New York City Marathon
|TCS New York City Marathon|
|venue||New York City United States
|track record||Men: 2:05:06 h, 2011 Geoffrey Kiprono Mutai
Women: 2:22:31 h, 2003 Margaret Okayo
The New York City Marathon (also colloquially the New York Marathon ; with its full name TCS New York City Marathon after the main sponsor Tata Consultancy Services ) is a marathon that takes place on the first Sunday in November in New York City . It has been held annually by the New York Road Runners organization since 1970 .
In addition to the Boston Marathon and the Chicago Marathon, it is one of the most important and largest running events in the USA and in 2006 it merged with these two events as well as the London Marathon and the Berlin Marathon to form the World Marathon Majors .
It is the marathon with the largest number of participants in the world. In 2016, a record number of participants was set with 51,394 finishers out of a total of 51,999 starters.
Initially a small event in Central Park with a few hundred runners, the marathon was expanded to all five New York boroughs for the first time in 1976 to mark the 200th anniversary of the independence of the United States . This was so successful that it has been taking place in this form every year since. In 2012 it had to be canceled two days before the start due to the consequences of Hurricane Sandy . In 2020 the marathon was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic .
Held in mid-September for the first few years, it took place at the end of October 1976 to 1985. It has had its current date since 1986, with the exception of 1993 and 1995, when it only took place on the second Sunday in November.
The event was awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize in 2014.
The New York Marathon is not a circuit, but goes from Fort Wadsworth on Staten Island via Brooklyn , Queens and the Bronx to Manhattan , where the finish line is in Central Park . Due to the large number of participants, the start is now in four waves (from 2008 to 2011 in three waves) with an interval of about 30 minutes. In each wave there are three start lanes, which are only finally united at mile 8 (12.9 kilometers). The professional runners start separately some time before the main waves, as do the participants in the wheelchair class. The professional runners start at the head of the first main wave.
Right at the beginning you have to walk the highest point of the route, the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge with a span of 3 km. Then it's through Brooklyn, where you walk almost straight between mile 4 (6.3 km) and mile 8 (12.9 km) on 4th Avenue. Over the Pulaski Bridge , on whose ramp is the half marathon point (21.098 km), it goes to Queens. From this part of the city you can get to the Queensboro Bridge , which leads to Manhattan and First Avenue. There it goes about 5.5 km north and over the Willis Avenue Bridge into the Bronx. After a little over a mile it goes over the Madison Avenue Bridge back to Manhattan through the Harlem district on Fifth Avenue . Now walk along New York's Museum Mile to the east side of Central Park . Near the Guggenheim Museum , the runners switch to East Drive in the park itself until they briefly leave the park again and walk across Central Park South , where a particularly large number of spectators create a great atmosphere. Then it goes back to Central Park at Columbus Circle, towards the destination at the Tavern on the Green. 12,000 helpers are on duty to look after the more than 50,000 runners.
A total of five bridges must be crossed on the route. It is a demanding marathon that, compared to the big marathons in Germany such as Berlin, Hamburg, Frankfurt or Cologne, is about two minutes slower in the elite field and about five to ten minutes slower for recreational runners.
Beginnings in Central Park
In the first marathon on September 13, 1970, 127 participants took part, of which only 55 reached the finish. The low proportion of finishers persisted for a few years. Only since 1979 have 90% and more of the registered runners regularly cross the finish line.
The number of participants increased slowly: in 1971 there were 245 runners at the start, in 1974 more than 500. Until 1975 the marathon took place in Central Park , where four laps were completed. This caused increasing organizational problems as the larger the number of participants, it became more difficult to do the lap counting for each runner.
Expansion to all five city districts
In the run-up to the 1976 marathon, the proposal arose to run the marathon through all five New York boroughs on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the American Declaration of Independence . This was controversial as New York was heavily affected by crime at the time and many of the districts to be traversed were considered dangerous. The route chosen was basically the same as today. The change brought an increase in the number of participants from 534 to over 2000. Despite the fears, there were no negative incidents. In addition to the positive response in the media, the run received a lot of attention from the population. Therefore, the route was maintained in the following years.
