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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Palzem
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Palzem highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 34 '  N , 6 ° 22'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Trier-Saarburg
Association municipality : Saarburg-Kell
Height : 165 m above sea level NHN
Area : 21.29 km 2
Residents: 1492 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 70 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 54439
Area code : 06583
License plate : TR, SAB
Community key : 07 2 35 104
Community structure: 6 districts
Association administration address: Schloßberg 6
54439 Saarburg
Website :
Local Mayor : Florian Wagner ( SPD )
Location of the local community Palzem in the district of Trier-Saarburg
Luxemburg Saarland Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm Landkreis Birkenfeld Trier Bescheid (Hunsrück) Beuren (Hochwald) Damflos Geisfeld Grimburg Gusenburg Hermeskeil Hinzert-Pölert Naurath (Wald) Neuhütten (Hochwald) Rascheid Reinsfeld Züsch Baldringen Greimerath (bei Trier) Heddert Hentern Kell am See Lampaden Mandern Paschel Schillingen Schömerich Vierherrenborn Waldweiler Zerf Kanzem Konz Nittel Oberbillig Onsdorf Pellingen Tawern Temmels Wasserliesch Wawern (Saar) Wellen (Mosel) Wiltingen Bonerath Farschweiler Gusterath Gutweiler Herl Hinzenburg Holzerath Kasel (bei Trier) Korlingen Lorscheid Mertesdorf Morscheid Ollmuth Osburg Pluwig Riveris (Gemeinde) Schöndorf (an der Ruwer) Sommerau (an der Ruwer) Thomm Waldrach Ayl Fisch (Saargau) Freudenburg Irsch (bei Saarburg) Kastel-Staadt Kirf Mannebach (bei Saarburg) Merzkirchen Ockfen Palzem Saarburg Schoden Serrig Taben-Rodt Trassem Wincheringen Bekond Detzem Ensch Fell (Mosel) Föhren Kenn Klüsserath Köwerich Leiwen Longen Longuich Mehring (Mosel) Naurath (Eifel) Pölich Riol Schleich Schweich Thörnich Trittenheim Aach (bei Trier) Franzenheim Hockweiler Igel (Mosel) Kordel (Eifel) Langsur Newel Ralingen Trierweiler Welschbillig Zemmermap
About this picture

Palzem an der Obermosel is a municipality in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Saarburg-Kell association.

Geographical location

Palzem is the southernmost Moselle municipality in Rhineland-Palatinate and is located near the border triangle with France and Luxembourg . The place is connected to the national road network by the B 419 . At Palzem there is a barrage of the Moselle , on the opposite side of the river is the Luxembourg municipality of Stadtbredimus .

The community is divided into six districts, residents with main residence (as of January 10, 2017):

District associated living spaces Residents
Dilmar   126
Singing   115
Helper Hauser Hof, Heidfeld Hof, Helfantermühle, Penser Hof   347
Kreuzweiler Thorn Castle , quarry on the B 419 279
Palzem Blanks 423
Weir   258


Palzem is documented in 924 as Palatium or Palatiolum (= small palace), when the Archbishop of Trier and Arch Chancellor Rudgar gave the church in Palzem as well as an estate with the land belonging to it to a certain Luitfried and his family. However, finds (axed oak posts) suggest that a Roman bridge was built over the Moselle around 122 BC; During this time, the entire network of roads and roads was expanded in order to tie Gaul and the Rhenish region firmly to the Roman Empire . In the Middle Ages, the Trier Abbey of St. Matthias was the landlord of Palzem and the other present-day districts. Dilmar is first mentioned in 1036 as Dilmere (Old High German for swamp or standing water), Esingen in 1258 as Bona de Enselingen (the name probably comes from the Franconian personal name Ensilio ). Helfant (924 documented Helifelt ) was badly damaged towards the end of the Second World War, as was Kreuzweiler (912 documented Vilare ), whose traces of settlement go back to Roman times and which was temporarily under Luxembourg sovereignty. Wehr used to live from fishing ( fish weir ) and lime distillery , but today mainly from viticulture.

On July 20, 1946, Palzem, together with 80 other municipalities in the districts of Trier and Saarburg, was incorporated into Saarland, which was separated from the rest of the French occupation zone on February 16, 1946 . On June 8, 1947, this French expansion of the territory was withdrawn to 21 municipalities, so that Palzem came to the newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946 .

