License plate (Romania)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Current license plate number
BN = Bistrița-Năsăud
License plate until 2006
CT = Constanța

The current Romanian license plates were introduced in 1992 and show a blue stripe on the left with the twelve European stars and the nationality symbol RO . This is followed by a ( B for Bucharest) or two letters (for the respective circle) and an official badge. To the right of this, in addition to two (in Bucharest from 2010 three) digits, three letters appear. Before Romania joined the European Union in 2007, the Romanian national flag was shown in the blue bar. Two-line license plates usually show the bar in the bottom line.

You have the option of choosing the last three letters yourself for a fee. Under no circumstances may the letter block begin with I or O, as there is a risk of confusing the numbers 1 and 0. Until 1999, with the exception of the circle abbreviation, no I or O was allowed at all. The letter Q is generally not embossed. Letter combinations with sexual connotations such as COY , CUR , PUL , PIZ , MUI and MUE or that are reserved by authorities such as POL , DEP , SNT , SRI and MAI are not output.

License plate types

Identification of the municipalities

Moped license plate from Bucharest

The municipalities issue special license plates with a yellow background for vehicles that do not leave their district . They usually show the municipality's coat of arms and two to six black characters. However, the design is the responsibility of the issuing municipality and can deviate from the one just mentioned. These labels are given to scooters, trams, trolleybuses, garbage trucks and combine harvesters, for example.

License plate for leasing vehicles from Bucharest

Leasing vehicles

There are separate license plates for leasing vehicles. These are the same as the normal license plates, but show a six-digit number after the district abbreviation and a red border on the right (similar to German export license plates ) with the expiry date of the leasing contract. After the contract expires, the license plate also loses its validity. You see this number very often with a "B" for Bucharest , as there are many leasing companies there.

Temporary license plate from Timiș

Temporary license plates

Temporary license plates are in red. They show the circle abbreviation followed by three to six digits. The maximum validity of these signs is 30 days. They are only valid within Romania. The insurance expires automatically after 30 days. There is no approval, only a stamp with the registration number is applied to the original papers.

Diplomatic marks

Diplomatic plates

Badges for the diplomatic service show blue letters and the letters CD , CO or TC . This is followed by two groups of three digits each, of which the first three encode the country of origin or the corresponding organization, the last usually the rank of owner. The smallest number in each group is 101.

Special identifier

Special indicators are z. B. awarded by ministries. Special license plates are currently being issued for vehicles belonging to the Ministry of the Interior and the Romanian Armed Forces . The army uses license plates that do not show a euro bar and begin with an A for Romanian Armata (German Army). Three to seven digits follow.

The license plates of the Ministry of the Interior show the letters MAI for Romanian M inisterul A dministrației și I nternelor and are u. a. used by vehicles of the Romanian gendarmerie (Jandarmeria) and police (Poliția).


A total of 42 abbreviations currently exist for the Romanian circles (Romanian Județ , plural Județe ) and the city of Bucharest.

Geographical distribution of the abbreviations
Abbreviation circle main place
FROM Alba Alba Iulia
AG Argeș Pitesti
AR Arad Arad
B. Bucharest city  
BC Bacau Bacau
bra Bihor Oradea
BN Bistrița-Năsăud Bistrița
BR Brăila Brăila
BT Botoșani Botoșani
BV Brașov Brașov
BZ Buzau Buzau
CJ Cluj Cluj-Napoca
CL Călărași Călărași
CS Caraș-Severin Reșița
CT Constanța Constanța
CV Covasna Sfântu Gheorghe
DB Dâmbovița Târgovişte
DJ Dolj Craiova
GJ Gorj Târgu Jiu
GL Galați Galați
GR Giurgiu Giurgiu
HD Hunedoara Deva
MR Harghita Miercurea Ciuc
IF Ilfov Buftea
IL Ialomița Slobozia
IS Iași Iași
MH Mehedinți Drobeta Turnu Severin
MM Maramureș Baia Mare
MS Mureș Târgu Mureș
NT Neamț Piatra Neamț
OT Olt Slatina
PH Prahova Ploieşti
SB Sibiu Sibiu
SJ Sălaj Zalau
SM Satu Mare Satu Mare
SV Suceava Suceava
TL Tulcea Tulcea
TM Timiș Timișoara
TR Teleorman Alexandria
VL Vâlcea Râmnicu Vâlcea
VN Vrancea Focșani
VS Vaslui Vaslui

System 1968 to 1992

old license plate from Bihor

The system introduced in 1968 already had a white base color and black writing. The signs began with a maximum two-digit number encoding the type of vehicle, followed by the circle abbreviation. Today's abbreviations were largely used in the old system. This was followed by a maximum five-digit number.
The diplomatic license plates introduced in 1958 represented a special feature: They were oval and had the red letters CD in the upper line , and a three-digit number underneath.

number Vehicle type
 1 - 19 Cars, from 1990 private vehicles of all kinds
20th Car, reserve, never used
21-30 light commercial vehicles
31 - 40 heavy commercial vehicles and buses
41-45 Tractors
46-50 Two-wheelers

Web links

Commons : Romanian license plates  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cele mai ciudate numere de maşină din România. Al tău e pe listă?
  2. Plăcuțele auto INTERZISE. Care sunt cele 1500 de combinații pe care NU le poți alege
  3. Plăcuţele de înmatriculare interzise în România , Adevărul 23 November 2017