Nufenen Pass

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Nufenen Pass
Pass height

Pass height

Compass direction west east
Pass height 2478  m above sea level M.
Canton Valais Ticino
Watershed ÄgeneRotten TicinoPo
Valley locations Ulrichen Airolo
expansion Pass road
Built 1965-1969
Lock October-June
Denzel scale SG 2-3
Ø pitch 8.6% (1119 m / 13 km) 5.4% (1303 m / 24 km)
Max. Incline 13% 10%
Nufenen Pass (Switzerland)
Nufenen Pass
Coordinates 672 890  /  147732 coordinates: 46 ° 28 '37 "  N , 8 ° 23' 16"  O ; CH1903:  672,890  /  147732

The Nufenen Pass (Italian Passo della Novena ) is an alpine pass in the Swiss Alps and connects the canton of Valais with the canton of Ticino .


The pass road, built from 1964 and opened on September 5, 1969, leads from Ulrichen over the 2,478  m above sea level. M. at the top of the pass into the Bedretto valley and on to Airolo . This pass road is the highest pass road that lies entirely within Switzerland. To the east of the pass and the canton border from Valais to Ticino, the road climbs again slightly and reaches a top of 2480  m above sea level. M.

The river Ticino rises to the east of the pass of the Nufenen Pass . From the top of the pass there is a broad view to the west of the Bernese Alps with the Finsteraarhorn , to the southwest you can see the Gries Glacier and the Nufenenstock .

The orographically deepest point between the Bedretto valley and the Upper Valais is approx. 500 m south of the pass at an altitude of 2440  m above sea level. However, this point is difficult to reach from the west, which is why the pass road was laid across the valley flank to the north.


The names “Nufenen Pass” and “Passo della Novena” are documented in the middle of the 19th century, but at that time they refer to a footpath; The pass only became passable with the road from 1964.

The locomotive HGe 4/4 II 108 of the then Furka-Oberalp-Bahn (FO) was christened Novena in honor of the Nufenen Pass . Later the name was pasted over with Channel Tunnel . The locomotive is owned by the Matterhorn-Gotthard-Bahn (MGB), which was created through the merger of FO and Brig-Visp-Zermatt-Bahn (BVZ) on January 1, 2003.

The name Novena is probably a derivation of novus "new". The name of the village Nufenen in the Rhine Forest is documented in the 17th century (as Nufena , Romanic Nueinas ). The Italian maiden name «Novena» is unrelated and is derived from novem «nine».


Web links

Commons : Nufenenpass  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Tages-Anzeiger from March 5, 2013: Opening of the Nufenenpassstrasse in the third shot of the photo series , accessed on March 5, 2013
  2. The even higher pass road over the Umbrail Pass crosses the border to Italy on its southern ramp just below the top of the pass.
  3. Project on a NufenenPass road in (accessed on: April 29, 2016.)
  4. Nufenenstock at
  5. Joseph Hain, Politische u. Military Geography (1848), p. 229 .