The number of participants rose rapidly. In 1979 more than 10,000 runners crossed the finish line for the first time, and in 1985 over 15,000. Organizational restrictions increasingly played a role in the number of participants, so that since then there have been restrictions on the number of participants and the application of selection procedures. The size of the contingent continued to grow: in 1987 for the first time over 20,000 runners crossed the finish line, in 1997 they exceeded 30,000, in 2009 the 40,000 and in 2013 finally the 50,000. The audience response increased considerably, even if the number of two million onlookers mentioned by the organizer is likely to be far exaggerated.
Key figure Fred Lebow
A significant part of this success can be attributed to the organizer Fred Lebow , who died in 1994, who , as the bustling chairman of the New York Road Runners and race director of the marathon, promoted running in New York and thus also the marathon with new ideas. He took part himself in 1970 and 1971, but was no longer able to do so due to the increasing burden of organizing the run. He was also instrumental in expanding the run to all five boroughs, which laid the foundation for the event's great success. In the 1992 New York City Marathon, two years after he was diagnosed with a brain tumor, he took part as a runner himself for the third and last time. A memorial was created in his honor, which has its regular location at 90th Street near the headquarters of the New York Road Runners, directly on a walkway on East Drive in Central Park . Every year for the marathon it is moved to the finish line at the Tavern on the Green to greet the finishers there, similar to what Lebow did himself during his lifetime.
After 2000: sponsors and first rejection
Until 2002 the run had various sponsors, but had no sponsor name in the title. In 2003 it was renamed "ING New York City Marathon" after the new main sponsor ING Groep . On November 4, 2013, the day after the marathon, Tata Consultancy Services took over as main sponsor, which is why the run has been called the "TCS New York City Marathon" since 2014.
In 2012 the run had to be canceled for the only time so far. After Hurricane Sandy in 2012, the organizers and the mayor accepted the run as planned. Since the storm had claimed numerous victims and large parts of the city were still in a state of emergency, there was strong criticism of the planned organization of the marathon. It was finally canceled on November 2nd, two days before the scheduled date. Some of the registered participants and helpers, who had agreed to distribute beverages and medals, among other things, helped with the clean-up work instead, while others gathered for an informal marathon in Central Park. One accusation against the organizers and the decision-makers of the city of New York was that they canceled the event too late in order not to lose the income from the arriving runners. The controversy surrounding the cancellation of the marathon and the timing of the announcement of this decision continued for a while. In response, all registered participants in the run were offered three options: a refund of entry fees, a place in the New York City Half Marathon 2013, or a place in the marathon in 2013, 2014 or 2015. 19,000 of the registered participants in 2012 chose one Starting place in the 2013 marathon.
2020: Second cancellation due to the COVID-19 pandemic
In 2020, the marathon had to be canceled again as there were significant safety and health concerns for athletes, helpers and spectators as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic . The registered runners were offered either to get the entry fee back, to participate in one of the marathons in the years 2021-23 or to donate the entry fee to a support program of the NYRR.
Successful and prominent participants
The most successful participant was Grete Waitz , who won each of her nine participations from 1978 to 1988. In 1981 and 1987 she did not take part, in 1990 she came fourth. It originally came from shorter distances - among other things, it set world records in the 3,000-meter run in 1975 and 1976 . When she registered for the marathon in 1978, this aroused the interest of race director Fred Lebow, with whom she became friends from then on. She also successfully competed in other New York Road Runners (NYRR) races. In 1992 she started for the last time at the marathon in New York, when she accompanied the cancer-marked Lebow in his only participation since the introduction of the marathon through all five boroughs and therefore only came in 4768th place.
