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City coat of arms of the city of Duisburg.svg
district of Duisburg
coat of arms map
coat of arms map
Basic data
Area : 21.10 km²
Residents : 50,489 (December 31, 2019)
Population density : 2,389 inhabitants / km²
Postcodes : 47178, 47179, 47169
Telephone code : 0203
Distribution of seats for the district council (2014)
SPD: 8, CDU: 5, GREEN: 1, Die Linke: 1, ProNRW: 1, NPD: 1

Walsum (50,489 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) , area: 21.10 km² ) is the northernmost district of the city of Duisburg . The former town of Walsum belonged to the Dinslaken district until December 31, 1974 .


Spatial location

Walsum is located on the Lower Rhine in the north-west of the Ruhr area and has been the northernmost district of Duisburg since 1975. Walsum is bordered in the west by the Lower Rhine , in the north by the city of Dinslaken , in the east by the Oberhausen district of Holten and in the south by the Duisburg district of Hamborn .


The residential building with adjoining farm building from 1819 with a late baroque gable of the former Vierlindenhof, which gave its name to the district that developed on its arable land. The property burned down on May 17, 2012 and was completely demolished in February 2014.

The Walsum district consists of six districts with the following population figures: E

  • Alt-Walsum (4,259 inhabitants)
  • Aldenrade (14,135 inhabitants)
  • Fahrn (7,596 inhabitants)
  • Overbruch (5,049 inhabitants)
  • Vierlinden (12,038 inhabitants)
  • Wehofen (7,412 inhabitants)
E. As of December 31, 2019


The name Walsum can be traced back to the 7th / 8th Century can be traced back as Franconian place name. Walsum was first mentioned in the 12th century. The greatest surge in development came with industrialization in the second half of the 19th century. Independent since 1905, Walsum was incorporated into Duisburg in 1975 .

Prehistory and Roman times

As early as 2000 BC First finds from the Neolithic period show a settlement site. A quartzite stone ax , a flint knife and a flint tip were found there. In the Bronze Age around 800 BC 34 urn graves were laid out by an ancient Celtic group of farmers. From around the year 55 BC. The Romans conquered the left Lower Rhine . A Germanic fountain with vessels, remains of shoes and Roman coins from around AD 160–250 was found in Walsum. The Roman era on the Lower Rhine ended around AD 400 .

middle Ages

After the end of the Roman era, an early medieval grave field with 44 burials with clay vessels, weapons and iron tools was created. It dates from around 670–740 AD. The excavation was carried out in 1933 by the Duisburg archaeologist Rudolf Stampfuß when the mine harbor was being built.

About two hundred years later (in 980) the farming community "Aldenroda" (Aldenrade) was first mentioned in writing. In 1144 Walsum was mentioned for the first time in a document from Archbishop Arnold I of Cologne : Alwardus and Wolfhildis received an Oberhof near "Walsheim".

Almost a hundred years later, in 1250, the parish "Walsheim" appeared in the records of the Xanten office. The parish, which belonged to the Deanery Duisburg and Archdeaconate Xanten, originally comprised the entire area of ​​the Walsheimer or Walsumer Mark between Rotbach , Rhine , Emscher , Fernewald and Klosterhardt . A little later (1269) a document from the knight Heinrich Stecke, Burgmann von Holten, made the first mention of a Walsum pastor: "Fredericus pastor ecclesiae de Walsheim".

The noblewoman Mechthild von Holten donated the patronage of the church in "Walsem" to the Order of St. John in 1281 . A little later (1289) the jurisdiction "in Walshem" was given to Count Dietrich VI by Burkhard, known as Stecke . sold by Kleve . In 1292 the order house of the Johanniter next to the church (later Kommler's court) was completed.

After a long legal dispute between the Johanniter and Count Johann von der Mark , Holten was separated from the Walsum parish in 1319 and the patronage of the Johanniter at the Walsum church was confirmed. In 1370 Constantinus Crone von Hysvelt is documented as the owner of the farms Ochtrop and Hückelhoven ; Johann Ingen Lohe became lord of the Loh house in Driesenbusch in 1490 and Bernhard Hystvelt became the owner of the Watereck manor in 1492 .

