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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Ensch
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Ensch highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 50 '  N , 6 ° 50'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Trier-Saarburg
Association municipality : Schweich on the Roman Wine Route
Height : 150 m above sea level NHN
Area : 6.83 km 2
Residents: 456 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 67 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 54340
Area code : 06507
License plate : TR, SAB
Community key : 07 2 35 019
Association administration address: Brückenstrasse 26
54338 Schweich
Website : ortsgemeinde-ensch.de
Local Mayor : Matthias Otto
Location of the local community Ensch in the district of Trier-Saarburg
Luxemburg Saarland Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm Landkreis Birkenfeld Trier Bescheid (Hunsrück) Beuren (Hochwald) Damflos Geisfeld Grimburg Gusenburg Hermeskeil Hinzert-Pölert Naurath (Wald) Neuhütten (Hochwald) Rascheid Reinsfeld Züsch Baldringen Greimerath (bei Trier) Heddert Hentern Kell am See Lampaden Mandern Paschel Schillingen Schömerich Vierherrenborn Waldweiler Zerf Kanzem Konz Nittel Oberbillig Onsdorf Pellingen Tawern Temmels Wasserliesch Wawern (Saar) Wellen (Mosel) Wiltingen Bonerath Farschweiler Gusterath Gutweiler Herl Hinzenburg Holzerath Kasel (bei Trier) Korlingen Lorscheid Mertesdorf Morscheid Ollmuth Osburg Pluwig Riveris (Gemeinde) Schöndorf (an der Ruwer) Sommerau (an der Ruwer) Thomm Waldrach Ayl Fisch (Saargau) Freudenburg Irsch (bei Saarburg) Kastel-Staadt Kirf Mannebach (bei Saarburg) Merzkirchen Ockfen Palzem Saarburg Schoden Serrig Taben-Rodt Trassem Wincheringen Bekond Detzem Ensch Fell (Mosel) Föhren Kenn Klüsserath Köwerich Leiwen Longen Longuich Mehring (Mosel) Naurath (Eifel) Pölich Riol Schleich Schweich Thörnich Trittenheim Aach (bei Trier) Franzenheim Hockweiler Igel (Mosel) Kordel (Eifel) Langsur Newel Ralingen Trierweiler Welschbillig Zemmermap
About this picture
The village center

Ensch an der Mosel is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Schweich on the Roman Wine Route .


Ensch is located about fifteen kilometers east of Schweich on the Moselle and can be reached by water, via the federal highway 53 and the Trier-Föhren airport, four kilometers away .

The Kahlbachmühle residential area also belongs to Ensch .


The first written mention of the place comes from the year 893. The original name Ancun has developed over the years:

  • 1033 Enciche
  • 1098 Einsce
  • 1127 Ensce
  • 1240/41 Ensche
  • then decide / ensch.

During excavation work, the remains of an extensive Roman villa with a bathing area were found.

Even the Archbishop Boemund II of Trier valued the wine from Ensch so much that in 1366 he waived other rights in exchange for an annual delivery of ten fuders of Ensch wine.

Up until the French Revolution there were two manors, the Electorate of Trier and that of St. Paulin . During the Electorate of Trier, Ensch belonged to the Pfalzel office in the care of Leiwen . During the French occupation, the administration was reorganized and Ensch belonged to the mayor's office of Mehring in the canton of Schweich, the arrondissement of Trier in the département de la Sarre .

The history of the municipality of Ensch was worked up in 1991 by the historian Barbara Weiter-Matysiak and written down in a chronicle, which was published in the same year as a book by the Ensch local history association.

Population development

The development of the population of Ensch, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 455
1835 506
1871 576
1905 511
1939 518
1950 532
1961 517
year Residents
1970 506
1987 478
1997 459
2005 483
2011 465
2017 470
2018 473
Population development in Ensch from 1815 to 2018 according to the table below


Municipal council

The municipal council in Ensch consists of eight council members who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019Template: future / in 3 years in a majority vote, and the honorary local mayor as chairman.

Local mayor

  • until 2014: Lothar Schätter
  • since 2014: Matthias Otto

Local facilities

The local community of Ensch offers those interested the opportunity to visit the village museum, a bird protection nature trail and a wine and forest nature trail as well as the use of the natural Sauerbrunnen .


See also: List of cultural monuments in Ensch

St. Martin

The classicist furnishings of St. Martin's Church, built in 1838/39, from the time it was built have been preserved, as are the glass picture windows from 1907.


