|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||55 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||48.56 km 2|
|Residents:||26,283 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||541 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||16540, 16556, 16562|
|Area code :||03303|
|License plate :||OHV|
|Community key :||12 0 65 144|
|LOCODE :||DE HO2|
|City structure:||4 districts|
City administration address :
|Oranienburger Strasse 2
16540 Hohen Neuendorf
|Mayor :||Steffen Apelt ( CDU )|
|Location of the town of Hohen Neuendorf in the Oberhavel district|
Hohen Neuendorf is a town in the Oberhavel district in the state of Brandenburg . The city, with over 26,000 inhabitants, is located on the Havel and borders directly on the Berlin districts of Frohnau and Heiligensee in the Reinickendorf district . Hohen Neuendorf has been one of the fastest growing places in Berlin's bacon belt since the 1990s . On March 28, 2019, the city council decided that the city should in future be known as the “city of bees”.
Hohen Neuendorf stretches from the Havel (developed as the Oder-Havel Canal ) in the west ( Pinnow , Alt- Borgsdorf and Niederheide; see also Zehdenick-Spandauer Havelniederung ) to the foothills of the Niederen Barnim in the east ( Bergfelde district ). The city lies on the western border of the Barnim Nature Park - Bergfelde is in the Nature Park, Hohen Neuendorf, Borgsdorf and Stolpe are outside.
approx. 10 km
approx. 8 km,
Velten approx. 8 km, Leegebruch
approx. 9 km
approx. 6 km and Mühlenbeck
approx. 7 km
Glienicke / Nordbahn
approx. 5 km and
approx. 19 km
According to the main statute of the city, Hohen Neuendorf is divided into the following districts: and residential areas
- Mountain fields
- Borgsdorf with the residential areas Havelhausen, Pinnow and Venice
- Hohen Neuendorf ( core town ) with the residential areas Elseneck and Niederheide
From the beginning to industrialization
The first traces of settlement in the area of today's Hohen Neuendorf can be traced back to the Bronze Age according to the list of archaeological monuments in Hohen Neuendorf . There were also settlements here in later phases.
The village of Hohen Neuendorf was first mentioned in 1349 as Nygendorf and later renamed Hohen Neuendorf to distinguish it from the village of Neuendorf located down the Havel . Until the suburbanization of Berlin at the end of the 19th century, encouraged by the creation of radial railway lines, Hohen Neuendorf was an insignificant small village .
A rapid development of the village began with the construction of the " Nordbahn ", the railway from Berlin to Neustrelitz , in the last quarter of the 19th century. The establishment of the “Stolpe” stop in 1877 - at the endeavors of the then more important neighboring village of the same name - subsequently led to the emergence of a small colony on today's southern edge of the city. A settlement also developed around the Hohen Neuendorf stop , which was set up at the same time . While Stolpe hardly changed in its agricultural character due to the transport links , Hohen Neuendorf developed into a commuter community . The colony grew both to the west (Stolper Straße) and parallel to the railway to the north (Berliner Straße) and there with the old village.
After the First World War
In 1919 the construction of the "Colonie am Wasserturm " began as a war- damaged settlement on behalf of the then rural community of Hohen Neuendorf. It was carried out by the state-owned Prussian Landgesellschaft Eigen Scholle Frankfurt / Oder . Later the place expanded to the east beyond the area of the railway line. In the course of the route conversion for the operation of the S-Bahn , the two stops at Hohen Neuendorf and Stolpe were replaced by the new Hohen Neuendorf station in 1924.
With the formation of Greater Berlin in 1920, the Berlin urban area expanded in the north to Frohnau , and Hohen Neuendorf became a direct suburb of Berlin. Hohen Neuendorf bought Niederheide from the state forest in 1921 and in 1933 an area south of Stolper Strasse from the municipality of Stolpe . The planned settlement was only partially implemented. Most of the parcels off the main road remained undeveloped, especially in Niederheide.
On April 21, 1945, Polish and Soviet troops reached Hohen Neuendorf. In a brief exchange of fire, three buildings were destroyed at today's roundabout in the south of the city. That was the only destruction in the place during the Second World War.