16.-18. century

In 1507 the German king and later emperor Maximilian I came from Duisburg on horseback to Walsum to embark down the Rhine to Brabant .

1713: Course of the Rhine from Walsum to Rheinberg to Johann Bucker

The Spanish general Francisco de Mendoza lay in 1598 during the Eighty Years' War with 21,000 foot soldiers and 2,500 riders in front of the fortress Orsoy and in front of Walsum, where a camp with entrenchments was built. A floating bridge built by the Spaniards over the Rhine was destroyed by a storm, whereupon Mendoza began to siege Rheinberg . In the aftermath of the war there was great damage in 1601 through raids by Dutch mercenaries.

A map by the cartographer Johann Bucker from 1713 shows the village of Walsum with the church, the ferry house on the Rhine and the Aldenrade district. At that time, the riverbed largely corresponded to the current course of the river.

Since 1611 the property of the Johanniter in Walsum was administered by the Kommende Herrenstrunden near Bergisch Gladbach ; about 200 years later (1806) the lands of the Johanniter-Kommende in Walsum fell victim to secularization. In 1620 the last Johanniter died in Walsum, the house commander and pastor Heinrich Brinkmann. In 1755 the manor Haus Watereck came into the possession of Senator Arnold Huyssen from Essen .

Industrialization in the 19th century

In the second half of the 19th century, the village structure of Walsum began to change permanently due to the expansion of the mining and steel industry to the north. Industrialists and companies began to buy up land: the Gute-Hoffnungs-Hütte from Oberhausen (from 1868), the industrialist Julius Grillo (from 1869), the industrialist Max Haniel (from 1871) and the “ German Emperor's Union ” under the leadership of August Thyssen ( from 1896).

In the years 1881–1883, the dilapidated St. Dionysius Church from the 13th century in Alt-Walsum was demolished due to the rapidly increasing population and replaced by a larger neo-Gothic brick building by the Cologne architect Heinrich Wiethase .

Beginning of the 20th century 1901–1918

On April 1, 1905, Walsum became its own mayor's office with 5,179 inhabitants . Johannes Hoeveler was appointed 1st mayor (until 1933). In the same year the Walsum-Aldenrade volunteer fire brigade was founded (now extinguishing group 401), and in 1907 the "TV Walsum-Aldenrade 07" was founded. In 1909 the association "Spiel und Sport 09 Walsum", today " Sportfreunde Walsum 09", was founded.

Weimar Republic 1918–1933

The first years after the lost First World War were marked by social and political tensions. During the March riots after the Kapp Putsch in 1920, around 30 people were killed in fighting between the " Red Ruhr Army " and the Reichswehr . In the years 1923 to 1925, Walsum was occupied by Belgian troops in order to enforce outstanding reparations payments due to the Versailles Treaty .

Industrialization continued after the First World War. In 1921 Gutehoffnungshütte Oberhausen built the Rheinwerft Walsum near the southern port, which developed into the most efficient river yard on the Rhine . Until the closure in 1982, over a thousand river and special ships were built here.

Due to the growing population (especially refugees from the occupied Saar area), new settlements were built in Vierlinden (from 1921) and in Overbruch (“White Settlement”, from 1932).

In 1919 the game club Walsum 1919 e. V. and in 1928 the DJK Vierlinden 1928 e. V.

Period of National Socialism 1933–1945

In 1933 the Nazi regime deposed the long-time mayor Johannes Hoeveler. In 1935 the August-Thyssen-Hütte began building the “Rote Siedlung” residential estate for their workers in the Hamborner steel works. In 1939 coal mining began at the Walsum colliery . As an important war industry, the shaft was expanded as planned, also with the use of numerous prisoners of war and slave labor . In 1942 bombers of the Western Allies flew the first air raids on the Ruhr area , including on industrial plants in Walsum. The Walsum-Vierlinden volunteer fire brigade (now extinguishing group 402) was founded at this time.

