The Szépművészeti Múzeum in Budapest is the largest art museum in Hungary and one of the most important art collections in the world. It houses objects from ancient Egypt, antiquity and European art history from the 13th to the 21st centuries. In German-speaking countries, the name of the museum is usually translated as “Museum of Fine Arts” or “Museum of Fine Arts” . The museum is located next to Heroes' Square ( Hősök tere ) at Dózsa György út 41 in the XIV district of Budapest.
On the occasion of the Budapest Millennium Exhibition in 1896 , Parliament passed a law establishing a “National Museum of Fine Arts” and the construction of a suitable building in Budapest. For this purpose, the state made a sum of 3,200,000 crowns available, of which 1,200,000 crowns alone were estimated for the construction of a suitable building.
The tender for the museum was issued in September 1898 and should be decided by an international jury. It was decided in favor of the plans of the builders Albert Schickedanz and Fülöp Herzog . Construction work began in the summer of 1900 and was completed in 1906. On December 1, 1906, the museum was officially opened in the presence of King Franz Joseph .
An impressive collection of paintings, drawings and graphics was exhibited right from the start. There was also a collection of plaster casts that documented the development of sculpture from ancient times to the 19th century.
From February 2015 to the end of October 2018, the museum closed for an extensive renovation, during which the permanent collections were also redesigned.
Long before the museum opened, the Hungarian state benefited from donations from numerous art collectors who donated their collections to the entire Hungarian people. It all started in 1802 with Count Ferenc Széchényi , who donated the first public collection in Hungary, the Hungarian National Museum . Although this collection was primarily intended to show Hungarian national monuments, numerous works of art were already part of the museum's holdings at that time.
In the following years, the collection grew continuously through further donations and purchases. However, it was not until the years 1832 to 1836 that significant works of non-Hungarian origin came into the museum with the collection of the Pest collector Miklós Jankovich . In addition to several old German panel paintings, there was also a male portrait of Jacopo Tintoretto , the Godfather picture by Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo and a Madonna statuette by Andrea Pisano . Even more important was the donation of 192 panel paintings by the Archbishop of Eger, László Pyrker , who owned such important works as the portrait of Katharina Cornaro by Gentile Bellini and the portrait of a young man attributed to Giorgione .
In 1848, the imperial administrator of Hungary, Lajos Kossuth , had 78 paintings from the apartment of the chamber chairman handed over, which came from the holdings of Buda Castle and can be partially identified in the famous Brussels picture gallery of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm . Other paintings that remained in the castle were auctioned off in 1856, so that over the years, through various Hungarian private collections, individual additional works also came to the picture gallery.
The purchase of the world-famous Esterházy Collection (1870/71) by the Hungarian state, which comprised 637 paintings, 3,500 drawings and around 51,000 graphics, was of immense importance . These included works by Raffael , Correggio and Rubens . This collection was transferred to a Landesgemäldegalerie, which, for lack of its own house, was first exhibited in the Academy of Sciences.
In the following year, the Landesgemäldegalerie received another valuable donation of 64 pictures that the bishop and art historian Arnold Ipolyi had collected . These included numerous pictures that had been auctioned off in 1869 with the collection of the painter Johann Anton Ramboux in Cologne. These were mainly Gothic works .
In 1875 the works of art kept in the Hungarian National Museum were transferred to the Landesgemäldegalerie, the holdings of which were further expanded through some lucky acquisitions.
But not only the picture gallery grew beyond the existing exhibition space, the holdings of antiques and sculptures already existing at the time also experienced a continuous increase. On a shopping trip through Italy, the director at the time, Károly Pulszky , bought 121 works of art by Italian artists in addition to paintings in 1894/95. These included works by Agostino di Duccio and Michelozzo Michelozzi .
In order to do justice to the lack of space and the importance of the already assembled collection, it was decided in 1896 to build a new building and found the Szépművészeti Múzeum.
The time up to the Second World War
In 1901 the museum in Vienna bought the estate of the painter and collector István Delhaes, comprising 2,683 drawings of works by German and Austrian artists of the 18th century.
Between 1908 and 1913, great attention was paid to adding original works to the collection of antiques, which until now had mainly consisted of plaster casts. At the suggestion of Antal Hekler , the museum acquired 135 Greek, Roman and Italian sculptures from the Paul Arndt Collection in Munich , and later 650 statuettes made of terracotta . Around 1907, Egyptian antiquities came into the Hungarian state for the first time, which had been excavated by a Polish Egyptologist and were later given to the museum.
