraction is the 17th century Orthodox New Jerusalem Resurrection Male Monastery ( Воскресенский Новоиерусалимский Мужской Монастырь ). It was founded in 1656 by the Patriarch Nikon and still houses several sacred buildings from the 17th century.
Economy and Infrastructure
Industry does not play a major role in Istra. There are several food factories, a furniture factory and a textile factory in the city. The “Roentgenprom” factory produces medical X-ray machines.
West of Istra is located at 55 ° 55 '26 "N, 36 ° 49' 10" O a large high voltage test facility . The Research Institute for Electromechanics developed electrical protection systems for spacecraft, aircraft and power plants. The Marx generator was designed for a discharge capacity of three megawatts, the pulse voltage generator delivers nine megawatts. This sometimes generated lightning bolts 150 meters long. The »Allure« test site with a stationary EMP simulator is located near the research facility . Parts of the Allure complex with a dome 118.40 meters high and 236.50 meters in diameter collapsed on January 25, 1985 at the end of the construction work. The party official entrusted with the building supervision was transferred and replaced by Boris Yeltsin .
Agriculture is widespread in the area. Thanks to the proximity of the New Jerusalem monastery, tourism is also an important economic factor.
Istra is connected to the Russian expressway network via the M9 trunk road . It also has a train station on the Moscow – Riga line . There are regular regional traffic connections with Moscow via this, including the Riga train station .
- Bad Orb , Germany since 2003
- Rakovník , Czech Republic
- Djurtjuli , Russia
- Pinsk , Belarus
- Petritsch , Bulgaria
- Kościan , Poland
- Łobez , Poland
- Unofficial information portal City and Istra Raion (Russian)
- Istra on mojgorod.ru (Russian)
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Electrifying: Gigantic futuristic »Tesla Tower« in an abandoned forest near Moscow ( Memento of the original from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.