After bombing and artillery shelling, troops of the Western Allies crossed the Rhine on March 24, 1945 as part of " Operation Plunder ". As part of this operation, the 79th Infantry Division undertook Operation Flashpoint and captured Walsum. It was the end of the war for Walsum. There were around 309 civilian casualties, around 150 foreign and forced laborers and around 880 fallen soldiers. Around 1,600 apartments were completely destroyed and around 2,200 apartments were seriously or moderately damaged.

Reconstruction after the Second World War 1945–1958

In 1949 the construction of the “Dr. H. Barking-Siedlung ”on Saarbrückener Strasse is being rebuilt. In 1950 the housing estate was built on Franz-Lenze-Platz. In the sporting sector, the canoe club “Glück-Auf” Walsum e. V. In 1956, Federal Minister of Economics Prof. Dr. Ludwig Erhard Walsum and inaugurated the “Wilhelm” shaft. In the same year the "Franz-Wärme-Haus" was inaugurated.

City of Walsum 1958–1975

Orsoy Rhine ferry

On July 1, 1958, the municipality of Walsum with over 40,000 inhabitants received city ​​rights . Other events this year were the construction of the power station at the Walsum shaft, the new city savings bank in Aldenrade, the commissioning of the Orsoy – Walsum car ferry and the inauguration of the Fridtjof Nansen secondary school. In the following year, the construction of the indoor swimming pool on Prinzenstrasse was completed and the “1. Swimming Association Walsum eV “founded. 1961 came the "1. Walsumer Judo Club ”. In the cultural field, the new building of the Kopernikus-Gymnasium was opened on November 17, 1967. 1974 saw the opening of the all-weather swimming pool and the cultural center with a large auditorium (Walsum town hall).

City district Duisburg-Walsum 1975 to today

On January 1st, 1975 the independence of the city of Walsum ended. It was incorporated into the city of Duisburg as part of the municipal reorganization in North Rhine-Westphalia . The Walsum district of Eppinghoven came to the city of Dinslaken , while the western part of the Hamborner district of Fahrn came to the district of Walsum.

  • 1980 Opening of the youth center "Alte Schmiede" in Wehofen
  • 1984 New building of the Sparkasse on Kometenplatz
  • 1985 New construction of the A 59 motorway to Dr.-Hans-Böckler-Straße
  • 1987 Founding of the comprehensive school in Walsum
  • 1991 Foundation of the " Rheinaue Walsum " nature reserve
  • 1993 Completion of the new building of the Walsum town hall - seat of the district council
  • 1996 New construction of the A 59 motorway to the Dinslaken city limits
  • 1999 Demolition of the DVG tram depot
  • 2004 Election of Adolf Sauerland (CDU) from Wehofen as Lord Mayor of Duisburg
  • 2006 Foundation stone laid in November for the construction of the controversial power plant unit 10 (700 MW) by Steag
  • 2008 Completion of the 181 meter high cooling tower for the new Steag power station unit 10 in July
  • 2008 Closure of the Walsum mine

Population development

For centuries, Walsum was a small farming village with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants. Only from the 19th century did the population slowly increase. With the beginning of the industrialization of the Ruhr area at the end of the 19th century, the number of inhabitants exploded: Between 1880 and 1920 the population doubled every ten years due to the settlement of the pulp mill (1897), the construction of the south port (from 1903), the construction of the Rhine shipyard of the GHH (1921) and the commissioning of the mine shafts Wehofen (1913) and Walsum (1939). A second wave of immigration followed after the end of the war through refugees, displaced persons and job seekers who found a job at the Walsum colliery, which was expanded into a composite mine. Around 1976 a maximum of almost 56,000 inhabitants was reached. Since then the population has been falling slowly.

