Hohen Neuendorf


from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Hohen Neuendorf
Hohen Neuendorf
Map of Germany, location of the city of Hohen Neuendorf highlighted

Coordinates: 52 ° 40 ′  N , 13 ° 17 ′  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Oberhavel
Height : 55 m above sea level NHN
Area : 48.56 km 2
Residents: 26,283 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 541 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 16540, 16556, 16562
Area code : 03303
License plate : OHV
Community key : 12 0 65 144
City structure: 4 districts

City administration address :
Oranienburger Strasse 2
16540 Hohen Neuendorf
Website : Hohen-neuendorf.de
Mayor : Steffen Apelt ( CDU )
Location of the town of Hohen Neuendorf in the Oberhavel district
Fürstenberg/Havel Zehdenick Liebenwalde Oranienburg Mühlenbecker Land Glienicke/Nordbahn Birkenwerder Hohen Neuendorf Hohen Neuendorf Hennigsdorf Leegebruch Velten Oberkrämer Kremmen Löwenberger Land Gransee Gransee Schönermark Sonnenberg Großwoltersdorf Stechlin Großwoltersdorf Berlin Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Mecklenburg-Vorpommernmap
About this picture

Hohen Neuendorf is a town in the Oberhavel district in the state of Brandenburg . The city, with over 26,000 inhabitants, is located on the Havel and borders directly on the Berlin districts of Frohnau and Heiligensee in the Reinickendorf district . Hohen Neuendorf has been one of the fastest growing places in Berlin's bacon belt since the 1990s . On March 28, 2019, the city ​​council decided that the city should in future be known as the “city of bees”.

geography

Hohen Neuendorf stretches from the Havel (developed as the Oder-Havel Canal ) in the west ( Pinnow , Alt- Borgsdorf and Niederheide; see also Zehdenick-Spandauer Havelniederung ) to the foothills of the Niederen Barnim in the east ( Bergfelde district ). The city lies on the western border of the Barnim Nature Park - Bergfelde is in the Nature Park, Hohen Neuendorf, Borgsdorf and Stolpe are outside.

Neighboring communities

Oranienburg
approx. 10 km
Hennigsdorf
approx. 8 km,
Velten approx. 8 km, Leegebruch
approx. 9 km
Neighboring communities Schönfließ
approx. 6 km and Mühlenbeck
approx. 7 km
Glienicke / Nordbahn
approx. 5 km and
Berlin
approx. 19 km

The Berlin district Frohnau in the Reinickendorf district borders directly on the city limits. The municipality of Birkenwerder is almost enclosed by the districts of Hohen Neuendorf.

City structure

According to the main statute of the city, Hohen Neuendorf is divided into the following districts: and residential areas

history

From the beginning to industrialization

"II miles to Berlin", Prussian milestone (around 1836) on today's B 96

The first traces of settlement in the area of ​​today's Hohen Neuendorf can be traced back to the Bronze Age according to the list of archaeological monuments in Hohen Neuendorf . There were also settlements here in later phases.

The village of Hohen Neuendorf was first mentioned in 1349 as Nygendorf and later renamed Hohen Neuendorf to distinguish it from the village of Neuendorf located down the Havel . Until the suburbanization of Berlin at the end of the 19th century, encouraged by the creation of radial railway lines, Hohen Neuendorf was an insignificant small village .

A rapid development of the village began with the construction of the " Nordbahn ", the railway from Berlin to Neustrelitz , in the last quarter of the 19th century. The establishment of the “Stolpe” stop in 1877 - at the endeavors of the then more important neighboring village of the same name - subsequently led to the emergence of a small colony on today's southern edge of the city. A settlement also developed around the Hohen Neuendorf stop , which was set up at the same time . While Stolpe hardly changed in its agricultural character due to the transport links , Hohen Neuendorf developed into a commuter community . The colony grew both to the west (Stolper Straße) and parallel to the railway to the north (Berliner Straße) and there with the old village.

After the First World War

In 1919 the construction of the "Colonie am Wasserturm " began as a war- damaged settlement on behalf of the then rural community of Hohen Neuendorf. It was carried out by the state-owned Prussian Landgesellschaft Eigen Scholle Frankfurt / Oder . Later the place expanded to the east beyond the area of ​​the railway line. In the course of the route conversion for the operation of the S-Bahn , the two stops at Hohen Neuendorf and Stolpe were replaced by the new Hohen Neuendorf station in 1924.