In 1912 the foundation followed from the estate of Count János Pálffy, which included 121 old master paintings as well as 56 works from the 19th century. Among the pictures were works by Titian , Paolo Veronese , Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio and Petrus Christus . Two years later, the estate of the important Hungarian sculptor István Ferenczys was bought, which contained 83 works of art, mainly acquired in Italy, including the famous so-called Budapest Rider , which is widely regarded as an autograph work by Leonardo da Vinci .
The following years were rather determined by individual foundations in all areas before in 1934, due to the Venice Agreement concluded in 1932, Austria gave several works of art to Hungary as compensation for Hungarian works of art they had taken over. Also in 1934, the Council of Ministers Pál Majovszky donated a 259-sheet collection of drawings to the museum, mainly by French artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. Including works by Edgar Degas , Eugène Delacroix , Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Paul Cézanne .
In the same year, the Hungarian government passed a museum law, which designated the museum as the sole central repository of ancient monuments, so that numerous holdings from other museums flowed into the collections in the following years. Among them were also many ancient Egyptian pieces, so that the museum was able to establish its own department.
post war period
At the end of the Second World War , the museum suffered severe damage. During the last months of the war in 1944, the then fascist-minded director of the museum had the most valuable part of the holdings hurriedly transported and deported to Germany , with many pictures suffering serious damage and a few panels being lost to this day. In 1946 and 1947, however, most of the works returned. Nevertheless, the museum was resumed immediately after the end of the war. As early as 1945 and again in the following year, the museum managed to secure several important French pictures from the Herzog Collection , including works by Camille Corot , Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir .
By 1949, the war damage had been repaired to such an extent that a permanent exhibition of paintings and sculptures could be reopened on the upper floor of the museum building. Just two years later, the museum took over the painting collection of the well-known art collector György Ráth , whose collection had been bequeathed to the Museum of Applied Arts in 1905. These included pictures by Dirck Hals , Frans Snyders , Sebastiano del Piombo and a picture of a slaughtered ox, which was then still attributed to Rembrandt van Rijn . In the same year, a major Courbet work was also acquired with the wrestlers .
In 1953, a new regulation to reorganize the collection areas of the individual museums in Budapest gave the museum an extensive collection of German, Austrian and Dutch paintings from the 17th and 18th centuries and a few older Italian works by Count Jenő Zichy der The city of Budapest.
From 1964 the museum took part in excavations in Nubia, which expanded the museum's Egyptian collection so much that it first had to be rearranged in 1972 and then again in 1983.
The museum also hit international headlines in 1983 when seven valuable paintings were stolen from the Old Masters collection, including two each by Raffael and Jacopo Tintoretto and one each by Giambattista Pittoni , Giovanni Battista Tiepolo and Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo . After a short time, the pictures could be saved and returned to the museum.
The museum offers a good overview of the development of ancient Egyptian art and can present interesting works of art from almost every era. Including some world-class works, such as the upper part of a king statue made of diorite, from the Middle Kingdom, and a man's head made of limestone, from the New Kingdom, which also forms the main piece of the entire collection. In addition, there are numerous steles, painted mummy coffins and numerous statuettes. Noteworthy is a necklace made of 36 gold figurines of the goddess Theoris from the Ptolemaic period , which already forms a transition to the collection of antiquities.
Collection of antiquities
The antiquities collection mainly includes Greek and Roman works of art, but also houses an important collection of Cypriot antiquities and works from Sicily and North Africa. Significant works are mainly a young man torso from Perinthos, called the Budapest dancer , the torso of Doryphoros of Poliklet that Actium relief , a Capuan Niobe and numerous busts of Greek and Roman times. This is followed by a collection of more than a thousand small sculptures made of terracotta and antique vessels. A showpiece of the vase collection is the so-called Grimani jug , an early bronze jug that was made in the 5th century BC. Was made in the Peloponnese. The collection of classic, painted vases includes works by Exekias , the Andokides painter , the swing painter , the Brygos painter , the Geras painter and the Meleagros painter .
Old Masters Picture Gallery
Today it comprises more than 2,500 pictures and is the center of the museum. It presents a comprehensive overview of European painting from the 13th to the 18th century and shines with a number of major works, so that it can be counted among the most important collections of old masters in the world.