year Residents
1676 about 500
1740 about 600
1755 about 625
1811 940
1850 1,348
1880 1,532
1900 3,594
1910 7,567
1920 16,236
1930 20,875
1945 23,149
Year / date Residents
1950 28,350
November 1, 1960 44,682
June 6, 1961 44,686
May 27, 1970 48,783
1st October 1970 49,087
December 31, 1976 55,957
December 31, 1985 52,856
December 31, 2005 51,885
December 31, 2010 50,681
December 31, 2012 50.166
December 31, 2014 49,918
Year / date Residents
December 31, 2015 50,229
December 31, 2016 50,768
December 31, 2017 50,809
December 31, 2018 50,604
December 31, 2019 50,489

Sources: 1676–1755: estimate by B. Schleiken; 1811: R. Stampfuß; 1850–1880: Home calendar of the Dinslaken district 1939, p. 84; 1900–1910: Censuses of the German Empire; 1910–1960: home calendar of the Dinslaken district 1939–1961; 1961 and May 1970: census results; 1970: City of Walsum; from 1976: City of Duisburg


St. Dionysius
  • Evangelical church in Aldenrade, built around 1905, with parish hall from 1927 (listed)
  • Catholic parish church St. Josef, three-aisled basilica built by 1914 on Kolpingstrasse in Aldenrade
  • The Claus juniper distillery and restaurant in Alt-Walsum, part of the Route of Industrial Culture
  • Catholic parish church of St. Dionysius, built 1881–1883, architectural and soil monument, in Alt-Walsum
  • Walsum power plant and colliery


New power plant built by Steag in March 2008

Pulp and paper production

Niederrheinische Zellstoff -Aktiengesellschaft was founded in 1897 as the first industrial company in Walsum . In 1903 Aschaffenburger Zellstoff AG took over the insolvent pulp factory and expanded the plant as planned. The production was around 50,000 tons of pulp per year. On January 1, 1964, the pulp mill closed its doors for economic reasons.

In 1962, Haindl Papier GmbH built a paper factory on the site of the pulp factory and started the production of gravure paper with a paper machine (PM8) . In 1972 and 1984 two more paper machines, each with a working width of eight meters, were newly installed (PM10 and PM4). In 1996 the first paper machine PM8 was shut down, dismantled and sold to Iran.

In 2001, Haindl Papier GmbH sold all of the company's paper mills; the Walsum plant was taken over by the Norwegian group Norske Skog . Up to 2013, approx. 435,000 tons of coated printing paper were produced on two paper machines per year.

Due to the falling demand for coated printing papers, Norske Skog shut down one of the two paper machines (PM4) at the end of 2013, reducing annual production to around 220,000 tons. The workforce was reduced by around 200 employees. On June 5, 2015, the group announced that it would also shut down the second paper machine (PM10) and close the plant due to insufficient profitability, which affected 291 jobs. During one year of insolvency proceedings, the plant continued to operate under the name of the Walsum paper mill. However, since no investor could be found for the paper mill, the mill was finally closed in June 2016. A short time later, the entire factory site was bought by Duisburger Hafen AG in order to build another logistics center there - Logport VI. By summer 2019, all of the buildings on the site - paper machine halls, sewage treatment plant, and supply and administration buildings - were demolished.

Rail transport

On May 1, 1900, two tram routes were opened from Dinslaken via Walsum to Neumühl train station and between Aldenrade and Walsum-Dorf. The operator was the Continentale Eisenbahn-Bau- und Betriebs-Gesellschaft in Berlin, and from 1911 the Kreis Ruhrorter Straßenbahn AG .

With the construction of a new branch line close to the Rhine from Oberhausen via Walsum and Voerde to Wesel , Walsum was connected to the railway network of the royal Prussian state railway. The Walsum Station (corner Bahnhofstrasse / Roman road) was opened on 15 October 1912th Through the destruction of the bridge over the Lippe side canal during the Second World War, the through traffic between Spellen and Wesel was permanently interrupted.

In 1983 the passenger traffic on the Walsumbahn was stopped and the Walsum train station closed. The railway line is now used by the Walsum coal-fired power station and by companies at the Rhein-Lippe-Hafen south of the mouth of the Wesel-Datteln Canal for goods transport.

