Bärenbach (near Idar-Oberstein)
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Bad Kreuznach|
|Association municipality :||Kirner Land|
|Height :||253 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||5.59 km 2|
|Residents:||507 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||91 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||55758|
|Area code :||06784|
|License plate :||KH|
|Community key :||07 1 33 008|
|Association administration address:||Bahnhofstrasse 31
|Local Mayor :||Jürgen Schmidt|
|Location of the local community Bärenbach in the Bad Kreuznach district|
The place is located on the Großbach, just before its confluence with the Nahe . 47.1 percent of the municipal area is forested. To the north is Kirn , in the east Schmidthachenbach , south Mittelreidenbach and west is Fischbach .
The town was founded at the time when the so-called “younger settlement area”, i.e. the “younger settlement area” in today's Bad Kreuznach district was cleared at the beginning of the 7th century. H. especially the Soonvorstufe and the mountainous region south of the Nahe, which was completed in the 12th century.
The great importance of this medieval clearing process lies in the fact that new land was conquered for the first time not with the sword but with the lifting ax in order to be able to use it for agriculture.
Most of the new settlements in the forest areas initially consisted of a single farm or, at best, a group of farms as the core of the settlement. In 1599 Bärenbach only had 12 fire places (= households, families).
According to the information provided by H. Kaufmann about the place names of the Bad Kreuznach district, Bärenbach was mentioned in a document as early as 1108. The history of the place is closely connected with the neighboring Naumburg Castle . In 1146, Raugraf Emicho called himself “Count of Nuenburc”, which is the first mention of the castle. The Naumburg Castle (= New Castle) probably got its name as a new foundation compared to the nearby Kyrburg or the fortress Hachenfels .
Naumburg Castle is located on a hill near the mouth of the Bärenbach in the Nahe. It belonged to the property of the Raugrafen , who had further castles and administrative rights on the Alsenz , Appelbach , Großbach and on the Hunsrück . After changing ownership, the Raugrafen transferred the castle to the Counts of Sponheim-Kreuznach in the 14th century, who made them the administrative seat of a small office that included the courts of Bärenbach, Becherbach and Martin-Weierbach as well as part of Löllbach and Oberreidenbach . According to a description of the office written in 1599, the Becherbach High Court was the core of the Naumburg office .
When the county of Sponheim was divided in 1706, the Naumburg office was assigned to the Baden part, where it formed the Naumburg regional office. In 1776 the office of Herrstein from the rear county of Sponheim was attached to him. In addition, the administration of the imperial knighthood of Martinstein, which belonged to the margrave of Baden, was connected to the office of Naumburg.
According to a description by the Naumburg Office from 1785, Bärenbach counted 32 houses with just as many families. A third of the Bärenbacher district was manorial castle property. The largest house belonged to the Nagel family, who previously administered the office of executioner and warden.
In 1755, Margrave Ludwig Georg von Baden leased his Naumburg estate to 16 Bärenbach families for 2,550 gulden. During the time under French administration, the lease was paid to the French state. After the Puricelli family from Meisenheim had bought the lease at auction, it was not until 1855 that 22 Bärenbach families were transferred to property for 7200 guilders. During the French occupation of the area on the left bank of the Rhine , Bärenbach belonged to the Mairie Schmidthachenbach in the canton of Grumbach in the Saar department . The Naumburg buildings were demolished under French rule.
After the reorganization of the area on the left bank of the Rhine at the Congress of Vienna , the place came under Prussian administration in 1815 and under Hesse-Homburg administration in 1816/17 . Bärenbach became part of the Oberschultheißerei and later mayor's office of Becherbach. It was not until 1821 that the community built its own church, with which Schmidthachenbach was later connected as a vicariate (1903). Before that, Bärenbach had always belonged to the Becherbach parish.
Until 1866 the mayor's office in Becherbach belonged to the Oberamt Meisenheim , which was subordinate to the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg . In the following years, Becherbach remained the official seat of a regional body in the newly formed Prussian district of Meisenheim , which had emerged from the former Oberamt.
In 1932, the Meisenheim district was dissolved and incorporated into the Bad Kreuznach district. Eight years later, as part of an administrative reform, the Becherbach office was dissolved and it was assigned to the Kirn-Land office . Since that date, Kirn has been the new point of contact for official business for the Bärenbacher citizens. The local community came with the administrative reform in 1969/70 to the Verbandsgemeinde Kirn-Land .
- Population development
The development of the population of Bärenbach, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Jürgen Schmidt is the local mayor. In the local elections on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office with 84.89% of the votes.
coat of arms
The coat of arms is eloquent as it refers to the name. It is divided into two parts and shows - in the upper half of the shield in green - a silver oblique left wavy bar and a silver berry. The lower half of the shield is sheathed in blue and gold.
Wavy beams and berries refer to the place name Bärenbach. According to old descriptions, it is called Beerenbach (also called Berry Valley). The color green was chosen after the meadow and berry valley. The lower field, blue and gold box, refers to the former affiliation of the front county of Sponheim .
On October 8, 1963, the municipal council commissioned the graphic artist Brust, Kirn-Sulzbach , to develop a design for a municipal coat of arms. At its meeting on May 6, 1964, the Council approved the draft presented. After approval by the State Archives, the Ministry of the Interior in Mainz granted permission on May 12, 1965 to use one's own coat of arms.
Economy and Infrastructure
- Local community Bärenbach on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Kirn-Land
- Unofficial homepage of Bärenbach
- Literature about Bärenbach in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- "Gerardus comes de Berenbach", UB. Mainz I n.436
- Otto Lentze, Office Naumburg and Parish Becherbach , Bad Kreuznach 1913
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: City Council Election 2019 Bärenbach. Retrieved September 23, 2019 .
- The regional returning officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Kirn-Land, Verbandsgemeinde, first line of results. Retrieved September 23, 2019 .