- Old Dutch pictures: Pieter Aertsen : Market trader with his wife (Inv.-No .: Inv.-No .: 1337); Herri met de Bles : Landscape with the Flight into Egypt (Inv.-No .: 1697); Pieter Bruegel the Elder Ä. : The sermon of John the Baptist (Inv.-No .: 51.2829); Petrus Christus : Mary with the child in an archway (Inv.-No .: 4324); Joos van Cleve : Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 4329); Gerard David : The Adoration of the Shepherds (Inv.-No .: 1336); Maerten van Heemskerck : The Lamentation of Christ (Inv.-No .: 4936); Adriaen Isenbrant : Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 5031); John the Baptist (Inv.-No .: 9047 / b); St. Jerome in the wilderness (Inv.-No .: 9047 / c); Christ on the cross with saints (Inv.-No .: 9047 / a)
- German pictures: Hans von Aachen : The Liberation of Hungaria (Inv.-No .: 6710); Albrecht Altdorfer : Crucifixion (Inv.-No .: 5892); Mary with the child (Inv.-No .: 5119); Lovers (Inv.-No .: 3819); Hans Baldung : Painful Mother of God (Inv.-No .: 3822); Adam (Inv.-No .: 1888); Eva (Inv.-No .: 1889); Jörg Breu the Elder Ä. : Raising the cross (Inv.-No .: 6219); Bartholomäus Bruyn the Elder Ä. : Portrait of Peter von Clapis (Inv.-No .: 50.754); Lucas Cranach the Elder Ä. : The engagement of St. Catherine (Inv.-No .: 135); Lamentation of Christ (Inv.-No .: 138); Salome (Inv.-No .: 132); The old woman in love (Inv.-No .: 137); The old man in love (inv.-no .: 139; the angel appears to Joachim (inv.-no .: 62.2); Christ and the adulteress ( inv. -no .: 146); Maria with the child (inv.no. : 4328); Albrecht Dürer - attributed: Portrait of a young man (Inv.-No .: 142); Rueland Frueauf the Elder : The Annunciation (Inv.-No .: 136); Hans Holbein the Elder : The Death of Mariae (Inv.-No .: 4086); Angelika Kauffmann : Young woman in front of the mirror (Inv.-No .: 444); The child Pyrrhus goes into the protection of King Glaukos (Inv.-No .: 469) ; Johann Kupezky : Recorder player (Inv.-No .: 1778); The artist and his family (Inv.-No .: 3922); Johann Liss : Peasant wedding procession (Inv.-No .: 3844); Judith with the head of Holofernes (Inv.-No .: 4913); Master of the Bartholomäus-Altar : The Holy Family ; Master of the Life of Mary : Protective Madonna with six Carmelite monks (Inv.-No .: 156); Friedrich Pacher : The Saint Anthony of Padua and Franz von Assisi (inv. no .: 8288); Georg Pencz : Portrait of a man (inv. no .: 912); Joha nn Heinrich Schönfeld : Aeneas and Anchises (Inv.-No .: 9788); Bernhard Strigel : King Ladislaus the saint recommends Wladislaw II and his children to protect Mariae (Inv.-No .: 7502); Anton Woensam : Crucifixion (Inv.-No .: 159)
- Flemish pictures: Adriaen Brouwer : The Smokers (Inv.-No .: 566); Jan Bruegel the Elder Ä. : The Paradise (Inv.-No .: 550); Landscape with the animals of Noah's Ark (Inv.-No .: 548); Aeneas and Sibylle in the underworld (Inv.-No .: 551); Aeneas and Sibylle in the underworld (Inv.-No .: 553); Mountain landscape with river (Inv.-No .: 563); Pieter Brueghel the Elder J .: The Crucifixion (Inv.-No .: 1038); Fight between soldiers and farmers (Inv.-No .: 51.780); Anthonis van Dyck : Double portrait of a married couple (Inv.-No .: 754); Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 1136); John the Evangelist (Inv.-No .: 6377); Jan Fyt : Still life with hare and birds (Inv.-No .: 729); Still life with a dog and birds (Inv.-No .: 737); Jacob Jordaens : Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 722); The satyr with the peasant (Inv.-No .: 738); The Fall of Man (Inv.-No .: 5551); Peter Paul Rubens + Anthonis van Dyck: Mucius Scaevola in front of Porsenna (Inv.-No .: 749); Peter Paul Rubens: Head study of a man (Inv.-No .: 2835); The miracle of St. Justus (Inv.-No .: 59.11); David Teniers the Elder Ä. : The temptation of St. Antonius (Inv.-No .: 560); David Teniers the Elder J .: At the country doctor (Inv.-No .: 565); The Puff-Players (Inv.-No .: 4309); Looting soldiers (Inv.-No .: 51.2956); Landscape with a castle and figural staffage (Inv.-No .: 59.13)