Today the tram line 903 of the Duisburger Verkehrsgesellschaft provides a connection to Dinslaken ( train station ) and Duisburg - Marxloh , Hamborn , Meiderich ( train station ), main station , Wanheimerort and Hüttenheim in the south of the city. Line 903 is the main line of the Duisburg network and carries most of the passengers. In Walsum it is the only rail-bound local transport.

Rhine ports

1903–1905 the Rhine port of the Gute-Hoffnungs-Hütte Oberhausen (today Südhafen ) was built as a factory port and in 1922 a second port basin was added. Today the Südhafen belongs to the ThyssenKrupp Group as part of Eisenbahn und Häfen GmbH . Approx. 2,000,000 tons of goods are handled each year, mainly finished products of the steel industry that are sensitive to moisture. The townscape was decisively changed in the years 1933–1936 through the construction of the Zechenhafen (today Nordhafen Walsum ) and the filling of the Rhine dike. Up until the closure of the Walsum mine in 2008, the north port was mainly used to transport export coal and the mine dump. The port was taken over by Steag , which today handles imported coal for the Walsum coal-fired power station.

Hövelmann beverage group

In 1905 the Hövelmann family company (Rheinperle Getränke) was founded as a beer wholesaler and mineral water manufacturer. After 1945 the family developed the lemonade brand Rheinperle under the direction of the founder, the first fruit juice drink in Germany that was only sweetened with sugar. The family business developed into one of the leading beverage distributors in Germany. (For details see Hövelmann )


In 1909, the preparatory work for the later Walsum mine began . The first coal mining was delayed by the First World War and the Great Depression until 1939. In 1913 coal mining began on the Rhein 1/2 shaft in Wehofen . At the same time, the miners' settlement in Wehofen was built. While the bill Wehofen in the Great Depression was closed in 1928, the Walsum mine was after World War II expanded as planned to the group mine and became one of the most modern mines in Germany. In the course of the dismantling of the coal subsidy, the mine was closed on June 30, 2008. The location was previously highly controversial because of the mining of the seams under the Rhine and the resulting measurable damage to the mountains on the banks of the Rhine.

coal-fired power station

The plans for a coal-fired power station for the self-sufficiency of the Walsum coal mine began in 1927 and were implemented until the mine was commissioned in 1939. From 1951, the Walsum coal-fired power station was expanded and modernized with the aim of generating electricity for the public power grid. There are currently 560 MW in operation in two power plant blocks. The commissioning of Unit 10, originally planned for the beginning of 2010, with an output of 700 MW, was delayed until 2013, as material defects in the weld seams led to leaks in the boiler tubes. (For details, see Duisburg-Walsum power plant )

politics and society

As a village settlement, Walsum has belonged to the Dinslaken region in the Duchy of Kleve since the 13th century. This was not taken into account in 1975 when it was incorporated into Duisburg in the municipal structure. In the 19th century, the farming villages of Walsum and Hiesfeld were part of the Dinslaken mayor's office, which was run by the mayor of Dinslaken. Walsum was represented in the mayor's office by a mayor. In 1905 Walsum resigned from the mayor's office and became an independent municipality with its own mayor. After the Second World War, Walsum was elevated to a city on July 1, 1958 due to the population development. In 1975 it was incorporated into Duisburg as part of the municipal reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . The city council was replaced by a district council.

Mayor until 1905

  • around 1848 Hermann Borgmann
  • around 1867 H. bees
  • around 1875 H. Hülsermann
  • before 1894 to 1900 Georg Feldmann
  • 1900 to 1905 Hermann Claus

Mayor of the municipality of Walsum (1905–1958)

  • 1905 to 1933 Johannes Hoeveler
  • 1933 to 1944 Fritz Lüttgens ( NSDAP )
  • 1944 to March 1945 Heinz Stienen (NSDAP)
  • March 1945 to May 1945 Christian Pohlmann
  • 1945 to 1946 Carl Lomb ( center )
  • 1946 Josef Schmitz ( SPD )
  • 1946 to 1947 Johannes Balthaus (center)
  • 1947 to 1951 Johannes Faltinski (SPD)
  • 1951 to 1952 Carl Lomb (center)
  • 1952 to 1956 Johannes Faltinski (SPD)
  • 1956 Johannes Peters (SPD)
  • 1956 to 1958 Gustav Stapp (SPD)

