Nordic World Ski Championships 1930
|Nordic World Ski Championships 1930|
|Cross-country skiing 17 km||Arne Rustadstuen|
|Cross-country skiing 50 km||Sven Utterström|
|Ski jumping large hill||Gunnar Andersen|
|Nordic combination||Hans Vinjarengen|
|Venues||Oslo / Holmenkollen|
|Nations||11 (12 associations)|
|← Zakopane 1929||Oberhof 1931 →|
The award of the FIS races from 1930 to Oslo took place at the 10th FIS Congress , which was held from February 14 to 16, 1928 on the occasion of the II Winter Olympic Games in St. Moritz . In line with this decision, it was also determined that the XI. Congress of the International Ski Federation to be held from February 24 to 26, 1930 in Oslo and Finse .
The FIS competitions were held during the International Winter Sports Week in Oslo and were therefore partly congruent with the annual Holmenkollen races . While the military runs, the 17-km cross-country skiing and the special jump run were pure FIS competitions, the 50-km endurance run and the Nordic Combined competitions were held as part of the Holmenkoll races.
The International FIS races had not then the status of a World Cup and were in the media and interested sports circles mainly as an unofficial European Championships in skiing referred.
The Norwegian Ski Association and the City of Oslo were first introduced to hosting a major FIS race, and in 1966 , 1982 and 2011 the Norwegian capital was awarded further Nordic World Ski Championships . In addition, there were also world championship decisions in Nordic skiing in 1952 as part of the Olympic Winter Games .
A total of 12 ski associations from as many countries, mostly from Western and Central Europe , Scandinavia and Asia took part in the competitions. The French Ski Association only took part in the military races, which means that 11 ski associations took part in the competitions that are officially part of the World Championships today.
The award ceremony took place on the evening of the final day in the Vaudeville Theater in Oslo and was held in English , German and Norwegian . The most successful athletes received trophies, the subsequent athletes commemorative diplomas.
As in the previous FIS races in Zakopane in 1929, the program included the traditional Nordic ski competitions in cross-country skiing over the short distance, this time over a length of 17 km and in continuous running over 50 km, the special jumping from the K-50 Schanze and the Nordic Combined, which was calculated from the results of a combined cross-country ski run over 18 km and a combined ski jump from the K-50 hill.
At the FIS congress on the occasion of the Olympic Winter Games in St. Moritz in February 1928, at Arnold Lunn's request for international recognition of downhill and slalom , it was decided to allow the national federations to conduct "experimental" races according to the so-called "British Rules". In contrast to the organizers of last year's FIS races in Poland , the Norwegians did not make use of it, as they were then considered opponents of any alpine ski competition .
The program of the FIS races also included the military patrol run and the individual military cross -country run, which is classified in three classes. These races were awarded prizes like the other competitions, but are no longer counted today.
|date||Time ( CET )||Competition or event|
|Saturday February 22, 1930||Official welcome ceremony|
|Sunday February 23, 1930||10:00 a.m||Military patrol run|
|Wednesday February 26, 1930||morning||Military - cross-country skiing 30 km|
|Thursday February 27, 1930||Cross-country skiing 17 km|
|Friday February 28, 1930||14:00 clock||Special jumping normal hill|
|Saturday March 1, 1930||Combination cross-country skiing 17 km|
|Sunday March 2, 1930||Combination jump|
|Monday March 3, 1930||Endurance run 50 km|
|in the evening||Official award ceremonies|
14 national ski associations from 13 countries entered for the FIS races in Oslo in 1930. For the first time, with Japan, a non-European ski association provided a participant in pure ski world championships. In Nordic skiing competitions during the Winter Olympic Games already took the United States in 1924 in Chamonix in part. The United States had called for the first time at world championships with an athlete, but this did not appear. The Czechoslovakia was back with both Ski Associations, the SL RCS and the HDW, the Ski Association of German Bohemia represented in Czechoslovakia.
For the FIS championships, the national associations named a total of 389 participants (excluding the pure military athletes), with the organizing country Norway with over 300 athletes clearly outnumbering the 85 foreign athletes. A not inconsiderable part of the athletes, especially from the host country, refrained from taking part on the days of the competition.
