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Urban-type settlement
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Central Russia
Oblast Moscow
Rajon Lyubertsy
mayor Alexander Avtaev
First mention 14th Century
Urban-type settlement since 1997
surface 16  km²
population 24,004 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1500 inhabitants / km²
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 495
Post Code 140032
License Plate 50, 90, 150, 190, 750
OKATO 46 231 567
Geographical location
Coordinates 55 ° 38 ′  N , 38 ° 0 ′  E Coordinates: 55 ° 38 ′ 0 ″  N , 38 ° 0 ′ 0 ″  E
Malachowka (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Malachowka (Moscow Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Moscow Oblast
List of large settlements in Russia

Malachowka ( Russian Малаховка ) is an urban-type settlement with 24,004 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) in Moscow Oblast , Russia .


Malachowka is located in the south-eastern part of Moscow Oblast, about 30 km from Moscow , in the immediate vicinity of the Kraskowo settlement . Other nearby locations include the city and Rajon -Zentrum Lyubertsy and the settlement Bykovo .

The Moscow - Ryazan - Kazan railway runs through Malachovka and begins at the Kazan railway station in Moscow. Malachowka is connected to this by regular suburban trains (so-called Elektritschki ).


The village of Malachovo was first mentioned in writing in the early 14th century under the Moscow Grand Duke Ivan Kalita . However, a reliable assignment of this place name to Malachowka is not possible today. More detailed documentation on the site was only available from the middle of the 19th century.

In 1865 the important railway connection from Moscow to Ryazan was opened, which passed the village, in 1884 a station called Malachowka was built on the route. Since then, the village has increasingly developed as a dacha settlement for wealthy Muscovites - in the 1910s it had around 3,000 inhabitants, and in the summer months even many times that. For those seeking relaxation, a summer theater was established in Malachowka at the beginning of the 20th century, and prominent artists such as Fyodor Chalyapin also participated in its performances .

After the First World War, an orphan settlement was set up in the village, especially for Jewish orphans, where Marc Chagall , Der Nister , David Hofstein , Leib Kvitko , Moshe Lifshits and others taught.

In the 1930s and in the post-war period, not only more dacha districts were built in Malachowka, but also a large number of public facilities and residential buildings based on urban models.

Population development

year Residents
1926 4,639
1939 16,383
1959 27,849
1970 27,876
1979 28.052
1989 26,454
2002 18,552
2010 24.004

Note: census data


  • Peter and Paul Church (1902–1903)
  • Building of Middle School No. 48 (1908–1910)

Sons and daughters of the place

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)

Web links

Commons : Malachowka  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files