Oberhausen near Kirn
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Bad Kreuznach|
|Association municipality :||Kirner Land|
|Height :||400 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.58 km 2|
|Residents:||853 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||186 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||55606|
|Area code :||06752|
|License plate :||KH|
|Community key :||07 1 33 073|
|Association administration address:||Bahnhofstrasse 31
|Local Mayor :||Thomas Jung|
|Location of the local community Oberhausen bei Kirn in the Bad Kreuznach district|
The district of the local community Oberhausen was settled very early. Some burial mound finds of the "older Hunsrück-Eifel culture", z. B. a bronze spiral neck ring and bronze arm rings are traces of settlement from the period from 600 to 400 BC. Two important prehistoric roads led over the Oberhauser district, whereby the "Salt Road" connected the upper Nahe area with the Rhine and a road from Kirchberg (Hunsrück) to Meisenheim existed as a north-south connection between the Moselle region and the Palatinate Uplands.
The earliest mention of the place name can be found in documents from the years 1342 and 1346. The latter document is a wisdom from the year 1346, in which the judge Hermann von Obirnhusen is named as a member of the judges' council of the Hennweiler court. At that time Oberhausen belonged to the Vogtei Heinzenberg , a medieval judicial and administrative district that was formed by the villages of Hennweiler, Oberhausen, Guntzelnberg, Rode, Heinzenberg and the Eigener Hof. There, the lords of Heinzenberg, who lived in a castle in the Kellenbachtal, were responsible as bailiffs for the administration of justice and tax collection. Hennweiler was the mother place in this large area. Like the other places, Oberhausen was a "daughter" or "expansion settlement". The Vogteibezirk was also a parish, the mother church of which was the Stephanus Church in Hennweiler. In the late Middle Ages, Oberhausen became part of the Wartenstein rule and belonged to the Hennweiler sub-office. At that time, authority was initially transferred from the von Heinzenberg gentlemen to Tilmann vom Stein / Wartenstein. However, since the latter died without male descendants, some other families of the lower nobility acquired property and rights to Wartenstein through marriage over the course of time, whereby these families formed a kind of Ganerbegemeinschaft.
In the course of the first half of the 16th century, the Lords of Schwarzenberg finally succeeded in securing sole rulership in the Hennweiler sub-office, although the feudal sovereignty always remained with the Counts and Dukes of Pfalz-Zweibrücken as the legal successors of the Counts of Veldenz. As local lord, Johann III. von Schwarzenberg initiated the Reformation around 1550 in the parish of Hennweiler / Oberhausen.
Oberhausen and Hennweiler formed a large area in the late Middle Ages, which was managed in the form of the Markgenossenschaft. Only later were the districts divided. The forests, which were also shared, were only divided up in 1769.
During the French rule on the left bank of the Rhine (1798-1814) Oberhausen belonged to Mairie Kirn in the Simmern arrondissement of the Rhine-Moselle department . In the subsequent Prussian period, Oberhausen remained part of the local authority now known as the " Mayor of Kirn ". After Kirn received town charter and its own administration in 1857, the rural communities formed the "Landbürgermeisterei Kirn", which was co-administered by the Kirn mayor. When this personal union was broken in 1896, the representatives of the rural communities elected their own mayor. Oberhausen remained uninterrupted in the municipal association "Amt Kirn-Land ", which was transformed into the "Verbandsgemeinde Kirn-Land" in the course of the administrative reform in 1968.
On June 1, 1970, the community of Oberhausen received the addition to the name at Kirn .
Over the last few decades, Oberhausen has developed from a predominantly agriculturally oriented village into a modern residential community. The community has been supplied with water by the Krebsweiler group waterworks since 1953/54 . The sewer system was built between 1956 and 1963 and connected to the Kirn sewage treatment plant.
Oberhausen also has some cultural monuments. The Protestant church with a Gothic choir with colored painting dates from the 2nd half of the 15th century. The church was given a new nave in 1743 and was used simultaneously until 1898. The foundation stone of the Catholic church was laid in 1898. Another important cultural monument in the Oberhausen district is Wartenstein Castle .
- Population development
The development of the population of Oberhausen bei Kirn, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The municipal council in Oberhausen bei Kirn consists of twelve council members who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman. The turnout was 74.5% (2014: 75.1%).
The distribution of seats in the municipal council (with the comparative figures from previous elections):
* FWG = Free Voting Community Oberhausen bei Kirn eV
Local mayor is Thomas Jung. In the local elections on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office with 98.01% of the votes.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In a split shield in front in black a silver, gold-crowned, armored and -tongued lion, behind in gold a red rafter, underneath a red lobed spiral ring."|
Reasons for the coat of arms: The lion refers to the former belonging to the Wartenstein rule . The rafter symbolizes the place name (Hausen). The spiral ring from the Hallstatt period comes from a find in a grave in Oberhausen.
On November 29, 1963, the municipal council commissioned the graphic artist Karl-Heinz Brust, Kirnsulzbach, to develop a design for a municipal coat of arms. At the meeting on September 24, 1965, the council accepted the draft presented. After approval by the State Archives, the Ministry of the Interior in Mainz granted on December 29, 1965 permission to use one's own coat of arms.
Economy and Infrastructure
Sons and daughters of the church
- Otto Groß (1901–1981), German politician (Free Democratic Party, MdL Rhineland-Palatinate)
- Ortgemeinde Oberhausen bei Kirn on the pages of the Verbandsgemeinde Kirn-Land
- Oberhausen near Kirn at www.hunsrueck-nahereise.de
- Literature about Oberhausen near Kirn in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 22 (PDF; 3 MB).
- "Obernhusen"; W. Günther, Cod.dipl III., 448
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 187 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- Statistical Maps, Verbandsgemeinde Kirn-Land, 2009
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved July 30, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved July 30, 2019 .
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Kirn-Land, Verbandsgemeinde, 14th line of results. Retrieved September 22, 2019 .