Bärenbach (near Idar-Oberstein)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Bärenbach
Bärenbach (near Idar-Oberstein)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Bärenbach highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 45 '  N , 7 ° 26'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Bad Kreuznach
Association municipality : Kirner Land
Height : 253 m above sea level NHN
Area : 5.59 km 2
Residents: 507 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 91 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 55758
Area code : 06784
License plate : KH
Community key : 07 1 33 008
Association administration address: Bahnhofstrasse 31
55606 Kirn
Website : www.baerenbach.de
Local Mayor : Jürgen Schmidt
Location of the local community Bärenbach in the Bad Kreuznach district
Bad Kreuznach Kirn Biebelsheim Pfaffen-Schwabenheim Pleitersheim Volxheim Hackenheim Frei-Laubersheim Neu-Bamberg Fürfeld Tiefenthal (Rheinhessen) Traisen (Nahe) Norheim Altenbamberg Hochstätten Feilbingert Hallgarten (Pfalz) Niederhausen (Nahe) Oberhausen an der Nahe Duchroth Bad Sobernheim Auen (Hunsrück) Bärweiler Daubach (Hunsrück) Ippenschied Kirschroth Langenthal (Hunsrück) Lauschied Martinstein Meddersheim Merxheim (Nahe) Bad Sobernheim Monzingen Nußbaum Odernheim am Glan Rehbach (bei Sobernheim) Seesbach Staudernheim Weiler bei Monzingen Winterburg Bretzenheim Dorsheim Guldental Langenlonsheim Laubenheim Rümmelsheim Windesheim Daxweiler Dörrebach Eckenroth Roth (bei Stromberg) Schöneberg (Hunsrück) Schweppenhausen Seibersbach Stromberg (Hunsrück) Waldlaubersheim Warmsroth Kirn Bärenbach (bei Idar-Oberstein) Becherbach bei Kirn Brauweiler (Rheinland-Pfalz) Bruschied Hahnenbach Heimweiler Heinzenberg (bei Kirn) Hennweiler Hochstetten-Dhaun Horbach (bei Simmertal) Kellenbach Königsau Limbach (bei Kirn) Meckenbach (bei Kirn) Oberhausen bei Kirn Otzweiler Schneppenbach Schwarzerden Simmertal Weitersborn Abtweiler Becherbach (Pfalz) Breitenheim Callbach Desloch Hundsbach Jeckenbach Lettweiler Löllbach Meisenheim Raumbach Rehborn Reiffelbach Schmittweiler Schweinschied Allenfeld Argenschwang Bockenau Boos (Nahe) Braunweiler Burgsponheim Dalberg (bei Bad Kreuznach) Gebroth Gutenberg (bei Bad Kreuznach) Hargesheim Hergenfeld Hüffelsheim Mandel (Gemeinde) Münchwald Oberstreit Roxheim Rüdesheim (Nahe) Schloßböckelheim Sankt Katharinen (bei Bad Kreuznach) Sommerloch (bei Bad Kreuznach) Spabrücken Spall Sponheim Waldböckelheim Wallhausen (bei Bad Kreuznach) Weinsheim (bei Bad Kreuznach) Winterbach (Soonwald) Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Landkreis Birkenfeld Landkreis Mainz-Bingen Hessen Landkreis Alzey-Worms Landkreis Kusel Donnersbergkreismap
About this picture

Bärenbach is a municipality in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Kirner Land association.


The place is located on the Großbach, just before its confluence with the Nahe . 47.1 percent of the municipal area is forested. To the north is Kirn , in the east Schmidthachenbach , south Mittelreidenbach and west is Fischbach .


The town was founded at the time when the so-called “younger settlement area”, i.e. the “younger settlement area” in today's Bad Kreuznach district was cleared at the beginning of the 7th century. H. especially the Soonvorstufe and the mountainous region south of the Nahe, which was completed in the 12th century.

The great importance of this medieval clearing process lies in the fact that new land was conquered for the first time not with the sword but with the lifting ax in order to be able to use it for agriculture.

Most of the new settlements in the forest areas initially consisted of a single farm or, at best, a group of farms as the core of the settlement. In 1599 Bärenbach only had 12 fire places (= households, families).

According to the information provided by H. Kaufmann about the place names of the Bad Kreuznach district, Bärenbach was mentioned in a document as early as 1108. The history of the place is closely connected with the neighboring Naumburg Castle . In 1146, Raugraf Emicho called himself “Count of Nuenburc”, which is the first mention of the castle. The Naumburg Castle (= New Castle) probably got its name as a new foundation compared to the nearby Kyrburg or the fortress Hachenfels .