- French pictures: Louis-Léopold Boilly : The visit to the grandfather (Inv.-No .: 687); Sébastien Bourdon : Bacchus and Ceres with nymphs and satyrs (Inv.-No .: 691); Philippe de Champaigne : Portrait of Henri Groulart (Inv.-No .: 727); Claude Lorrain : Villa in the Roman Campagna (Inv.-No .: 708); Nicolas Fouché : Portrait of a Lady as Pomona (Inv.-No .: 488); Jean-Baptiste Greuze : Portrait of a young woman (Inv.-No .: 679); Portrait of Randon de Boisset (Inv.-No .: 1345); Portrait of Prince PA Stroganoff as a child (Inv.-No .: 6190); Portrait of a young woman (Inv.-No .: 53.390); Simon Vouet : Apollo and the Muses (Inv.-No .: 707)
- Dutch pictures: Willem van Aelst : Still life with fruits (Inv.-No .: 330); Hendrick Avercamp : Frozen river with ice-skaters (Inv.-No .: 1698); Jacob Adriaensz. Backer : violinist (Inv.-No .: 68.11); Nicolaes Pietersz. Berchem : Landscape with Shepherds (Inv.-No .: 302); Farm (Inv.-No .: 6785); Resting sheep and goats (Inv.-No .: 57.7); Willem Pietersz. Buytewech : Galante Gesellschaft (Inv.-No .: 3831); Pieter Claesz : Still Life with Fruits and Romans (Inv.-No .: 53.478); Still life with pate and roman (Inv.-No .: 1026); Cornelis Cornelisz. van Haarlem : Jupiter and Mercury punish the nymph Lara (Inv.-No .: 371); The judgment of Paris (Inv.-No .: 5165); The Golden Age (Inv.-No .: 2062); Aelbert Cuyp : Family portrait in a landscape (Inv.-No .: 398); Cows by the river (Inv.-No .: 408); View of Dordrecht (Inv.-No .: 51.2979); Benjamin Gerritsz. Cuyp : farmers in the tavern (Inv.-No .: 3825); The angel removes the stone from the tomb of Christ (Inv.-No .: 58.21); Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp : Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 403); Portrait of a woman (Inv.-No .: 4122); Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 51.771); Double portrait as shepherd and shepherdess (Inv.-No .: 67.7); Gerard Dou : soldier in the guardhouse (Inv.-No .: 62.10); Rembrandt's mother (Inv.-No .: 4307); Willem Drost : Portrait of a Woman (Inv.-No .: 316); Gerbrandt van den Eeckhout : Scholar in his study room (Inv.-No .: 5985); Family portrait (Inv.-No .: 4265); The Prophet Elisha and the Sunamitin (Inv.-No .: 5610); Abraham meets Melchizedek (Inv.-No .: 69.44); Vertumnus and Pomona (Inv.-No .: 228); The Presentation of Christ in the Temple (Inv.-No .: 3828); Aert de Gelder : Esther and Mardochai (Inv.-No .: 1342); Jan van Goyen ; Winter amusements (Inv.-No .: 95.9); Entrance to the village with travelers (Inv.-No .: 8245); Ships on calm water (Inv.-No .: 4305); Sailboats in a thunderstorm (Inv.-No .: 4277); Frans Hals Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 4158); Portrait of a painter (Inv.-No .: 277); Willem Claesz. Heda : Still life with ham, nautilus jug and silver dishes (Inv.-No .: 53.479); Still life with ham, silver jug and Roman (Inv.-No .: 1025); Jan Davidsz. de Heem : Still life with a Roman, silver jug, bread and oysters (Inv.-No .: 3931); Still life with fruits and oysters (Inv.-No .: 3538); Pieter de Hooch : Woman reading a letter at the window (Inv.-No .: 5933); Willem Kalf : Still life with glass and silver bowl (Inv.-No .: 3832); Thomas de Keyser : Portrait of a Lady (Inv.-No .: 240); Equestrian portrait of Jacob Graeff (Inv.-No .: 4271); Pieter Lastman : The Resurrection of Christ (Inv.-No .: 92.3); Tobias with the fish and the angel (Inv.-No .: 5152); Jan Lievens : Head of a Girl (Inv.-No .: 51.2977); Portrait of Petrus Egidius de Morrion (Inv.-No .: 4311); Nicolaes Maes : Portrait of Jacob Trip (Inv.-No .: 233); Portrait of Margaretha de Geer (Inv.-No .: 231); Portrait of Justus Kriex (Inv.-No .: 218); Portrait of a Lady with Child (Inv.-No .: 5415); Portrait of Maria van der Meer as a child (Inv.-No .: 51.2982); Adriaen van Ostade : Man with a jug (Inv.-No .: 51.2952); Peasant family in the house (Inv.-No .: 4284); Peasant family at the stove (Inv.-No .: 51.2975); Man with a pen (Inv.-No .: 286); Peasants in the tavern (Inv.-No .: 287); The fish woman (Inv.-No .: 306); Isaac van Ostade : Peasant Interior (Inv.-No .: 292); The pig slaughter (Inv.-No .: 282); Slaughtered pig (Inv.-No .: 55.373); Paulus Potter : Landscape with a shepherd playing the flute and a singing shepherdess (Inv.-No .: 51.2885); Jacob van Ruisdael : Forest Landscape (Inv.-No .: 51.2950); View of the Binnenamstel in Amsterdam (Inv.-No .: 4278); Jan Steen : Peasant Wedding (Inv.-No .: 51.2976); Wedding party in a gazebo (Inv.-No .: 337); Drunk Woman (Inv.-No .: 4300); Joachim Wtewael : The Judgment of Paris (Inv.-No .: 4281)