Wayside shrine (1686) with "Mount of Olives Scene"

Even in pre-Christian times, stones were erected at crossroads and district boundaries, often provided with signs and writings, which were believed to ward off evil spirits. Since the spread of Christianity, they have been replaced by crosses, which are no longer erected where people met, ie on paths and borders, but also for very specific occasions. Places of misfortune, a crime, also executions as well as earlier locations of demolished or dilapidated chapels and churches were marked with it. The shrines are still preserved today

  • "Mount of Olives Scene"
  • "Christ on the Pillar"
  • "Christ sitting on the column" and
  • "Veronica with the handkerchief"

Martins Cross

On a steep path that led from the old Martinskirche to the Martinskreuz, there had been "8 Beatitudes to Martinsberg" at intervals of approx. 20 m since 1851. In 1970/71 a serpentine path was laid out because the old path was too steep and the stations had crumbled. The path begins at the top of the three vineyard paths to Kirchberg. The stations were rebuilt along this route. The stones come from the local cemetery and were made available by citizens for the Stationsweg . The crosses are made of white sandstone, consisting of a base, on which there is a foot with an inscription, above is a cross carved from solid stone with a body of Christ.

As the last station of the 8 bliss, the 4 m high "Cross on the Martinsberg" was built from red sandstone.

If you follow this way of the cross, you have a fantastic view over Ensch and the Moselle valley.

Sour well

An old folk custom is cultivated in Ensch: every year on the night from Whit Sunday to Whit Monday, the male village youth gathers and moves to the Sauerbrunnen in the Kautenbachtal, about two kilometers away . The trees around the fountain are hung with lights and then the fountain and its surroundings are cleaned. In the meantime, the boys fortify themselves with wine. The next morning the young men return to the village and “hunt” eggs in all the houses of the community, which are then baked and eaten together. Since this work serves the whole community, there is a right to a reward; this explains the “right to ask” of the male village youth in Ensch. The custom is so old that even the oldest Enschers no longer know where it comes from. Before the First World War, it was customary for those who were drafted into the military to clean the Sauerbrunnen and at that time the eggs were only collected in houses where young, unmarried girls lived.

In times without artificial water supply, the spring was the prerequisite for human settlement. The value of a spring increases when it is a healing or sour well.

Pauliner Hofgut

The largest landlord in Ensch was the St. Paulin Abbey in Trier, which also owned the tithe. Part of the property was managed by a Meier, who held his office with the associated farm in lease. The rest of the land was given out to the local farmers for lease or for interest, who annually paid the taxes to the farm.

The origin of this property in Ensch is controversial. In a forgery from the 13th century it is claimed that Archbishop Egbert donated the farm in Ensch to the monastery in 981. Rather, FJ Heyen suspects that the St. Paulin Abbey, with the St. Symphorian Monastery, also took ownership of it in Ensch around the year 1000. This assumption is supported by the fact that ownership is documented for the St. Symphorian Monastery in 863 in Klüsserath and that the Ensch manor of the St. Paulin Abbey also included ownership in Klüsserath. In addition, there is a statement from the St. Pauliner waiter from 1275/76, which attests to a delivery from Ensch on St. Symphorian's Day. The residential building as well as the former tithe barn from the 17th century of the former St. Pauliner Hofgut is located at Kirchstrasse 5. The house at Kirchstrasse 3 is on the area of ​​the former wine press house of the Hofgut St. Paulin; it was rebuilt in the 1870s on the old floor plan.


The village fountain was created in 1972 by the sculptor Engel from Trier on behalf of the community. The column from which this fountain was made was a gate pillar of the former syringe house . The putti on the column were donated by the pastor Dörr. In the first few years after the fountain was completed, the fountain festival was celebrated on the forecourt. This fountain is still the center of the community today.

House Martinstrasse 21

The house at Martinstraße 21 is opposite the village museum of the Heimatverein. It is a small winegrower's house that has been placed under monument protection. The local community bought the house in 2005.

Warrior Memorial

The war memorial was erected on the church square as a souvenir and memorial for the fallen and missing of the First World War. After the Second World War, two memorial plaques with the fallen and missing of this war were added.


  • Enscher Mühlenberg

Web links

Commons : Ensch  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 120 (PDF; 3 MB).
  3. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved August 20, 2019 .
  4. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved August 20, 2019 .