|Community association||Terres de Bresse|
|surface||5.76 km 2|
|Residents||561 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||97 inhabitants / km 2|
Rancy is a French commune in the department of Saone-et-Loire in the region of Bourgogne Franche-Comté . It belongs to the Arrondissement Louhans and the Canton of Cuiseaux . The community has 561 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017), they are called rancillats .
The municipality is located in the Bresse countryside in the southern third of the Louhans arrondissement in a loop of the Seille , which forms the northern and western municipal boundaries. The Ruisseau des Collonges rises in the north of the municipality and joins the Seille at Port de Chevreuse . On his short run he picks up more biefs that drain the area in the rope loop. There are no forest areas in the municipality, only poplar plantations in the floodplain of the Seille , north and west of the Bourg . By the municipality runs the department of road (D971 Jouvençon - Bantanges ). The following hamlets and corridors belong to the municipality: Bas-de-Rancy, Collonges, Cravotte, Étang, Haut-de-Rancy, Millets, Platrières, Port-de-Chevreux, Tailles, Tremblay, Trempière, Villarets.
The climate in Rancy is warm and temperate. There is significant rainfall throughout the year, even the driest month still has high rainfall. The effective climate classification according to Köppen and Geiger is Cfb . The annual average temperature is 11.0 ° C. 801 mm of precipitation falls within one year.
The first mention goes back to the time between 1167 and 1184, in which Ugonet de Rance appeared as a witness when signing a contract. A Roman road ran through the municipality , which is still called the Route des Romains between Les Millets and the border with Bantanges . It is likely that the area was settled as early as Gallo-Roman times. Ernest Nègre leads the name back to the personal name Rancius , with the possessive suffix -acum his property became Ranciacum and in 1312 Apud Rainciacum is also mentioned.
Rancy was originally a small town or at least a market town that was in what is now the hamlet of Millets . In 1387 a judgment was made because the Lords of Sainte-Croix and the Duke of Burgundy were in dispute. The castellan von Cuisery and his sergeant Jean Clerc had harmed the lords of Sainte-Croix because the von Sainte-Croix did not want to surrender a renegade revolutionary, but even handed him over to the Count of Savoy. In revenge, Jean Clerc entered the Duke's territory with 100 to 120 armed men and they stole large quantities of cattle and horses, pillaged and ransacked the granaries in Rancy and other places, and stole the money and furniture they found and carried everything home without anyone being able to get hold of them. So it seems to have been a nice area where a hundred men could rage like this. The Millets settlement was destroyed during this confrontation. On February 26, 1653, the place was completely burned down again by Jean-Baptiste Prisque de la Tour Serville , who rebelled against the king and was accompanied by 500 men. The lord of Rancy, Charles de Thoisy , lost about 50,000 Écus , left Rancy and settled in Joudes . In the 17th century, Rancy belonged to the Berbis, Barons des Barres , along with Huilly-sur-Seille and other areas.
During the pillage of 1653, the castle and the church were probably destroyed, the service continued to take place in the chapel, despite its dilapidation no other solution could be found. In the 1930s the interior could finally be renovated, in 1978 the roof was re-covered with flat tiles. A comprehensive renovation took place in 1995 after a committee had been trying to collect the necessary money on various occasions (sauerkraut dinner, raffle) since 1981.
Italian chair makers and lathe operators came to the Rancy and Bantanges area at the beginning of the 19th century . Thanks to the sand sedge that grows in abundance in this area, the raw material was abundant and chair making became a real industry. In 1993 there were still 20 companies and over 500 employees.
|From 1962 official figures excluding residents with a second residence|
Economy and Infrastructure
In the community there are 5 farms, a bakery, a grocery store, a hardware store, four construction companies and two restaurants. As AOC products are in Rancy crème beurre de Bresse et admitted further Volaille de Bresse and Dinde de Bresse .
There is an École primaire ( École maternelle and École élémentaire ) in the municipality , which is subordinate to the Académie de Dijon and attended by 67 children. The vacation schedule for zone A applies to the school.
- Claude Courtépée (1721–1781): Description historique et topographique du Duché de Bourgogne . tape 5 . Chez Causse, Dijon 1780 (French, Google Books ).
- Lucien Guillemaut (1842-1917): Histoire de la Bresse Louhannaise. Vol. 1, Louhans 1897.
- Lucien Guillemaut (1842–1917): Armoiries et familles nobles de la Bresse louhannaise: armoiries ouvrières, armoiries particulières et de familles . Vve L. Romand, Louhans 1909 (French, gallica ).
- Rancy. on INSEE. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques , accessed on January 18, 2015 (French).
- Rancy. in the register of communes in France. Retrieved January 18, 2015 (French).
- Rancy. in the Base Mérimée . Ministère de la Culture, accessed January 18, 2015 (French).
- Rancy. in Archives départementales. Saône-et-Loire department, accessed on January 21, 2016 (French).
- Le Langage Populaire de Macon et des Environs . Slatkine,.
- Ruisseau des Collonges , length 2.2 km, tributary to the Seille , source at in Rancy at approx. 175 m, mouth at in Rancy at approx. 175 m, Ruisseau des Collonges on sandre.eaufrance.fr
- Department road D971. on routes.wikia.com. Retrieved January 23, 2015 (French).
- Rancy. (PDF) on Dictionnaire topographique du département de la Saône-et-Loire. In: Dictionnaire topographique de la France. Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, accessed on January 23, 2015 (French, search term: Ctrl+ FRancy).
- Ernest Nègre: Toponymie générale de la France. Volume 1, Pre-Celtic, Celtic and Roman Place Names. Librairie Droz, 1990, p. 444 , accessed January 17, 2015 (French). ISBN 978-2-600-02883-7
- Urbain Plancher, Zacharie Merle: Histoire générale et particulière de Bourgogne. avec des notes, des dissertations et les preuves justificatives. Antoine de Fay, Imprimerie à Dijon, 1748, p. CXVIII , accessed January 24, 2015 (French).
- Brief description of the church. by Rancy. Paroisse Saint Jean-Baptiste en Bresse, accessed May 30, 2015 (French).
- Rancy. on cassini.ehess.fr. In: Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui. École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, accessed on January 23, 2015 (French).
- Crème de Bresse. to INAO L'Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité. Retrieved July 3, 2015 (French).
- Beurre de Bresse. to INAO L'Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité. Retrieved July 3, 2015 (French).
- Chicken de Bresse. to INAO, L'Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité. Retrieved June 26, 2015 (French).
- Dinde de Bresse. to INAO, L'Institut national de l'origine et de la qualité. Retrieved June 26, 2015 (French).
- Homepage of the Académie de Dijon. Retrieved January 10, 2016 (French).
- Vacation and Bank Holiday Schedule for Zone A. Rancy. Retrieved January 10, 2016 (French).