Sloup v Moravském Krasu
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Jihomoravský kraj|
|Area :||765 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||963 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||679 13|
|License plate :||B.|
|Street:||Prostějov - Rájec-Jestřebí|
|Mayor :||Martin Mikulášek (as of 2018)|
679 13 Sloup v Moravském Krasu
The village is located at an altitude of 470 m at the confluence of the Žďárná and Luha streams. The dry valley Pustý žleb begins in the south of the village. The Luha flows into the interior of the karst area, in which the Sloupsko-šošůvské jeskyně cave system is located. In the Kůlna cave, which is part of this system, skull bones of Neanderthals as well as bones of cave bears , hyenas and the woolly rhinoceros were found. In addition to numerous caves, sinkholes and fractures, there are also striking karst rocks in Sloup.
The townscape is shaped by the two-tower pilgrimage church of the painful Virgin Mary.
Not far from there is the family cemetery of Count Salm-Reifferscheidt-Raitz, with its old linden trees .
Sloup was first mentioned in 1373. In 1446 it was owned by the Půta von Sovinec on Doubravice and Holstein . In 1491 Ludmilla von Kunstadt, the wife of Vratislaw von Pernstein, bought the village and mill. During the 16th century the Drnovský von Drnovice family became the owners of the Sloup estate. In 1661 Johanka von Roggendorf , as the last member of the extinct Drnovský family, was granted the property. Her son Johann Christian von Roggendorf, who since 1675 a. a. Sloup owned, was the royal captain of the Brno district. Countess Caroline von Roggendorf, owner of the Raitz with Sloup estate since 1741, had a church of the painful Virgin Mary built on the town's market square between 1751 and 1754, which was consecrated in 1754 by the Prince-Bishop of the Archdiocese of Olomouc Ferdinand Julius von Troyer . The building was built when, after the 25-year-old daughter of a miller was healed from the epilepsy Sloup, it had become a place of pilgrimage for supplicants for healing by grace. After the fire at Raitz Castle , Caroline von Roggendorf and Mollenburg moved to Sloup in 1746.
After her death, the inheritance fell to her three sons, who sold the property in 1763 to the husband of their sister Raphaela, Anton Josef Altgraf von Salm-Reifferscheidt, for 360,000 guilders. The Salm-Reifferscheidt family remained the owners of the estate until they were expropriated in 1945 and their coat of arms is still on the municipal coat of arms today. In 1862 Sloup was elevated to a town. In 2007 the status of Městys was renewed.
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Rudolf Sitka: The places of grace of the Sudetenland. Dedicated in pious reverence to the Most Blessed Virgin Mary in the Marian Year 1954. Heimatverlag M. Renner, Kempten im Allgäu, 1954, Sloup page 121.