- Italian pictures: Sofonisba Anguissola : Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 4216); Bacchiacca : The Sermon of St. Johannes d. T. (Inv.-No .: 2317); Bartolomeo Veneto : Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 2538); Marco Basaiti : Portrait of Doge Agostino Barbarigo (Inv.-No .: 102); St. Catherine of Alexandria (Inv.-No .: 103); St. Jerome in the wilderness (Inv.-No .: 1242); The dead Christ (Inv.-No .: 4206); Jacopo Bassano : Mercury steals his flock from sleeping Argus (Inv.-No .: 119); The walk to Kalvary (Inv.-No .: 5879); Gentile Bellini : Portrait of Caterina Cornaro (Inv.-No .: 101); Bernardo Bellotto : The Piazza della Signoria in Florence (Inv.-No .: 645); The Arno in Florence (Inv.-No .: 647); The Kaunitz Palace with garden in Vienna (Inv.-No .: 52.207); Biagio d'Antonio : Enthroned Mary with the child, four saints and two angels (Inv.-No .: 1386); Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio : Mary with the Child (Inv.-No .: 52); Mary with the Child, Saint John the Younger T., Sebastian and a donor (Inv.-No .: 4224); Paris Bordone : The Holy Family with St. Catherine of Alexandria (Inv.-No .: 72.9); Agnolo Bronzino : The Adoration of the Shepherds (Inv.-No .: 161); Venus, Cupid and Jealousy (Inv.-No .: 163); Giovanni Antonio Canal : The Piazza del Campidoglio (Inv.-No .: 53.483); The Temple of Antony and Faustina in Rome (Inv.-No .: 53.498); Building near the Dolo (Inv.-No .: 78.14); Giovanni Cariani : The Flight into Egypt (Inv.-No .: 1358); Annibale Carracci : Christ and the Samaritan Woman at the Well (Inv.-No .: 3823); Vincenzo Catena : Mary with the child, a saint, St. Francis of Assisi and a benefactor (Inv.-No .: 74); The Holy Family with a Saint (Inv.-No .: 78); Antonio da Correggio : Madonna del Latte (Inv.-No .: 55); Lorenzo Costa : Venus (Inv.-No .: 1257); The Holy Family with the Hll. Jerome and Francis of Assisi (Inv.-No .: 6103); Giuseppe Maria Crespi : Resting peasant family (Inv.-No .: 519); St. Michael drives out the rebellious angels (Inv.-No .: 53.475); Carlo Crivelli : Maria Enthroned with the Child (Inv.-No .: 75); Vittore Crivelli : Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 4214); Carlo Dolci : Maria (Inv.-No .: 483); Guardian Angel (Inv.-No .: 494); Duccio di Buoninsegna : St. Johannes d. T. gives testimony (Inv.-No .: 6); The Coronation of Mariae (Inv.-No .: 16); Domenico Fetti : Portrait of a Dominican (Inv.-No .: 580); Sleeping Girl (Inv.-No .: 609); Parable of the blind (Inv.-No .: 627); Francesco Francia : Maria with the child and the Johannesknaben (Inv.-Nr .: 48); The Holy Family (Inv.-No .: 4244); Christ on the cross with Mary and St. Johannes d. Ev. (Inv.-No .: 4259); Taddeo Gaddi : The Birth of Christ (Inv.-No .: 73.7-1); The Descent from the Cross (Inv.-No .: 73.7-2); Artemisia Gentileschi : Salome with the head of St. John d. T. (Inv. No .: 70.8); Jael and Sisera (Inv.-No .: 75.11); Domenico Ghirlandaio : St. Stephan (Inv.-No .: 4914); Michele Giambono : Mary Enthroned with the Child (Inv.-No .: 1029); Luca Giordano : The fight between Hercules and Nessus (Inv.-No .: 524); The Flight into Egypt (Inv.-No .: 528); Venus, Adonis and Cupid (Inv.-No .: 534); The disarmed justice system (Inv.-No .: 4229); Giorgione - attributed to: Portrait of a young man (Inv.-No .: 94); Francesco Guardi : S. Pietro di Castello in Venice (Inv.-No .: 4250); The island s. Cristoforo di Murano (Inv.-No .: 4251); Bridge on the Dolo (Inv.-No .: 4252); The Rio di Mendicanti in Venice (Inv.-No .: 4253); Maria with the child and St. Catherine of Siena and Dominic (Inv.-No .: 65.3); Giovanni Antonio Guardi : Maria with the child and the St. Catherine of Siena and Dominic (Inv.