After the Second World War
In 1953 the Berlin outer ring was created . The route between the Schönfließ and Hennigsdorf Nord train stations runs through the middle of the old village of Hohen Neuendorf. Several houses had to be demolished for the construction. Hohen Neuendorf received a station on the outer ring with the Hohen Neuendorf West train station .
With the construction of the Berlin Wall on August 13, 1961, the road and rail connections to West Berlin bordering south were interrupted by the GDR . From November of the same year, the S-Bahn ran on a partially new route via Blankenburg to Berlin. The old road from the former Stolpe station to Bergfelde was interrupted by the new railway systems. To compensate for this, a paved road connection to Bergfelde was created via a railway bridge.
After the wall came down
The fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989 and the demolition of the border installations to Berlin made it possible to reopen the Berliner Straße ( B 96 ) to Frohnau on February 17, 1990. The direct S-Bahn connection Hohen Neuendorf - Frohnau was reopened on May 31, 1992 recorded .
On December 6, 1993, the neighboring communities Bergfelde and Borgsdorf merged with Hohen Neuendorf. In contrast to many municipalities in the Oberhavel district, local advisory boards were not introduced. The residents of Birkenwerder voted against a merger in a referendum. The municipality of Stolpe was incorporated into the city with effect from October 26, 2003.
In 1999 Hohen Neuendorf was granted city rights.
At the end of 2006 the action alliance “Northern Railway Communities with Courage” was founded. The non-partisan, open citizens' forum is committed to a strong civil society and lively local democracy in order to actively counter the rise of right-wing extremist ideas in the middle of society. Around 30 associations, parties, administrations, schools, churches and other institutions have so far joined the initiative. The municipalities of Mühlenbecker Land and Glienicke / Nordbahn have now joined the alliance originally founded in Hohen Neuendorf and Birkenwerder .
In May 2007, the Bernsteinsee (also known as Veltener Autobahnsee , which had previously belonged to Borgsdorf (Pinnow district) , as it was created in the 1970s through sand mining as part of the expansion of today's A24 autobahn ) was handed over to the city of Velten in exchange for meadowland .
Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census
In accordance with Section 6 of the Brandenburg Local Election Act, the city council has 32 members and the full-time mayor in a municipality with more than 25,000 inhabitants. In the 2014 election there were still 28 seats. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result with a turnout of 66.2%:
|Party / group of voters||Share of votes
|AfD||12.0||+ 12.0||4th||+ 4|
|City Association Hohen Neuendorf||8.3||-1.6||3||± 0|
|Animal welfare party||4.6||+4.6||1||+ 1|
- 1990–1992: Günter Siebert (SPD)
- 1992–2008: Monika Mittelstädt (CDU)
- 2008–2016: Klaus-Dieter Hartung (Die Linke)
- since 2016: Steffen Apelt (CDU)
In the runoff election on November 29, 2015, Apelt prevailed against incumbent Klaus-Dieter Hartung with 51.5% of the valid votes and a turnout of 44.2%. He was elected for an eight year term.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on June 30, 1992. The blazon reads: “In gold on a green mountain, a green pine with a black trunk, surrounded by two shields; in front a silver bar in red; behind in blue a red-gold-blue rainbow accompanied by three gold stars in a ratio of 2: 1. “The depiction of the coat of arms goes back to 1936. The pine represents a Märkische pine . The coat of arms in front is the coat of arms of the von Buch family , the coat of arms behind that of the von Wins family .
Hohen Neuendorf maintains partnerships with the following locations:
- Fürstenau , Lower Saxony (since 1991, former twin town of Borgsdorf)
- Müllheim , Baden-Württemberg (since 1992)
- Janów Podlaski , Lublin Voivodeship , Poland (since 1995)
- Bergerac , Nouvelle-Aquitaine , France (since 2018)
Sights and culture
- Water tower and waterworks Hohen Neuendorf, built between 1912–1914 according to plans by the architect Albert Gottheiner (1878–1947).
- Hohen Neuendorf town hall, built between 1935–1936 according to plans by the architect Wilhelm Büning (1881–1958).
- Evangelical Church Hohen Neuendorf , built in 1909 in the Heimatschutz style with neo-baroque elements by Georg Büttner .
