Zelenopolje (Kaliningrad, Gurjewsk, Lugowoje)
Selenopolje ( Russian Зеленополье , German Borchersdorf ) is a place in the Russian Oblast Kaliningrad (area around the former Königsberg ). It belongs to the municipal self-government unit of the Guryevsk District in Guryevsk Raion .
Zelenopolje is 14 kilometers southeast of the Rajons capital Kaliningrad (Königsberg) on the regional road 27A-083 (ex A196 ) in the direction of Prawdinsk (Friedland in East Prussia) . In town, the municipal road 27K-078 branches off in an easterly direction to Semjonowo (Fuchsberg) . The next train station is Lugowoje-Novoje on the Kaliningrad – Chernyshevskoje railway line (section of the former Prussian Eastern Railway ).
The formerly called Borchersdorf (before 1481 Borghardsdorf , before 1595 Burckhardsdorf ) is an old church village. In 1874 the village was incorporated into the newly established Friedrichstein district (today in Russian: Kamenka) and belonged to the Königsberg district (Prussia) in the Königsberg district of the Prussian province of East Prussia .
On May 14, 1930, the region was restructured to the effect that the three communities Borchersdorf, Schönmohr (today Russian: Partisanskoje) and Weissenstein (Marijskoje) were merged to form a new “Borchersdorf District”. It also belonged to the district of Königsberg until it was added to the district of Samland in 1939 .
As a result of the Second World War , northern East Prussia and with it Borchersdorf came to the Soviet Union . The place was given the Russian name Zelenopolye in June 1947 and at the same time became the seat of a village soviet, which had been in Kaliningrad Raion since July 1947 . This village soviet with its seat in Lugowoje in Guryevsk Raion existed since about 1965 . From 2008 to 2013 Zelenopolje belonged to the rural municipality Lugovskoye selskoje posselenije and since then to the urban district of Guryevsk.
|1910||506||Manor: 333, rural parish: 173|
A church for the first time in Borchersdorf in the Order of time documenting the 1,481th The building became dilapidated over the years and was replaced with a new church in 1735. It was a simple building with a tower without a choir. After another dilapidation, it received a major overhaul between 1807 and 1814.
During the fighting in World War II, the tower helmet was destroyed in 1944/45 and the south wall was damaged by artillery fire. There is now a big hole in the wall. The southern porch has disappeared, the northern extension is in ruins, the roof of the nave has collapsed. If a kolkhoz still used the church building as a warehouse after 1945, it can no longer be used today.
On the east wall there is still a wall mosaic with the larger-than-life sower in a field, who spreads the grain for the next sowing with a swinging arm. It was donated by Heinrich Graf Dönhoff as a memorial to the fallen after the First World War . The plaque with the names of the fallen is no longer legible.
One of the two earlier church bells survived the war on the bell cemetery in Hamburg and has been ringing since 1952 alongside another bell from Turheim in Silesia in the Protestant Christ Church of Trostberg in Upper Bavaria, a new building from 1951. On this bell it can still be seen that the saint Katharina was the namesake of the pre-Reformation church in Borchersdorf.
Borchersdorf was already a church village in the pre-Reformation period. Until the end of the 16th century Löwenhagen (now Russian: Komsomolsk) was a branch church in Borchersdorf. Originally assigned to the inspection of the chief preacher in Königsberg (Prussia) ( Kaliningrad ), the predominantly Protestant parish Borchersdorf belonged to the parish of Königsberg-Land I within the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union until 1945 .
Today Selenopolje lies in the catchment area of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Resurrection in Kaliningrad ( Königsberg ). It belongs to the newly formed Kaliningrad provost of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of European Russia (ELKER).
Parish locations (until 1945)
In addition to the parish village, the following places belonged to the Borchersdorf parish until 1945:
|German name||Russian name||German name||Russian name|
Pastor (until 1945)
From the Reformation to 1945, 32 evangelical clergy were in office in Borchersdorf:
- Baptisms: 1841-1944
- Weddings: 1841 to 1944
- Burials: 1841 to 1944
- Confirmations: 1913 to 1944
In some cases there are also name directories from the period from 1800 onwards.
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Kaliningradskaya oblastʹ. (Results of the 2010 all-Russian census. Kaliningrad Oblast.) Volume 1 , Table 4 (Download from the website of the Kaliningrad Oblast Territorial Organ of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
- Location information East Prussia picture archive: Borchersdorf, Königsberg / Samland district
- Rolf Jehke, Friedrichstein / Löwenhagen / Borchersdorf district
- The Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 17 июня 1947 г. "Об образовании сельских советов, городов и рабочих поселков в Калининградской области" (Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 17 June 1947: On the Formation of village Soviets, cities and workers' settlements in Kaliningrad Oblast)
- Through the Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 25 июля 1947 г. "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Калининградской области" (Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of July 25, 1947: Establishment of the Oblast-Kaliningrad)
- census data
- Selenopolje – Borchersdorf at ostpreussen.net
- Image of the Borchersdorf church ruins
- Evangelical Lutheran Provosty Kaliningrad ( Memento of the original dated August 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Friedwald Moeller, Old Prussian Evangelical Pastors' Book from the Reformation to the Expulsion in 1945 , Hamburg, 1968, page 24
- Christa Stache, Directory of Church Books in the Evangelical Central Archive in Berlin , Part I: The Eastern Church Provinces of the Evangelical Church of the Old Prussian Union , Berlin, 1992³, page 29