-No .: 65.3); Guercino : Christ with a crown of thorns (Inv.-No .: 485); The Flagellation of Christ (Inv.-No .: 4225); Filippino Lippi : Mary with the child, St. Anthony of Padua and a priest (Inv.-No .: 1140); St. Jerome in the wilderness (Inv.-No .: 1369); Ambrogio Lorenzetti : Maria Enthroned with the Child (Inv.-No .: 22); Lorenzo Monaco : Crucifix (Inv.-No .: 1089); Lorenzo Lotto : Mary with the Child and St. Francis of Assisi (Inv.-No .: 79); Sleeping Apollo with the muses and the flying Fama (Inv.-No .: 947); Angel with globe and scepter (Inv.-No .: 1252); Bernardino Luini : Mary with the child, St. Elisabeth and the Johannesknaben (Inv.-No .: 51); Maria with the child and St. Catherine of Alexandria and Barbara (Inv.-No .: 58); Maso di Banco : The Coronation of Mariae (Inv.-No .: 7793); Giovanni Battista Moroni : Portrait of a Bearded Man (Inv.-No .: 1102); Mary with the child and the boy John (Inv.-No .: 1243); St. Dorothea (Inv.-No .: 1244); Saints (Inv.-No .: 1245); Portrait of Jacopo Foscarini (Inv.-No .:?) (Inv.-No .: 53.501); Palma il Vecchio : Portrait of a young woman (Inv.-No .: 939); Portrait of a young man (Inv.-No .: 3460); Maria with the child, the Johannesknaben and a bishop (Inv.-Nr .: 6486); Sebastiano del Piombo : Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 1384); Portrait of a young woman (Inv.-No .: 51.2879); Christ Carrying the Cross (Inv.-No .: 77.1); Raffael : Madonna Esterházy (Inv.-No .: 71); Portrait of Pietro Bembo (Inv.-No .: 72); Giovanni Battista Tiepolo : St. James d. Ä. drives out the Moors (Inv.-No .: 649); Mary with six saints (Inv.-No .: 651); Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo : God the Father (Inv.-No .: 641); Rest on the Flight into Egypt (Inv.-No .: 6536); Jacopo Tintoretto : The Banquet in Emmaus (Inv.-No .: 111); Portrait of a woman (Inv.-No .: 112); Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 114); Hercules pushes the faun out of Omphale's bed (Inv.-No .: 6706); Titian : Portrait of the Doge Marcantonio Trevisani (Inv.-No .: 4223); St. Johannes d. T. (Inv. No. 7744); Paolo Veronese : Christ on the Cross (Inv.-No .: 117); Portrait of a Man (Inv.-No .: 4228)
- Spanish pictures: Francisco Antolínez : The Holy Family (Inv.-No .: 802); Francisco de Goya : The Water Carrier (Inv.-No .: 760); The scissors grinder (Inv.-No .: 763); Portrait of José Antonio Marqués de Caballero (Inv.-No .: 3274); Portrait of Señora Ceán Bermudez (Inv.-No .: 3792); A looting (Inv.-No .: 4121); El Greco : The Annunciation (Inv.-No .: 3537); St. Maria Magdalena (Inv.-No .: 5640); Apostle head (Inv.-No .: 9048); The Undressing of Christ (Inv.-No .: 50.747); The Holy Family with St. Anna (Inv.-No .: 50.755); The Apostle Andrew (Inv.-No .: 51.800); Christ on the Mount of Olives (Inv.-No .: 51.2827); Bartolomé Esteban Murillo : The Flight into Egypt (Inv.-No .: 775); The baby Jesus distributes bread among the pilgrims (Inv.-No .: 777); The Holy Family with the Johannesknaben (Inv.-No .: 779); Jusepe de Ribera : The Martyrdom of St. Andreas (Inv.-No .: 523); Diego Velázquez - attributed to: farmers at meal (Inv.-No .: 3820); Francisco de Zurbarán : The Immaculate Conception (Inv.-No .: 800); Rest on the Flight into Egypt (Inv.-No .: 2536); St. Andreas (Inv.-No .: 50.749)
Collection of old sculptures
In addition to the old master paintings, the old sculptures are among the most popular works of art in the museum. It houses an extensive collection, mainly by Italian masters, who are joined by works from other schools. In addition to the Italian masters, the collection with German and Austrian sculptures from the 14th to 18th centuries shines, with works from the workshop of Hans Multscher and Tilman Riemenschneider as well as handwritten works by Hans Leinberger , Leonhard Kern and Georg Raphael Donner and Franz Xaver Messerschmidt are standing. The sculpture schools of the Netherlands, France and Spain are represented with only a few works, of which works by Adriaen de Vries and a Cupid by Jean-Baptiste Pigalle stand out.