- The so-called Sky Pagoda (built in 2002) consists of a three-story Chinese tower in an associated park. It is modeled on the Temple of Heaven in Beijing.
- Evangelical church in Borgsdorf with parish hall and separate belfry, built 1952–1953 - and thus one of the few new churches in the GDR .
- In Pinnow there is a church built between 1859 and 1862 based on a design by the Prussian master builder Friedrich August Stüler .
- One of the oldest village churches in the Mark Brandenburg is located in the Stolpe district , built around 1250.
- In Bergfelde there is a preserved former border tower of the Berlin Wall . It was built in the 1980s as a Bergfelde guide and is now used as a nature conservation tower by the SDW Protection Association of German Forests.
In connection with a planned redesign of a city center, numerous buildings, including the oldest in Hohen Neuendorf, were demolished in 2003/04: Büdnerhaus Karl-Marx-Straße 8 from 1795 and the well-known " Alte Krug ", which was first mentioned in 1799 . Other well-known buildings, such as the “ Villa zum Weißen Hirsch” (the town's former construction office from the 1920s) and the youth clubhouse , fell victim to the demolition.
- Memorial plaque from 1945 to the locomotive driver, SPD local chairman and participant in the resistance fight against National Socialism Otto Scharfschwerdt , who died in Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1943 , on his home at 8 Scharfschwerdtstrasse
- Memorial stone from 1973 in the street that bears the name of Anton Saefkow , the organizer of the Saefkow-Jacob-Bästlein resistance group, which used a gazebo here for conspiratorial meetings
- Stumbling blocks as part of a Europe-wide project to commemorate the fate of people who werepersecuted, murdered, deported, expelled or driven to suicide during the Nazi era . So far there have been seven stumbling blocks in Hohen Neuendorf, reminiscent of Curt Eckstein, Georg Jacks, Ernestine Jacks, Hermann Jacks, Dr. Hugo Rosenthal, Elfriede Rosenthal and Emma Rosenthal.
- Memorial to the soldiers of the 1st Polish Army, Division Tadeusz Kosciuszko , who were the first allied troops to reach Hohen Neuendorf in 1945 .
- Plaque in the flora street, right on the border of Berlin that the running here Berlin Wall and in particular the shot dead here on the night of November 22, 1980 while trying to escape by border guards Marienetta Jirkowsky recalls
- Memorial plaque on the observation tower in the Bergfelde district, used today by the Waldjugend , which commemorates three other victims of the Berlin Wall who were killed in the immediate vicinity while attempting to escape; it is Joachim Mehr , Willi Born and Rolf-Dieter Kabelitz
- On the village green of Stolpe there is a memorial in honor of the Stolper victims of the First World War , and a memorial stone in front of the church building
- Memorial stone from 1958 on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the "Meeting of progressive youth in Berlin against militarism and war" on May 5, 1918 in the Stolper Wald
Economy and Infrastructure
In Bergfelde there are a large number of companies and businesses, especially in the construction and handicrafts, for services as well as hotels and restaurants. There are various shops in the city, for example the trade and service center in Hohen Neuendorf and a garden market in Borgsdorf.
The trade tax multiplier is 310%, the property tax multiplier for agricultural and forestry operations is 300%, for other properties it is 360%.
The B 96 crosses the city from north ( Oranienburg ) to south ( Berlin , district Frohnau ). In addition, the B 96a runs in the direction of Berlin-Blankenfelde through the Bergfelde district. The closest motorway junctions are Birkenwerder on the A 10 (northern Berliner Ring) and Stolpe on the A 111 .
Hohen Neuendorf is located on the Berlin Northern Railway and the Berlin outer ring . The following train stations are located in the urban area of Hohen Neuendorf (all in the Berlin C tariff area of the Berlin-Brandenburg transport association ):
- Bergfelde S-Bahn station (b Berlin) (S 8)
- Borgsdorf S-Bahn station (S 1)
- Hohen Neuendorf S-Bahn station (b Berlin) (S 1, S 8)
- Regional train station Hohen Neuendorf West (RB 20 Oranienburg - Potsdam )
All parts of the city are served by the Oberhavel Verkehrsgesellschaft bus routes:
- Line 809 connects the districts of Hohen Neuendorf, Bergfelde and Stolpe with Hennigsdorf and Berlin-Hermsdorf ;
- Line 816 connects the Borgsdorf district with Velten ;
- Line 822 is a city line in the Hohen Neuendorf district.