|Europe (11 nations, 12 associations)|
|America (1 nation)|
|Asia (1 nation)|
Cross-country skiing men
Cross-country skiing 17 km
|1||Arne Rustadstuen||Norway||1: 19: 58.0 h|
|2||Trygve Brodahl||Norway||1:20:24 h|
|3||Tauno Lappalainen||Finland||1: 20: 30.0 h|
|4th||Kristian Hovde||Norway||1: 21: 08.0 h|
|5||Veli Saarinen||Finland||1: 21: 30.0 h|
|6th||Martti Lappalainen||Finland||1: 21: 52.0 h|
|7th||John Lindgren||Sweden||1: 22: 01.0 h|
|8th||Väinö Liikkanen||Finland||1: 22: 11.0 h|
|9||Sven Utterström||Sweden||1: 22: 43.0 h|
|10||Olavi Remes||Finland||1: 22: 53.0 h|
|35||Walter Bussmann||Switzerland||1: 29: 18.0 h|
|42||Gustav Müller||German Empire||1: 29: 51.0 h|
|47||Alfons Julen||Switzerland||1: 30: 40.0 h|
|49||Wilhelm Bogner||German Empire||1: 31: 04.0 h|
|55||Otto choice||German Empire||1: 32: 01.0 h|
|65||Heinz Ermel||German Empire||1: 34: 24.0 h|
|73||Adolf Rubi||Switzerland||1: 38: 52.0 h|
|DNF||Ludwig Boeck||German Empire||-|
Date: Thursday February 27, 1930
Participants: 111 named; 85 started; 82 rated
Route: The route described as rather easy went over 17 km through narrow forest paths with many curves and had a total gradient of around 500 meters. It impressed with some steep climbs, but only had short and not too difficult descents.
46 Norwegians and 39 foreigners, including 23 Central Europeans from Germany , Switzerland , Poland , Yugoslavia , Italy and Czechoslovakia, took part in the special cross-country skiing over 17 km, which marked the actual start of the international FIS competitions after the end of the military races. The start interval was 30 seconds. The highly favored Scandinavians , above all the Norwegians, met the expectations of the interested sports world with flying colors and made up the victory among themselves. The farmer's boy Arne Rustadstuen (start number 9), who was already highly rated in the run-up , won in a very good time of 1: 19: 58.0 with a narrow lead over his compatriot Trygve Brodahl (start number 12) and the Finn Tauno Lappalainen (start number 18).
The current Swiss ski champion Walter Bussmann ended up in 35th place with a delay of about ten minutes, which corresponds to a length of about two kilometers. As the best representative of Central Europe, his name was mentioned in all racing reports and his picture was printed in many Norwegian newspapers and sports magazines. He was followed closely by Gustl Müller as the best-placed German athlete. The Swiss Alfons Julen came in 47th and thus third among the Central European runners . The Zermatt man approached the first kilometers very briskly, but had to slow down after the first signs of leg cramps . Shortly after the Swiss, the young Bavarian Willi Bogner , who has been living in Norway for a year, followed in 49th place.
The Swiss F. Kunz decided to stay away from the start for a short time due to the rigors of the previous day's military single run. His teammates Jelmini and Gourlaouen also followed suit. Hans Zeier , who had also taken part in the military run the day before, started the run, but had to find out that he had taken too much on himself, and only finished on 75th place. The best Pole was Karol Gasienica Szostak in 52nd place , his well-known compatriot Bronisław Czech only came in 63rd and the best Czechoslovakian, Josef Německý , came 56th.
The Nesselwanger Ludwig Bock went well but had a few kilometers before the finish due Skibruchs just give up, like the poles Kuraś and the cross-country champion over 18 km of this year's World Academic Winter Games of Davos , the Czechoslovak Vladimír Novák .
The well-known athletes were enthusiastically welcomed and cheered on by the spectators. In the audience there were also the Norwegian Crown Prince Olav with his wife Märtha who lingered until the last runner, this was the Italian Giovanni Delago , who started at the end . The last two places went to the Oberkrainer brothers Janša from Yugoslavia who were about 35 minutes behind the winner.
Cross-country skiing 50 km
|1||Sven Utterström||Sweden||3: 53: 14.0 h|
|2||Arne Rustadstuen||Norway||3: 54: 07.0 h|
|3||Adiel Paananen||Finland||3: 57: 46.0 h|
|4th||Martti Lappalainen||Finland||3: 59: 50.0 h|
|5||Martin Peder Vangli||Norway||4:00: 48.0 h|
|6th||Veli Saarinen||Finland||4:05:24 h|
|7th||John Lindgren||Sweden||4:05: 32.0 h|
|8th||Gjermund Muruåsen||Norway||4: 08: 39.0 h|
|9||Väinö Liikkanen||Finland||4: 09: 17.0 h|
|10||Oscar Aas Haugen||Norway||4: 10: 34.0 h|
|48||Otto choice||German Empire||4: 41: 16.0 h|
|54||Franz Kunz||Switzerland||4: 48: 40.0 h|
|65||Robert Wampfler||Switzerland||4: 58: 12.0 h|
|54||Hans Zeier||Switzerland||5:05: 34.0 h|
Date: Monday March 3, 1930; Start time: 10:00 a.m.