The most successful male runner is Bill Rodgers , who finished fifth in 1974 and then won four times in a row from 1976 to 1979. After disagreements about prize money and sponsors, he no longer started in New York, but in other major races.
The most successful participants from Germany were Uta Pippig , who won in 1993, and Herbert Steffny in third place in 1984, from Switzerland the winner from 1997, Franziska Rochat-Moser , and seventh from 2005, Viktor Röthlin .
Many celebrities have so far used the New York City Marathon for an appearance. In 1999 the then German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer and the Carinthian Governor Jörg Haider took part. Lance Armstrong ran his first marathon here after retiring from cycling in 2006 and stayed just under three hours. In 2013, actress Pamela Anderson also took part in aid of an aid organization for earthquake victims in Haiti .
In 2007, on the eve of the New York City Marathon, the US Athletics Association's elimination race for the 2008 Olympic Games was held in Central Park. Ryan Hall , Dathan Ritzenhein and Brian Sell secured the tickets to Beijing on the undulating course . The race was overshadowed by the cardiac death of fellow favorite Ryan Shay , who collapsed at 9 km.
In addition to the run on Sunday, there has been an accompanying program for many years.
There is an opening ceremony on Friday evening, which also includes a parade where runners from the participants' home countries carry their national flags. The event is open. Runners can apply to be flag bearers.
Starting numbers will be issued as part of a large trade fair for running sports equipment. The venue is the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in west Manhattan.
Run the day before
For many years, a smaller run has been held on the day before the marathon, which starts in front of the United Nations headquarters and ends at the finish line of the marathon. Before 2011, this was called the “International Friendship Run” and was usually five miles . Since 2011 it has been called "Dash to the Finish Line" and is a 5000 meter run. Originally there was no timekeeping and the runners were the participants in the New York City Marathon. It is now a separate run that is open to everyone, with an additional entry fee and prize money.
A carbohydrate-rich dinner has been taking place on the eve of the marathon since Fred Lebow's time .
All runners must be at least 18 years old on race day.
The New York City Marathon is the world's largest marathon with over 50,000 finishers. Like many larger runs, this one also has to limit the number of registrations, since the interest far exceeds the organizationally feasible number of participants. The number of interested parties is regularly over 100,000 (almost 130,000 people applied in 2015).
As early as the 1980s, not every interested party could be admitted. At that time, the registrations u. a. accepted after the postmark, so that there was a rush right after midnight on the first day of registration to get a stamp as early as possible.
A multi-track system has been used since 1999. Some of the places are offered commercially, and some are given to charitable organizations. There are also criteria for guaranteed admission to the marathon, e.g. B. for professional runners and members of the New York Road Runners. The remaining places are allocated in a lottery.
Until 2014, applicants who were not drawn in the lottery three times in a row were entitled to a guaranteed starting place. This option was subsequently abolished.
Current award procedure
There are several ways to get guaranteed seats:
- Accredited travel agencies offer starting places in connection with corresponding travel packages.
- Numerous charities arrange starting place contingents for larger donations (usually more than 2000 US dollars), although the runners usually have to pay the full starting fee in addition to the donation. In the understanding of the organizers, the respective runners run less for themselves, but as ambassadors for the respective cause.
Some contingents are also available to sponsors and other partners of the run.
The remaining places are divided into two categories: guaranteed participation for runners who meet certain criteria and a lottery for all other interested parties.
Criteria for guaranteed participation are (status for the 2017 marathon):
- Falling short of certain time limits in a half marathon or a marathon run by the New York Road Runners (e.g. New York City Half Marathon ). For the 2017 run, the finisher times from previous years were analyzed and time limits were set according to age class. In the age group 18–34, the limit for men is 2:53 hours in the marathon or 1:21 in the half marathon, for women it is 3:13 hours in the marathon and 1:32 hours in the half marathon. The limits for older age groups are rising steadily. The highest age group is for runners aged 80 and over, with a limit of 4:55 h for men (2:15 h in the half marathon) and 6:35 h for women (2:50 h in the half marathon). If the planned quota is not exhausted, runners who have achieved comparable online verifiable results in other races will be admitted in the order of registration.