Mayor of the City of Walsum (1958–1974)

  • 1958 to 1963 Gustav Stapp (SPD)
  • 1963 to 1964 Herwarth Dietrich (SPD)
  • 1964 to 1967 Georg Matthae (SPD)
  • 1967 to 1973 Ernst Lapp (SPD)
  • 1973 Bernhard Garden ( CDU )
  • 1973 to 1974 Paul Degen (SPD)

District Mayor in the Walsum district (since 1975)

  • 1975 to 1979 Heinrich Otto (SPD)
  • 1979 to 1994 Willy Bernarding (SPD)
  • 1994 to 2014 Heinz Plückelmann (SPD)
  • since 2014 Georg Salomon (SPD)

The Walsum district council

The Walsum district council has a total of 17 members. Since the last local election in May 2014, it has been made up as follows:

  • 8 members of the SPD
  • 5 members of the CDU
  • 2 members of the left
  • 1 member of the NPD
  • 1 member of Pro NRW

The meeting place of the Walsum district representation is the former town hall (current district office) in the Aldenrade district.

coat of arms

Blazon : “Under the silver shield head, inside the blue clad, over the red severed neck, gold nimbed bust of St. Dionysius with a silver pallium, his right hand raised in a blessing, in his left the severed, golden nimbed head with miter, on the dividing line in red a lower silver label, covered by a golden lily reel. "

The bishop introduces St. Dionysius of Paris , the patron saint of the Walsum church and one of the fourteen helpers in need. The patronage of St. Dionysius appeared in the churches of the Lower Rhine between 800 and 1000. He is always easy to recognize because he is the only saint depicted with his head in his hand. The Glevenrad, the Klevian lily reel , indicates that Walsum previously belonged to the Duchy of Kleve .

The oldest known jury seal of the Walsum court from 1426, which is now in the state archive of North Rhine-Westphalia Rhineland Department in Duisburg, was used as a template for the Walsum city arms . The Düsseldorf heraldist Wolfgang Pagenstecher designed the coat of arms, which was approved by the Prussian State Ministry on April 28, 1928 by its Prime Minister Otto Braun in his third term of office. In 1939, at the instigation of the National Socialists, Saint Dionysius in the Schildhaupt was replaced by half a gear, supplemented with the mining symbol “mallets and irons” and approved. After the war, the old coat of arms with St. Dionysius again taken over.



  • Rudolf Stampfuß : The late Franconian clan cemetery of Walsum. Leipzig 1939. (Reprint: Habelt, Bonn 1971, ISBN 3-7749-1184-3 ).
  • Rudolf Stampfuß: Walsum - From the village to the industrial community. Walsum 1955.
  • Walsum at the turn of 1905–1975, a magazine for the citizens of our city. Walsum 1974.
  • A brief history of the city of Duisburg. Braun, Duisburg 1983, ISBN 3-87096-170-8 .
  • Heimatverein Walsum: Walsum history and stories. Duisburg 1983ff (so far 15 issues).
  • Friedrich-Karl Bassier , Egon Kallrath: Walsum - The story of a mine. Walsum n.d. (1989).
  • Heinz Dohmen : Hildegard Bienen - Volume II: Works from 1977–1990. Bongers, Recklinghausen 1991, ISBN 3-7647-0422-5 .
  • Bernhard Schleiken: Walsum - Courtyards, Church and Coming. (= Materials on the Walsum story. Volume 1). Walsum / Ravensburg 2001
  • 100 years of Walsum municipality April 1, 1905 to April 1, 2005. Festschrift. Duisburg 2005. (available from: bza.walsum@stadt-duisburg.de)
  • 100 years of the Walsum-Aldenrade volunteer fire brigade. Duisburg 2005.
  • 75 years of Vennbruchschule (commemorative publication for the anniversary of the Walsum-Vierlinden school). Duisburg 2005.
  • Michael A. Kanther: Rhenish City Atlas - Walsum. Delivery XVII No. 92, Cologne 2008, ISBN 978-3-412-20223-1 .
  • Volker Herrmann: Walsum - archeology and history of a district of Duisburg. In: Duisburg monument themes. No. 8, Duisburg 2010. ( PDF (1.25 MB) )
  • Christian Böse, Michael Farrenkopf: Zeche am Strom. The history of the Walsum mine. 2nd Edition. Bochum 2015, ISBN 978-3-937203-71-3 .
  • Kai Thomas Platz: The archaeological activities in Duisburg, district 1 (Walsum). In: Dispargum - annual reports of Duisburg city archeology. Volume 1/2016, Büchenbach 2017, ISBN 978-3-946387-11-4 , pp. 269-292.