On March 17, 1974, the previously independent communities of Helfant, Esingen, Kreuzweiler and Wehr were incorporated. The Kreuzweiler community was newly formed on June 7, 1969 from the dissolved Kreuzweiler and Dilmar communities.

Population development

The development of the population of Palzem in relation to today's municipality, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 979
1835 1,368
1871 1,343
1905 1,421
1939 1,448
1950 1,378
year Residents
1961 1,420
1970 1,308
1987 1,234
2005 1,305
2011 1,441
2017 1,501


Municipal council

The local council in Palzem consists of 16 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the local council:

choice SPD CDU FWG WGR total
2019 - 6th 10 - 16 seats
2014 6th 5 5 - 16 seats
2009 6th 4th 5 1 16 seats
2004 6th 4th 5 1 16 seats

* FWG = Free Voting Group Palzem e. V.

Local councils

The concerns of the six local districts are respected by the local councils, the chair of the local councils lead the mayor :

District Mayor
Dilmar Egon Altenhofen
Singing Richard Fochs
Helper Franz Josef Reuter
Kreuzweiler Helmut Willkomm
Palzem Klaus Beck
Weir Florian Wagner


While in the districts of Palzem and Wehr mainly viticulture and tourism (camping site on the Moselle) predominate, the districts of Helfant, Esingen, Dilmar and Kreuzweiler are dominated by agriculture.


With around 200 hectares of vineyards, Palzem is the southernmost Moselle wine - growing community in Rhineland-Palatinate. The soil consists partly of shell limestone , primeval sea deposits that can only be found on a short stretch of the route in the Moselle valley.

The vineyards are well-known: Schloss Thorner Kupp , Lay , Carlsfelsen , Rosenberg and Kapellenberg . In particular Elblingwein and Elblingsekt be established. In addition to white and Pinot Gris is Pinot Meunier a special feature that goes back to a wine tradition. For example, 40% of the wines of Thorn Castle in the 17th century were red, as the field name in an old field map “de roude Wengert” (= the red vineyard ) suggests.


In 1984 Palzem was the special class district winner in the competition Our village should become more beautiful ; Wehr were also successful in the district decision in 1986 and Kreuzweiler in the state decision in 1987. Attractions include:

Thorn Castle

Thorn Castle rises on a high Moselle hill in the Kreuzweiler district . The name comes from the Latin turis (= tower). This was built about 2000 years ago to protect a ford as a Moselle crossing. The castle was built in the 13th century. Structural extensions in the 16th and 17th centuries as well as the manor house from 1800 form an imposing assembly. One round tower was destroyed in the bombing in 1945, the second tower, a rectangular former residential tower , now serves as a gate tower . From the Middle Ages on, Thorn saw different sexes as feudal men , such as the lords of Rollingen , those of Bübingen and those of Musiel. Today's owners are the Baron von Hobe-Gelting family . Thorn is the oldest castle winery on the Moselle. The only preserved tree press in Europe is worth seeing .

St. Bartholomew in Helfant

The catholic parish church of St. Bartholomew (built 1848–49), which can be seen from afar , is also known as the “Helfanter Dom” or “Saargau Cathedral” because of its huge twin towers.

Chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows

The chapel is one of the cultural monuments of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is at the end of a path of the painful rosary that begins in the village on the Helfanter Berg. The neo-Gothic chapel at the highest point was built in 1890/91 according to plans by Reinhold Wirtz in place of a legendary previous building. There is a carved, neo-Gothic Vesper image above the structure of the side altar .


On the Moselle in the district of Wehr and below the Palzem train station there are several sculptures created in 2001 as part of the sculpture symposium Stones on the River . Palzem is a center of Barefoot - waterskiing in Germany. The Bulldog Museum for rural culture and technology with bulldogs and tractors from the 1920s to 1950s as well as an outdoor game reserve is located here . The marked Via Caliga hiking trail partly follows the route of the old Roman road and shows the eventful history of the place and the landscape with 24 information boards. The Roman strap sandal Caliga serves as a guide. The 234 km long German part of the Moselle Cycle Path begins in Palzem . The long-distance hiking trail Moselsteig leads through the village.



Web links

Commons : Palzem  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 125 (PDF; 3 MB).
  3. Residents with main residence according to information from the Saarburg residents' registration office on January 10, 2017
  4. Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 175 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
  5. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved July 23, 2019 .
  6. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
  7. Entry on the chapel on the Helfanter Berg (Chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows) in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region ; accessed on October 14, 2015.