Naumburg Castle is located on a hill near the mouth of the Bärenbach in the Nahe. It belonged to the property of the Raugrafen , who had further castles and administrative rights on the Alsenz , Appelbach , Großbach and on the Hunsrück . After changing ownership, the Raugrafen transferred the castle to the Counts of Sponheim-Kreuznach in the 14th century, who made them the administrative seat of a small office that included the courts of Bärenbach, Becherbach and Martin-Weierbach as well as part of Löllbach and Oberreidenbach . According to a description of the office written in 1599, the Becherbach High Court was the core of the Naumburg office .

When the county of Sponheim was divided in 1706, the Naumburg office was assigned to the Baden part, where it formed the Naumburg regional office. In 1776 the office of Herrstein from the rear county of Sponheim was attached to him. In addition, the administration of the imperial knighthood of Martinstein, which belonged to the margrave of Baden, was connected to the office of Naumburg.

According to a description by the Naumburg Office from 1785, Bärenbach counted 32 houses with just as many families. A third of the Bärenbacher district was manorial castle property. The largest house belonged to the Nagel family, who previously administered the office of executioner and warden.

In 1755, Margrave Ludwig Georg von Baden leased his Naumburg estate to 16 Bärenbach families for 2,550 gulden. During the time under French administration, the lease was paid to the French state. After the Puricelli family from Meisenheim had bought the lease at auction, it was not until 1855 that 22 Bärenbach families were transferred to property for 7200 guilders. During the French occupation of the area on the left bank of the Rhine , Bärenbach belonged to the Mairie Schmidthachenbach in the canton of Grumbach in the Saar department . The Naumburg buildings were demolished under French rule.

After the reorganization of the area on the left bank of the Rhine at the Congress of Vienna , the place came under Prussian administration in 1815 and under Hesse-Homburg administration in 1816/17 . Bärenbach became part of the Oberschultheißerei and later mayor's office of Becherbach. It was not until 1821 that the community built its own church, with which Schmidthachenbach was later connected as a vicariate (1903). Before that, Bärenbach had always belonged to the Becherbach parish.

Until 1866 the mayor's office in Becherbach belonged to the Oberamt Meisenheim , which was subordinate to the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg . In the following years, Becherbach remained the official seat of a regional body in the newly formed Prussian district of Meisenheim , which had emerged from the former Oberamt.

In 1932, the Meisenheim district was dissolved and incorporated into the Bad Kreuznach district. Eight years later, as part of an administrative reform, the Becherbach office was dissolved and it was assigned to the Kirn-Land office . Since that date, Kirn has been the new point of contact for official business for the Bärenbacher citizens. The local community came with the administrative reform in 1969/70 to the Verbandsgemeinde Kirn-Land .

Population development

The development of the population of Bärenbach, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 252
1835 ~ 270
1871 302
1905 341
1939 346
1950 385
year Residents
1961 424
1970 477
1987 491
1997 549
2005 536
2019 507


Municipal council

The municipal council in Bärenbach consists of twelve council members, who were elected in a majority vote in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.


Jürgen Schmidt is the local mayor. In the local elections on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office with 84.89% of the votes.

coat of arms

The coat of arms is eloquent as it refers to the name. It is divided into two parts and shows - in the upper half of the shield in green - a silver oblique left wavy bar and a silver berry. The lower half of the shield is sheathed in blue and gold.

Wavy beams and berries refer to the place name Bärenbach. According to old descriptions, it is called Beerenbach (also called Berry Valley). The color green was chosen after the meadow and berry valley. The lower field, blue and gold box, refers to the former affiliation of the front county of Sponheim .

On October 8, 1963, the municipal council commissioned the graphic artist Brust, Kirn-Sulzbach , to develop a design for a municipal coat of arms. At its meeting on May 6, 1964, the Council approved the draft presented. After approval by the State Archives, the Ministry of the Interior in Mainz granted permission on May 12, 1965 to use one's own coat of arms.

Economy and Infrastructure

The federal highway 41 runs to the west . In Kirn-Sulzbach there is a train station on the Bingen – Saarbrücken line .

See also

Web links

Commons : Bärenbach  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. a b State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. ^ "Gerardus comes de Berenbach", UB. Mainz I n.436
  3. Otto Lentze, Office Naumburg and Parish Becherbach , Bad Kreuznach 1913
  4. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  5. ^ The Regional Returning Officer RLP: City Council Election 2019 Bärenbach. Retrieved September 23, 2019 .
  6. The regional returning officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Kirn-Land, Verbandsgemeinde, first line of results. Retrieved September 23, 2019 .