With the formation of Greater Berlin in 1920, the Berlin urban area expanded in the north to Frohnau , and Hohen Neuendorf became a direct suburb of Berlin. Hohen Neuendorf bought Niederheide from the state forest in 1921 and in 1933 an area south of Stolper Strasse from the municipality of Stolpe . The planned settlement was only partially implemented. Most of the parcels off the main road remained undeveloped, especially in Niederheide.

On April 21, 1945, Polish and Soviet troops reached Hohen Neuendorf. In a brief exchange of fire, three buildings were destroyed at today's roundabout in the south of the city. That was the only destruction in the place during the Second World War.

After the Second World War

Walter Pott became the first elected mayor after the war .

In 1953 the Berlin outer ring was created . The route between the Schönfließ and Hennigsdorf Nord train stations runs through the middle of the old village of Hohen Neuendorf. Several houses had to be demolished for the construction. Hohen Neuendorf received a station on the outer ring with the Hohen Neuendorf West train station .

With the construction of the Berlin Wall on August 13, 1961, the road and rail connections to West Berlin bordering south were interrupted by the GDR . From November of the same year, the S-Bahn ran on a partially new route via Blankenburg to Berlin. The old road from the former Stolpe station to Bergfelde was interrupted by the new railway systems. To compensate for this, a paved road connection to Bergfelde was created via a railway bridge.

After the wall came down

The fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989 and the demolition of the border installations to Berlin made it possible to reopen the Berliner Straße ( B 96 ) to Frohnau on February 17, 1990. The direct S-Bahn connection Hohen Neuendorf - Frohnau was reopened on May 31, 1992 recorded .

On December 6, 1993, the neighboring communities Bergfelde and Borgsdorf merged with Hohen Neuendorf. In contrast to many municipalities in the Oberhavel district, local advisory boards were not introduced. The residents of Birkenwerder voted against a merger in a referendum. The municipality of Stolpe was incorporated into the city with effect from October 26, 2003.

In 1999 Hohen Neuendorf was granted city rights.

At the end of 2006 the action alliance “Northern Railway Communities with Courage” was founded. The non-partisan, open citizens' forum is committed to a strong civil society and lively local democracy in order to actively counter the rise of right-wing extremist ideas in the middle of society. Around 30 associations, parties, administrations, schools, churches and other institutions have so far joined the initiative. The municipalities of Mühlenbecker Land and Glienicke / Nordbahn have now joined the alliance originally founded in Hohen Neuendorf and Birkenwerder .

In May 2007, the Bernsteinsee (also known as Veltener Autobahnsee , which had previously belonged to Borgsdorf (Pinnow district) , as it was created in the 1970s through sand mining as part of the expansion of today's A24 autobahn ) was handed over to the city of Velten in exchange for meadowland .

Population development of Hohen Neuendorf.svgPopulation development of Hohen Neuendorf - from 1871
Desc-i.svg
Population development of Hohen Neuendorf. Above from 1624 to 2017. Below an excerpt from 1871

Population development

year Residents
1624 76
1718 about 60
1800 113
1847 170
1871 228
1892 415
1898 803
1902 1,514
1920 3,729
1930 6,349
year Residents
1933 6,832
1939 9,976
1946 9,353
1950 10,061
1956 11,250
1964 9,675
1971 9,566
1981 9,059
1985 8,927
1989 8,443
year Residents
1990 08,281
1991 08,167
1992 07,996
1993 13,507
1994 13,723
1995 14,146
1996 14,937
1997 16,089
1998 17,295
1999 18,262
year Residents
2000 18,922
2001 19,281
2002 20,023
2003 21,168
2004 21,920
2005 22,617
2006 23,337
2007 23,549
2008 23,909
2009 24,139
year Residents
2010 24,384
2011 24,585
2012 24,905
2013 25.001
2014 25,239
2015 25,519
2016 25,696
2017 26.001
2018 26,159
2019 26,283

Territory of the respective year, number of inhabitants: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census

politics

City Council

Town hall of Hohen Neuendorf

In accordance with Section 6 of the Brandenburg Local Election Act, the city council has 32 members and the full-time mayor in a municipality with more than 25,000 inhabitants. In the 2014 election there were still 28 seats. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result with a turnout of 66.2%:

Party / group of voters Share of votes
%
+/-
pp
Seats +/-
CDU 21.0 - 08.0 7th - 1
GREEN 17.9 + 07.4 6th + 3
SPD 14.8 - 07.7 5 - 1
LEFT 13.8 - 04.4 4th - 1
AfD 12.0 + 12.0 4th + 4
City Association Hohen Neuendorf 08.3 - 01.6 3 ± 0
FDP 06.0 + 02.4 2 + 1
Animal welfare party 04.6 + 04.6 1 + 1

mayor

  • 1990–1992: Günter Siebert (SPD)
  • 1992–2008: Monika Mittelstädt (CDU)
  • 2008–2016: Klaus-Dieter Hartung (Die Linke)
  • since 2016: Steffen Apelt (CDU)

In the runoff election on November 29, 2015, Apelt prevailed against incumbent Klaus-Dieter Hartung with 51.5% of the valid votes and a turnout of 44.2%. He was elected for an eight year term.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on June 30, 1992. The blazon reads: “In gold on a green mountain, a green pine with a black trunk, surrounded by two shields; in front a silver bar in red; behind in blue a red-gold-blue rainbow accompanied by three gold stars in a ratio of 2: 1. “The depiction of the coat of arms goes back to 1936. The pine represents a Märkische pine . The coat of arms in front is the coat of arms of the von Buch family , the coat of arms behind that of the von Wins family .

Town twinning

Old sign of the twin cities at the entrance of Hohen Neuendorf

Hohen Neuendorf maintains partnerships with the following locations:

Between 1992 and 2017 there was a partnership with the French municipality of Maing , Département Nord . The partnership had previously not been actively maintained by either side.

Sights and culture

Buildings

Water tower

In connection with a planned redesign of a city center, numerous buildings, including the oldest in Hohen Neuendorf, were demolished in 2003/04: Büdnerhaus Karl-Marx-Straße 8 from 1795 and the well-known " Alte Krug ", which was first mentioned in 1799 . Other well-known buildings, such as the “ Villa zum Weißen Hirsch” (the town's former construction office from the 1920s) and the youth clubhouse , fell victim to the demolition.

The Havelbaude is a known tourist restaurant in Niederheide to which a sport boat harbor and a - throw belong.

Historical monuments

Polish memorial
Soviet memorial

Economy and Infrastructure

Sky Pagoda Chinese restaurant

Companies

In Bergfelde there are a large number of companies and businesses, especially in the construction and handicrafts, for services as well as hotels and restaurants. There are various shops in the city, for example the trade and service center in Hohen Neuendorf and a garden market in Borgsdorf.

The trade tax multiplier is 310%, the property tax multiplier for agricultural and forestry operations is 300%, for other properties it is 360%.

Public facilities

State Institute for Apiculture

The regional institute for apiculture is based in Hohen Neuendorf. In Borgsdorf there is a state forest ranger's office for the Brandenburg Forest .

traffic

Hohen Neuendorf train station

The B 96 crosses the city from north ( Oranienburg ) to south ( Berlin , district Frohnau ). In addition, the B 96a runs in the direction of Berlin-Blankenfelde through the Bergfelde district. The closest motorway junctions are Birkenwerder on the A 10 (northern Berliner Ring) and Stolpe on the A 111 .

Hohen Neuendorf is located on the Berlin Northern Railway and the Berlin outer ring . The following train stations are located in the urban area of ​​Hohen Neuendorf (all in the Berlin C tariff area of ​​the Berlin-Brandenburg transport association ):

All parts of the city are served by the Oberhavel Verkehrsgesellschaft bus routes:

  • Line 809 connects the districts of Hohen Neuendorf, Bergfelde and Stolpe with Hennigsdorf and Berlin-Hermsdorf ;
  • Line 816 connects the Borgsdorf district with Velten ;
  • Line 822 is a city line in the Hohen Neuendorf district.

The Berlin – Copenhagen long-distance cycle route and the Havel cycle route run through the districts of Hohen Neuendorf and Borgsdorf.

There is a lot of freight and seasonal excursion traffic on the Havel ; Since the 1970s, Hohen Neuendorf is from the commercial shipping not started. However, the Havel provides an important link for supplying the Hennigsdorf steel and rolling mill with coal and raw materials. The Havelbaude has retained its importance for the sport shipping industry .

education

Primary school Niederheide
Marie Curie High School

There are various schools in the city, most of them are in the Hohen Neuendorf district:

Sports

In the Hohen Neuendorf district there is a soccer field, a sports field, a tennis court and two sports halls. In addition, the town hall is used as a sports hall by the forest elementary school and local clubs. The first women's soccer team from Blau-Weiß Hohen Neuendorf plays in the Regionalliga Nordost , the first men's team in the Berlin district league (2019/20 season). The 1st men's team of the Hohen Neuendorf rugby union has been playing in the 1st Bundesliga East since the beginning of the 2014/15 season . The first men's team of HSV Oberhavel plays handball in the Brandenburgliga.