- Members of the New York Road Runners who have taken part in at least nine runs of the club in the previous year and who have also worked as helpers at a running event of the club (but not the marathon). The latter requirement can also be replaced by paying a sum of money (at least since 2014 this has been 1000 US dollars).
- Runners who had a starting place in the previous year and who canceled their participation in accordance with the applicable guidelines. However, there are restrictions on seats purchased through tour operators or seats made available by a charity. Applicants who have canceled twice in a row will also not be considered.
- Runners who have completed at least 15 New York City marathons.
Places remaining after applying all criteria will be distributed through a lottery. The time period for the lottery varies. For 2017 it was open from mid-January to mid-February. Lots are available free of charge in 2017. The drawing of the places took place later, with the winners immediately deducting the entry fee from the credit card given when buying the ticket. If the booking fails, the winner loses the place, which is raffled off again among the lottery participants.
The lottery is divided into categories: one third of the places go to the New York area, one third to the rest of the United States (only the 50 states and Washington, DC ) and the remaining third to international applicants. Previously, only the two categories USA and non-USA were used.
The number of applications via lottery is increasing. In 2016 there were 82,172 tickets issued, in 2018 it was already 105,184. The number of places allocated as a result varies. As a result of the cancellation in 2012 the participants registered at the time were able to get a guaranteed place in one of the three following years, from 2013 to 2015 there were less than 10,000 participants who were drawn by lot. In 2016 there were 19,083, in 2018 only 15,640 participants.
After the run was canceled, previously in 2012 and 2020, already approved runners were offered the option of participating in the run in one of the following three years. In the years 2013–2015 and 2021–2023, numerous places were allocated as a result and were no longer available for other categories.
Winner list and number of participants
|Nov 1, 2020||Canceled due to safety concerns resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic|
|Nov 3, 2019||Geoffrey Kipsang Kamworor -2-||2:08:13||Joyciline Jepkosgei ( KEN )||2:22:38||54205||30886||22741||53627|
|Nov 4, 2018||Lelisa Desisa ( ETH )||2:05:59||Mary Keitany -4-||2:22:48||30592||22112||50704|
|Nov 5, 2017||Geoffrey Kipsang Kamworor ( KEN )||2:10:53||Shalane Flanagan ( USA )||2:26:53||30001||21277||51278||29682||21091||50773|
|Nov 6, 2016||Ghirmay Ghebreslassie ( ERI )||2:07:51||Mary Keitany -3-||2:24:26||30285||21714||51999||29930||21464||51394|
|Nov 1, 2015||Stanley Kipleting Biwott ( KEN )||2:10:34||Mary Keitany -2-||2:24:25||29291||20944||50235||28899||20696||49595|
|Nov 2, 2014||Wilson Kipsang ( KEN )||2:10:59||Mary Keitany ( KEN )||2:25:07||30324||20572||50896||30108||20422||50530|