There is a lot of freight and seasonal excursion traffic on the Havel ; Since the 1970s, Hohen Neuendorf is from the commercial shipping not started. However, the Havel provides an important link for supplying the Hennigsdorf steel and rolling mill with coal and raw materials. The Havelbaude has retained its importance for the sport shipping industry .
There are various schools in the city, most of them are in the Hohen Neuendorf district:
- Ahorn primary school in Bergfelde
- Dr. Hugo Rosenthal High School
- Borgsdorf primary school
- Primary school Niederheide
- Marguerite School in Borgsdorf, a special school with a focus on emotional and social development
- Marie Curie High School
- Mosaic elementary school Oberhavel
- Forest elementary school .
In the Hohen Neuendorf district there is a soccer field, a sports field, a tennis court and two sports halls. In addition, the town hall is used as a sports hall by the forest elementary school and local clubs. The first women's soccer team from Blau-Weiß Hohen Neuendorf plays in the Regionalliga Nordost , the first men's team in the Berlin district league (2019/20 season). The 1st men's team of the Hohen Neuendorf rugby union has been playing in the 1st Bundesliga East since the beginning of the 2014/15 season . The first men's team of HSV Oberhavel plays handball in the Brandenburgliga.
In Bergfelde, plans are underway for the construction of a new sports field for the soccer games of SV Grün-Weiß Bergfelde .
The sports field in Borgsdorf is used by local clubs and the primary school. The square was opened in August 2002 after an extensive redesign. The first men's soccer team of FSV Forst Borgsdorf plays in the regional league in the 2017/18 season.
The Stolper Heide golf club in Berlin is located in the Stolpe district and has two 18-hole golf courses. The older Westplatz (opened in 1997) was designed by Bernhard Langer , the Ostplatz (opened in 2003) by Kurt Roßknecht.
The SSV Hohen Neuendorf has been organizing the autumn run since 2000 at the beginning of November with distances from 400 m (children's run) to 10.5 km. With around 1000 participants, the run is the largest sporting event in the district.
- Alfred Schönbucher, pastor i. R., from Müllheim in Baden. The honorary citizenship certificate was presented to him in 1997 on the occasion of his 75th birthday and the five-year existence of the partnership with Müllheim.
sons and daughters of the town
- Paul Schreier (1880–1937), communal politician of the KPD, executed in the Soviet Union in 1937, born in Stolpe
- Klaus-Peter Bruchmann (1932–2017), composer, born in Borgsdorf
- Ellen Mäder-Gutz (* 1954), sculptor and graphic artist, born in Bergfelde
- Frank Möller (* 1960), athlete, trainer
Personalities associated with the city
- Wilhelm Lahn (1832–1907), teacher and cantor in Stolpe
- Ernst Flatow (1887–1942), Protestant pastor of Jewish origin, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Otto Scharfschwerdt (1887–1943), trade union official and resistance fighter against National Socialism , lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Alfred Otto Schwede (1915–1987), writer and translator, lived in the "Villa zum Weißen Hirsch"
- Karl Reinhold Döderlin (1917–2004), writer, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Hannes H. Wagner (1922–2010), painter and graphic artist, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Manfred Schlenker (* 1926), church musician and composer, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Christel Guillaume (1927–2004), MfS agent , Günter Guillaume's first wife , lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Heidi Manthey (* 1929), ceramic artist, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Günter Kochan (1930–2009), composer, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Wolfgang Tilgner (1932–2011), copywriter for the Puhdys , lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Lothar Bisky (1941–2013), politician (Die Linke), lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Jutta Resch-Treuwerth (1941–2015), journalist, marriage and family counselor, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Alwin Ziel (* 1941), politician (SPD), 1990–2002 Minister of the State of Brandenburg, City Councilor in Hohen Neuendorf
- Gert Neumann (* 1942), writer, grew up in Hohen Neuendorf
