|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Jihočeský kraj|
|District :||České Budějovice|
|Area :||319 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||2,544 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||373 71|
|License plate :||C.|
|Street:||České Budějovice - Lišov|
|Mayor :||Vít Kavalír (as of 2018)|
373 71 Rudolfov
|Location of Rudolfov in the České Budějovice district|
Neighboring towns are Adamov in the north, Jivno and Vyhlídky in the east, Hlincová Hora in the southeast, Dubičné in the south, Hlinsko and Nové Vráto in the southwest, Vráto in the west and Světlík, Nemanice and Úsilné in the northwest.
The first written mention of the village Wes am Berg took place in 1375. The first news of silver mining in the area comes from 1385. Silver mining reached its heyday in the second half of the 16th century. In this sixty-year main operating phase, the large mining town and the small mining town, along with Sankt Joachimsthal and Kuttenberg, were among the most important silver mining areas in Bohemia. From 1569, a large part of the silver won was minted in the newly established mint in the orphaned Dominican monastery of Budweis . In 1585 Emperor Rudolf II elevated the large mining town to the royal free mining town of Kayser Rudolffstadt . The mining town became the seat of a royal mining authority and, with 250 houses, was one of the largest towns in South Bohemia.
Their decline began in the 17th century. In 1611 the Passau war people , a mercenary army of Prince-Bishop Leopold von Passau , who plundered and murdered through southern Bohemia, invaded the city and devastated the mining facilities. A little later, in 1618 at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War, fighting took place near Budweis. While Budweis was on the side of Emperor Ferdinand II , Rudolfstadt supported the rebellious estates. In 1619 the imperial general Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Comte de Bucquoy, conquered the city and left it to be laid to rubble for betrayal. Ferdinand II withdrew all privileges from Rudolfstadt in 1620 and left them to his general Baltasar of Marradas as a subordinate city.
In the 17th century a partial reconstruction of the destroyed city began, which never regained its original glory and splendor. In 1784 the mining office was relocated to Gutwasser . In the 19th century the city began to flourish again. After the abolition of patrimonial Rudolfstadt / Rudolfov formed a municipality in the Budweis district with the Wesamberg / Vesce district from 1850. In 1899, the local trades consolidated into the Rudolfstadt ore mining union based in Budweis, which was dissolved in 1944.
Between 1950 and 1961 the city was assigned to the Okres České Budějovice-okolí and after its dissolution came back to the Okres České Budějovice. In the second half of the 20th century Vesce merged with Rudolfov and lost its status as a district. In 1976 Adamov and Hlinsko were incorporated, in 1990 Adamov regained its independence.
The city of Rudolfov consists of the districts Hlinsko (Hlinz) and Rudolfov (Rudolfstadt) , which also form cadastral districts. Both districts are separated from each other by the municipality of Dubičné and Vráto .
The settlements Na Vyhlídce and Veska (Wes am Berg, also Wesamberg) belong to the district Rudolfov .
- Hall church St. Veit, the renaissance building was built between 1554 and 1583 as a Protestant cathedral church
- Town hall, built at the end of the 16th century as a royal mining office
- baroque Rudolfov Castle, built in the 16th century, was redesigned for Baltasar of Marradas in the first half of the 17th century . Between 1768 and 1991 it served as an ammunition depot and military magazine
- Schlösschen Lustenek (Lusteneck) , the little castle built around 1583 for the imperial salt official Georg Pirchinger von Lusteneck. At the beginning of the 17th century it belonged to the mining entrepreneur Johann Hölzel von Sternstein, who gave shelter to religious refugees from Styria and Carinthia. In 1622 the Budweis diocese bought the castle. Under the dean Johann Veit Schwantle, a baroque redesign took place between 1707 and 1722.
- Mining museum
- Mining educational trail
Daughters and sons of the city
- Zdeněk Mathauser (1920–2007), Czech Germanist and philosopher