|Nov 3, 2013||Geoffrey Kiprono Mutai -2-||2:08:24||Priscah Jeptoo ( KEN )||2:25:07||31002||19738||50740||30699||19567||50266|
|Nov 4, 2012||Canceled due to the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy|
|Nov 6, 2011||Geoffrey Kiprono Mutai ( KEN )||2:05:06||Firehiwot Dado ( ETH )||2:23:15||30200||17563||47763||30068||17272||47340|
|Nov 7, 2010||Gebregziabher Gebremariam ( ETH )||2:08:14||Edna Ngeringwony Kiplagat ( KEN )||2:28:20||29097||16253||45350||28948||16155||45103|
|Nov 1, 2009||Mebrahtom Keflezighi ( USA )||2:09:15||Derartu Tulu ( ETH )||2:28:52||28808||15369||44177||28485||15175||43660|
|Nov 2, 2008||Marílson dos Santos -2-||2:08:43||Paula Radcliffe -3-||2:23:56||25669||13163||38832||25216||12880||38096|
|Nov 4, 2007||Martin Kiptoo Lel -2-||2:09:04||Paula Radcliffe -2-||2:23:09||26525||12740||39265||26072||12535||38607|
|Nov 5, 2006||Marílson dos Santos ( BRA )||2:09:58||Jeļena Prokopčuka -2-||2:25:05||25890||12478||38368||25546||12320||37866|
|Nov 6, 2005||Paul Tergat ( KEN )||2:09:30||Jeļena Prokopčuka ( LAT )||2:24:41||25279||12318||37597||24795||12062||36857|
|Nov 7, 2004||Hendrick Ramaala ( RSA )||2:09:28||Paula Radcliffe ( GBR )||2:23:10||25051||12206||37257||24574||11988||36562|
|Nov 2, 2003||Martin Kiptoo Lel ( KEN )||2:10:30||Margaret Okayo -2-||2:22:31||23359||11927||35286||23014||11715||34729|
|Nov 3, 2002||Rodgers Rop ( KEN )||2:08:07||Joyce Chepchumba ( KEN )||2:25:56||22140||10209||32560||21625||10209||31834|
|Nov 4, 2001||Tesfaye Jifar ( ETH )||2:07:43||Margaret Okayo ( KEN )||2:24:21||17080||6977||24057||16811||6853||23664|
|Nov 5, 2000||Abdelkader El Mouaziz ( MAR )||2:10:09||Lyudmila Petrova ( RUS )||2:25:45||21289||8641||29930||21005||8331||29336|
|Nov 7, 1999||Joseph Chebet ( KEN )||2:09:14||Adriana Fernández ( MEX )||2:25:06||23077||9426||32503||22626||9160||31786|
|Nov 1, 1998||John Kagwe -2-||2:08:45||Franca Fiacconi ( ITA )||2:25:17||23327||9071||32398||22587||8952||31539|
|Nov 2, 1997||John Kagwe ( KEN )||2:08:12||Franziska Rochat-Moser ( SUI )||2:28:43||22608||8792||31400||22014||8413||30427|
|Nov 3, 1996||Giacomo Leone ( ITA )||2:09:54||Anuța Cătună ( ROU )||2:28:18||21350||7650||29000||20749||7433||28182|
|Nov 12, 1995||German Silva -2-||2:11:00||Tegla Loroupe -2-||2:28:06||21350||7650||29000||20284||6470||26754|
|Nov 6, 1994||Germán Silva ( MEX )||2:11:21||Tegla Loroupe ( KEN )||2:27:37||23814||7315||31129||22758||6977||29735|
|Nov 14, 1993||Andrés Espinosa ( MEX )||2:10:04||Uta Pippig ( GER )||2:26:24||21989||6151||28140||20781||5816||26597|
|Nov 1, 1992||Willie Mtolo ( RSA )||2:09:29||Lisa Martin-Ondieki ( AUS )||2:24:40||23047||5609||28656||22356||5441||27797|
|Nov 3, 1991||Salvador García ( MEX )||2:09:28||Liz McColgan ( GBR )||2:27:32||21520||5380||26900||20593||5204||25797|
|Nov 4, 1990||Douglas Wakiihuri ( KEN )||2:12:39||Wanda Panfil ( POL )||2:30:45||20285||4727||25012||19274||4500||23774|
|Nov 5, 1989||Juma Ikangaa ( TAN )||2:08:01||Ingrid Kristiansen ( NOR )||2:25:30||20247||4749||24996||19971||4688||24659|
|Nov 6, 1988||Steve Jones ( GBR )||2:08:20||Grete Waitz -9-||2:28:07||19310||4153||23463||18431||3974||22405|
|Nov 1, 1987||Ibrahim Hussein ( KEN )||2:11:01||Priscilla Welch ( GBR )||2:30:17||18604||3919||22523||17555||3689||21244|
