|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Schweich on the Roman Wine Route|
|Height :||150 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||6.83 km 2|
|Residents:||456 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||67 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||54340|
|Area code :||06507|
|License plate :||TR, SAB|
|Community key :||07 2 35 019|
|Association administration address:||Brückenstrasse 26
|Local Mayor :||Matthias Otto|
|Location of the local community Ensch in the district of Trier-Saarburg|
The Kahlbachmühle residential area also belongs to Ensch .
The first written mention of the place comes from the year 893. The original name Ancun has developed over the years:
- 1033 Enciche
- 1098 Einsce
- 1127 Ensce
- 1240/41 Ensche
- then decide / ensch.
During excavation work, the remains of an extensive Roman villa with a bathing area were found.
Up until the French Revolution there were two manors, the Electorate of Trier and that of St. Paulin . During the Electorate of Trier, Ensch belonged to the Pfalzel office in the care of Leiwen . During the French occupation, the administration was reorganized and Ensch belonged to the mayor's office of Mehring in the canton of Schweich, the arrondissement of Trier in the département de la Sarre .
The history of the municipality of Ensch was worked up in 1991 by the historian Barbara Weiter-Matysiak and written down in a chronicle, which was published in the same year as a book by the Ensch local history association.
- Population development
The development of the population of Ensch, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
- until 2014: Lothar Schätter
- since 2014: Matthias Otto
The local community of Ensch offers those interested the opportunity to visit the village museum, a bird protection nature trail and a wine and forest nature trail as well as the use of the natural Sauerbrunnen .
See also: List of cultural monuments in Ensch
Even in pre-Christian times, stones were erected at crossroads and district boundaries, often provided with signs and writings, which were believed to ward off evil spirits. Since the spread of Christianity, they have been replaced by crosses, which are no longer erected where people met, ie on paths and borders, but also for very specific occasions. Places of misfortune, a crime, also executions as well as earlier locations of demolished or dilapidated chapels and churches were marked with it. The shrines are still preserved today
- "Mount of Olives Scene"
- "Christ on the Pillar"
- "Christ sitting on the column" and
- "Veronica with the handkerchief"
On a steep path that led from the old Martinskirche to the Martinskreuz, there had been "8 Beatitudes to Martinsberg" at intervals of approx. 20 m since 1851. In 1970/71 a serpentine path was laid out because the old path was too steep and the stations had crumbled. The path begins at the top of the three vineyard paths to Kirchberg. The stations were rebuilt along this route. The stones come from the local cemetery and were made available by citizens for the Stationsweg . The crosses are made of white sandstone, consisting of a base, on which there is a foot with an inscription, above is a cross carved from solid stone with a body of Christ.
As the last station of the 8 bliss, the 4 m high "Cross on the Martinsberg" was built from red sandstone.
If you follow this way of the cross, you have a fantastic view over Ensch and the Moselle valley.
An old folk custom is cultivated in Ensch: every year on the night from Whit Sunday to Whit Monday, the male village youth gathers and moves to the Sauerbrunnen in the Kautenbachtal, about two kilometers away . The trees around the fountain are hung with lights and then the fountain and its surroundings are cleaned. In the meantime, the boys fortify themselves with wine. The next morning the young men return to the village and “hunt” eggs in all the houses of the community, which are then baked and eaten together. Since this work serves the whole community, there is a right to a reward; this explains the “right to ask” of the male village youth in Ensch. The custom is so old that even the oldest Enschers no longer know where it comes from. Before the First World War, it was customary for those who were drafted into the military to clean the Sauerbrunnen and at that time the eggs were only collected in houses where young, unmarried girls lived.
In times without artificial water supply, the spring was the prerequisite for human settlement. The value of a spring increases when it is a healing or sour well.
The largest landlord in Ensch was the St. Paulin Abbey in Trier, which also owned the tithe. Part of the property was managed by a Meier, who held his office with the associated farm in lease. The rest of the land was given out to the local farmers for lease or for interest, who annually paid the taxes to the farm.
The origin of this property in Ensch is controversial. In a forgery from the 13th century it is claimed that Archbishop Egbert donated the farm in Ensch to the monastery in 981. Rather, FJ Heyen suspects that the St. Paulin Abbey, with the St. Symphorian Monastery, also took ownership of it in Ensch around the year 1000. This assumption is supported by the fact that ownership is documented for the St. Symphorian Monastery in 863 in Klüsserath and that the Ensch manor of the St. Paulin Abbey also included ownership in Klüsserath. In addition, there is a statement from the St. Pauliner waiter from 1275/76, which attests to a delivery from Ensch on St. Symphorian's Day. The residential building as well as the former tithe barn from the 17th century of the former St. Pauliner Hofgut is located at Kirchstrasse 5. The house at Kirchstrasse 3 is on the area of the former wine press house of the Hofgut St. Paulin; it was rebuilt in the 1870s on the old floor plan.
The village fountain was created in 1972 by the sculptor Engel from Trier on behalf of the community. The column from which this fountain was made was a gate pillar of the former syringe house . The putti on the column were donated by the pastor Dörr. In the first few years after the fountain was completed, the fountain festival was celebrated on the forecourt. This fountain is still the center of the community today.
House Martinstrasse 21
The house at Martinstraße 21 is opposite the village museum of the Heimatverein. It is a small winegrower's house that has been placed under monument protection. The local community bought the house in 2005.
The war memorial was erected on the church square as a souvenir and memorial for the fallen and missing of the First World War. After the Second World War, two memorial plaques with the fallen and missing of this war were added.
- Enscher Mühlenberg
- Local community Ensch
- To search for cultural assets of the local community Ensch in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region .
- Link catalog on the subject of Ensch at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 120 (PDF; 3 MB).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved August 20, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved August 20, 2019 .