Participants: 146 named; 110 started; 87 rated.
Route: After starting at the ski museum, the route generally followed the route of the military races in a northerly direction through dense wooded areas and ended again at the starting point. It was classified as very difficult and exhausting and was characterized by numerous steep climbs and descents, which caused great difficulties for many runners. The lowest point of the run was 300 meters, the highest about 600 meters. There were mostly flat runs only when crossing the numerous small frozen lakes.
Weather: The temperatures stayed a few degrees below zero on the day of the competition after two warmer days . A large part of the route was very icy due to frost and also had to be traversed in thick fog .
The international winter sports week in Oslo concluded the endurance run of 50 km. After the difficult cross-country runs of the previous days (special and combined cross-country skiing), several registered runners stayed away from the start due to exhaustion, including the Swiss Walter Bussmann and the German Gustl Müller .
The Scandinavians were considered the big favorites and were expected to make it up among themselves. The participants from the other European countries competed for the "honorary title" of the best Central European . Poland and Yugoslavia had saved their best runners for this, but the Czechoslovaks were favored, who were traditionally very good over the endurance run and have been able to record this success several times. The Swiss and Germans entered the competition with little hope.
The hosts from Norway , who had to let the Finns and Swedes dominate major events in the supreme discipline in recent years , hoped to win the first 50 km title since the Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix in 1924 . The greatest expectations were placed on the winner of the 17 km cross-country skiing, Arne Rustadstuen , who seemed to be fulfilling hopes for a long time. Right from the start he built a small lead, which he was unable to increase significantly over his first pursuers. At the first checkpoint after 8.5 km, he was just ahead of the Finn Adiel Paananen with a transit time of 38 minutes . The Swede Utterström was half a minute behind , Kristian Hovde a minute.
Rustadstuen came through at kilometer 30 with a time of 2: 01: 55.0, Utterström needed 2: 03: 15.0 and was just over a minute behind the Norwegian. Martti Lappalainen and Paananen wrote at 2: 03: 45.0, Veli Saarinen had a through time of 2: 04: 30.0. It was followed by the Norwegians Vangli and Hovde. The next runners, including the 1928 Olympic champion, Hedlund , for whom the difficult route caused great problems, as well as the Norwegian hopefuls Lundemo , Muruåsen and Brodahl had already lost 7 to 10 minutes and were no longer eligible for victory.
At 35 km Utterström had already caught up with Rustadstuen, followed closely by Martin Peder Vangli. Lappalainen and Panaanen had lost about two minutes. Along the entire route, the Swede, who with start number 143 had an advantage over his competitor (start number 72), was now informed by his compatriots about Rustadstuen's running times and he was able to divide his run accordingly. Four kilometers from the finish, Utterström, who looked much fresher, had a lead of 35 seconds, which he was able to extend due to Rustadstuen's fall on the last descent. In a good time of 3: 53: 14.0, Utterström celebrated his second victory in the 50 km run at the Holmenkoll race and his first major victory at the world championships, which were not yet officially recognized at the time. After Rustadstuen in second place, the Finn Panaanen completed the podium more than three minutes behind. The 1928 Olympic champion , Hedlund only came in 11th.
As the best Central European, the Czechoslovak Josef Německý came in forty minutes behind in 43rd place, closely followed by his compatriot Jaroslav Feistauer . Otto Wahl from Zella-Mehlis in Thuringia took 48th place, the best Swiss, Kunz, was 54th. Zeier was well in the race before a ski break at 20 km threw him back because he hadn't got a replacement ski for a long time. 23 athletes had to end the competition prematurely, including the Finn Tauno Lappalainen, who fell on a descent and broke a ski and the Czechoslovak Frantisek Fisera , also because of a broken ski.