- Italian sculptures: Agostino di Duccio : Archangel Gabriel (Inv.-No .: 1280); Alessandro Algardi : Heracles fights with the Lernaean hydra (Inv.-No .: 5358); Tommaso Amantini : Ecce homo (Inv.-No .: 66.7); Carlo dall'Aquila : Mary with the child (Inv.-No .: 1130); Benedetto da Maiano : Christ and the Samaritan Woman (Inv.-No .: 1191); Pietro Giacomo Bonacolsi : Bust of a Man (Inv.-No .: 5365); Matteo Civitali - attributed to: bust of a saint (Inv.-No .: 1195); Francesco Fanelli : Boar Hunt (Inv.-No .: 59.3); Bullfighting (Inv.-No .: 59.4); Leonardo da Vinci - attributed to: Budapest Horsemen (Inv.-No .: 5362); Michelozzo : Maria with the Child (Inv.-No .: 1170); Neroccio di Bartholomeo di Benedetto de 'Landi : Archangel Gabriel (Inv.-No .: 1190); Giacomo Piazzetta : Putto sitting on a shell (Inv.-No .: 61.1); Andrea Pisano : Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 7167); Andrea Briosco : Robbery of Europe (Inv.-No .: 5363); Giovanni della Robbia : bust of a saint (Inv.-No .: 1123); Judith (Inv.-No .: 1174); Seated Mary with the child (Inv.-No .: 1227); Luca della Robbia : Christ and Thomas (Inv.-No .: 4974); Domenico Rosselli : Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 1168); Jacopo Sansovino : Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 1193); Maria with the child (Inv.-No .: 4971); Andrea del Verrocchio : Imago Pietatis (Inv.-No .: 51.937)
With around 10,000 drawings and 100,000 engravings, it is one of the largest collections in the world and offers a comprehensive overview of European art history from the 14th to the 20th centuries. The most important sheets in the collection are Leonardo's warrior heads . They include works by Lodovico Carracci , Antonio da Correggio , Guercino , Parmigianino , Leonardo da Vinci , Raffael , Guido Reni , Giovanni Battista Tiepolo , Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo , Jacopo Tintoretto , Tizian , Paolo Veronese , Albrecht Altdorfer , Hans Baldung , Hans Burgkmair , Lucas Cranach the Elder Ä. , Albrecht Dürer , Wolf Huber , Hans von Marées , Adolph Menzel , Jan Brueghel the Elder. Ä. , Anthonis van Dyck , Jacob Jordaens , Frans Snyders , Abraham Bloemaert , Aelbert Cuyp , Carel Fabritius , Adriaen van Ostade , Rembrandt van Rijn , Jean-Honoré Fragonard , Claude Lorrain , Nicolas Poussin , Antoine Watteau , Paul Cézanne , Eugène Delacroix , Honoré Daumier , Edgar Degas , Édouard Manet , Jean-François Millet , Pierre-Auguste Renoir , Auguste Rodin , Paul Signac , Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec , Vincent van Gogh and Pablo Picasso .
Modern art collection
The collection is one of the busiest sections of the museum and presents the art of the 19th and 20th centuries, which was brought together relatively late. The focus of the collection are the paintings by French masters of the 19th and early 20th centuries as well as the German masters of the 19th century. The museum also has a collection of plastic works from this period, including works by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux , Fritz Cremer , Charles Despiau , Aristide Maillol , Constantin Meunier , George Minne , Auguste Rodin and Bertel Thorvaldsen .