|Nov 2, 1986||Gianni Poli ( ITA )||2:11:06||Grete Waitz -8-||2:28:06||17016||3486||20502||16366||3323||19689|
|Oct. 27, 1985||Orlando Pizzolato -2-||2:11:34||Grete Waitz -7-||2:28:34||14099||2606||16705||13403||2478||15881|
|Oct 28, 1984||Orlando Pizzolato ( ITA )||2:14:53||Grete Waitz -6-||2:29:30||12195||2395||14590||12196||2394||14590|
|Oct 23, 1983||Rod Dixon ( NZL )||2:08:59||Grete Waitz -5-||2:27:00||12838||2355||15193||12343||2205||14548|
|Oct. 24, 1982||Alberto Salazar -3-||2:09:29||Grete Waitz -4-||2:27:14||12233||2075||14308||11700||1899||13599|
|Oct 25, 1981||Alberto Salazar -2-||2:08:13||Allison Roe ( NZL )||2:25:29||12467||2029||14496||11466||1757||13223|
|Oct 26, 1980||Alberto Salazar ( USA )||2:09:41||Grete Waitz -3-||2:25:42||12050||1962||14012||10890||1622||12512|
|Oct 21, 1979||Bill Rodgers -4-||2:11:42||Grete Waitz -2-||2:27:33||10207||1326||11533||9274||1203||10477|
|Oct 22, 1978||Bill Rodgers -3-||2:12:12||Grete Waitz ( NOR )||2:32:30||8937||938||9875||7819||769||8588|
|Oct 23, 1977||Bill Rodgers -2-||2:11:20||Miki Gorman -2-||2:43:10||4595||228||4823||3522||179||3701|
|Oct. 24, 1976||Bill Rodgers ( USA )||2:10:09||Miki Gorman ( USA )||2:39:11||2002||88||2090||1486||63||1549|
|28 Sep 1975||Tom Fleming -2-||2:19:27||Kim Merritt ( USA )||2:46:14||490||44||534||303||36||339|
|29 Sep 1974||USA )Norbert Sander (||2:26:31||Kathrine Switzer ( USA )||3:07:29||501||26th||527||250||9||259|
|Sep 30 1973||Tom Fleming ( USA )||2:21:55||Nina Kuscsik -2-||2:57:08||394||12th||406||277||5||282|
|Oct. 1, 1972||USA )Sheldon Karlin (||2:27:52||Nina Kuscsik ( USA )||3:08:41||278||6th||284||92||2||94|
|19 Sep 1971||Norm Higgins ( USA )||2:22:54||Beth Bonner ( USA )||2:55:22||240||5||245||153||4th||157|
|13 Sep 1970||USA )Gary Muhrcke (||2:31:39||---||126||1||127||55||0||55|
Note: In a follow-up measurement, the route in 1981 turned out to be 151 meters too short (42,044 meters). Presumably the races held on the same route from 1976 to 1980 were also too short.
- Harald Krämer, Klaus Zobel & Werner Irro (Eds.): Marathon. A running book in 42,195 chapters. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2004, ISBN 3-89533-464-2 , p. 209 ff.
- Frank Lauenroth : New York Run , Sportwelt Verlag , Betzenstein 2012, ISBN 978-3-941297-19-7 .
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- Marathon: ING Learns to Build Its Identity 26.2 Miles at a Time . In: New York Times . New York Times. October 27, 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
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- 19,083 Runners to be Accepted into 2016 TCS New York City Marathon Through Entry Drawing Process. Retrieved March 8, 2016 .
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- arrs.run: list of winners
- New York City Marathon Winners ( Memento from February 6, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- Runner's World : Where have all the Winner's Gone? ( Memento of March 16, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) 2005
- The only woman in the starting field was Nina Kuscsik , but she did not complete the run.