Ski jumping men
Single large hill
|space||athlete||country||Width 1||Width 2||grade|
|1||Gunnar Andersen||Norway||48.5 m||48.0 m||224.40|
|2||Reidar Andersen||Norway||47.5 m||50.0 m||223.80|
|3||Sigmund Ruud||Norway||45.5 m||49.0 m||218.50|
|4th||Erling Nøkleby||Norway||46.0 m||48.5 m||217.90|
|5||Olav Ulland||Norway||47.5 m||48.5 m||217.80|
|5||Erik Rylander||Sweden||48.0 m||48.0 m||217.80|
|7th||Alf Steen Andersen||Norway||48.0 m||47.5 m||217.70|
|8th||Reidar Karlsen||Norway||47.0 m||49.0 m||217.50|
|9||Jon Snersrud||Norway||47.5 m||48.0 m||216.70|
|10||Jacob Tullin Thams||Norway||47.0 m||47.5 m||216.50|
|22nd||Fritz Kaufmann||Switzerland||47.0 m||48.0 m||211.6|
|?||Alois Kratzer||German Empire||43.0 m||44.5 m||201.8|
|64||Ernst Feuz||Switzerland||43.0 m||44.5 m||201.0|
|70||Adolf Rubi||Switzerland||40.5 m||45.0 m||199.4|
|?||Erich Recknagel||German Empire||43.5 m||47.0 m *||138.6|
|?||Ludwig Boeck||German Empire||40.5 m||42.0 m *||137.3|
|?||Walter Glass||German Empire||42.0 m *||48.0 m||136.9|
|?||Gustav Müller||German Empire||? *||43.5 m||123.6|
|DNF||Bruno Trojani||Switzerland||? *||? *||-|
|DNF||Wilhelm Bogner||German Empire||? *||? *||-|
|DNF||Heinz Ermel||German Empire||? *||? *||-|
Date: Friday February 28, 1930; Start time 2:00 p.m.
Participants: 151 named, 143 started, 113 of them Norwegians
Spectators: 30,000 to 40,000
The special jump started at 2 p.m. In less than two hours all around 150 ski jumpers had crossed the hill twice . In the first run, thick fog , which reached from the Norwegian capital to over the Holmenkollbakken and blocked the view of the athletes on the approach, was so impaired that around 50 athletes were unable to stand their jump. Due to the poor visibility, the inrun was shortened so that there were relatively small distances. When the fog cleared briefly, the participants jumped two to three meters further. The most spectacular fall happened to the Czechoslovak student Johan Tryzna, who hit his head on the hard-prepared landing area. The stewards and soldiers took care of him immediately, but he got to his feet to the applause of the audience and was unharmed.
Every good jump was cheered equally by the spectators, regardless of whether it was a Norwegian or a foreign jumper. Among the large audience was the Norwegian King Haakon VII and his family, who arrived shortly before the start of the competition and, after a detailed greeting from the audience , were shown to the reserved grandstand by the chairman of the Norwegian Ski Association, Nikolai Ramm Østgaard .
During training at Midtstubakken a few days earlier, the Swiss , above all Kaufmann, showed with a jump of 54 meters, which also meant a new hill record. The competition itself was dominated by the Norwegians . They brought about 110 to 120 jumpers to the start, who were recruited from all 30 ski circles in the country and also led the final result with superiority. There were only four foreigners among the top fifty in the ranking, two of them Swedes , one Swiss and one Pole .
Victory went to Gunnar Andersen with jumps over 48.0 and 48.5 meters in a very nice posture and very safe landings . He celebrated his only major success in his career. His compatriot Reidar Andersen , one of the youngest participants , came in second . In the first run he showed a jump over 47.5 meters and in the second run he set the maximum distance for the day with his jump to 50.0 meters with a somewhat uncertain landing, which was given minutes of applause by the audience. Third was Sigmund Ruud with jumps of 45.5 and 49.0 meters.
The Olympic champion from 1928 , Alf Andersen came with jumps on 48.0 and 47.5 meters on the somewhat disappointing seventh place. The veteran Jacob Tullin Thams took tenth place with jumps of 47.0 and 47.5 meters, each with somewhat unsafe jumps. The junior jumper Birger Ruud offered a very promising performance with standing jumps over 46.5 and 47.0 meters which brought him 20th place.
The Central Europeans only played a subordinate role. The Swiss Fritz Kaufmann came in the best , but he was generally expected to be further ahead due to his training performance. He achieved 22nd place with widths of 47.0 and 48.0 meters. On the second jump, which he stood a little unsure of himself, he got a point deduction that cost him a few more places. As the second best Central European jumper, Bronisław Czech from Poland came in 34th with 44.5 and 44.0 meters.
The German representatives struggled with the hill and, due to the fog in the approach, hardly managed to make well-known jumps. Walter Glaß showed the best qualified jump of the Germans in the second round with 48.0 meters. The German champion Erich Recknagel stood 43.5 meters in the first run, but fell in the second run with a good width of 47.0 meters. The Swiss Ernst Feuz and Adolf Rubi, who were able to classify themselves in ranks 64 and 70, fared better . Bruno Trojani experienced a serious disappointment , who, like the Finn Nuotio, fell in both rounds.