In Bergfelde, plans are underway for the construction of a new sports field for the soccer games of SV Grün-Weiß Bergfelde .

The sports field in Borgsdorf is used by local clubs and the primary school. The square was opened in August 2002 after an extensive redesign. The first men's soccer team of FSV Forst Borgsdorf plays in the regional league in the 2017/18 season.

The Stolper Heide golf club in Berlin is located in the Stolpe district and has two 18-hole golf courses. The older Westplatz (opened in 1997) was designed by Bernhard Langer , the Ostplatz (opened in 2003) by Kurt Roßknecht.

The SSV Hohen Neuendorf has been organizing the autumn run since 2000 at the beginning of November with distances from 400 m (children's run) to 10.5 km. With around 1000 participants, the run is the largest sporting event in the district.

Personalities

Honorary citizen

  • Alfred Schönbucher, pastor i. R., from Müllheim in Baden. The honorary citizenship certificate was presented to him in 1997 on the occasion of his 75th birthday and the five-year existence of the partnership with Müllheim.

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with the city

Web links

Commons : Hohen Neuendorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

literature

  • Roland Lampe: "Nevertheless, the house enchanted me ..." - On the trail of well-known and unknown authors in Oberhavel . Tredition Hamburg 2017. ISBN 978-3-7439-5033-7 .

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. Oranienburger Generalanzeiger on March 30th, 2019: Hohen Neuendorf is now officially the "City of Bees" , accessed on April 1st, 2019
  3. Barnim Nature Park: Map ( Memento of the original dated December 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.mugv.brandenburg.de
  4. a b c d e f g h Distances as the crow flies from Hohen Neuendorf
  5. Main statute of the city of Hohen Neuendorf from November 20, 2003 PDF
  6. ^ Service portal of the state administration of the state of Brandenburg: City of Hohen Neuendorf
  7. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
  8. ^ After 650 years, the parish becomes a city. In: Berliner Zeitung , June 23, 1999
  9. ^ Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. Oberhavel district . Pp. 14-17
  10. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2015 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  11. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  12. Brandenburg Local Election Law
  13. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  14. Mayor Hartung says goodbye. In: Märkische Allgemeine , February 26, 2016
  15. ^ Result of the mayoral election on November 29, 2015
  16. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  17. Blazon on the service portal of the state administration , accessed on April 30, 2014.
  18. The twin towns and communities of Hohen Neuendorf on the information page of the city administration ( memento of the original from September 24, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.hohen-neuendorf.de
  19. ^ Website of the city of Hohen Neuendorf - "New town twinning notarized on receipt". Retrieved October 21, 2018 .
  20. ^ Official Journal for the City of Hohen Neuendorf, Volume 26, No. 3 of March 25, 2017
  21. Kulturkreis Hohen Neuendorf: Stolpersteine ​​in Hohen Neuendorf , accessed on May 15, 2019
  22. City of Hohen Neuendorf: Business Directory ( Memento of the original from February 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.hohen-neuendorf.de
  23. Financial services / internal administration ( Memento of the original from May 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.hohen-neuendorf.de
  24. Landesbetrieb Forst Brandenburg: Oberförstereien ( Memento of the original from May 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / forst.brandenburg.de
  25. ^ City of Hohen Neuendorf: Schools in the city (accessed on February 20, 2018)
  26. Dr. Hugo Rosenthal High School. Retrieved September 2, 2019 .
  27. ^ Marie-Curie-Gymnasium Hohen Neuendorf | School website of the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium in Hohen Neuendorf. Accessed September 2, 2019 (German).
  28. ^ Marie-Curie-Gymnasium Hohen Neuendorf | School website of the Marie-Curie-Gymnasium in Hohen Neuendorf. Accessed September 2, 2019 (German).
  29. Home. Accessed September 2, 2019 (German).
  30. SV Grün-Weiß Bergfelde e. V., new sports field ( memento from March 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  31. The run on the city's website, November 4, 2019, accessed on November 11, 2019