Web links

Commons : Duisburg-Walsum  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Gregor Herberhold: Alter Vierlindenhof razed to the ground. WAZ.de, accessed on February 11, 2014 .
  2. Population statistics for the city of Duisburg 2017.
  3. Rudolf Stampfuß: The late Frankish family cemetery of Walsum. (= Sources on West German prehistory and early history. 1). Leipzig 1939. (Reprint: Habelt, Bonn 1971, ISBN 3-7749-1184-3 ); Frank Siegmund: Merovingian time on the Lower Rhine. (= Rhenish excavations. 34). Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1998, ISBN 3-7927-1247-4 , pp. 194-195 and 434.
  4. Erich Wisplinghoff: Documents and sources on the history of the city and abbey of Siegburg. Siegburg 1964, DNB 455189919 , p. 117 No. 53.
  5. ^ Charles B. MacDonald: The Last Offensive. (United States Army in World War II, European Theater of Operations). Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army. Washington DC 1973, pp. 303-309. (ibiblio.org)
  6. ↑ Local calendar of Dinslaken district 1950, p. 142.
  7. ^ New Ruhr / Rhein newspaper. January 5, 1946.
  8. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 291 .
  9. Bernhard Schleiken: Walsum - Courtyards, Church and Coming. (= Materials on the Walsum story. Volume 1). Walsum / Ravensburg 2001, p. 23.
  10. Rudolf Stampfuß , Anneliese Triller: History of the City of Dinslaken 1273–1973. Dinslaken 1973, p. 633.
  11. ^ Norske Skog Walsum. ( Memento of April 14, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) at: norskeskog.com
  12. ^ Port of Walsum-Süd. ( Memento from June 21, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
  13. Damage to the river bed
  14. Citizens' Initiative Mining Affected on the Lower Rhine eV ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  15. WA Benesch: HKW Walsum Block 10 ( Memento from November 10, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (pdf; 169 kB). at: www.steag-energyservices.com , In: The modern hard coal power plant in the field of tension between efficiency and CO2 separation. Website of the power plant operator Evonik Industries
  16. Pickling weakened welds in the power plant. ( Memento from February 5, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) on: vdi-nachrichten.com , August 13, 2010.
  17. ^ Walsum history and stories. 1992, p. 6.
  18. ^ Walsum history and stories. 1992, p. 6; 100 years of Walsum municipality April 1, 1905 to April 1, 2005. Festschrift. Pp. 18-20.
  19. ^ Riots in the old town hall in Walsum. WAZ.de, February 8, 2014, accessed September 4, 2015 .
  20. ^ Walsum history and stories. 1992, p. 6; 100 years of the Walsum community April 1, 1905 to April 1, 2005. Festschrift, pp. 18–20.
  21. 100 years of the Walsum community April 1, 1905 to April 1, 2005. Festschrift. Pp. 18-20.
  22. Walsum district council. Citizen information portal of the city of Duisburg, accessed on July 3, 2017 .
  23. ^ Rheinische Post. 5th July 1973.
  24. ^ Rheinische Post. July 4, 1973 to October 16, 1979.

Coordinates: 51 ° 32 '  N , 6 ° 43'  E