Nordic combined men
Single large hill / 18 km
Date: Saturday 1st and Sunday 2nd March 1930
Participants: 103 named; 85 started; 81 rated.
Route: The start and finish of the 18 km route was at the Ski Museum on Holmenkollen . Due to a modified cross-country ski run, one or the other difficult climb was eliminated, which is why the route was considered to be somewhat easier than that of the special cross-country skiing over 17 km.
Hill: Holmenkollbakken (K-50)
Weather: On Holmenkollen there was good winter weather with bright sunshine. The temperatures were between 4 and 5 ° C. The snow was very different along the trail, in the wooded and shady sections it was still cold and fast, but it was sticking out in the places with sunlight, which made it very difficult to choose the optimal ski wax . The front starting numbers were favored because it got warmer around noon and the snow on the sections that ran through the forest increasingly lost its gliding ability.
The next day's jumping took place in good winter weather and sunshine. The temperature was 5 ° C. The snow was partly icy, but also wet in sunlit areas.
The two combination competitions also count as races of the traditional Holmenkoll races. The cross-country skiing over 18 km took place the day before the Holmenkollspringen. After the Norwegian Crown Prince Olav V appeared in the start area at the ski museum and was greeted by the spectators, the athletes were released onto the track at 10:00 a.m. with a start interval of 15 seconds.
Divided into four classes, around 220 runners took to the track, with only the A-class athletes battling for the King's Cup , which counted for the combination of the FIS . The other participants fought over the decision in the junior class, the age group and in the national Norwegian championship. Of the 103 A-class participants mentioned, 85 appeared at the start. The top three of the special cross-country skiing, the Norwegians Rustadstuen , Hovde and Brodahl , along with many others, had decided not to start in order to spare themselves for the 50 km endurance run on the final day. The runners who competed included seven German and four Swiss participants.
The combined cross-country race brought again a superior victory for the Norwegians, who this time took the first 15 places. The winner was Ole Stenen in a time of 1: 11: 33.0 with half a minute ahead of his compatriot Martin Peder Vangli . Knut Lunde followed in third place , closely followed by the good ski jumper Hans Vinjarengen , who lived up to his role as favorite for the overall victory with his tight time gap.
The first foreigner followed with Toivo Nykänen from Finland in 16th place. The representatives of the Central European Ski Associations did slightly better than in the previous competitions. The best was the Czechoslovak Otakar Německý , who ended up in 19th place just four minutes behind the winner. Traunsteiner Willi Bogner , who is based in Norway, followed in 20th place, followed by Swiss champion Bussmann in 21st place . Rubi finished 30th, the German Bohemian Möhwald came in 32nd and Ludwig Böck from Nesselwang came in 33rd, right in front of his compatriot Gustl Müller . Feuz crossed the finish line in 45th place, about seven minutes behind, with Heinz Ermel from Silesia just behind . The race was disappointing for the Thuringian Glass and Recknagel, who could only place at the end of the ranking. Four runners had to end the race prematurely, including Alois Kratzer , who was weakened by a bad cold and Alfons Julen , who had sold out the wax and, as a result, gave up prematurely due to exhaustion.
The following Sunday , the main event of the Oslo winter sports week followed with the Holmenkoll ski jumping, which was classified as a combined ski jumping for the FIS races . On the day of the cross-country skiing, a new record number of spectators was expected after a strong advance sale. In fact, from eight o'clock in the morning on the day of the competition, around 50,000 visitors took the one and a half hour walk from the city to the Holmenkollen. Another 20,000 or so spectators were transported to the ski jumping hill by the Holmenkollbahn or by car. The competition began after the arrival of the Norwegian royal family , who took their place in the official gallery, at 1 p.m. sharp. The high number of more than 400 jumps, which came about through the participation of the junior and age groups, which did not count for the FIS races, was completed in just under three hours. At the first jumper of each nation, the band played the hymn of the state in question, while Ernst Feuz z. B. the then still valid Swiss national anthem " Do you call, my fatherland ".
The Norwegians dominated the competition again. Sigmund Ruud reached 48 and 49 meters and won the women's cup , which was due to the winner of the ski jumping. The main interest was the fight for the King's Cup , in which the jumpers of the A class took part. Vinjarengen reached 46.5 meters in the first round and thus kept his eligibility for the cup and the associated combined title. His biggest competitors, the two leaders after the cross-country skiing competition Ole Stenen and Martin Peder Vangli, fell and lost their chances prematurely. Third-placed Knut Lunde only reached 39.5 m and fell back a little. Vinjarengen held up well in the second round with 42 meters and was crowned world champion in Nordic combined with 446.0 points in front of his compatriots Skagnæs and Lunde.