- French pictures: Jules Bastien-Lepage : All Souls Day (Inv.-No .: 408 B); Pierre Bonnard : Mother and Child (Inv.-No .: 406 B); Breakfast (Inv.-No .: 400 B); Eugène Boudin : Portrieux (Inv.-No .: 202 B); Eugène Carrière : Motherhood (Inv.-No .: 388 B); Paul Cézanne : The buffet (Inv.-No .: 371 B); Théodore Chassériau : La Petra Camara (Inv.-No .: 365 B); Pierre Puvis de Chavannes : Penitent Magdalena (Inv.-No .: 389 B); Camille Corot : Castelgandolfo (Inv.-No .: 364 B); Woman with daisies (Inv.-No .: 501 B); Memory of Coubron (Inv.-No .: 362 B); Gustave Courbet : Wrestlers (Inv.-No .: 502 B); Rocky landscape (Inv.-No .: 396 B); The source (Inv.-No .: 458 B); Landscape with a Tree (Inv.-No .: 438 B); Lake Neuchâtel (Inv.-No .: 534 B); Thomas Couture : Vogelfang (Inv.-No .: 253 B); Charles-François Daubigny : The confluence of the Seine and the Oise (Inv.-No .: 250 B); Riverside landscape (Inv.-No .: 251 B); Surroundings of Villerville (Inv.-No .: 203 B); Eugène Delacroix : The Moroccan and his horse (Inv.-No .: 385 B); Maurice Denis : Mutterglück (Inv.-No .: 401 B); Jules Dupré : homestead (Inv.-No .: 97 B); Eugène Fromentin : Arabs (Inv.-No .: 437 B); Paul Gauguin : Winter Landscape (Inv.-No .: 204 B); Black pigs (Inv.-No .: 355 B); Charles Emile Jacque : On the pasture (Inv.-No .: 76 B); Édouard Manet : Lady with a Fan (Inv.-No .: 368 B); Jean-François Millet : Puy-de-Dôme (Inv.-No .: 259 B); Claude Monet : Port of Trouville (Inv.-No .: 367 B); Apple trees in bloom (Inv.-No .: 266 B); Boats from Étretat (Inv.-No .: 436 B); Camille Pissarro : La Varenne-de-St.-Hilaire (Inv.-No .: 377 B); Le Pont-Neuf (Inv.-No .: 205 B); Pierre-Auguste Renoir : Portrait of a girl (Inv.-No .: 435 B); Augustin Théodule Ribot : Still life (Inv.-No .: 457 B); Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec : Ces Dames… (Inv.-No .: 356 B); Constant Troyon : cowherd (Inv.-No .: 260 B); Schäferszene (Inv.-No .: 261 B); Maurice Utrillo : Street Part (Inv.-No .: 422 B)
- Further masters: Arnold Böcklin : Spring evening ; Eugen Bracht : Az Ingovány (Inv.-Nr.:40.B); Marc Chagall : Blue Village ; Renato Guttuso : Land occupation in Sicily ; Oskar Kokoschka : Veronika ; Wilhelm Leibl : Portrait of the painter Pál Szinyei Merse ; Franz von Lenbach : Arch of Titus in Rome ; Adolph Menzel : Mission service in the Buchenhalle near Kösen ; Giovanni Segantini : The Angel of Life ; Max Slevogt : Still Life with Flowers ; Franz von Stuck : Spring ; Fritz von Uhde : The Sermon on the Mount ; Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller : The peep box man ; Anders Zorn : mother and child
- 1906–1914: Ernő Kammerer
- 1914-1935: Elek Petrovics
- 1935-1944: Dénes Csánky
- 1944–1945: Zoltán Oroszlán
- 1945–1949: István Genthon
- 1949–1952: Imre Oltványi
- 1952–1955: Ferenc Redő
- 1956-1964: Andor Pigler
- 1964–1984: Klára Garas
- 1984-1991: Ferenc Merényi
- 1991-2004: Miklós Mojzer
- from 2004: László Baán
- Notice of closure on the museum's website, 2015 (English) ( memento of July 29, 2015 in the Internet Archive ).
- About the museum. Museum website, accessed January 20, 2019.
- Klára Garas (ed.): The Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest. Budapest 1987. p. 8.
- János Végh: German and Bohemian panel paintings of the 15th century. Budapest 1967.
- Andor Pigler: Catalog of the Old Masters Gallery, Vol. 1. Budapest 1968.
- János Végh: German panel paintings of the 16th century. Budapest 1972.
- Miklós Mojzer: German and Austrian paintings from the 17th - 18th centuries. Budapest 1975.
- István Genthon: The Great Age of New French Painting. Budapest 1975.
- Mária G. Aggházy: Sculptures by Italian and Spanish masters. Budapest 1977.
- Klára Garas (Inv.-No .: Ed.): The Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest. Budapest 1987.
- Vilmos Tátrai, Ágnes Szigethi, Éva Nyerges, István Barkóczi, György Rusza: Museum of Fine Arts Budapest. Old Masters' Gallery. A Summary Catalog of Italian, French, Spanish and Greek Paintings. Budapest 1991.
- Ildikó Ember, Anamária Gosztola, Zsuzsa Urbach: Museum of Fine Arts Budapest. Old Masters' Gallery. Summary Catalog Volume 2 Early Netherlandisch, Dutch and Flemish Paintings. Budapest 2000.