- Jürgen Rennert (* 1943), writer, grew up in Hohen Neuendorf
- Christa Koslitz (* 1944), ceramist and painter, lives in Hohen Neuendorf
- Heidi Wagner-Kerkhof (* 1945), sculptor, lived in Hohen Neuendorf
- Jürgen Gerhard (* 1947), painter, lives in Hohen Neuendorf
- Michael Schwandt (* 1947), musician in the band Karat , lives in Bergfelde
- Manfred Zoller (* 1947), painter and graphic artist, lives in Bergfelde
- Bernhard Potschka (* 1952), guitarist of the NDW band Spliff , lives in Hohen Neuendorf
- Ulrike Poppe (* 1953), GDR civil rights activist , grew up in Hohen Neuendorf
- Karl-Heinz Schröter (* 1954), politician (SPD), interior minister of the state of Brandenburg, lives in Hohen Neuendorf
- Kurt Drawert (* 1956), writer, grew up in Hohen Neuendorf
- Daniela Hoffmann (* 1963), actress and voice actress, lives in Bergfelde
- Ludger Weskamp (* 1966), politician (SPD), district administrator of the Oberhavel district, lives in Hohen Neuendorf
- Michael Hartmann (* 1974), soccer player, played for FSV Borgsdorf
- Charlotte Würdig (* 1978), presenter and wife of Sido, lives in Hohen Neuendorf
- Sido (bourgeois Paul Hartmut Würdig ; * 1980), rapper , lives in Hohen Neuendorf
- Susanne Tockan (* 1982), moderator, attended high school in Hohen Neuendorf
- Fabian Holland (* 1990), football player, first club was FSV Borgsdorf
- Roland Lampe: "Nevertheless, the house enchanted me ..." - On the trail of well-known and unknown authors in Oberhavel . Tredition Hamburg 2017. ISBN 978-3-7439-5033-7 .
- Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- Oranienburger Generalanzeiger on March 30th, 2019: Hohen Neuendorf is now officially the "City of Bees" , accessed on April 1st, 2019
- Barnim Nature Park: Map ( Memento of the original dated December 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF)
- Distances as the crow flies from Hohen Neuendorf
- Main statute of the city of Hohen Neuendorf from November 20, 2003 PDF
- Service the state administration of the state of Brandenburg: City of Hohen Neuendorf
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
- After 650 years, the parish becomes a city. In: Berliner Zeitung , June 23, 1999
- Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Oberhavel district . Pp. 14-17
- Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
- Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
- Brandenburg Local Election Law
- Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- Mayor Hartung says goodbye. In: Märkische Allgemeine , February 26, 2016
- Result of the mayoral election on November 29, 2015
- Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- Blazon on the service portal of the state administration , accessed on April 30, 2014.
- The twin towns and communities of Hohen Neuendorf on the information page of the city administration ( memento of the original from September 24, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website of the city of Hohen Neuendorf - "New town twinning notarized on receipt". Retrieved October 21, 2018 .
- Official Journal for the City of Hohen Neuendorf, Volume 26, No. 3 of March 25, 2017
- Kulturkreis Hohen Neuendorf: Stolpersteine in Hohen Neuendorf , accessed on May 15, 2019
- City of Hohen Neuendorf: Business Directory ( Memento of the original from February 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Financial services / internal administration ( Memento of the original from May 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Landesbetrieb Forst Brandenburg: Oberförstereien ( Memento of the original from May 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- City of Hohen Neuendorf: Schools in the city (accessed on February 20, 2018)
- Dr. Hugo Rosenthal High School. Retrieved September 2, 2019 .
- Marie-Curie-Gymnasium Hohen Neuendorf | School website of the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium in Hohen Neuendorf. Accessed September 2, 2019 (German).
- Marie-Curie-Gymnasium Hohen Neuendorf | School website of the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium in Hohen Neuendorf. Accessed September 2, 2019 (German).
- Home. Accessed September 2, 2019 (German).
- SV Grün-Weiß Bergfelde e. V., new sports field ( memento from March 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- The run on the city's website, November 4, 2019, accessed on November 11, 2019