The Central Europeans were left out in the decision about the combined title despite some good individual performances. Walter Glaß achieved excellent fourth place in the combined jumping with jumps over 48 and 45 meters in an impressive manner. Loisl Kratzer achieved 10th place in the jumping run with 44.5 and 42 meters. The other German participants fared less well, including Recknagel , who fell on his jump to 45.5 m in the first round, and Müller , who did not manage a single jump despite the short distances. Ernst Feuz reached 11th place for Switzerland in jumping with 42 and 45.5 meters and placed 23rd in the overall ranking. With this performance, the Mürrener crowned himself the best Central European in Nordic combined. His compatriot Rubi was placed just behind him in 26th place overall. In the Czechoslovaks Trýzna and Novák did not start. Bartoň fell in both rounds. Otakar Německý and Willi Möhwald did not get over the 40-meter mark. In the overall standings, the two placed 25 and 30 respectively. As expected, Bronisław Czech was the best of the Poles . He was ranked 28th in the final result. The two Yugoslav brothers Josko and Janko Janša with their jumps from 23 to 26 meters provided more humorous interludes in the combined jumping.
The jumping of the juniors was carried out outside the FIS races, but brought remarkable performances by the 17 to 19 year old young jumpers, some of whom had already taken top positions in the special jumping at these FIS races. Birger Ruud reached 50 meters in both rounds and won the combined ranking with 226.4 points ahead of his compatriots Reidar Andersen (220.8 points) and Olav Ulland (219.8 points). Ruud equalized the existing hill record with his jumps before Ulland set a new record with 50.5 m in the second round, which was exceeded only a short time later by 18-year-old Knut Kobberstad with 51 m. The last jumper on the run, Reidar Andersen finally reached 52 meters and was celebrated for minutes by the enthusiastic spectators after his record jump, which was only to be exceeded in 1938.
|space||athlete||country||Start no.||time||Shooting points|
Knut Lunde , Løytnant
Leif Skagnæs , Sersjant
Martin Peder Vangli , soldier
Oscar Aas Haugen , soldier
|Norway||6th||2: 19: 14.8 h||115|
|Sweden||7th||2: 27: 42.5 h||48|
Otakar Německý , npor
Josef Tryzna , četař
Antonín Bartoň , svobodník
Wilhelm Möhwald , vojín
|Czechoslovakia||1||2: 31: 03.2 h||94|
|4th||Franz Kunz, OLtn
Hans Zeier , Fw
Carlo Gourlaouen , Gefr
Riccardo Jelmini , Gefr.
|Switzerland||5||2: 38: 23.6 h||38|
Franz Raithel , OLtn
N. Dauner, NCO
Georg Stephan , Gefr.
Josef Rehm , Gefr.
|Germany||8th||2: 40: 09.0 h||58|
Eino Kuvaja , Luutnantti
Aarne Hoffren ,
Aarne Valkama ,
Olavi Remes ,
|Finland||2||2: 43: 08.0 h||67|
Maurice Mandrillon ,
Evariste Prat ,
|France||4th||2: 47: 11.0 h||62|
Artur Kasprzyk , Por
Jozef Kuraś , szer.
Izydor Gąsienica-Łuszczek , szer.
|Poland||3||2: 48: 21.0 h||73|
Date: Sunday February 23, 1930; Start time: 10:00 a.m.
Route: The route with a length of 28 km had a total ascent of about 600 meters and led in constant alternation of short but steep climbs and descents through ditches, forests and trees. The start and finish point was below the Holmenkollschanze .
Shooting range: This was set up at about 14 km. Here all participants, with the exception of the military patrol leaders, had to fire 10 shots each at field targets.
Spectators: Around 20,000 to 25,000 spectators had gathered in the start and finish area as well as along the running track, including the entire royal family , who even followed the course of the race while standing on skis.
The military patrol race was the first competition of the Oslo International Ski Week . Patrols from eight nations had reported, and they all appeared at the start. Participants had to complete prescribed adjustment , which consisted of their usual field uniform with 10 kg of luggage, including rifle and ammunition to complete the run. The day before, Norwegian officials checked all teams' equipment and uniforms for compliance with the rules. Since attempts were made at that time to make the outfits as light as possible, the checking Norwegian officers found plenty of reasons for complaint. The very light blue uniforms of the French alpine hunters and the gabardine uniform skirts of the German representatives were particularly criticized . However, since all the other patrols had also interpreted the tenders for the uniforms in a very generous way, no official objections were made.
The start of the patrol run took place in sunshine and a cloudless sky at 10:00 a.m. The Czechoslovakia patrol was the first team to be discharged, the other teams followed at 3-minute intervals until the German patrol started last at 10:21 am.
The Norwegian team with Knut Lunde and Leif Skagnæs , who started the race with starting number six, was the big favorite . During the race, the Norwegians overtook four of the teams that had started before them and crossed the finish line right behind the Czechoslovaks, who had started the race with starting number 1, with a superior 8-minute lead over Sweden . The victory aroused enormous enthusiasm among the spectators. The winning team was then congratulated by the royal family.
Third place was surprisingly taken by the Czechoslovaks under their patrol leader Oberleutnant Otakar Německý , whose aim it was originally only to be able to keep up with the other Central Europeans . The success of the Czechoslovak military athletes sparked great joy among the athletes and officials present as well as at home. Switzerland came fourth under patrol leader Oblt. Kunz, which after a difficult start - Jelmini was weak and Zeier suffered a small injury after a collision with a tree , so that Kunz had to take over their luggage for some time - still a good finish and was able to improve from 6th place to 4th place. The fifth-placed Germans , led by Lieutenant Raithel , ran very well in the front for a long time, had already overtaken the Swedes and made contact with Norway, behind which they were in second place until the last climb. After a runner went weak, they had to take a break, lost about 15 minutes and dropped to fifth place. The Finns suffered a similar experience, one of whom was almost unable to run after about 18 km and had to be led by his comrades over the remaining 10 km. The French and Polish patrols entered behind the Finns .
- Vinteridrettsukens Hovedkomite: De internasjonale skirenn under Vinteridrettsuken i Oslo 1930. 1930 Oslo, s. 8-27 (Norwegian) In Nasjonalbiblioteket, Norway. Only accessible inside Norway.
XI. Congress of the International Ski Sports Federation
The XI. The FIS International Ski Congress was chaired by Ivar Holmquist from February 24th to 26th in Oslo and Finse . A total of around 30 delegates came from 16 countries; these came from North America ( USA , Canada ), Europe ( Germany , Finland , France , Italy , Yugoslavia , Norway , Austria , Poland , Sweden , Switzerland , Czechoslovakia , Hungary , Great Britain ) and Asia ( Japan ). The FIS itself has 26 delegates from 15 countries.
The German Ski Association was represented at the congress by its chairmen Ganzenmiller ( Munich ), Peter Frey ( Frankfurt ) and Raether ( Erfurt ), the Austrian Ski Delegation by Theodor Rhomberg , the Swiss Ski Association by Karl Danegger , board member of the FIS, Walter Amstutz , Co-founder of the Swiss Academic Ski Club, Fritz Erb , trainer for Swiss skiers and Colonel Luchsinger. Poland sent the journalist Stanisław Faecher and from Great Britain Arnold Lunn and Pelham Maitland took part. In total, the congress had to deliberate on 27 items on the agenda.
Introduction of alpine skiing competitions
Of particular importance was the question of the introduction of downhill and slalom races into the FIS race regulations. A study commission chaired by Karl Danegger discussed this on February 25, apart from the congress in Finse . Other members of the commission were Walter Amstutz (Switzerland), Conte Aldo Bonacossa (Italy), Arnold Lunn (Great Britain), Colonel Bobkowski (Poland) and Olaf Helset (Norway).
On the basis of the two existing race regulations of the Ski Club of Great Britain and the Swiss Academic Ski Club, a draft was drawn up that was intended as an addition to the FIS competition regulations. In the final session of the FIS congress, Danninger, as president of the study commission, recommended that the congress regulate downhill and slalom races and explained the motivation of the commission, among other things, with the fact that skiing in the Alps has developed quite differently due to the special topographical conditions in the north ", and emphasized" that it is the duty of the FIS to take these conditions in Central Europe into account . "
Nikolai Ramm Østgaard, as spokesman for the ski associations of the three Scandinavian countries, which had previously strictly opposed the inclusion of alpine competitions, surprisingly and without further discussion declared that he would approve of the resolution if the competition rules said: " In addition , downhill and slalom runs can be carried out " . With the international regulation of downhill and slalom racing by the FIS, the foundation stone for the development of alpine ski racing as it was to take place in the decades that followed was laid at the congress in Oslo.
After the delegates of the German Ski Association declared that they would refrain from announcing the alpine competitions in Oberhof, the Ski Club of Great Britain, in the person of Arnold Lunn, suggested slalom and downhill runs as a replacement after the FIS competitions in Thuringia for men and women in Mürren , Switzerland. This entry was accepted without a dissenting vote. These first international Alpine FIS races from Mürren , which were named as such, were later recognized retrospectively as the first Alpine World Ski Championships .
Further conference points
- The application of the German Ski Association to host the international FIS competitions of 1931 in Oberhof in Thuringia was accepted.
- In principle, the decision to participate in the Olympic Winter Games in Lake Placid in the USA was made by the delegates of the national ski associations .
- Lake Placid was also marked as the location for the next Ski Congress in 1932. A final decision was postponed to the conference in Oberhof, as the holding of the congress was made dependent on massive financial support with regard to accommodation and crossing costs and the negotiations on this could not yet be concluded. The delegate of the US ski association, Fred Harris, announced the establishment of a fund for this purpose. In the event of the subsidies failing, the French capital Paris was chosen as a replacement location .
- The German Peter Frey was unanimously elected as the second deputy chairman of the FIS . The only opposing candidate, Pierre Minelle (France), after a long personal effort by the Czechoslovak delegate Moser, out of consideration that the next FIS races would take place in Germany, declared his resignation and then voted for Frey himself.
- The German Ski Association was commissioned to work out a race design for the organization of relay races, which was to be submitted to the Congress in 1932.
- The application of the Czechoslovakian Ski Association to reformulate the evaluation criteria for the Nordic Combined with greater consideration of cross-country skiing remained unresolved.
- Regarding the regulation of the amateur question , it was decided to adhere to the current regulations. Thus it was with the athletes Skiing money earned (z. B. instructors) as opposed to the Winter Olympics of the IOC continue to allow in international FIS races participate.
- The Confédération internationale des étudiants was authorized to announce and organize international university ski competitions every year .
- Hermann Hansen, Knut Sveen: VM på ski '97. Alt om ski-VM 1925-1997. Adresseavisens Forlag, Trondheim 1996, ISBN 82-7164-044-5 .
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- Holmenkollen race. Utterström-Sweden wins the 50 km endurance run in: Freiburger Zeitung of March 5, 1930, 2nd morning edition, page 3
- Completion of the Holmenkoll races: Vinjarengen winner in the combination in: Freiburger Zeitung of March 6, 1930, 2nd morning edition, page 2
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- Conclusion of the ski congress. / New Norwegian victory in Oslo in Tages-Post (Linz) on March 1, 1930, page 7
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- Holmenkollen: The King's Cup won by Hans Vinjarengen in: Tages-Post (Linz) on March 4, 1930, page 7
- The Holmenkollen ski races ended: Sweden victory in the 50-kilometer endurance run in: Tages-Post (Linz) on March 5, 1930, page 5
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- Największe zawody narciarskie świata. Otwarta 17-tka. Przygotowania. Otwarcie zawodów. Specjalne korespondencje Stanisława Faechera dla "Przeglądu Sportowego" / Walka na trasie. Jak jechali nasi zawodnicy / Wyniki Polaków. Uznanie op nji sportowej / Szczegółowe wyniki in: Przegląd Sportowy, edition 19/1930 of March 5, 1930, page 3 (Polish)
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- Rozstrzygający dzień w Oslo. Bend 17 klm. do combinacji. Szostak i Czech na 41 i 42 miejscu. / Skoki do Kombinacji. Br.Czech 4-ty wśród narciarzy środkowej Europy in: Przegląd Sportowy, edition 21/1930 of March 12, 1930, page 4 (Polish)
- Otwarty konkurs skoków na mistrzostwach narciarskich Europy / Jak skakano na slynnej Holmenkollen in: Przegląd Sportowy, edition 21/1930 of March 12, 1930, page 5 (Polish)
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- Military patrols before takeoff. / At the 50 km race in Holmenkoll. in: Prager Tagblatt from February 23, 1930, page 5
- Czechoslovakia - third in Oslo in: Prager Tagblatt from February 25, 1930, page 6
- The northerners in the front. / Good runner, bad shooter. in: Prager Tagblatt from February 28, 1930, page 5
- O. Německý best Central European. / News in brief Holmenkoll jumping / Oblt. Německý took second place in the military run / A heavy bread. in: Prager Tagblatt of March 2, 1930, page 7
- The big day of the Holmenkoll-Schanze: 70,000 spectators. The youngest class beats the Holmenkoll record. / Swedes and Finns in the front. / Otto Schimetschek: People on skis in: Prager Tagblatt of March 4, 1930, page 6
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- Downhill races and slalom approved in: Sport-Tagblatt dated March 5, 1930, page 7
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- Dr. Walter Amstutz: The FIS competitions and the 11th ski congress in Oslo in: The snow hare. Yearbook of the Swiss Academic Ski Club. Vol. 1, No. 4th of 1930; Page 396